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Epidemic in Biological News

Global warming linked to European viral epidemic

... An epidemic of the viral disease nephropathia epidemica (NE) ... in just the last three years, 2005-2007. The epidemic has been shown to extend to neighboring countries ... in Belgium with a cyclic pattern, reaching epidemic proportions since 2005. The fact that the growing ...

Researchers recreate SARS virus, open door for potential defenses against future strains

... the SARS coronavirus (CoV) that caused the SARS epidemic of 2003. The scientists say designing and ... and the ability of therapeutics targeting epidemic strains to cure bat SARS-CoV infection. SARS ... the strains associated with the 2002-2003 epidemic no longer circulate in humans, the animal ...

Sudden Oak Death pathogen is evolving, says new study that reconstructs the epidemic

... provides, for the first time, evidence of how the epidemic unfolded in this state. "In this paper, we ... to a nursery makes it highly probable that the epidemic began there rather than at Mt. Tam," said ... it does not always match the picture of the epidemic one would develop based solely upon ...

Scientists decode genomes of diverse TB isolates

... investigators and a leading researcher of the XDR epidemic in KwaZulu-Natal, dean of the Nelson Mandela ... is essential for developing tools to get this epidemic under control. Globally, tuberculosis (TB) is ... of a strain responsible for the current XDR-TB epidemic in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. This strain ...

The reservoir of Marburg virus identified in a species of fruit bat

... it was first detected in 1967, after a mysterious epidemic had hit employees of the Behring laboratory. The ... South Africa). However, in 1998, a more extensive epidemic affected 149 people near Durba, a town in the ... fever the virus caused. In 2005, a second epidemic that broke out in Angola infected over 252 ...

Social separation stops flu spread, but must be started soon

... a 'worst case' influenza epidemic. They may be critical in holding back an epidemic until vaccines are deployed on a sufficient scale that subsequent ... 2 weeks of the first case appearing in a town or city, to prevent an epidemic developing. Delays of 2, 3 and 4 weeks resulted in final attack rates of ...

Exposure to insecticide may play role in obesity epidemic among some women

... commonly used up until the 1970s may play a role in the obesity epidemic in women, according to a new study involving several Michigan State ... toxins by eating fish from polluted waters may contribute to the obesity epidemic in women." Though DDT was banned in 1973 after three decades of ...

Persistent pollutant may promote obesity

... maintain that it is "plausible and provocative" to associate the obesity epidemic to chemical triggers present in the modern environment. Several other ... that tributyltin and similar persistent pollutants may play in the obesity epidemic is now under scrutiny. ...

Hidden infections crucial to understanding, controlling disease outbreaks

... quickly, in a matter of weeks or months." The model revealed that as an epidemic spreads, many people develop this short-term immunity. Once large numbers of people are immune, the epidemic comes to a halt. "But before the year is out, they're susceptible again," ...

Study suggests 86 percent of Americans could be overweight or obese by 2030

... Their projections illustrate the potential burden of the U.S. obesity epidemic if current trends continue. "Our analysis also shows that over time ... may have a shorter life expectancy than their parents if the obesity epidemic is left unaddressed. The authors warned that obesity has become a ...

Landon Foundation-AACR INNOVATOR Awards

... team of international collaborators have discovered a unique mesothelioma epidemic in three Turkish villages and have demonstrated that it is caused by a ... colleagues have identified exposure to erionite as the likely cause of the epidemic and have reduced exposure to that mineral fiber throughout the villages. ...

Telemedicine: Health alert via satellite

... teams on site. The first help provided was to understand the nature of the epidemic and treat the patients when the first symptoms were exhibited. Secondly, assistance was provided to determine the origin of the epidemic and take the necessary measures to stop the problem from spreading. ...

Studies: Children obese due to a host of unhealthy pressures

... a perfect storm that will continue to feed the childhood obesity epidemic until we adopt policies that improve the health of our communities and our ... "I think that the role of the environment in bringing about the epidemic of overweight among our children is still not fully appreciated," Johnston ...

Study links cat disease to flame retardants in furniture and to pet food

... WASHINGTON, Aug. 15, 2007 A mysterious epidemic of thyroid disease among pet cats in the United States may be linked to ... materials like furniture or upholstery, the report added. The epidemic of hyperthyroidism in cats began almost 30 years ago, at the same time ...

121 breeding tigers estimated to be found in Nepal

... low, with a recent government census suggesting there may be as few as 1,300 tigers left in India, the species' stronghold. And tigers are facing an epidemic of poaching and habitat loss across their range. The main reason for the decline of tiger populations has been attributed to poaching and illegal ...

Knee injuries may start with strain on the brain, not the muscles

... McLean's group again tested the single leg landings of 13 men and 13 women after working the legs to fatigue. While both men and women suffer an epidemic of ACL injuries, women are two to eight times likelier to tear this ligament than men while playing the same sport. However, the study showed that ...

Forsyth scientists suggest linkages between obesity and oral bacterial infection

... the inflammatory nature of the disease is also recognized. This led me to question potential unknown contributing causes of obesity. Could it be an epidemic involving an infectious agent?" "It is exciting to image the possibilities if oral bacteria are contributing to some types of obesity," added ....

Researchers engineer metabolic pathway in mice to prevent diet-induced obesity

... In recent years, obesity has taken on epidemic proportions in developed nations, contributing significantly to major medical problems, early death and rising health care costs. According to ...

Study suggests obese women should not gain weight

... to eat. We talk about 'eating for two,' but it's really more like eating for 1 and 1/20th." These attitudes have contributed to the obesity epidemic in the U.S., where 35 percent of women are considered obese, says the researcher. The situation is even worse among African-American women, four out ...

Jeepers creepers: Climate change threatens endangered honeycreepers

... had no mosquitoes and no mosquito-borne diseases. But, by the late 1800s, mosquitoes had set up permanent housekeeping, setting the stage for epidemic transmission of avian malaria and pox. Honeycreepers just like people faced with novel viruses such as swine flu had no natural resistance against ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- May 13, 2009

... Proteome Research , a monthly publication. About 18 million people in the United States have Type 2 diabetes, and the disease is spreading with the epidemic of obesity. David Springer and colleagues point out in the new study that thousands of patients receive potentially lifesaving transfusions of ...

Does mom know when enough is enough?

... St. Louis, MO, May 11, 2009 As the childhood obesity epidemic in the United States continues, researchers are examining whether early parent and child behaviors contribute to the problem. A study from the ...

Demmler-Harrison honored for devoted work with pediatric society

... panel, entitled "H1N1 Influenza A: What the Pediatrician Needs to Know," where she discussed management of high volume virology testing in an epidemic situation and effective infection control strategies. "Gail Demmler is a true leader in pediatric virology," said Jeffrey Starke, M.D., director of ...

Women more vulnerable to tobacco carcinogens, new results show

... risks to women than men. "In the early 1900s lung cancer was reported to be rare in women, but since the 1960s it has progressively reached epidemic proportions, becoming the leading cause of cancer deaths among women in the United States," Dr Felip said. "Lung cancer is not only a man's ...

Caltech scientists show why anti-HIV antibodies are ineffective at blocking infection

... PASADENA, Calif.--Some 25 years after the AIDS epidemic spawned a worldwide search for an effective vaccine against the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), progress in the field seems to have effectively ...

Nutrition experts propose new class of low-sugar drinks to help stem obesity and diabetes epidemics

... MA -- Strong evidence developed at Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) and elsewhere shows that sugary drinks are an important contributor to the epidemic rise of obesity and type 2 diabetes in the United States. Faced with these growing public health threats, experts from the Department of Nutrition at ...

American Chemical Society Weekly PressPac -- April 8, 2009

... according to an article scheduled for the April 13 issue of Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), ACS' weekly newsmagazine. Obesity is a growing epidemic that affects more than 72 million people in the United States alone, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. C&EN assistant ...

Living long, living well

... Waltham, Mass.How does inflammation, brought on by stress, affect aging? What can we do to avert the looming public health and economic crisis of an epidemic of neurologic diseases caused by a rapidly expanding elderly population? How do older adults manage to keep a rosy outlook in the face of inevitable ...

New wheat disease could spread faster than expected

... the potential to get a foothold and spread rapidly at this distant location giving the invading pathogen the ability to literally accelerate as the epidemic spreads. In just two years from 2004-06, the avian bird flu spread across parts of three continents in Africa, Europe and Asia, carried by ...

Scientists gather to protect global food security from return of devastating wheat fungus

... In the 1950s, a fatal strain of wheat stem rust invaded North America and, at one point, ruined 40 percent of the spring wheat crop. The epidemic prompted Borlaug, working with a team of scientists in Mexico, to develop highly productive, rust-resistant varieties that helped launch the Green ...

Saving wheat crops worldwide

... CSIRO Plant Industry scientists and international collaborators have discovered the key to overcoming three major cereal diseases, which in epidemic years cost wheat growers worldwide in excess of AUS$7.8 billion. In a paper published today in the prestigious journal Science , scientists from ...

March of Dimes provides $2.7 million in new funding for preterm birth research

... preterm birth. These 2009 grants bring the five-year-old program's grant total to nearly $14 million. "This research is critical to ending the epidemic of preterm birth," said Dr. Jennifer L. Howse, president of the organization. "That's why we created the PRI grants and continue to award them even ...

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- Jan. 14, 2009

... Research . The number of cases of that disease (18 million in the United States alone) has doubled during the last 30 years in parallel with the epidemic of obesity. Researchers say their work represents the first comprehensive description of the proteins in the saliva of patients with Type 2 diabetes, ...

IRB Barcelona to coordinate two European projects on biomedicine

... and senior professor at the University of Barcelona, will coordinate a pioneering project to fight against diabetes, a disease described as the epidemic of the XXI century. The MITIN Project is innovative because it will be the first time that bioinformatics is applied to obtain information about ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Dec. 17, 2008

... bug-repelling plant hormones and insecticides, according to the article. ARTICLE #5 EMBARGOED FOR 9 A.M., EASTERN TIME, Dec. 22, 2008 "Beetle epidemic escalates" This story will be available on December 22 at http://pubs.acs.org/cen/science/86/8651sci1.html FOR ADVANCE INFORMATION, CONTACT: ...

Forsyth scientist receives major grant to support rapid, accurate, affordable test for tuberculosis

... urine. TB is a leading cause of death worldwide, with 1.7 million deaths and 9 million new active cases annually. TB cases are already at epidemic levels in Africa and are on the rise in developing countries throughout the world, particularly among HIV/AIDS patients. This resurgence combined ...

15-state Southern obesity summit to focus on deadly epidemic

... and a summit organizer. "So much anti-obesity work has been done, but even more is needed, especially in the parts of the nation struggling with the epidemic like the South." Speakers and panelists will include UAB researchers and Kenneth Cooper, M.D., a Texas-based health author and entrepreneur widely ...

Positive results in Phase 2 trial of treatment of C-difficile-associated diarrhea

... over 500,000 cases in the United States, and approximately 15,000 deaths caused or contributed by C. difficile . The emergence of a highly virulent epidemic strain that produces much higher levels of toxins A and B has also been associated with morbidity and mortality in younger, healthier, and ...

ASU researchers receive NIH awards for studies of malaria and emergent disease

... evolutionary biology perspectives to address infectious diseases," says Escalante. "Events such as the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome or SARS epidemic and the spread of antimicrobial resistance have increased awareness about the need for incorporating laboratory-based research in decision-making ...

The Marine Mammal Center begins new leptospirosis study in California

... Director at The Marine Mammal Center. "The data will also help us understand more about the susceptibility of sea lions in the population during an epidemic and clarify the relationship between the stranded sea lions with leptospirosis we see here at the Center and those that are susceptible in the ...
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