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Fungal in Biological News

Singapore nanotechnology combats fatal brain infections

... and the war on drug-resistant bacteria and fungal infections with novel peptide nanoparticles ... IBN effectively seek out and destroy bacteria and fungal cells that could cause fatal infections and are ... nanoparticles can easily enter bacteria, yeast or fungal cells and destabilize them to cause cell death. ...

Temporary infidelity may contribute to the stability of ancient relationships

... Fungus-farming ants have cultivated the same fungal crops for 50 million years. Each young ant queen ... that even though the ants transfer a single fungal strain from generation to generation, nests of ... Ants in the genus Acromyrmex cultivate a single fungal species in their nests: Leucoagaricus ...

Food security for leaf-cutting ants: Workers and their fungus garden reject endophyte invaders

... plant material to fertilize their underground fungal gardens for ~50 million years. New results from the Smithsonian show that both the ants and their fungal crop actively combat fungi coming into the nest ... one organism, but each leaf can have dozens of fungal species growing inside, some of which may protect ...

Major aspergillus genomics supplement published by journal Fungal Genetics and Biology

... exceptional supplement by the Elsevier journal fungal Genetics and Biology ( ... Prof. Neil Gow, Editor-in-Chief of fungal Genetics and Biology , commented: "The vast ... in the Aspergillus supplement will support fungal biologists around the globe and help to inform ...

Airborne asthma allergens

... A survey of airborne fungi and fungal spores found in Eastern Puerto Rico suggests that ... and correlated the general family groups, the fungal genus, with precise location. Using the ... industry and vehicle traffic that might influence fungal distribution. Airborne fungi are a potential ...

An underwater drugstore?

... modern medicine becomes, common ailments like fungal infections can outrun the best of the world's ... for cancer) the risk is very high: contracting a fungal infection can be deadly. Now Tel Aviv ... drugs of the future to beat unnecessary death by fungal infection. And their secret weapon is the common ...

Biologist enhances use of bioinformatic tools and achieves precision in genetic annotation

... for the identification and annotation of certain fungal and bacterial genes. In concrete, for his PhD ... with a minimum margin of error. Sequencing of fungal genes The second part of Jos Luis Lavn Trueba's PhD focused on certain fungal genes, known as OXPHOS genes. These, if ...

Cross kingdom conflicts on a beetle's back

... of spores for Entomocorticium, a nourishing fungal baby food for the beetle's gestating larvae. ... fungi that can wipe out the entire supply of fungal larvae food. The mite releases this toxin. ... demonstrating how leafcutter ants mediate their fungal environment through bacteria. Suspecting that ...

Researchers develop new self-training gene prediction program for fungi

... health, so understanding the recently sequenced fungal genomes can help in developing and producing ... eukaryotes, it didn't work as well for various fungal genomes that carry a significant part of the ... helps to better delineate intron regions inside fungal genes," added Borodovsky, who is also a Regents' ...

Yale undergrads' Amazon trip yields a treasure trove of diversity

... genera. The analysis of 135 endophytes - fungal and bacterial microorganisms living within the ... blockbuster cancer drug taxol was isolated from a fungal endophyte collected from a Pacific Yew tree. ... with recent graduate Puyao Li, found one fungal endophtye with anti-oxidant properties. Yale ...

Fungi the cause of many outbreaks of disease but mostly ignored

... in the world around us. Research on fungi and fungal diseases are seriously neglected as a result a ... and the environment-- according to The fungal Kingdom: Diverse and Essential Roles in Earth's ... "The average person is at risk for several fungal diseases, from toenail infections to athlete's ...

Defining gene's role may lead to prevention of dangerous corn toxin

... that a specific gene is integral to both fungal invasion of corn and development of a potentially ... Purdue University researchers evaluated the fungal gene ZFR1 and found that it is vital to the ... The researchers studied ZFR1 regulation of fungal growth and toxin production in the starch-rich ...

Mechanisms of plant-fungi symbiosis characterized by DOE Joint Genome Institute

... on dry land with considerable help from their fungal friends. Now, millennia later, that partnership ... the 65-million-base Laccaria genome, the largest fungal genome sequenced to date, yielded 20,000 ... players in the host/plant subsoil arena during fungal development. They report that fungi play a ...

Gene guards grain-producing grasses so people and animals can eat

... plant family - grasses - from the devastating, fungal pathogen. The naturally occurring disease ... gene, first discovered in corn, and the fungal toxin-fighting enzyme it produces apparently ... gene is durable and is indispensible against this fungal group, which has the ability to destroy any part ...

Evolution of the sexes: What a fungus can tell us

... loci have been found in a number of higher-level fungal species, and exhibit an unusual amount of diversity. These differences occur even among similar fungal species leading scientists to wonder how they ... known mating-type loci in the genomes of other fungal lineages and then genetic mapping. "We employed a ...

Scientists complete genome sequence of fungus responsible for dandruff, skin disorders

... that have historically been used to classify fungal organisms. M. globosa , which is among the smallest of the sequenced free-living fungal organisms, is comprised of just around 4,285 ... molecular science, the team uncovered the correct fungal species that was the primary cause of dandruff, ...

Gamma interferon could aid fight against fungal infections

... may be a strong weapon in the battle against fungal infections in immunocompromised patients, ... in the November issue of Microbiology Today. fungal infections (mycoses) were once seen as exotic ... rarely life-threatening in healthy patients, fungal infections are a major problem for the ...

New hope for horse lovers as effective control for killer ragwort is proposed

... propose developing an environmentally-friendly fungal spray that would specifically target Ragwort, ... plant. Phase 2 will involve finalising the fungal active ingredient, formulating it into a spray ... which developed Green Muscle, a highly successful fungal product used to control locusts and grasshoppers ...

Upgraded IMG 2.3 Data Management System released by DOE JGI to eager user community

... Scott Baker, a Senior Research Scientist on the fungal Biotechnology Team at Pacific Northwest National ... colleagues, building on the pioneering work on fungal model systems that led to such biotechnology ... of cellulosic biofuels will undoubtedly involve fungal enzymes, and the ability to compare complements ...

Illinois Soil Nitrogen Test measures microbial nitrogen

... sugars in bacterial cell walls were detected, but not alpha-amino acids or fungal chitin. When the findings were applied in a statistical analysis of data ... hydrolyzable amino sugars, again indicating a dominance of bacterial over fungal nitrogen recoveries by the ISNT. Taken together, these findings suggest ...

In many fungi, reproductive spores are remarkably aerodynamic

... of the National Academy of Sciences , the drag experienced by these fungal spores is within one percent of the absolute minimum possible drag for ... borne by animals. "We set out to answer a very simple question: Why do fungal spores have the shapes that they do?" says co-author Marcus Roper, who ...

New text focuses on formidable opportunistic fungus

... who are newly susceptible to opportunistic pathogens. Invasive and chronic fungal infections have become a formidable clinical opponent, and foremost among ... Other great textbooks have been published which address general fungal physiology, overall medical mycology, the biology of the aspergilli ...

Wielding microbe against microbe, beetle defends its food source

... a fungus-farming ant, the leaf-cutter, used an actinomycete to protect its fungal crop from a parasitic mold. That got him thinking about the importance of ... If the beetle's fungus, Entomocorticium , is outgrown by the mite's fungal partner, Ophiostoma , the beetle larvae will starve. Holding Ophiostoma ...

BioScience tip sheet, October 2008

... be published in the October 2008 issue of BioScience are as follows: fungal Community Ecology: A Hybrid Beast with a Molecular Master. Kabir G. ... techniques have in recent years allowed the systematic exploration of fungal diversity for the first time. Results show extremely high diversity and ...

International experts collect alpine fungi in Beartooth Mountains of Montana

... a distance, the scientists collected mushrooms above ground that indicated fungal mycelium below ground. Cripps said she was happy that smoke from area ... and that the snow was still melting, providing plenty of moisture for fungal specimens. "We were particularly looking at fungi important to plant ...

Atomic structure of the mammalian 'fatty acid factory' determined

... Prof. Nenad Ban, published their first papers describing architectures of fungal and mammalian fatty acid synthases two years ago. That was followed last year by two papers on the atomic structures of fungal fatty acid synthases and the mechanism of substrate shuttling and delivery ...

Tomato stands firm in face of fungus

... in resistance genes. The authors considered the interaction between a fungal pathogen, Fusarium oxysporum, and the tomato plant in which the fungus ... target this suppressor protein, rendering the plant fully immune to any fungal strain that produces the protein. Thus, with the right set of resistance ...

Fungi have a hand in depleted uranium's environmental fate

... in the environment also corrodes the depleted uranium, encouraging fungal colonization and growth. While the fungi grow, they produce acidic ... to the formation of the new uranium minerals that get deposited around the fungal biomass. We have shown for the first time that fungi can transform ...

Laurel wilt of redbay and sassafras: Will avocados be next?

... wilt was at first attributed to drought, the cause was soon found to be a fungal pathogen and the exotic redbay ambrosia beetle, Xyleborus glabratus, a ... their larvae; a previously undescribed fungus in the genus Raffaelea is a fungal symbiont of this ambrosia beetle. To determine if the fungus was the ...

Genetic technology reveals how poisonous mushrooms cook up toxins

... biochemical pathways by which natural products are synthesized in fungi. fungal natural products that benefit human health include penicillin and the ... generates 100 Mb DNA sequence in one overnight run - twice the size of a fungal genome. Traditional sequencing methods require months to yield the same ...

Challenges remain in reintroducing American chestnut

... have developed a breed of American chestnut that is resistant to the fungal blight that decimated its population in the early 1900s. But the return ... mostly wet, southern soils. "This threatens to be almost as bad as the fungal blight," Jacobs said. "In the future, we may need to select for this ...

Landmark project to map genomics of complex ant systems

... can process 15 percent of the leaves within a dense rain forest. An array of microbes have co-evolved along with the ants and the fungi including fungal pathogens that attack the ants' crops, and other microbes that benefit the ants and their crops. As a recipient of the highly competitive 10 ...

New national genome center launched

... major focus, not only because they infect both animals and plants, but because they are already a source of drugs for the treatment of bacterial and fungal infections and therefore they have the potential to provide new, superbug beating antibiotics." ...

American Society for Microbiology honors Arthur P. Guruswamy

... testing services; his expertise in mycobacteria has directly impacted pediatric patients. Mr. Guruswamy's work led to the identification of important fungal pathogens, which were relatively unknown in pediatric patients, and emerging species of Candida. He is known for his zest to improve the lab and his ...

Scientists tackle the mystery of white-nose syndrome in bats

... three years has raised numerous questions about the nature of the disease and how to control it. Leading experts in the fields of bat physiology, fungal ecology, ecotoxicology, disease and environmental modeling, among others, will gather at a workshop at the National Institute for Mathematical and ...

Scientists unravel the mystery of white-nose syndrome

... three years has raised numerous questions about the nature of the disease and how to control it. Leading experts in the fields of bat physiology, fungal ecology, ecotoxicology, disease and environmental modeling, among others, will gather at a workshop at the National Institute for Mathematical and ...

UCSD researchers make first direct observations of biological particles in high-altitude ice clouds

... in fall 2007. Analysis of the ice crystals revealed that they were made up almost entirely of either dust or biological particles such as bacteria, fungal spores and plant material. While it has long been known that microorganisms or parts of them get airborne and travel great distances, this study is ...

Two new studies on circadian rhythms

... for setting the 24-hour cycle. Both studies looked at phosphorylation of the frequency (FRQ) clock protein, a central feedback cog in the fungal clock system. They build on the research of team leaders, Drs. Jay Dunlap and Jennifer Loros, who have documented the workings of FRQ and most other ...

UCI awarded $45 million for infectious disease research

... West Nile encephalitis and Lassa fever. Improved detection of and vaccine development for coccidioidomycosis (also known as valley fever), a fungal disease that primarily affects the lungs. It occurs in California and other parts of the southwestern U.S. and in northern Mexico. "An important ...

Apple enthusiasts welcome WineCrisp

... WineCrisp", he added. Korban thinks the new apple will appeal to consumers because of its taste and to growers because of its resistance to the fungal disease apple scab, a primary nemesis of apple growers. Not having to use chemical fungicides to spray for apple scab will lowers costs for growers ...
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(Date:11/5/2014)... the UTSA College of Sciences, is one of ... a two-year $300,00 National Science Foundation (NSF) Early ... supports President Obama,s BRAIN Initiative, a federal effort ... will demystify complex brain processes. , According ... into the interactions of multiple components, each working ...
(Date:11/4/2014)... (Philadelphia, PA) – Temple University School of Medicine ... Explorations winner, an initiative funded by the Bill ... MPH, Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences; ... at Temple University School of Medicine will pursue ... titled "Maternal Blood Biomarkers to Assess Fetal Neurodevelopment.", ...
(Date:11/4/2014)...   Neurotechnology , a provider of high-precision ... version of its fingerprint matching algorithm has achieved ... evaluation organized by NIST. The MINEX test measures ... 378 fingerprint standard template format. MINEX compliance is ... the United States and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):UTSA biology professor awarded $300,000 NSF grant for brain research 2UTSA biology professor awarded $300,000 NSF grant for brain research 3Temple University School of Medicine receives Grand Challenges Explorations grant 2Neurotechnology Places Second in Ongoing MINEX Ranking for Fingerprint Matching Algorithms 2Neurotechnology Places Second in Ongoing MINEX Ranking for Fingerprint Matching Algorithms 3
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Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Body Well Mobile Massage Announces Acceptance of Spafinder Gift Cards for In Home Massage, Hotel Massage for Travelers 2Health News:Cost of Diabetes Care Keeps Climbing, Report Shows 2Health News:Ick! Tapeworm Infecting Man's Brain Yields Genetic Secrets 2Health News:MLF Biotech Introduces Liv-Pro Probiotics for Pets 2Health News:Saint Luke’s Mid America Heart Institute Awarded Get With The Guidelines Heart Failure Gold-Plus Quality Achievement Award 2Health News:Saint Luke’s Mid America Heart Institute Awarded Get With The Guidelines Heart Failure Gold-Plus Quality Achievement Award 3Health News:Saint Luke’s Mid America Heart Institute Awarded Get With The Guidelines Heart Failure Gold-Plus Quality Achievement Award 4
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