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Gender in Biological News

Men are the weaker sex

... In a study presented to the Israel Society for gender Based Medicine, researchers concluded that male ... He also founded the Israeli Society for gender Based Medicine and has done foundational work in ... Glezerman suggests that a new view of the role of gender in medicine is needed in all fields ― ...

Gene linked to lupus might explain gender difference in disease risk

... between males and females as a cause of the gender difference, he pointed out. "This first ... in human lupus raises the possibility that the gender difference in rates may in part be attributed to ... genes, versus hormonal differences, play in the gender susceptibility rates of lupus. ...

Gender biases in leadership selection during competitions within and between groups

... Previous research has implicated that there is a gender bias when selecting leaders; preference for a ... of Kent wanted to explore this further and see if gender influences the selection of group leaders during ... for Psychological Science, revealed that a gender bias occurred when selecting leaders in various ...

A special issue of the International Journal of Plant Sciences

... flowers and pollination, mating patterns and gender strategies, and asexual reproduction and ... first article of the section Mating Patterns and gender Strategies, Boris Igic, Russell Lande, and Joshua ... and Spencer Barrettconsider transitions in gender strategies in specific groups with exceptional ...

Gender roles and not gender bias hold back women scientists

... graduates and PhD holders has increased, the gender gap is not closing at the same rate as careers ... and Wallon, were prompted to investigate whether gender bias was at the root of the lower success rate of ... Fellowship and Young Investigator Programmes. gender blinding of application reviewers found ...

Hearing changes how we perceive gender

... of such sensory information about anothers gender to examine whether hearing fundamentally changes ... our study, we used simple tones with no explicit gender information to get a window into how vision and audition work together to process gender information, Grabowecky said. Unlike ...

Why do males and females frequently differ in body size and structure?

... in evolutionary biology that can help explain gender differences in a variety of organisms, including ... spiders and flowering plants. "Sex, Size & gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size ... The book includes numerous examples of gender differences seen in nature. For example, why ...

Women faring well in hiring process for science faculty jobs at research universities

... number of women in the applicant pool. The report also assessed gender differences in the following areas: ACCESS TO INSTITUTIONAL ... Yale University School of Medicine. "There is a movement toward more gender equity than noted in previous reports or often publicly appreciated. At ...

Turtles alter nesting dates due to temperature change says ISU researcher

... Iowa and Illinois. An aspect of the study that surprised Janzen was the gender of the offspring. The gender of turtle offspring, as with many reptiles, is typically determined by the ...

Loggerhead release to provide vital information to scientific community

... conducted by Dr. Jeanette Wyneken of Florida Atlantic University. The gender of sea turtles is determined mostly by the temperature of the sand. Warmer ... were raised for 2-3 months until they weighed 4 ounces. Then, their gender was determined by examining internal characteristics using a laparoscope. ...

Women do not recover their muscle strength as fast as men

... finding may have implications for the treatment of fractures based on gender lines. The study is believed to be the first report of sex-differences ... The measurements taken prior to the casting were repeated to detect any gender differences that may have developed over the course of splinting or ...

Gender, coupled with diabetes, affects vascular disease development

... presented the status of the teams findings at the conference, Sex and gender in Cardiovascular-Renal Physiology and Pathophysiology. The meeting, ... of NO is significantly altered in the diabetic rats, the results show that gender and the presence of GH greatly contribute to this vascular dysfunction. ...

Older climbers face uphill battle on Mount Everest

... 5 percent for climbers 60 and older. The researchers did not find any gender differences. "Before we did this analysis, we didn't know whether age ... analysis of climbers since 1990, looking at the influence of age and gender on success and death rates. Much of the data come from Elizabeth Hawley, ...

U of M study identifies risk factors of disordered eating in overweight youth

... and different potential motivators for overweight male and female adolescents to developing eating disorders. "Further exploration of these gender differences may be important in understanding who is at highest risk for developing disordered eating behaviors and whether different intervention ...

Genetic factors implicated in survival gap for breast, ovarian or prostate cancer

... including lung, colon, lymphoma, leukemia and multiple myeloma. However, African-American patients with breast, ovarian, or prostate cancers the gender specific tumors were found to face a significantly higher risk of death than did other patients, ranging from 21 percent higher for those with ...

Hypertension among lower-status employees lingers well into retirement

... The researchers then divided sub-samples by age groups 65 and older, 70 and older and 75 and older as well as by job type, job tenure, gender and physician diagnosis of hypertension. After controlling for variables such as education, race, income, smoking, alcohol consumption, body mass ...

Single women gaze longer

... and contribute to sex differences in sexual attraction and behavior," said Rupp, assistant scientist at The Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, gender and Reproduction at Indiana University in the US. For the study, 59 men and 56 women rated 510 photos of opposite-sex faces for realism, ...

Consumers more likely to identify healthy food using traffic light nutrition labels

... proves to be as effective in other countries, but that the study showed it could be used equally well by all consumers, regardless of ethnicity, gender and socioeconomic status. The study was funded by the New South Wales Health Department, the University of Sydney and several Australian public ...

Free online toolkit provides standard measures for genome and population studies

... measures selected by experts in three categories. They include demographics, with information on measurements such as current age, ethnicity, gender and current educational attainment; anthropometrics, or measurements of the human body and its proportions such as height, weight and waist ...

Study: Health undervalued in reproductive rights debate

... health care. That reasoning can be flawed, said Burkstrand-Reid, a visiting professor in the U. of I. College of Law who studies family and gender law. She cited a ruling that allowed pharmacists to refuse to provide the morning-after pill under certain circumstances based on the judge's ...

Difference in fat storage may explain lower rate of liver disease in African-Americans

... "Research studies traditionally have been based on examining Caucasian males, but this information suggests that there are sometimes ethnic and gender differences that need to be studied individually to determine if there are important clues we're missing because we're lumping everybody together," ...

Optimum running speed is stride toward understanding human body form

... but averaged about 8.3 miles per hour for males and 6.5 miles per hour for females in a group of nine experienced amateur runners. Much of the gender difference may be due to variations in body size and leg length, which have been shown to affect running mechanics, Steudel says. In general, the ...

UMMS researchers publish DNA identification of czar's children

... Grigorenko and Yuri Moliaka, were able to determine the complete mitochondrial genome sequences from the remains. After doing so, they determined the gender of the bone fragments and recovered profiles of nuclear DNA, including that inherited exclusively through the paternal lines. The data conclusively ...

Updated formula measures kidney function more accurately

... be quickly and easily measured in a clinical setting without the need for radioactivity or urine collection. "Clinicians can easily specify the gender and height of a child during a regular clinical visit. A basic chemistry panel on a very small sample of blood will determine the level of serum ...

Changing sexes on the sea floor

... then, when circumstances become more favorable, change back to overt females. Being a female takes more energy. And having the ability to change gender periodically enables a species to maximize its reproductive effort." Corals, though a part of the animal kingdom, can act like plants. Both are ...

Researchers may have found why women have an edge on salt-sensitive hypertension

... previously thought to be only harmful, he and colleagues report in the February issue of Hypertension . Their finding points to the need for gender studies on how these endothelin A, or ETA, receptors work in the blood vessels and tubules of the kidney. They also may help explain the swelling ...

In lung cancer, silencing one crucial gene disrupts normal functioning of genome

... by destabilizing the chromosome and activating oncogenes. The researchers also discovered that methylation levels in RASSF1A were influenced by gender men were much more likely to express this abnormally and that methylation levels of CDH1, CDKN2A, GSTP1 and RASSF1A were not associated with ...

Human connection to our nation's fisheries comes alive through oral history project

... their collections in a central repository or archive. The interview database is searchable in a number of ways, from regions of the country to the gender and occupations of the participants. While most of the interviews in the database to date come from the Northeast, Abbott-Jamieson and Pinto da ...

UNH researchers track lobster migrations to improve population estimates

... likely to move offshore to protect the eggs during the winter months. However, he was surprised to find out that most lobsters, regardless of size, gender or maturity, followed the same migration patterns. The researchers also learned that relatively few berried females are located in the estuary, ...

Men are red, women are green, Brown researcher finds

... red or green. The "noise" was not unlike static that can appear on a television screen with no signal. Subjects were then asked to decide on the gender of the image, using nothing more than the random shape and color patterns over the sexually ambiguous face as a guide. Tarr describes the effect as a ...

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev to host

... and Desertification" conference include desert ecology, solar energy, conservation, sustainable desert agriculture, desalination and the role of gender in desertification. According to the chairman of the organizing committee, Dr. Alon Tal, who is a professor of environmental policy at BGU, "this ...

National and international doctoral training

... concrete measures. "It is pleasing to see how many convincing strategies, in some cases based on the DFG's new research-oriented standards on gender equality, already exist," underlined DFG President Kleiner. In addition to the 13 new institutions, which will initially be funded for four and a ...

Unusual use of toys in infancy a clue to later autism

... infants from families who had either an older child diagnosed with autism or an older child developing typically. To approximate the skewed gender ratio of autism in the real world, 62 percent of the infants enrolled were male. The children in the study were presented with four objects a metal ...

Children's gardening programs grow environmental stewards

... as much impact on their environmental outlook as involvement in formal school-based programs. Results from the study also found that there were gender and ethnicity differences among children, with girls and Caucasians appearing to benefit more from the gardening curriculum. Researchers suggested ...

Alcohol is associated with risk of perennial allergic rhinitis

... ratio," said lead author Dr. Janne Tolstrup, National Institute of Public Health, Denmark. "Because of this it would be interesting to examine gender differences in the possible effects of alcohol on the development of rhinitis." "Another interesting finding of this study was that smokers were ...

Scientists suspect omega-3 fatty acids could slow acute wound healing

... suggest that the function of these cytokines still isn't completely understood, McDaniel said. And the scientists were also surprised to find that gender appeared to make a difference in cytokine production. Men were more likely than women among the active supplement group to have higher levels of the ...

Gene panel predicts lung cancer survival, study finds

... tested the cancer samples to look at the expression of hundreds of genes, and factored in clinical predictors such as tumor stage and the patients' gender and age. The results showed that the lung cancers could be divided into groups with better and worse survival rates. Typically, lung cancer ...

Meeting to highlight health impacts of smell and taste

... Grand Ballroom C) Edible Taste Strips Could Standardize Taste Testing In order to accurately measure normal ranges of taste sensitivity by gender and age, scientists need a standardized, validated taste test. Researchers currently use various tests, each with specific limitations, in which ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- June 25, 2008

... suggesting that these insights could lead to new ways of boosting human longevity. JS ARTICLE #2 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE "Combined Effect of gender and Caloric Restriction on Liver Proteomic Expression Profile" DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ARTICLE http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/pr800086t CONTACT: ...

Scientists find potential protein biomarkers for growth hormone

... of detecting growth hormone, analyzing levels of insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1), isn't always accurate, the researchers said, as it is age and gender sensitive. "If you have an 18-year-old Olympic athlete and a 38-year-old athlete, the IGF-1 values may look very different," said Kopchick, whose ...
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