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Fractures in Biological News

Happier, healthier, more productive hens on omega-3?

... and free range flocks having sustained breaks or fractures by the end of their lifetime. fractures of the sternum (keel) are common, causing pain, ... chronic pain. Constraints on movement due to fractures may last for many weeks, resulting in restricted ...

Poor treatment for common vertebral compression fractures

... given to patients with vertebral compression fractures is not satisfactory. A thesis presented at the ... 15,000 patients suffer from vertebral compression fractures in Sweden each year, most of these caused by ... to suffer from fractures. The most common fractures occur in the vertebrae, hip and wrist. ...

January-February GSA Bulletin media highlights

... reflect extension, collapse, and excavation along fractures radial to Tharsis, either forming or reactivated ... which describe groundwater movement through fractures and cavernous dissolution features. X-ray ... long and deep circulation has been enabled by fractures associated with the Hurricane Fault, a major ...

Long-term use of diabetes drugs by women significantly increases risk of fractures

... to treat diabetes can double the risk of bone fractures in women, according to a new study by the ... reduces bone density, resulting in the risk of fractures being doubled. The researchers found no increased risk of fractures among men, however. Thiazolidinediones are a ...

Vitamin K does not stem BMD decline in postmenopausal women with osteopenia

... period, fewer women in the vitamin K group had fractures (9 versus 20 women in the placebo group) and ... that the study was not powered to examine fractures or cancers and the numbers were small, therefore ... are needed to examine the effect of vitamin K1 on fractures and on cancer and, until these are done, high ...

IOF World Congress on Osteoporosis in Bangkok to address Asian issues

... that more than 50% of all osteoporotic hip fractures will occur in Asia by the year 2050, the prevention and treatment of osteoporotic fractures has become a major health concern in the region. ... Health Impact and Prevention of Osteoporosis fractures in Asia". Special sessions focused on ...

Prevent a bone break, drink milk to boost calcium

... four glasses of milk reduced their risk of bone fractures by 72%. An international team of researchers ... the four-year period, including everyday activity fractures (bone breaks that occurred while walking or standing) and seemingly unavoidable accident-related fractures (bone breaks sustained during falls, running, ...

Vitamin D in brain function

... supply of vitamin D helps to protect against bone fractures in the elderly. Evidence also continues to ... exposure to the sun are at risk for rickets, bone fractures and possibly other diseases including several ... low and should be raised to protect against bone fractures and possibly cancer in addition to rickets (2). ...

August 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

... of the world's copper, Cu-sulfides are disseminated along small veins and fractures associated with small bodies of porphyritic-textured granitic rock. These ... most high Cu grades occur in narrow halos of altered rock along early fractures are located above magmatic sources emplaced to depths of about 5 km or ...

Superglue from the sea

... Biosciences . "When you break the top of a bone in a joint, those fractures are difficult to repair because if they are not aligned precisely, you end ... The synthetic sandcastle worm glue would not be used to repair large fractures such as major leg and arm bones, for which rods, pins and screws now are ...

Low vitamin D linked to higher risk of hip fracture

... blood work. As vitamin D concentrations decreased, the risk of hip fractures climbed. The risk of hip fractures was 77 percent higher among women whose 25 hydroxyvitamin D levels were at ...

UAB study reveals bone coupling factor key to skeletal health

... formation and poor skeletal health. They found the presence of TGF beta-1 in the mice could balance bone resorption and bone formation and prevent fractures and worsening bone disease. "The current treatment for many bone diseases does two things: it stimulates osteoblasts, which help form bone, and it ...

UC Davis bioengineer receives Hartwell Foundation grant to address skull fusion disorder of infants

... a synthetic bone matrix that is biodegradable and bio-absorbable. If successful, it could also lead to advances in treating various problematic bone fractures in adults, such as those caused by osteoporosis. Kent Leach, an assistant professor of biomedical engineering, is the first UC Davis faculty ...

3-D research model tackles prostate cancer spread

... cancer cells changed the bone environment they eventually induced more bone formation. "But it is very abnormal growth which can cause bone fractures and painful spinal compression for the person. " ...

AJCN study shows moderate alcohol consumption related to stronger bones

... silicon in beer and resveratrol in wine in addition to the alcohol. Such positive effects on bone must be balanced against the risk of falls and bone fractures caused by consuming excessive alcohol." ...

Adiponectin is a metabolic link between obesity and bone mineral density

... this delay in bone development persisted through to the end of the study period, representing early adulthood. The weaker vertebra model compression fractures of the lumbar spine in humans, among the most common type of fragility fracture associated with low bone mass and osteoporosis. The strength of the ...

Innovative surgery by MSU veterinarian provides new lease on life to dogs

... and implant failure. The surgery also is performed as a minimally invasive procedure, which drastically cuts the risk of catastrophic complications, fractures and dislocations. "Clinical results have been very positive, and we believe there is potential for this system to mimic total hip replacement in ...

Nanoscale coating protect products -- and the economy

... In her state-of-the-art lab at the College of Engineering and Applied Science, she has developed a host of coatings that heal shallow pits and fractures on almost any material from metal to glass to silicon. The coatings also prevent further degradation. "My coatings are designed to work in ...

Sweat it out: UH study examines ability of sweat patches to monitor bone loss

... Being in a microgravity environment causes astronauts' bodies to lose more bone mineral than they can replace, which makes them vulnerable to fractures and breaks. Even when they return to Earth, the bone loss continues as their bodies slowly begin the process of replacing the bone mineral content. ...

Women do not recover their muscle strength as fast as men

... the cast, women's strength was still 30% lower when compared to before the cast was applied. These finding may have implications for the treatment of fractures based on gender lines. The study is believed to be the first report of sex-differences in muscle strength restoration following disuse. It was ...

A reputation for innovation

... devices. Another application covered a method, invented by Drs. Henry Cardenas and Kelly Crittenden, for strengthening bone and/or repairing bone fractures more effectively. Tech has signed nine new licenses/options during the past year (5 licenses and 4 options) giving a percentage of licenses/option ...

Project aims to reduce complications, multiple surgeries with biodegradable implantable devices

... biodegradable devices and smart structures are intended to reduce complications and spare patients with conditions ranging from cleft palate and bone fractures to coronary heart disease from undergoing multiple surgeries. For instance, children born with a cleft palate are fitted with hard metal devices that ...

Hydrogels provide scaffolding for growth of bone cells

... the American Chemical Society in Philadelphia. Currently, physicians are able to treat patients with damaged bone tissue, like those who have bone fractures that fail to heal, using demineralized bone matrix, a biological material obtained from cadavers. Demineralized bone matrix is rich in growth factor ...

Low-gravity training machine reduces joint, muscle impacts, says CU-Boulder study

... in the machine, the researchers should be able to quantify its effectiveness as a rehabilitation device for people recovering from surgeries, stress fractures and other lower body injuries, Kram said. ...

ETH Zurich and IBM improve diagnosis of osteoporosis

... in future aim to advance simulation techniques to go beyond the calculation of static bone strength to the simulation of the actual formation of the fractures for individual patients, in yet another step towards the fast, reliable and early detection of people at high fracture risk. ...

A common aquatic animal's genome can capture foreign DNA

... may acquire DNA by habitually disintegrating their genomes -- something these unusual animals do regularly during periods of desiccation, which fractures their genetic material and ruptures cellular membranes. Miraculously, bdelloids can then spring back to life upon rehydration of their habitats, ...

Testosterone replacement theraphy beneficial in men 60 and older

... diagnosed with osteoporosis and another three million are at risk. Gender-based hormones and age are thought to be major factors behind bone fractures in both sexes. Women with low levels of estrogen and men with low levels of the testosterone are known to be at risk. Low levels of gender hormones ...

Material Technologies Holds First Electrochemical Fatigue Sensor Training for Private Inspection Firms

... About Material Technologies, Inc. MATECH is an engineering, research and development company specializing in technologies to measure microscopic fractures and flaws in metal structures and monitor metal fatigue in real time. The company's leading edge metal fatigue detection, measurement and monitoring ...

New technology sharpens X-ray vision

... in bone, soft tissue, or alloys. The overall clarity of the images is striking. The improved sensitivity in measuring bone density and hairline fractures could help diagnose the onset of osteoporosis. Because cancer or plaque cells scatter radiation slightly differently than normal cells, dark-field ...

Selective restraints and reduced medication could reduce nursing home falls says 4-year study

... the January issue of Journal of Clinical Nursing. The four-year study, led by the Karolinska Institutet, Sweden, analysed 2,343 reported falls and fractures in five municipal homes to find out how they related to fall risk assessments and the use of safety belts, wheelchairs and sleeping pills. ...

New treatment boosts bone healing and regrowth

... for future human studies using DF and other drugs to strengthen the bodys bone-healing potential, especially since poor blood supply is common in fractures and bone disease. ...

Looking through the eyes of a mouse, scientists monitor circulating cells in its bloodstream

... and crowd out other cells in the bloodstream. Multiple myeloma cells can invade bones throughout the body, eroding and weakening them and leading to fractures and sometimes paralysis because of compression of the spinal cord. Eroding the bones can also drastically increase the calcium levels in the blood, ...

Study suggests link between obesity, poor bone health

... follow children with normal and high levels of body fat through time to see how their skeletons grow. Other researchers have documented increased fractures in overweight children, suggesting that childhood obesity may be particularly detrimental to bone health. When youre young you have the capacity ...

Eat chocolate, drink wine, add fun to life: SLU geriatrician shares secrets of staying young

... D and medications that could include estrogen or testosterone if recommended by your doctor. Stay on your feet. About 95 percent of all hip fractures come from falls and account for more than 800,000 emergency room visits and more than 332,000 hospital admissions each year. Take up tai chi to ...

Speed plays crucial role in breaking protein's H-bonds

... normal biological function, but the fast rate could be important during tissue injuries such as the shock impact in accidents and during formation of fractures in biological tissues, said Buehler. This work adds an important piece of knowledge to engineers understanding of how organic materials work ...

New Delft material concept for aircraft wings could save billions

... as high as $100 billion. Fatigue is a phenomenon that affects materials after long-term exposure to cyclic loading. As a result of varying loads, fractures eventually occur. The new, high-quality CentrAl aluminium constructions are stronger than the carbon fibre reinforced plastic (CFRP) constructions ...

New CPR promises better results by compressing abdomen, not Chest

... standard," Geddes said. Another benefit of OAC-CPR is that it eliminates rib fractures, which are commonly caused by compressing the chest. Rib fractures cause the chest to recoil more slowly, but effective CPR requires that rescuers wait until the chest recoils fully before compressing. Geddes ...

Gene therapy converts dead bone graft to new, living tissue

... time. "Everyday activities cause microscopic fractures in our bones," explains Schwarz. "Those fractures are normal and healthy, and our bones re-knit ... bone is dead, there is no healing, and those tiny fractures begin to accumulate until finally, perhaps in 10 ...

Smashing the time it takes to repair our bones

... be attached to the body and help heal the bone." Additionally, normal fractures that would otherwise heal successfully could be accelerated with the use of these stimulants. Dr Hannay said normal fractures in young, healthy people took approximately six to eight weeks to heal. ...
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