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Disability in Biological News

The genetic X-factor

... Estimates suggest that the prevalence of learning disability is 2𔃁%. Learning disability is significantly more common in males than in ... in the same gene. However, in many, learning disability was the only feature. The newly identified genes ...

Oh, my aching back: Give me a shot of ozone

... Back pain is the most common cause of job-related disability and a leading contributor to missed work. While ... treatment in regards to pain relief, reduction of disability and risk of complications. More than 8,000 ... improvement was 25.7 percent for the Oswestry disability Index (ODI), which measures one's ability to ...

22nd Congress of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology, Sept. 12-16, 2009, Turkey

... mental health problems, levels of absenteeism, unemployment and long-term disability claims are increasing. In many EU Member States they are the leading cause ... market. Poor mental health can account for more than 40% of all long-term disability claims. Premature retirement on the grounds of poor mental health is also ...

Penn research team tests bedside monitoring of brain blood flow and metabolism in stroke victims

... cerebral blood flow in patients with acute stroke, a leading cause of disability and death. The ultimate goal of this research is to improve the ... said. Ischemic stroke is the leading cause of morbidity and long-term disability in the United States, with projected cost of stroke care estimated at ...

Acorda Therapeutics submits new drug application for Fampridine-SR in multiple sclerosis

... recent studies indicate that between 64-85% of people with MS have walking disability 1 , 2 . Fully 70% of people with MS who have walking disability report it to be the most challenging aspect of their disease 1 . The ...

The effect of parental education on the heritability of children's reading disability

... of education tended to have stronger genetic influence on their reading disability than children whose parents had lower levels of education. The researchers ... low socioeconomic status, while genes may be the main influence on reading disability among children in families with high socioeconomic status and educational ...

Disability Rights Legal Center honors Ossur

... November 25, 2008 (LOS ANGELES, CA) -- The disability Rights Legal Center (DRLC), which for four decades has advocated for the ... organization's motto of "Protecting the Possibilities," she added. The disability Rights Legal Center is a nonprofit organization formed in 1975 to advocate ...

New gene discovered for new form of intellectual disability

... and Mental Health (CAMH) has discovered a new form of intellectual disability involving mental retardation (MR) along with the eye defect retinitis ... in intellectual disability, though only four genes causing this type of disability have been identified to date. Whats really exciting is that the new ...

Scientists achieve major genetics breakthrough

... Trust Sanger Institute in Cambridge, England and the Genetics of Learning disability (GOLD) Service in NSW. Dr Gecz says the duplicated genes dubbed ... routes for possible future interventions and treatments. Intellectual disability affects 1-3% of the worlds population, with 30% more men affected than ...

Listen-up ladies: Don't postpone knee-replacement surgery

... than the women, the test results showed a much greater degree of physical disability in the female knee-replacement candidates compared to the males in the ... doctor's orders. Osteoarthritis of the knee is the most common cause of disability among Americans. It's a disease of age that affects more women than men on ...

Cigarette smoking may accelerate disability in those with MS

... and had been living with MS for an average of 13 years. The Expanded disability Status Scale (EDSS), an average number derived from measures of various ... smokers and nonsmokers showed that the smokers had significantly higher disability scores and lower brain volume than the nonsmokers. There also was a ...

Scientists open doors to diagnosis of emphysema

... Chronic inflammatory lung diseases like chronic bronchitis and emphysema are a major global health problem, and the fourth leading cause of death and disability in developed countries, with smoking accounting for 90% of the risk for developing them. Work by scientists at the European Molecular Biology ...

Reducing risk of hospitalization in the elderly

... exercise, that improve physical function could help keep more vulnerable seniors out of the hospital," says Cawthon. "That would not only reduce disability but it would also reduce the huge economic burden associated with hospitalization of the elderly." One in five Americans over the age of 65 ...

First genetically-engineered malaria vaccine to enter human trials

... will be trialled in humans from early next year. Malaria kills more than one million people each year and destroys through premature death and disability the equivalent of at least 35 million years of healthy, productive human life every year. Professor Alan Cowman, head of the institute's Infection ...

Debate on admin. of magnesium sulfate to pregnant women to prevent cerebral palsy in pre-term infants

... New York, New York, June 29, 2009 Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most prevalent chronic childhood motor disability with an estimated lifetime cost of nearly $1 million per individual. There is evidence that magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) can reduce the incidence of CP ...

Singapore nanotechnology combats fatal brain infections

... and are highly therapeutic. Major brain infections such as meningitis and encephalitis are a leading cause of death, hearing loss, learning disability and brain damage in patients. IBN's peptide nanoparticles, on the other hand, contain a membrane-penetrating component that enables them to pass ...

MSU lands $2.1 million grant to take part in national autism study

... and behavioral characteristics of children with autism, children with other developmental disabilities and children without a developmental delay or disability noted. Health conditions among children with and without autism. The study will compare children with autism to children with other ...

New guidelines to fight obesity in pregnancy issued

... and others. Even babies born just a few weeks too soon (34-36 weeks gestation, also known as late preterm birth) have higher rates of death and disability than full-term babies. The new IOM report also added rates for the amount of weight a woman should gain in the second and third trimesters of ...

The coming of biofuels: Study shows reducing gasoline emissions will benefit human health

... combination of two common damage factors in LCIAs - years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLLs) and the equivalent years of life lost due to disability (YLDs). One DALY is equal to one lost year of "healthy" life. To put this into perspective, the total annual disease burden in the United States is ...

DNA barcoding of mosquito species deployed in bid to end elephantiasis

... will grow as the range and habitats of specific mosquito species shift due to climate change." LF is a leading cause of permanent and long-term disability worldwide and results from a microscopic, thread-like worm spread between humans through a mosquito's bite. Living within a human's blood, the worm ...

6 young ASU faculty earn NSF Career awards

... in the areas of computer vision and pattern-recognition. Li's group is collaborating with the Phoenix Foundation for the Blind, as well as ASU's disability Resource Center and the Center for Cognitive Ubiquitous Computing. Stronger materials one nanowire at a time Henry Sodano's work revolves ...

Scaling the wall of deafness

... may have, and will have both diagnostic and therapeutic applications in hearing loss in the near future, Prof. Avraham hopes. The most common disability in humans, doctors still don't know what causes hearing loss in most people, but they do know where the process starts to break down. For some ...

Bad mix of bacterial remnants and genetics leads to arthritis

... American say that they have been told by a doctor that they have arthritis or another rheumatic condition. Arthritis is the most common cause of disability in the United States and limits activities of nearly 19 million people. ...

Psychiatric disorders are common in adults who have had anorexia

... Disorders . Three women have still not recovered from anorexia, 18 years after the start of the study. Thirteen people, or around 25%, are on disability benefit or have been signed off sick for more than six months due to an eating disorder or other psychiatric disorder.. Thirty-nine percent have at ...

Scots and Irish at greater risk of drink-related death, study shows

... to focus on developing new policy, research and practical action to help address these differences." Alcohol is thought to cause as much death and disability worldwide as tobacco use or high blood pressure. In England alone, alcohol misuse is estimated to costs more than 20 billion a year. ...

Stem cells replace stroke-damaged tissue in rats

... VEGF will encourage blood vessels to enter the new tissue. Professor Douglas Kell, BBSRC Chief Executive said: "Stroke is a leading cause of disability in industrialised countries. It is reassuring to know that the technology for treating stroke by repairing brain damage is getting ever closer to ...

Epstein-Barr virus may be associated with progression of MS

... MS. The study will investigate the relationship of anti-EBV antibody levels to development of gray matter atrophy, neurocognitive function and disability progression over time. UB and Trieste researchers also are investigating interactions between environment, certain genes and EBV antibodies and the ...

Society of Interventional Radiology hosts 34th annual scientific meeting

... Eastern) Back Pain Treatment Treating Herniated Disks: Pain Relief From Unexpected Source Back pain is the most common cause of job-related disability and a leading contributor to missed work. Having a herniated disk can affect how one performs everyday activities and can cause severe pain that ...

International study identifies gene variants associated with early heart attack

... and is receiving early online release. "For several decades, it has been known that the risk for heart attack the leading cause of death and disability in the U.S. clusters in families and that some of this familial clustering is due to differences in DNA sequence," says Sekar Kathiresan, MD, ...

NEC Foundation of America awards grant to NJIT

... at NJIT has developed a prototype of the Hands-Up video game software, with the support of the U.S. Department of Education's National Institute on disability and Rehabilitation Research. "The game will improve neuro-plasticity through intensive and repetitive training," said Richard Foulds, PhD, center ...

Exercise no danger for joints

... most commonly affected by the symptoms of osteoarthritis. More than 10 million Americans suffer from knee osteoarthritis, the most common cause of disability in the United States and women are more commonly affected than men. ...

When it comes to sleep research, fruit flies and people make unlikely bedfellows

... conditions, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, obesity, and depression. It also is responsible for accidents that cause substantial injury and disability each year. ...

Preventing a broken heart: Research aims to reduce scarring from heart attacks

... have heart attacks each year and suffer from the resulting poor heart function. The study raises the hope that the outlook for people with this major disability might be markedly improved. The scientists studied a protein, sFRP2, which they unexpectedly found to be involved in the formation of collagen, ...

M.I.N.D. Institute researchers call for fragile X testing throughout the lifespan

... cause of autism, responsible for between 2 and 6 percent of autism cases. In girls, the full mutation often manifests as shyness, math learning disability and social anxiety. Treatment of the syndrome depends on its manifestations in the individual, and ranges from behavioral therapy to medication. ...

Physical activity and health: Finding the right prescription

... musculoskeletal rehabilitation, bone, skeletal muscle, skin and oral health, working not only in physical activity and mobility, but also in pain, disability and chronic disease, and tissue injury, repair and replacement. By funding excellent research in these areas, IMHA hopes to create knowledge that ...

15-state Southern obesity summit to focus on deadly epidemic

... epidemic. "Obesity is a major cause of death in the United States. Aside from mortality rates, however, obesity substantially increases sickness, disability and impaired quality of life," said David Allison, Ph.D., director of UAB's Clinical Nutrition Research Center and a summit organizer. "So much ...

NIAID scientists to speak on range of infectious disease topics at major scientific meeting

... of deaths in sub-Saharan Africa. Dr. Fauci will discuss progress--and remaining challenges--in the fight against major infectious causes of death and disability such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis and drug-resistant microbes. He also will discuss how conceptual and technological progress in fields such as ...

UCSF Fresno leading-edge study lends hope to emphysema patients

... occur until irreversible damage has already happened. "COPD is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States and a significant cause of disability in the world," said Dr. Peterson, who also is chief of medicine at UCSF Fresno Medical Education Program. "Very few new treatments have become ...

SAFRAN to Acquire Motorola's Biometrics Business

... civil agencies such as New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services, Missouri State Highway Patrol, New York State Office of Temporary and disability Assistance, U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency, New York Police Department Central Records Division,, FBI Latent Laboratory, FBI Criminal Justice ...

Coming soon: Self-guided, computer-based depression treatment

... treatment for many people," said Cartreine, a member of NSBRI's Neurobehavioral and Psychosocial Factors Team. "Depression is the number one cause of disability days in the United States, but it's not only about days lost. Depression also results in presenteeism -- showing up for work but not really working." ...
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