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Disc in Biological News

Jefferson receives $1.7 million grant to study stem cells in intervertebral discs of the spine

... enable the researchers to continue studying the disc cells and determine factors which govern their ... a treatment that will regenerate intervertebral disc structure and function." A variety of factors ... to the degeneration of the intervertebral disc including age, genetics and biomechanical ....

Genes identified that are linked to spinal disc degeneration

... Lumbar disc degeneration is an uncomfortable condition that ... eight genes that are directly related to disc degeneration. "We found more genes associated with disc degeneration than was discovered in 30 prior ...

The Burnham Buzz, February 2009

... inducing signaling complex (DISC). The Fas-FADD disc is a receptor platform, which once assembled, ... determined the X-ray crystal structure of the disc to 2.7 Angstroms resolution and found that ... between Fas and FADD mechanistically control disc formation. The structure showed that Fas ...

Burnham researchers discover 'on switch' for cell death signaling mechanism

... domain protein (FADD) mechanistically control disc formation. The X-ray crystal structure of the ... Fas opening itself acts as a control switch for disc formation and initiation of apoptosis. "We ... binding of Fas ligand is not enough to initiate disc formation and set cell death in motion," said Dr. ...

Biologists learn structure, mechanism of powerful 'molecular motor' in virus

... design of the motor's ringlike structure. One disc sits on top of the other, and each of the five segments of the top disc shares a gp17 protein with a corresponding ... segments, or domains, one segment in the lower disc and the other segment in the upper disc. The ...

Cytori reports benefit of adipose-derived regenerative cells in spinal disc model

... discs, evidenced by significantly increased disc tissue density and disc-specific extracellular ... demonstrated significantly greater levels of the disc specific extracellular matrix proteins, aggrecan ... may contribute to the regeneration of the spinal disc and form a healthier, more natural inner-disc ...

Stress disrupts human thinking, but the brain can bounce back

... and the other down. In a series of trials, they were prompted to choose a disc according to motion or color. By ordering when the subjects did which ... focus from color to motion, or to suddenly reverse their choice of a disc in the same category. "It's like the old story about the American ...

Poor treatment for common vertebral compression fractures

... intense pain or very intense pain one year after the injury. This degree of pain is fully comparable with that experienced by patients with lumbar disc herniation immediately before undergoing surgery. "The thesis shows clearly that the treatment and advice that is given to patients with an acute ...

AIUM presents 2009 William J. Fry Memorial Lecture award

... College of Radiology (ACR) from 1987 to 1993 and did the primary work on the ACR Learning Teaching File for Ultrasound, later transposed onto laser disc and CD-ROM. As director of medical student education for the Department of Radiology at Jefferson Medical College and Thomas Jefferson University ...

International prize for Nottingham spine research

... through the body using an MRI scanner. They found that the molecule moved across the discs in two ways; by diffusion or by being swept through the disc as water moved in and out of it. As the discs compress when we stand, squeezing water out, the volunteers were studied in two situations loaded ...

Oh, my aching back: Give me a shot of ozone

... percent results in an intradiscal pressure reduction of 1 psi (pounds per square inch). Thus a very small change in volume creates a large change in disc pressure, which reduces the applied pressure on the nerve and relieves pain. This model confirmed that a minimalistic alternative to a diskectomy, ...

New orthopaedic society launched to promote research, use of biologic treatments

... interests include stem cell therapy for osteoarthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions; platelet-rich plasma injections for chronic tendonitis, disc regeneration, and accelerated healing; molecular and cell biology and biomaterials for tendon-to-bone healing; and recombinant bone morphogenic ...

American Library Association names NJIT prof’s Whale Music book a top ten

... from Hawaii to Russia to play his bass clarinet while playing and recording interspecies duets with the melodic mammals. The corollary compact disc Whale Music featuring the sounds of beluga, killer and humpback whales can be heard at http://cdbaby.com/cd/davidrothenberg2 , iTunes or ...

ORNL nanotechnologies big winners in DOE call

... two to seven times greater than conventional steel can help reduce the estimated $65 billion annual cost of wear to U.S. industry. Field trials of disc cutters in Tunnel Boring Machines have demonstrated a 20 percent improvement in wear resistance. The goal of this project, led by Bill Peter, is to ...

San Diego Supercomputer Center and UCSD announce 'Triton Resource'

... and experiments that form the basis for future generations of research results. The storage facility is envisioned as having 2-4 petabytes of raw disc space including room to replicate all data. The Petascale Data Analysis Facility will be capable of analyzing data from the new generation ...

Genome of saltwater creature could aid understanding of gene grouping

... tiny little pancake of cells you can barely see without a microscope," he said. "And they're extremely simple about as simple as you can be just a disc of cells that's two layers thick." Still, humans share elements with the lowly beast that only become evident through charting its DNA. A gene ...

New Sony PC Delivers High Performance in Ultra-Portable Package

... optional built-in wireless Sprint(R) Mobile Broadband, the nation's largest wireless broadband network. The Z model has an optional Blu-ray disc (BD) optical drive for enjoying, creating and storing high-definition content. Enjoy BD movies in stunning clarity while on the road or utilize the ...

Brown hosts regional bioengineering conference

... year on treatment. Braithwaites research involves injecting a liquid into the nucleus polposus, the gelatinous inner section of the spinal disc responsible for bearing weight and determining the spines motion. The injected liquid transforms into a solid in minutes without chemical reaction, ...

New light trap captures larval stage of new species; DNA barcode technology used

... of Atlantic gobies by having fewer fin rays and lacking a frenum, the small fold of tissue in the pelvic fins of most gobies that forms a sucking disc for grasping the substrate. The fish was sent to Dr. Benjamin Victor of the Ocean Science Foundation in California, who used a new biochemical ...

Scientists eye secrets of retinal regeneration

... are formed by the fusion, at the base of the outer segment, of rhodopsin vesicles. "This fusion makes a kind of preliminary disc, and then this disc matures and grows until it joins the hundreds of other discs on the rod cell's outer segment," Dr. Sung says. "All of this happens with the help of a ...

Swell gel could bring relief to back pain sufferers

... the load-bearing tissue of the disc, decreasing disc height and resulting in pain. The microgel ... the material into a damaged bovine intervertebral disc and increased the pH to biological levels by ... to stimulate regeneration of intervertebral disc tissue. ...

An artificial cornea is in sight, thanks to biomimetic hydrogels

... bioengineered cornea based on the dual-network hydrogel. The result was a disc with a clear center and tiny pores populating the periphery. Myung calls ... secrete. They even 'remodel.'" Collagen binds to the edge of the synthetic disc and forms a junction between natural and synthetic tissues. Then a clear ...

A new target for painkillers

... to the nerves, spinal cord or brain. Such pain can result from diabetes damage to nerves in the feet or elsewhere, spinal injury, degenerative disc disease, alcoholism, failed low-back surgery, tumors compressing nerves, spinal tumors, repetitive motion disorders, multiple sclerosis, infection, ...

UC Riverside psychologist explores human perception, finds 'wow factor'

... another experiment, Rosenblum and his team showed 18 UC Riverside undergraduates three shapes they would be attempting to identify -- a triangle, a disc and a square cut from sound-insulating foam board covered with black tape. The undergrads also saw an array of eight horn-style loudspeakers that ...

Pleasing plant shapes explained by new computer model

... Flowers are innately beautiful to the human eye, but how does a sunflower achieve its stunning disc of intersecting spirals or a daisy its delicate symmetry? That was the question tackled by University of Calgary computer scientists, who have ...

Public collections of DNA and RNA sequence reach 100 gigabases

... US counterparts right from the start. Much has changed since the days when sequences were manually keyed in from the literature or sent on floppy disc and distributed to users on 9-track magnetic tapes, but the purpose of the databases - to make every nucleotide sequence in the public domain freely ...
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