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Fermentation in Biological News

US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute announces new genome sequencing projects

... a crop, an enlargement of the esophagus where the fermentation takes placeand the source of the stink. The ... known as simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF). Hansenula polymorpha strain NCYC 495 ... of the absence of a robust organism capable of fermentation at high temperatures. Sequencing of H. polymorpha ...

Research yields pricey chemicals from biodiesel waste

... others published earlier this year describe a new fermentation process that allows E. coli and other enteric ... team last year announced a new method of glycerol fermentation that used E. coli to produce ethanol, another ... of producing ethanol from corn, Gonzalez said new fermentation technologies that produce high-value chemicals ...

Transportation fuels of the future: Nottingham leads the way

... of Brewing Science in the School of Biosciences, and a world leading fermentation scientist, will lead a team of researchers hoping to develop yeast capable ... spectrum chemists, engineers, microbiologists, mathematicians and fermentation scientists will be involved in the two research programmes. Minister ...

Is yakult helpful in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome?

... to determine the effect of L. strain Shirota (Yakult(R)) on intestinal fermentation patterns of IBS patients. After 6 week of treatment with 1 x 65 mL dose of ... in whom ERBHAL was corrected. The results indicate that Yakult(R) alters fermentation patterns suggesting a reduction in SIBO. ERBHAL can also indicate rapid ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Aug. 13, 2008

... becomes National Historic Chemical Landmark Pfizer's deep-tank fermentation a revolutionary process that enabled mass production of penicillin for ... point in modern medicine. After World War II, Pfizer applied its deep-tank fermentation to manufacture the antibiotics streptomycin and Terramycin, which proved ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- July 23, 2008

... becomes National Historic Chemical Landmark Pfizer's deep-tank fermentation a revolutionary process that enabled mass production of penicillin for ... point in modern medicine. After World War II, Pfizer applied its deep-tank fermentation to manufacture the antibiotics streptomycin and Terramycin, which proved ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- July 16, 2008

... becomes National Historic Chemical Landmark Pfizer's deep-tank fermentation a revolutionary process that enabled mass production of penicillin for ... point in modern medicine. After World War II, Pfizer applied its deep-tank fermentation to manufacture the antibiotics streptomycin and Terramycin, which proved ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- July 9, 2008

... becomes National Historic Chemical Landmark Pfizer's deep-tank fermentation a revolutionary process that enabled mass production of penicillin for ... point in modern medicine. After World War II, Pfizer applied its deep-tank fermentation to manufacture the antibiotics streptomycin and Terramycin, which proved ...

Comparing apples and pears

... is related to the complex mechanisms of gas exchange, respiration and fermentation in the fruit. The correct oxygen concentration is related to the complex mechanisms of gas exchange, respiration and fermentation in the fruit. Restricted gas exchange leads to too low a level of oxygen ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- July 2, 2008

... becomes National Historic Chemical Landmark Pfizer's deep-tank fermentation a revolutionary process that enabled mass production of penicillin for ... point in modern medicine. After World War II, Pfizer applied its deep-tank fermentation to manufacture the antibiotics streptomycin and Terramycin, which proved ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- June 25, 2008

... becomes National Historic Chemical Landmark Pfizer's deep-tank fermentation a revolutionary process that enabled mass production of penicillin for ... point in modern medicine. After World War II, Pfizer applied its deep-tank fermentation to manufacture the antibiotics streptomycin and Terramycin, which proved ...

University of Minnesota research leads to new technology to protect human health

... (BTI) developed the enzyme, melamine deaminase, used in the MaxDiscovery Melamine Test kit and the enzyme will be produced in the BTI Pilot Plant fermentation facilities. Melamine deaminase works by breaking one of the C-N bonds in melamine to release ammonia, which can be detected by a simple test that ...

GEN reports on alternative feedstocks for ethanol production

... sugar cane. Officials at Coskata say the company relies on a hybrid approach based on its Flex Ethanol technology, which combines gasification and fermentation in a thermo-biological pathway to produce fuel-grade ethanol that it contends can be cost-competitive with gasoline. The process reportedly is able ...

Jungle yeast

... Catlica del Ecuador describe the novel characteristics of Candida carvajalis sp. nov . Yeasts have long been the powerhouses of our food and fermentation industries. Each new species adds to our knowledge of the yeast gene pool and even small genetic differences have the potential for major economic ...

Scientists work to plug microorganisms into the energy grid

... crops (like switchgrass) or the non-edible parts of corn like cobs, stalks or stover. The problem is, unlike corn starch, the sugars necessary for fermentation are trapped inside the lignocellulose part of this plant biomass. The key to ending the food versus fuel debate is unlocking the sugars trapped in ...

Major aspergillus genomics supplement published by journal Fungal Genetics and Biology

... action programme funded by the European Commission, and was strongly supported by DSM. Aspergillus species are widely exploited by the fermentation industry for the production of foodstuffs, enzymes and organic acids. Others have been object of study for many years because of their use in the ...

Iowa State researchers developing clean, renewable energy for ethanol industry

... "This project partners the thermochemical conversion of biomass with ethanol production." The project will move ethanol production beyond the fermentation of simple sugars in corn kernels. The researchers' idea is to use heat and oxygen to gasify biomass and produce a medium Btu gas (called synthesis ...

Cellulosic biofuel technology will generate low-cost green fuel, says major study

... available, based on all the factors considered" says Professor Lynd. "The most promising class of processes we analysed combined the biological fermentation of carbohydrates to fuels with advanced technologies that thermochemically convert process residues to electrical power and, or, additional liquid ...

Milestone achieved toward production of malaria treatment using synthetic biology and fermentation

... This level was increased to 0.5g/L in 2006, but still 50-fold lower than target production levels. This article describes the interplay of industrial fermentation processes and synthetic biology that achieved the required 50-fold increase in production levels. This milestone acts as proof of concept that ...

Commercial yeasts upgraded with an enzyme for biofuel production

... sugar in the cellulosic ethanol production process. The researchers have recently filed a patent application for their process. In industrial fermentation processes, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is commonly used for ethanol production. Current bioethanol production technologies can use only ...

Process can cut the cost of making cellulosic biofuels

... this isn't so." "The research also shows that the chemical compounds created when the stover goes through the AFEX process can improve the overall fermentation process," Lau added. "This is at odds with the general perception that these compounds are detrimental and should be removed." The research is ...

Our microbes, ourselves

... cars to get on, because some hydrogen cars are coming off the highway." The methanogen offramps, by removing hydrogen, accelerate the efficient fermentation of otherwise indigestible plant polysaccharides and carbohydrates. The effect is to boost production of SCFAs, particularly acetate, which will be ...

ORNL nanotechnologies big winners in DOE call

... bacteria could lead to the development of materials useful for energy-efficient photovoltaics and an array of other applications. Using a natural fermentation process, lead researcher Lonnie Love can control the size and shape of nanoscale magnetite produced in industrial size fermentors at or near room ...

Thinking it through: Scientists call for policy to guide biofuels industry toward sustainability

... cellulose, which makes up a large amount of most plant materials. In the United States today, we produce most of the biofuel ethanol from the fermentation of sugars and starches from corn kernels. Melillo says, "The new Farm Bill promotes the use of the inedible parts of corn, the cellulose-rich stalks ...

Stevens awarded $1M for advanced biofuels research

... institutions selected for their projects are the University of Toledo, for its plans to simultaneously convert cellulose to sugar and fermentation to ethanol; Montana State University, which will partner with Utah State University to evaluate the oil content of algae; the University of Georgia, ...

Cancer-causing gut bacteria exposed

... gut bacterium. Unlike most gut bacteria, it can survive using two different types of metabolism: respiration and fermentation. When the bacteria use fermentation they release by-products. One of these is a kind of oxygen molecule called superoxide, which can damage DNA and may play a role in the formation of ...

Researchers create safer alternative to heparin

... carrying animals in often very poor conditions, our fully synthetic heparin will be created in a pharmaceutical manufacturing environment from fermentation to packaging. This will give drug manufacturers extreme control over the safety and purity of the product." Linhardt, together with Jian Liu of ...

Turning waste material into ethanol

... extract the gas from coal that fueled gas light fixtures prior to the advent of the electric light bulb. The advantage of gasification compared to fermentation technologies is that it can be used in a variety of applications, including process heat, electric power generation, and synthesis of commodity ...

Fuel from cellulose

... individual sugar components, which could then be fermented, is a slow and expensive process. "Another problem is that the carbon economy of glucose fermentation is poor," explains Mascal, "for every 10 g of ethanol produced, you also release 9.6 g CO2." Could we avoid the breakdown of cellulose and ...

New UGA biomass technology dramatically increases ethanol yield from grasses and yard waste

... inexpensive starting materials," he added. "This would greatly reduce the costs and carbon footprint associated with the delivery of raw materials to fermentation facilities and the subsequent delivery of ethanol to points of sale. Local production of ethanol may also protect specific areas against speculative ...

A green solution to biofuel production

... offset the outlay on the enzyme purification process, meaning we can make enzymes far more cost-effectively than is achievable using traditional fermentation methods, a result which we can also see in a similar sugarcane processing project." In the 1990s there was much interest in using plants to make ...

Power from formic acid

... hydrogen-producing material, which would supply the fuel cell on demand. Aside from methane and methanol, renewable resources such as biomass and its fermentation products (e.g. bioethanol) are the most promising starting materials for this technology. The serious disadvantage is that their conversion only ...

Most people believe smallpox not an extinct disease

... 54% knew that they can attack North Sea oil platforms. About 44% were even aware of the role of microbes in chocolate making (where they promote the fermentation of the cacao beans). Overall, these results are reassuring, says Dr Bernard Dixon, who will present a report of the research during a session of ...

Computers explain why pears may become brown during commercial storage

... browning may result, causing major economic losses. This disorder is known to be related to the complex mechanisms of gas exchange, respiration and fermentation in fruit. However, further conclusions are unavailable due to the lack of reliable methods to measure gas concentrations inside the fruit. The ...

GM, Coskata partnership builds on Oklahoma State University biofuels research

... between OSU and Coskata includes the microorganisms used in syngas fermentation, with a companion research agreement for any aspects of the syngas fermentation technology that would aid them in production. Since providing the initial three strains of microorganisms in 2006, Coskata-funded research with the ...

Biomass production -- careful planning can bring many benefits

... go into substances from paints to pharmaceuticals. Biomass could provide these, either by deliberately creating them, or by harvesting by-products of fermentation processes such as biofuel production. But to be ready for a biomass driven future we need start planning appropriate biorefineries today. A ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Nov. 28, 2007

... supplementing world supplies of oil, coal, and other conventional fuels. Research suggests that there would be advantages in producing those fuels by fermentation with bacteria capable of withstanding higher temperatures than microbes now in use. Knowing that thermophilic, or heat-loving, bacteria inhabit ...

Sweet fuel supply

... sucrose, and lactose. These complex sugar molecules can be readily converted to the much simpler glucose molecule with little energy cost through fermentation processes. The glucose could then be used to release hydrogen using enzymes. It is this last step that chemists Yutaka Amao and Yumi Takeuchi ...

Study shows vitamin C is essential for plant growth

... an estimated 20 million on vitamin C tablets each year, making this the most widely-used dietary supplement. Vitamin C is currently produced by mixed fermentation and chemical synthesis. The new enzyme provides the potential to engineer microbes to produce vitamin C by a simpler one-step process. ...

UCI and CODA Genomics collaborate to re-engineer yeast for biofuel production

... inserts the proteins into the yeast genome, ensuring the enzymes stability and their ability to function. Da Silva, a chemical engineer, ensures that fermentation conditions are optimal to maximize ethanol production. The CODA technology is already showing commercial success in therapeutic protein markets, ...
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