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Emphysema in Biological News

Scientists open doors to diagnosis of emphysema

... lung diseases like chronic bronchitis and emphysema are a major global health problem, and the fourth ... new light on the underlying disease process of emphysema using a technique which could in future be ... to be involved in the development of emphysema. emphysema is characterised by the damage and destruction of ...

National Jewish Health researchers evaluating treatment to help emphysema sufferers breathe easier

... to learn if poking holes in the lungs of emphysema patients can immediately help them breathe more easily. Destruction of lung tissue caused by emphysema can leave lungs stiff and overinflated with air ... easily inflate and take in air. "Advanced emphysema patients are often in poor physical condition, ...

Researchers at National Jewish Health evaluating a treatment

... to learn if poking holes in the lungs of emphysema patients can immediately help them breathe more easily. Destruction of lung tissue caused by emphysema can leave lungs stiff and overinflated with air ... easily inflate and take in air. "Advanced emphysema patients are often in poor physical condition, ...

UCSF Fresno leading-edge study lends hope to emphysema patients

... Patients in the Valley with emphysema might soon be breathing a little easier thanks to ... bypass study called the Exhale Airways Stents for emphysema (EASE) trial. The trial principal is Dr. Karl Van ... of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema is a progressive lung disease that keeps air ...

Sentara begins international trial -- open at only 24 US locations

... stents to open airways of patients with advanced emphysema or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). ... thereby helping patients with advanced widespread emphysema breathe easier. Similar to the stents used to ... treatment options for patients with severe emphysema are limited to lung reduction surgery, lung ...

Clinical trial that may help patients breathe easier begins at Central DuPage Hospital

... collapse of airways in the lung combine to leave emphysema sufferers unable to get air out of their lungs. ... are few treatment options for most patients with emphysema and there is no cure. If proven, the airway ... help gather information valuable to their fellow emphysema sufferers. ...

Researchers at Sarasota Memorial Health Care System to study airway bypass treatment for emphysema

... for trapped air to escape and in turn, relieve emphysema symptoms including shortness of breath. emphysema is a chronic, progressive, and irreversible lung ... to make exhalation ineffective, leaving the emphysema sufferer with hyperinflation because they cant ...

Endobronchial valve significantly improves emphysema

... CHICAGO, Oct. 22 emphysema patients whose lungs are implanted with a pencil ... trial, known as the Endobronchial Valve for emphysema Palliation Trial (VENT) and director of the emphysema Research Center at the University of Pittsburgh. ...

Positive results for airway bypass

... combine to make exhalation ineffective, leaving emphysema sufferers with hyperinflation because they are ... Treatment options for most patients with emphysema are currently limited and generally result in ... in RV of 870mL (p=0.022). The management of emphysema poses a difficult challenge for the medical ...

Genetic irregularities linked to higher risk of COPD among smokers

... in three additional, independent groups: patients in the U.S. National emphysema Treatment Trial, individuals enrolled in the Boston Early-Onset COPD study ... significant frequency among members of the international COPD genetics and emphysema groups. "We believe that smokers who have these two SNPs face a nearly ...

Franklin Square to study airway bypass procedure for severe emphysema

... of airways in the lung combine to make exhalation ineffective, leaving emphysema sufferers with hyperinflation because they are unable to get air out of ... bathing, difficult. There are few treatment options for most patients with emphysema and there is no cure. "The airway bypass procedure could be an ...

COPD? Eat your veggies

... to other lung diseases. This study adds greater precision to our understanding of the specific antioxidants that may protect the lung against emphysema to allow clinical trials based on valid pathophysiologic principles." ...

Genetic mutation associated with increased risk of lung cancer

... of European descent, according to background information in the article. Individuals with two copies of the associated genetic mutation often develop emphysema at an early age. However, 1ATD carriersthose with only one copy of the mutated genedo not normally have severe diseases related to 1ATD and may not ...

First-ever study to link increased mortality specifically to carbon dioxide emissions

... from temperature increases, caused by increases in carbon dioxide emissions. Ozone causes and worsens respiratory and cardiovascular illnesses, emphysema and asthma, and many published studies have associated increased ozone with higher mortality. [Ozone] is a very corrosive gas, it erodes rubber and ...

Stevens Health, Technology, and Society roundtable: Oct. 31

... in the United States are diagnosed with COPD, an umbrella term used to describe lung disease associated with airflow obstruction. Most generally, emphysema and chronic bronchitis, either alone or combined, fall into this category. COPD is currently the fourth leading cause of death in the US and is ...

New MRI technique shows emphysema in asymptomatic smokers

... -A new imaging method has revealed early signs of emphysema in smokers with no external symptoms of the ... that it is possible to measure the severity of emphysema and its progression through time without the ... at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. emphysema is a chronic, progressive lung disease, which ...

Gene therapy for hereditary lung disease advances

... for alpha-1 patients. Alpha-1 deficiency can in some patients lead to emphysema and cirrhosis, both progressive diseases that can be fatal. Alpha-1 patients with symptoms of emphysema can be treated through weekly intravenous injections of alpha-1 protein ...

Researchers discover 'acquired' DNA key to certain bacterial infection

... this week the discovery of a mechanism by which Mycobacterium avium – a bacterium which can result in serious lung infections and is prevalent in emphysema and AIDS patients among others – infects tissue cells or “macrophages” and thus compromises the body’s immunity. Results of the study, led by ...

Helium helps patients breathe easier

... to increase their exercise capacity by an average of 245 per cent. COPD is a disease of the lungs caused by smoking and includes the conditions of emphysema and chronic bronchitis. This was the first study to demonstrate that helium-hyperoxia (40 per cent oxygen, 60 per cent helium) improves the ...

Lungs try to repair damaged elastic fibers

... suffered from emphysema. The team used hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to characterize the regions of the lung showing moderate emphysema and regions showing severe emphysema. They found that new elastin synthesis was initiated in moderately diseased specimens. The researchers did ...

Researches discover gene critical for protection against septic-shock-induced death

... of genes used by the host to defend against a variety of stresses, including oxidative and inflammatory diseases such as cigarette-smoke-induced emphysema and allergic asthma in mice models. Biswal's team found that the deletion of the Nrf2 gene increased the inflammatory response and caused early ...

Most common lung cancers may begin in newly discovered cells

... in the earliest stage of disease in people. Discovery of the lung stem cells could lead to new therapies for other lung diseases, such as emphysema and cystic fibrosis. "We tend to emphasize cancer, because we are in a lab that studies cancer," Bender Kim said. "Identifying stem cells is the ...
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(Date:9/2/2014)... of Human Genetics (ASHG) and the National Human ... Institutes of Health, have named Elizabeth P. Tuck, ... School in Columbus, Ohio, the first ASHG/NHGRI Genetics ... , The Genetics and Education Fellowship is intended ... experience, and network to prepare for a career ...
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(Date:9/2/2014)... sequence their genetic information. How is it possible ... parts of the body are so different? While every ... additional regulatory layer exists that determines which of the ... modifications of genome-bound histone proteins or the DNA itself ... top of the genetic information and is thus called ...
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