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Generic in Biological News

New method developed by UC San Diego bioengineers gives regenerative medicine a boost

... where we think the memory could be stored," Zhang said. "This is a generic method for the analysis of epigenome," he added. "The application to ... "You can use our method to compare all kinds of ideas. It's a relatively generic method that has many different applications," Zhang added. A key to the ...

Grant supports LSUHSC research on how like cell receptor systems determine very different functions

... which seemingly similar cell receptor systems determine quite different functions influenced by hormones and drugs. "We are interested in how the generic ERK signaling pathway confers specific physiological outcomes such as proliferation, differentiation and cell migration," notes Dr. Catling. "We ...

Rapid approach to identify influenza A virus mutations and drug resistance developed

... by Singapore's A*STAR (Agency for Science, Development and Research), in collaboration with Roche NimbleGen. The system, which combines a novel generic polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with NimbleGen's unique microarray-based platform, makes use of the same RNA (ribonucleic acid) material that is left ...

UC Davis bioengineer receives Hartwell Foundation grant to address skull fusion disorder of infants

... has not yet qualified for support from traditional sources. Surgery is the standard treatment for infants diagnosed with craniosynostosis, the generic name for a group of disorders that result in the premature fusing of one or more of the sutures necessary for the skull to expand as the child's ...

Field Museum paleontologist leads study on two new dinosaurs from China

... to T.rex One of the new animals is an early relative of T. rex, and is named Xiongguanlong baimoensis (shong-GWAN-long by-mo-EN-sis). The generic name derives from the ancient Chinese name Xiong Guan ("Grand Pass") for Jiayuguan and long for dragon. The specific name baimoensis comes from ...

Intruder alert: Tel Aviv University's 'Smart Dew' will find you!

... and RF transmitter/receiver - can also be wirelessly networked to detect the difference between man, animal, car and truck. "We've created a generic system that has no scale limitations," says Prof. Shapira. This makes it especially useful for large farms or even the borders of nations where it's ...

Recipe for capturing authentic embryonic stem cells may apply to any mammal, study suggests

... activate the differentiation process, maintains rat embryonic stem cells in their natural default state, allowing them to self-renew, or multiply, as generic stem cells. (The cocktails include inhibitors of GSK3, MEK, and FGF receptor tyrosine kinases.) Most importantly, the isolated cells can produce ...

Geisinger research: Antimalarial drug prevents diabetes in arthritis patients

... with a 53 percent reduction in the development of new cases of diabetes, the study found. "Given the relative safety and low cost of this generic drug, HCQ may be useful in preventing diabetes in other high risk groups," said lead study investigator and Geisinger rheumatologist Androniki Bili, ...

Could Dr. House be replaced by a computer?

... tissues, the tool can be expanded and applied to other tissues, then potentially to entire organs. "The previous model of human metabolism was a generic one, which did not describe how the metabolism of different tissues work," says Shlomi. "Now we can provide large scale descriptions as to how ...

Efavirenz-based initial therapies associated with better outcomes in HIV-infected adults

... in sub-Saharan Africa recommend nevirapine-based regimens for first line therapy because it is available at a lower cost and in a variety of generic fixed-dose combination regimens. In contrast, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the International AIDS Society-USA both recommend ...

2 beta blockers found to also protect heart tissue

... the heart-protection factors in a study published last year. He noted that carvedilol (marketed for many years as Coreg and now as available in generic forms) is known as a very effective beta blocker, but alprenolol has not been fully developed as a beta blocker drug for heart failure patients. Beta ...

Chemists make beds with soft landings

... molecular electronics. Also, the helices themselves can be used to elicit cues about how proteins function. After making the thin films out of generic peptides previously, Laskin and Wang wanted to use this method to make a film out of helical peptides, and compare it with a more common method ...

Plant biologists discover unexpected proteins affecting small RNAs

... Ecker thinks this type of mRNA silencing is not an aberration of ein5/abh1 mutant plants. What we are seeing is in these mutants is probably a generic phenomenon that will likely hold true across all systems, said Ecker. And why have these types of small RNAs not been observed before" Probably ...

Carnegie Mellon develops computer model to study cell membrane dynamics

... mechanism that enables vesiculation the process by which cell membranes curve around proteins or other cellular cargo to form vesicles. Without this generic ability to curve its protein-studded membranes and bud off cargo shuttles, a cell couldnt survive. Ultimately, understanding the dynamics of ...

Robot fetches objects with just a point and a click

... Engineering at Georgia Tech and Emory. "Robots have some ability to retrieve specific, predefined objects, such as a soda can, but retrieving generic everyday objects has been a challenge for robots." The laser pointer interface and methods developed by Kemp's team overcome this challenge by ...

Changing environment organizes genetic structure

... month in Physical Review Letters. "Our results suggest that the beautiful, intricate and interrelated structures observed in nature may be the generic result of evolution in a changing environment," Deem said. "The existence of such structure need not necessarily rest on intelligent design or the ...

New nanoparticle vaccine is more effective but less expensive

... chemistry of a bacterial cell wall. The DCs dont recognize this as a specific invader, but do know that its something foreign, and so a low-level, generic immune reaction known as complement is triggered. This results in a particularly potent immune response without the risk of unpleasant or toxic side ...

Europe needs collective effort on System Biology, says ESF Task Force

... up to humans. Equally, the Task Force recommends that to begin with, particular topics on a common theme are chosen, such as cancer or obesity, and generic technology is produced that can then be applied to other areas. To organise research in Europe, the Task Force recommends dividing funded research ...

Male elephants get 'photo IDs' from scientists

... specifically targeted by poachers, said WCS researcher Varun Goswami, the studys lead author. In light of this fact, just counting all elephants with generic techniques isnt enough. Our new method allows specific tracking of male elephant population dynamics, so it is a powerful conservation tool. ...

Ten years later, Dolly is still making headlines

... ?The next revolution in health care? generic biopharmaceutical drugs, or biogenerics, are ... most expensive medicines on the market. Approving generic formulas, therefore, has the potential to put ... scientific and ethical issues surrounding generic biopharmaceuticals, as well as: Why is the FDA ...

HIV mortality in India drops with introduction of generic antiretroviral therapy

... of Clinical Infectious Diseases, now available online. The introduction of generic drugs into the country has encouraged people to seek HIV treatment because ... unable to obtain treatment due to the high cost. With the introduction of generic ART into India in 2000, the price of HIV drugs fell from $778 per month to ...

Scientists Propose Sweeping Changes to Naming of Bird Neurosystems to Acknowledge Their True Brainpower

... (FDA) has granted approval to Mylan Technologies, Inc., for the first generic version of Alza Corporation's Duragesic Patch (Fentanyl Transdermal ... of this pain management system. At the same time that FDA approved Mylan's generic product, it acted on several citizens' petitions requesting that FDA deny ...

FDA Clears the Way for Generic Versions of Transdermal Patches to Treat Chronic Pain

... (FDA) has granted approval to Mylan Technologies, Inc., for the first generic version of Alza Corporation's Duragesic Patch (Fentanyl Transdermal ... of this pain management system. At the same time that FDA approved Mylan's generic product, it acted on several citizens' petitions requesting that FDA deny ...

Resistance to anti-HIV drugs in Uganda developed due to drug supply problems

... MD, from the Infectious Diseases Institute at Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda. The study followed just under 100 patients who self paid for generic fixed-dose antiretroviral formulations. Findings showed that medications were very effective at suppressing the virus, with full viral suppression in ...

Bacterial response to oxidation studied as toxin barometer

... correlations of GGKE response to mitochondrial damage in cell cultures. “If we can create a library of cellular response, we might have either a generic or a specific predictor,?said Brian Love, professor of materials science and engineering at Virginia Tech. “We don’t know yet because we haven’t ...

UCSF study will test new vaginal microbicide for herpes and HIV

... have herpes are at increased risk of contracting HIV, so diminishing the risk of getting herpes also diminishes the risk of HIV infection. The generic name of the gel is "3 % w/w SPL7013" (brand name VivaGel). Following this safety trial, other trials will be conducted to determine its effectiveness ...

The brain, traffic and nano-circuits -- e-Science takes on major challenges

... and grid technologies to enable data from a network of mobile sensors to be gathered and interpreted. The e-Science technologies developed will be generic enough for use in other applications of mobile sensor networks, for example, climate or weather mapping. Designing nano-circuits The £5.2m ...

T cells activated to fight HIV basis for dendritic cell therapeutic vaccine

... 18 patients that proved the approach is safe. In that trial, the vaccine was derived using a readily available HIV protein. Even with this somewhat generic approach, T cell immunity was enhanced. "Quite likely, it will be a combination of anti-viral drugs and some sort of immunotherapy, such as a ...

Do plants have the potential to vaccinate against HIV?

... as bioreactors to produce vaccines against HIV and other diseases. According to Obregon: "Using antibody-antigen fusion molecules may represent a generic strategy to increase the expression of recombinant proteins in plants. It could open the door to cheaper biopharmaceuticals. Plant-derived ...

Low-cost drug gaining favor for use in HIV-infected children in poor countries

... children in poor countries. The reviewers surveyed medical literature on the preventive use of Bactrim -- one of several brand names for the generic medicine cotrimoxazole -- for children to ward off common infections that can be deadly to a person whose immune system is weakened by HIV. Dr. ...

Sweetgum tree could help lessen shortage of bird flu drug

... today at the 231st national meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world’s largest scientific society. Shikimic acid is used to make a generic drug called oseltamivir ?best known commercially as Tamiflu® ?which is used to fight many types of flu viruses. Some health experts believe that this ...

Restaurant seafood prices since 1850s help plot marine harvests through history

... the inflation-adjusted price has remained stable or fallen slightly. 3) Inflation-adjusted prices of Sole from the 1860's to today (including the generic Filet of Sole, Lemon Sole and Gray Sole. Does not include Dover/English Sole). Prices closely tracked inflation from the 1860's to the 1950's, then ...

Researchers identify new catfish family

... appears not to fit any of those patterns and thus the name of the species reflects the mystery surrounding its origins and relationships. The generic name of the fish reflects its distribution in the Río Lacantún drainage, flowing through the Montes Azules and Selva Lacandona Biosphere Reserves in ...

Gov't Creates Gene Database of Normal Human Tissues

... scientists and clinicians to compare the gene expression results for their own tissue or genes of interest to a baseline standard that represents a generic picture of normal gene activity, organ by organ, in the human body. Users of the array on the new NCI web site ...

wFleaBase: the Daphnia genome database

... sequenced tags, genome survey sequences and full genome sequencing projects. This new database is built primarily from core components of the generic Model Organism Database project, and related bioinformatics tools. Over the coming year, preliminary genetic maps and the nearly complete genomic ...

Pulsating ultrasound enhances gene therapy for tumors

... chemotherapy or radiation. However, these types of tumors have responded to certain types of therapeutic genes. "This procedure is hypothetically generic for enhancing delivery to all tissues," Dr. Frenkel said. "Previous studies by Dr. Li have shown that pulsed-HIFU increases the uptake of drugs. Now ...

HIV Patients May Be at Risk of Heart Problems When Taking Protease Inhibitor Drugs

... the Mayo Clinic researchers made the discovery about a class of prescription drugs known as "HIV protease inhibitors." Drugs in this class go by the generic names of lopinavir, nelfinavir, indinavir, ritonavir and saquinavir. Brand names include Kaletra, Viracept, Crixivan, Norvir and Fortovase. The ...
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(Date:7/10/2014)... Burkina Faso, July 10, 2014Women in the West ... an additional family planning option. Sayana Press has ... all levels of the health system and in ... widely used contraceptivePfizer,s Depo-Provera (depot medroxyprogesterone acetate)with the ... the first of four African countries expected to ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... bladders of healthy women differ from bacteria in ... to researchers from Loyola University Chicago Stritch School ... 9, 2014, in the American Society for Microbiology,s ... communities may play a role in female urinary ... common, yet poorly understood, condition with symptoms similar ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO) have discovered ... also regulates cell division in stratified epitheliathose that form ... the oesophagus or the vaginain adult organisms. According to ... Nature Communications , this factor could also play ... stratified epithelia of the oesophagus and skin. , The ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Injectable contraceptive launched in Burkina Faso to expand choice and address unmet need 2Injectable contraceptive launched in Burkina Faso to expand choice and address unmet need 3CNIO scientists discover that pluripotency factor NANOG is also active in adult organisms 2
(Date:7/9/2014)... poor printing on prescription labels handed out by ... errors in taking medication, according to new research ... National Institute for the Blind)., The study, published ... found that labels on prescription medications dispensed by ... for legibility. , By simply following recommended guidelines ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... , , , , , ... , , , ... weapon was an SA80 assault rifle and the microphone is 50m downrange from the firer and approximately 30cm from the bullet... , ... , , , , ... , , , , ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... allergic diseases has risen dramatically in Western societies. One ... to microorganisms and have fewer infections than previous generations, ... study by researchers at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, ... maturation of the immune system in relation to allergic ... of the Vstra Gtaland Region, half of them on ...
(Date:7/8/2014)... Older kidney donors enjoy similar longevity and cardiovascular health ... study published in the American Journal of Transplantation ... individuals considering donation and the transplant professionals caring for ... donation by individuals aged 55 years and older has ... kidney disease, and heart disease, the removal of a ...
(Date:7/8/2014)... Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) awarded Lawrence ... to develop an implantable neural device with the ... brain to help restore memory, DARPA officials announced ... understanding that memory is a process in which ... information, store it and retrieve it. Certain types ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Most prescription labels fail to meet guidelines, risking dosage errors 2Health News:Fit for the frontline? New study identifies the hearing requirements of British soldiers 2Health News:Fit for the frontline? New study identifies the hearing requirements of British soldiers 3Health News:Fit for the frontline? New study identifies the hearing requirements of British soldiers 4Health News:Fit for the frontline? New study identifies the hearing requirements of British soldiers 5Health News:Fit for the frontline? New study identifies the hearing requirements of British soldiers 6Health News:Fit for the frontline? New study identifies the hearing requirements of British soldiers 7Health News:Study finds kidney donation safe for healthy older adults 2Health News:DARPA selects Lawrence Livermore to develop world's first neural device to restore memory 2Health News:DARPA selects Lawrence Livermore to develop world's first neural device to restore memory 3
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