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Ethanol in Biological News

Facile synthesis of nanoparticles with multiple functions advanced in Singapore

... of metal salts dissolved in water with an ethanol solution of dodecylamine (DDA). The metals would ... residue. Organic solvents are less dense than ethanol or water and float on top of the aqueous ... the toluene and are completely removed from the ethanol and water. Our process allows us to extract ...

GEN reports on alternative feedstocks for ethanol production

... relies on a hybrid approach based on its Flex ethanol technology, which combines gasification and ... a thermo-biological pathway to produce fuel-grade ethanol that it contends can be cost-competitive with ... is able to yield more than 100 gallons of ethanol per ton of dry biomass. Also discussed in the ...

Ethanol production could jeopardize soil productivity

... of choice for the production of cellulosic-based ethanol because of the more favorable energy output ... because less of the grain would be diverted to ethanol production, leaving more available for food and ... extensive removal of crop residues for ethanol productionor for other industrial purposesmay ...

Scientists work to plug microorganisms into the energy grid

... When it comes to alternative fuels, currently ethanol is king. Almost all ethanol produced in the United States is fermented from ... sugars in corn starch or corn kernels. Producing ethanol from corn has also come under much criticism ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- April 22, 2009

... TIME, April 27, 2009 Potholes on the road to ethanol from crop waste rather than food crops ... Those highly publicized efforts to produce ethanol fuel from wheat straw, corn cobs, and other crop ... reduce America's reliance on foreign oil and make ethanol cost-competitive with gasoline by 2012. But ...

Tiny super-plant can clean up animal waste and be used for ethanol production

... to researcher Dr. Jay Cheng. This means that ethanol production using duckweed could be "faster and ... from duckweed can be readily converted into ethanol using the same facilities currently used for ... Corn is currently the primary crop used for ethanol production in the United States. However, its ...

Iowa State researchers developing clean, renewable energy for ethanol industry

... new, low-emissions burner and a new catalyst for ethanol production. Both technologies will use the ... and Hawkeye Energy Holdings, an Ames-based ethanol producer with plants in Iowa Falls, Fairbank, ... the thermochemical conversion of biomass with ethanol production." The project will ...

Cellulosic biofuel technology will generate low-cost green fuel, says major study

... refinery. A paper on the co-production of ethanol and power from switchgrass by Laser et al, which evaluates three process designs for producing ethanol and electricity from switchgrass. This shows that ... the cost when compared to base case cellulosic ethanol technology. The resulting fossil fuel ...

Study critiques corn-for-ethanol's carbon footprint

... receiving federal subsidies to grow more corn for ethanol under the Energy Independence and Security Act of ... of the Environment, who led the study. Making ethanol from corn reduces atmospheric releases of the ... carbon dioxide because the CO2 emitted when the ethanol burns is "canceled out" by the carbon dioxide ...

Commercial yeasts upgraded with an enzyme for biofuel production

... Xylose is an unused waste sugar in the cellulosic ethanol production process. The researchers have recently ... Saccharomyces cerevisiae is commonly used for ethanol production. Current bioethanol production ... industrial yeast strains, thus producing ethanol from xylose in a single step. Having already ...

Biofuels can provide viable, sustainable solution to reducing petroleum dependence

... of annually producing 90 billion gallons of ethanol sufficient to replace more than 60 billion of ... exceeds the U.S. Department of Energy's goal for ethanol production established in 2006. The "90 ... Gallon Study" assumes 75 billion gallons would be ethanol made from nonfood cellulosic feedstocks and 15 ...

Transportation fuels of the future: Nottingham leads the way

... the development of sustainable bioenergy fuels ethanol and Butanol. These sustainable bioenergy fuels ... of Burton, British Sugar, Coors Brewers, DSM, ethanol Technology, HGCA, Pursuit Dynamics, SABMiller and ... We can already buy petrol with five per cent ethanol in it but this is imported and it is important ...

Process can cut the cost of making cellulosic biofuels

... pretreat corn-crop waste before conversion into ethanol means extra nutrients don't have to be added, ... and ferment it to commercially relevant levels of ethanol without adding nutrients to the stover," Dale ... doesn't have to be washed or detoxified, allowing ethanol to be created from cellulose without added ...

Nations that sow food crops for biofuels may reap less than previously thought

... choices by countries about whether to invest in ethanol or biodiesel, which crops to plant, and how best ... at least until alternatives such as cellulosic ethanol are developed. And that makes the availability of ... for various crops; for example, the amount of ethanol a hectare of sugarcane will generate versus a ...

Managing carbon loss

... towards energy independence, cellulosic-based ethanol has emerged as one of the most commercially ... with the removal of corn fodder as a cellulosic ethanol feedstock is of agricultural and environmental ... the not too distant future, choosing a cellulosic ethanol alternative at the pump may actually result in a ...

Replacing corn with perennial grasses improves carbon footprint of biofuels

... feedstocks for biofuel production. Currently, ethanol is produced by fermenting the starch in corn ... The technology for producing this "cellulosic" ethanol is still quite expensive, but many believe that it will displace corn ethanol as the technology advances. About 20 percent ...

Growing fuel and medicine: Advancing biofuels and plant-produced therapeutics

... Center, WPI Biofuels production, specifically, ethanol production in the United States has increased ... almost 6.5 billion gallons, leading the world in ethanol output. The United States and Brazil account for over 90 percent of the world's total ethanol production, but is it enough? And are we headed ...

Resveratrol prevents fat accumulation in livers of 'alcoholic' mice

... in their diet, some had resveratrol plus ethanol (alcohol), some had ethanol alone and some had neither ethanol nor resveratrol. The researchers used two ...

Experts agree: to protect the environment, biofuel standards are needed

... environmental harm than good." Grain-based ethanol has already served as a lesson in the perils of ... effects are understood. Most of the commercial ethanol produced in the United States is made from corn. ... suffers. Moving forward, if cellulosic ethanol is to emerge as a feasible source of renewable ...

More research needed to make good on biofuel promise, experts say

... purchase 21 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol by 2022. But many questions remain unanswered, ... the landscape." Rising demand for corn grain ethanol has gone hand-in-hand with increased water use ... There also is mixed evidence that corn grain ethanol reduces greenhouse gas emissions. The intensive ...

Oklahoma researchers support biodiversity in biofuels production

... and European mandates for subsidies of cellulosic ethanol production and use have uncertain environmental ... viable biofuels industry. "We know ethanol produced from corn has both environmental and ... Switchgrass may not be the best species for ethanol production, but it is much better than corn which ...

Cornell gets $10 million NSF grant to establish new sustainability institute

... population? Can we compute how to transition to ethanol fuel without jeopardizing food production? ... Biofuels Developing models to transition to an ethanol economy, taking into account the needs of households, landowners, ethanol producers, gasoline refiners and food producers. ...

Turning waste material into ethanol

... word "biofuels" and most people think of grain ethanol and biodiesel. But there's another, older ... nanoscale porous catalysts, they hope to create ethanol from a wide range of biomass, including distiller's grain left over from ethanol production, corn stover from the field, grass, ...

Miscanthus can meet US biofuels goal using less land than corn or switchgrass

... by a lot. Using Miscanthus as a feedstock for ethanol production in the U.S. could significantly reduce ... y. Using corn or switchgrass to produce enough ethanol to offset 20 percent of gasoline use a current ... researchers report. Getting the same amount of ethanol from Miscanthus would require only 9.3 percent of ...

New UGA biomass technology dramatically increases ethanol yield from grasses and yard waste

... promises to dramatically increase the yield of ethanol from readily available non-food crops, such as ... Napiergrassand even yard waste. "Producing ethanol from renewable biomass sources such as grasses is ... viewed as the best sustainable resources for ethanol made from biofuels. "Using non-food crops ...

Iowa State researchers study ground cover to reduce impact of biomass harvest

... The seemingly limitless national appetite for ethanol has industry and government looking beyond the ... limitless, so turning corn stalks and leaves into ethanol is the target of much research. The U.S. ... that by the year 2030, about 20 percent of ethanol will be made by turning corn stalks and leaves, ...

US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute announces new genome sequencing projects

... available enzymes developed for corn-based ethanol production," said Rubin. "Moreover, duckweed ... (a unit of two condensed glucose molecules) to ethanol at high temperatures (45�� C), thus ... the cellulases used in pilot cellulosic ethanol plants are produced by fungi, in many cases ...

Ethanol byproduct produces green results

... grains are becoming more readily available as ethanol production in the U.S. increases. The push to ... of this and similar ARS studies as a win/win for ethanol producers and the agriculture industry, noting, ... grains could increase the profitability of ethanol production". ...

BioScience tip sheet July/August 2008

... ecosystem services. **************** The US ethanol and Biofuels Boom: Its Origins, Current Status, ... energy policies argues that today's boom in fuel ethanol is an unintended consequence of a fixed ethanol subsidy that was keyed to $20-per-barrel crude ...

New source for biofuels discovered

... produces cellulose that can be turned into ethanol and other biofuels, report scientists from The ... a very inexpensive source for sugars to use for ethanol and designer fuels, says Nobles, a research ... The huge expense in making cellulosic ethanol and biofuels is in using enzymes and mechanical ...

Mascoma and UT join in $26M DOE grant

... is for demonstrating the production of cellulosic ethanol at approximately one-tenth commercial scale ... and demonstration operations of the cellulosic ethanol biorefinery in Vonore, Tenn. Genera Energy will ... of Tennessee who choose to purchase cellulosic ethanol will be the beneficiaries through more ...

Cow stomach holds key to turning corn into biofuel

... These simple sugars can be used to produce ethanol to power cars and trucks. MSU scientists have ... Biofuel Production: Towards Affordable Cellulosic ethanol in the June edition of Nature Review Genetics. ... to make ethanol. It will save money in ethanol production, Sticklen said. Without it they cant ...

Fueling ethanol production while protecting water quality

... Grain-based ethanol production has increased dramatically in recent ... government policies require major increases in ethanol production. While future plans call for a viable cellulosic ethanol industry, expanded ...

US rush to produce corn-based ethanol will worsen 'dead zone' in Gulf of Mexico: UBC study

... The U.S. governments rush to produce corn-based ethanol as a fuel alternative will worsen pollution in ... fertilizer required to meet proposed corn-based ethanol production goals. Recently, the U.S. Senate ... aims of generating 36 billion gallons annually of ethanol by the year 2022, of which 15 billion gallons can ...

Trash today, ethanol tomorrow

... from leftover brewers mash to paper trash, into ethanol and other biofuel alternatives to gasoline. ... President C.D. Mote, Jr. "It makes affordable ethanol production a reality and makes it from waste ... a Year The Zymetis process can make ethanol and other biofuels from many different types of ...

Imports from Latin America may help US meet energy goals, study finds

... nations could become important suppliers of ethanol for world markets in coming decades, according to ... feedstock for more than 30 billion gallons of ethanol per year by 2017, which would represent a ... an ORNL expert on energy security, notes that ethanol from trading partners in this hemisphere could ...

MIT professor to discuss future of biofuels

... like corn-based ethanol: the more corn is used in ethanol production, the less is available for fooda ... Moreover, most of the 6 billion gallons of ethanol produced annually in the United States comes from ... other traits that would make yeast more-efficient ethanol producers. He will also touch on other lines ...

GM, Coskata partnership builds on Oklahoma State University biofuels research

... thanks in part to Coskatas next generation ethanol process based on research and technology ... research convert the resulting syngas into ethanol by consuming carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ... conversion process has occurred, the resulting ethanol is recovered from the solution using vapor ...

Biofuels Sustainability

... a viable energy option. Current grain-based ethanol production systems damage soil and water ... from various sources. The current focus on ethanol from corn illustrates the risks of exploiting a ... has some 20 laws and incentives to boost ethanol use. A biofuels infrastructure that ...

K-State researchers findings on E. coli

... MANHATTAN, KAN. -- ethanol plants and livestock producers have created a ... livestock distiller's grains, a byproduct of the ethanol distilling process, giving ethanol producers have an added source of income. But ...
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