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Engineering innovative solutions for 21st century medicine

... a result of osteoarthritis. Better techniques to diagnose osteoarthritis combined with more tailored ... the disease will also lead to new technologies to diagnose and treat osteoarthritis at a much earlier ... the process of degeneration so we can accurately diagnose its early stages and deliver appropriate and ...

Gene chips used to distinguish ventilator-associated pneumonia from underlying critical illness

... infection, however, is exceedingly difficult to diagnose because a patient's underlying condition often ... a single marker or a suite of markers that could diagnose infection in ICUs. While both fever and an ... bedsides as they refined their method to diagnose pneumonia. Initially, they used the gene chip ...

60 second test could help early diagnosis of common brain diseases

... and uncertain behavioural examinations to diagnose the onset of brain diseases such as multiple ... suggests that we could soon be able to diagnose the onset of many brain diseases by analysing the ... found from the first group could accurately diagnose disease within a second group. Here, many of the ...

UC Davis grant zeroes in on novel asthma diagnosis and treatment

... propose to evaluate whether the new field of metabolomics can be used to diagnose asthma and follow its treatment," said principal investigator Bruce ... that this technology will eventually help us to find new ways to diagnose asthma as well as monitor its treatment." Through its national grants ...

Minimizing the spread of deadly Hendra virus

... Dr Middleton says her research also indicates there is an opportunity to diagnose Hendra virus in horses early, prior to advanced clinical signs and the ... and specific stall-side test, which vets could use out in the field to diagnose the disease, has become even more important. However there are still key ...

Montana State grad's work helps diagnose skin cancer without a biopsy

... microscope that could someday reduce the number of biopsies needed to diagnose skin cancer. Suspicious spots on the skin often prompt dermatologists ... skin samples for analysis. These procedures are currently the best way to diagnose skin cancers, said Chris Arrasmith, who recently earned his master's ...

Novel veterinary procedure detecting life-threatening injuries touted

... called TFAST (Thoracic Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma) to diagnose PTX and other related injury in dogs. TFAST proved to be a highly accurate ... comparing TFAST to chest X-ray findings. TFAST was used to successfully diagnose PTX and identify other concurrent thoracic trauma in approximately 50 ...

Common gene variants increase risk of hypertension, may lead to new therapies

... when it is stressed, and screening for peptide levels is widely used to diagnose heart failure, a condition in which they are sharply elevated," says ... to advocate screening natriuretic peptide levels or gene variants to diagnose hypertension risk, but someday it may be possible to treat ...

OSA's ISP launches with research on breathing disorders and congenital heart defects

... of America A (JOSA A), one of these techniques may help clinicians diagnose and treat people with breathing disorders. The other can show ... light. The technology is being tested to see if it can help doctors diagnose and treat people with breathing disorders, says McLaughlin. Other current ...

New blood test for Down syndrome

... Quake's team was more accurate than techniques used in previous efforts to diagnose aneuploidy by analyzing fetal DNA. Aneuploidy occurs when there are either ... bioengineer at Stanford. Quake's interest in developing new technology to diagnose aneuploidies was sparked when he read a research article published in the ...

OU researchers isolate microorganisms that convert hydrocarbons to natural gas

... what these microorganisms are doing, we can interrupt their processes or diagnose them more effectively. The science is rudimentary at this stage. The ... role they play in this processinformation we can use to more effectively diagnose and treat the consequences." ...

New gene discovered for new form of intellectual disability

... processes involved in brain development, and may help identify ways to diagnose and treat intellectual disabilities. Under the direction of Dr. John ... This additional research will provide scientists more clues to understand, diagnose and treat intellectual disabilities. Intellectual disabilities, also ...

Harvard researchers publish MRI images of genes in action in the living brain

... others. Furthermore, the researchers believe that the probes may also help diagnose thinning of vascular walls in brains, which occurs as Alzheimers disease ... identify a disease will seem as crude as when doctors measured skulls to diagnose a mental disease. ...

New technology sharpens X-ray vision

... provide more detail than ordinary x-ray radiographs and could be used to diagnose the onset of osteoporosis, breast cancer or Alzheimers disease, to ... sensitivity in measuring bone density and hairline fractures could help diagnose the onset of osteoporosis. Because cancer or plaque cells scatter ...

Newly discovered gene fusion may lead to improved prostate cancer diagnosis

... is a first step toward providing patients with specific therapies that target individual cancer variants, and hope these findings will help doctors diagnose a patient's specific disease," explains Dr. Rubin. Novel Gene Fusion Sheds Light on How Cancer Works Unlike most of the gene fusions ...

Faster, more cost-effective DNA test for crime scenes, disease diagnosis

... copies of individual genes to study gene function, evolution, and other topics. Doctors can amplify the DNA from microbes in a patient's blood to diagnose an infection. Current PCR methods, however, are too expensive and cumbersome for wide use. The scientists describe development and testing of ...

Gene expression findings a step toward better classification and treatment of juvenile arthritis

... of diseases," he said. "We look forward to the day when we can use a combination of genetic and gene expression tests in the clinic to help us better diagnose and treat childhood arthritis." ...

Proteins in gel

... added from the outside very quickly reach the protein which is in and on this layer. For example, physicians can put blood or urine on the chip and diagnose illnesses. The research scientists have already developed the process fundamentals. Protein biochips could therefore become everyday items of ...

Chemical in blood may explain susceptibility to bladder pain

... either healthy subjects, IC patients, or patients with another urological disorder, Buffington said. In addition to improving the potential to diagnose interstitial cystitis, understanding chemical processes related to this chronic disease could offer new directions for the pursuit of treatments and ...

American Chemical Society weekly presspac -- June 10, 2009

... issue of ACS Nano , a monthly journal. In the new study, Hossam Haick and colleagues point out that the blood and urine tests now used to diagnose CRF can be inaccurate and may come out "normal" even when patients have lost 75 percent of their kidney function. The most reliable test, a kidney ...

Triage technology with a Star Trek twist

... are encouraging. Despite its promise, the SPTT is not quite as a sophisticated as StarTrek's tricorder , which was able to comprehensively diagnose obscure diseases. The standoff patient triage tool is a quantum leap forward for medical response, but science fiction remains on the big screen for ...

OHSU researchers study the idling brain

... is at rest. We think that this approach will eventually help us distinguish typical function from atypical function and therefore help more rapidly diagnose and appropriately treat mental disorders." To observe brain function in humans, the researchers use a form of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ...

Breast health center gives TGen new research opportunities

... Health and Research Center will include a tumor biorepository for TGen that will aid the non-profit research institute in discovering new ways to diagnose and treat breast cancer, which affects 1 in every 8 American women. "What this partnership means is that breast cancer research at TGen will be ...

New early detection studies of lung cancer in non-smokers launched today

... E. Niederhuber, M.D., director of the National Cancer Institute. "Identification of biomarkers, which tell us who is at risk for cancer and help diagnose cancer at the earliest possible stages, is an important priority in cancer prevention research and a key component in efforts to reduce the burden of ...

March of Dimes awards $250,000 prize to scientists unraveling the causes of muscular dystrophy

... BALTIMORE, MAY 3, 2009 Two scientists whose work has led to new and better ways to diagnose and potentially treat muscular dystrophy have been chosen to receive the 2009 March of Dimes Prize in Developmental Biology. Kevin P. Campbell, ...

Early detection of lung cancer: New data presented at multidisciplinary meeting

... is about 1%. Even for patients with locally advanced tumours, survival over 5 years is only about 10%. Therefore every effort should be undertaken to diagnose early in the course of the disease." "Developing better tools for distinguishing between lung cancer and other lung diseases will help us offer ...

Limping rat provides sciatica insights

... DURHAM, N.C. -- A newly developed animal model for the painful nerve condition known as sciatica should help researchers diagnose and treat it, according to Duke University bioengineers and surgeons. Sciatica is not a single disorder, but rather a diverse range of symptoms, ...

Ultrasound imaging now possible with a smartphone

... and find as many applications as possible,' Richard said. One such application could find its way to the military. Medics could quickly diagnose wounded soldiers with the small, portable probe and phone to detect quickly the site of shrapnel wounds in order to make the decision of transporting ...

A London effort to develop point-of-care nanosensors for HIV diagnosis and monitoring

... anti-retroviral treatments. It could also be of real benefit to doctors in developing countries who urgently need rapid and affordable ways to diagnose and monitor their patients. Researchers from the London Centre for Nanotechnology, a joint venture between UCL (University College London) and ...

Molecular fingerprints point the way to earlier cancer diagnosis and more targeted treatment

... In fact some men with slow growing disease likely won't even need treatment. So he wants to provide a complement of biomarkers that accurately diagnose and categorize the disease then help monitor success of treatment. These early studies indicate a urine test may one day be possible to do just that. ...

Pitt-led researchers create quick, simple fluorescent detector for TB

... PITTSBURGHResearchers from the University of Pittsburgh and the Albert Einstein College of Medicine have developed an onsite method to quickly diagnose tuberculosis (TB) and expose the deadly drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis that can mingle undetected with treatable strains. The ...

Einstein and Pitt researchers develop new TB test that will dramatically cut diagnosis time

... (BRONX, NY) Researchers from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and The University of Pittsburgh have developed an onsite method to quickly diagnose tuberculosis (TB) and expose the deadly drug-resistant strains that can mingle undetected with treatable TB strains. This study will be published in ...

Simple test helps predict heart attack risk

... radiologists in evaluating patients' risk for cardiovascular disease, as well as for managing established PAD," said Murphy. ABI, used to diagnose PAD, is a painless test that compares the blood pressure in the legs to the blood pressure in the arms to determine how well the blood is flowing and ...

Van Andel Research Institute and TGen undertake alliance to promote science and health

... research looking for what occurs to cause disease in individual cells, and using that information to identify "biomarkers" that can help predict and diagnose diseases, and lead to the development of safer, more effective drugs. "VARI is on the verge of expanding its already strong basic research ...

2009 Damon Runyon-Rachleff Innovation Awards granted for pioneering ideas in cancer research

... of lincRNAs and proposes based on his pioneering early research - that they may have a role in tumor formation. His work could lead to new ways to diagnose and target multiple cancer types. Dr. Rinn said, "It is truly an honor to be recognized by a scientific organization as storied as the Damon ...

Texas Medical Center researchers win collaborative grants

... of grants from the Virginia and L.E. Simmons Family Foundation Collaborative Research Fund. The fund, a $3 million initiative to discover new ways to diagnose and treat diseases, supports collaboration among researchers at Rice University, Texas Children's Hospital and The Methodist Hospital Research ...

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- Jan. 14, 2009

... 2 diabetes Journal of Proteome Research Scientists in Oregon and India are reporting an advance toward developing the first saliva test to diagnose and monitor effectiveness of treatment for Type 2 diabetes. Their report was published in the Jan. 2 issue of ACS' Journal of Proteome Research . ...

Research yields new clues to how we locate objects in space

... locate objects, the authors note that their findings are very relevant in medical settings, especially for doctors who routinely use ultrasounds to diagnose and treat medical conditions. The authors suggest that by improving localization of proper targets via ultrasound, "the success of clinical outcomes ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Jan. 7, 2009

... are searching for biomarkers such as abnormal proteins that appear in the body fluids of individuals with autism that may provide a way to accurately diagnose autism and track its response to potential treatments. Massimo Castagnola, Irene Messana, Maria Giulia Torrioli and Fiorella Gurrieri, compared ...

Next generation microscopy: No stain, big gain

... previously unobservable opened up an entirely new world. Today, imaging techniques remain indispensable to clinicians and researchers who regularly diagnose medical conditions and work to develop new treatments. Test results can often take hours or even days because cells or tissues must be subjected ...
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(Date:7/14/2014)... How does oxygen control insect body size? What influence does ... first issue of Current Opinion in Insect Science ... questions. , Current Opinion in Insect Science is ... is a review journal that aims to provide specialists with ... of information published in the field of insect science. First ...
(Date:7/14/2014)... Foundation (BGRF), a UK-based charity founded to support ... rapidly ageing population, hosted the inaugural 21st Century ... Analytics, a company supporting financial decision-making in the ... at the forum included: , Dmitry Kamenskiy, Senior ... Investment to Advance Longevity Research, , Kate Elizarova, ...
(Date:7/14/2014)... University of Kansas scientists to the discovery and description of ... in collections specimen, which turned out to represent a new ... enigmatic ripidiine wedge beetle from Borneo is discussed in a ... ZooKeys . , The holotype male, and only known ... ago in Borneo but subsequent to this it was transferred ...
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(Date:7/14/2014)... 14, 2014 Dr. Carol Isaacson ... “Cluster Innovations in Personalized Medicine” at the CONVERGE: ... 2014. Dr. Barash and fellow panelists will ... to advance the pace of personalized medicine. ... of implementers and investors will address the dynamic ...
(Date:7/14/2014)... 2014 The high demand in ... clean energy, initiatives of associations and regulatory bodies, ... which drive the growth of the global rare ... in various direct applications ranging from permanent magnets, ... others. , North America is the second-largest region ...
(Date:7/14/2014)... Washington D.C., July 14, 2014 A recent study ... Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent ... to the age of onset criterion for diagnosis of ... criterion for ADHD, previously set at 7 in DSM-IV, ... age of onset is now set at 12, rather ...
(Date:7/14/2014)... PA, July 14, 2014 The inability to ignore ... often experienced by individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia, reports a ... Psychiatry . , Our brains are usually good at ... learn and filtering out the "noise" or thoughts that ... related in part to a problem with this filtering ...
(Date:7/14/2014)... 14, 2014 Chances are those dollars in your pocket ... most bank notes in the U.S. do. Your cash also ... machine before it came out of the ATM. For more, ... chemistry facts about the almighty dollar. The video is available ... Reactions YouTube , and follow us on Twitter ...
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