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Craniofacial in Biological News

Dr. King receives IADR Craniofacial Biology Research Award

... Seattle, USA, is the recipient of the 2009 craniofacial Biology Research Award, which will be presented ... levels. Supported by Unilever Oral Care, the craniofacial Biology Research Award was established to ... who have contributed to the body of knowledge in craniofacial biology over a significant period of time, and ...

Rice and UT-Houston join DOD push for regenerative medicine

... to quickly grow large volumes of bone tissue for craniofacial reconstruction for soldiers wounded in Iraq and ... the Wake Forest consortium's research on craniofacial reconstruction. Mikos is Rice's J.W. Cox ... investigated by the consortium partners in craniofacial reconstruction will include the use of ...

Research yields potential target for cancer, wound healing and fibrosis

... conducted by Allison Berrier, PhD, Assistant Professor of Oral and craniofacial Biology at the LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans School of Dentistry, ... J. Angelo Green and Kenneth Yamada at the National Institute of Dental and craniofacial Research, as well as Dr. Roumen Pankov at Sofia University in Sofia, ...

Scientists discover why teeth form in a single row

... Medical Center. Yang Chai collaborated on the effort from the Center for craniofacial Molecular Biology at University of Southern California School of Dentistry ... Angeles. The work was sponsored by the National Institute of Dental and craniofacial Research, part of the National Institutes of Health. "Beyond medical ...

Case Western Reserve University uncovers genetic basis for some birth defects

... pathway already associated with a different distinct group of cardiac and craniofacial syndromes that include Noonan, Costello, Cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome, ... several distinct syndromes that are each characterized by cardiac and craniofacial abnormalities and show that they can result from perturbations of the ERK ...

Simple chemical procedure augments therapeutic potential of stem cells

... an approach that should be tried," adds Pamela Robey, chief of the craniofacial and Skeletal Diseases Branch of the National Institute of Dental and craniofacial Research. Robey is working to reconstruct three-dimensional tissues with ...

USC researchers identify alternate pathway that leads to palate development

... Chai, professor and director of the USC School of Dentistry's Center for craniofacial Molecular Biology. Researchers around the world believe that most ... either cleft lip or cleft palate can seek counseling early on and identify craniofacial teams that will assist them in following the best treatment plans for ...

Origin of cells for connective tissues of skull and face challenged

... Weston said, "could lead to a better understanding of the etiology of craniofacial defects, as well as the evolution of the head that distinguishes ... of the peripheral nervous system or pigmentation did not affect craniofacial structures, whereas mutations that caused abnormal development of skeletal ...

A genetic basis for schizophrenia

... , followed the role of Disc1 in cranial neural crest (CNC) cells, which are multi-potent cells that give rise to multiple cell types including craniofacial cartilage and the peripheral nervous system during development. They also are similar to neurons in their high mobility, response to signals and ...

NIH funds $9.5 million for research on HIV and the human innate immune system

... School of Dental Medicine will use a five-year, $9.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health's National Institute for Dental and craniofacial Researchthe largest grant ever in the dental school's 117-year history to study oral health as one of the human body's frontline defenses against ...

IADR Wilmer Souder Award presented to University of Colorado professor

... the award at its 87th General Session & Exhibition in Miami, Florida, USA, on April 1, 2009. Dr. Stansbury is vice-chair of the Department of craniofacial Biology at the University of Colorado School of Dental Medicine. He began his undergraduate studies at the University of Maryland, College Park, USA, ...

NYU College of Dentistry awarded $1.9 million NIH grant for HIV research

... mode of HIV replication that involves cooperation between viruses. The team leader, Dr. David N. Levy, an Assistant Professor of Basic Science and craniofacial Biology, discovered the mechanism in an earlier study he conducted with the assistance of a one-year pilot grant from CFAR, The Center for AIDS ...

Alcohol: A life sentence

... pathogenetic mechanism of intrauterine alcohol damage remains to be clearly established. Affected neonates are too small and underweight, with craniofacial deformities. A narrowed palpebral fissure and a thin upper lip are typical manifestations. The children's physical and mental development is delayed. ...

Saliva proteins could help detection of oral cancer

... of California, Los Angeles School of Dentistry. Wong, Hu and colleagues have been working as part of the National Institute of Dental and craniofacial Research (NIDCR)'s Human Saliva Proteome Project, which focuses on identifying and cataloguing the proteomic components of saliva in healthy ....

NIH's Genes, Environment and Health Initiative adds 6 studies

... studies, overseen by NHGRI, are already under way. Two additional GEI studies, supported and managed by the National Institute of Dental and craniofacial Research, have also begun. In addition, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences is overseeing GEI-supported research that seeks to ...

Project aims to reduce complications, multiple surgeries with biodegradable implantable devices

... degrees. The ERC project will focus primarily on producing three technologies: biodegradable and self-adapting devices and smart constructs for craniofacial and orthopedic reconstructive procedures, similarly behaving cardiovascular devices such as stents, and miniaturized sensing systems that monitor and ...

Alcohol binges early in pregnancy increase risk of infant oral clefts

... severe outcomes of heavy maternal drinking is fetal alcohol syndrome, a lifelong condition that causes physical and mental disabilities, including craniofacial malformations. There has been little research to determine if alcohol consumption is related to oral cleft risk. ...

Genome sequence of small marine creature sheds light on vertebrate origins

... ( lssxal@mail.sysu.edu.cn , +86-20-3933-2990) 3. Hijacking of neural crest genes In vertebrates, the peripheral nervous system and the craniofacial skeleton develop from a specific set of cells, known as neural crest cells. In this report, researchers in the laboratory of Dr. Marianne ...

Scientists launch first comprehensive database of human oral microbiome

... relevant bits of information into one place when designing experiments can be a job in itself. Now, grantees of the National Institute of Dental and craniofacial Research (NIDCR), part of the National Institutes of Health, and their international colleagues intend to solve this problem with the launch of the ...

Scientists launch human oral microbiome database

... a model for the gut, skin and vaginal databases for the Human Microbiome Project. This project is supported by National Institute for Dental and craniofacial Research, (NIDCR). In December 2007, NIH launched the Human Microbiome Project that initially will sequence all of the genes, or genomes, of 600 ...

Children's Hospital neurosurgeon receives grant

... for classifying and treating malignant brain tumors, improving the treatment of children with brain tumors and optimizing the management of childhood craniofacial disorders. He has been listed in Best Doctors in America and Whos Who in Science and Engineering and has been awarded several research grants from ...

NIH launches Human Microbiome Project

... also begin recruiting healthy volunteers who will donate samples from the five body regions. NHGRI, NIAID, and the National Institute of Dental and craniofacial Research (NIDCR) have led the initial phases of the project. The recent emergence of faster and cost-effective sequencing technologies ...

Mayo Clinic study: Ossur's collars superior in immobilization and reduction of pressure

... has published the long-awaited results of a two year cervical collar study performed by the Mayo Clinic. The study, Range-of-Motion Restriction and craniofacial Tissue Interface Pressure from Four Cervical Collars, finds that Ossurs products the Miami J and Philadelphia collars - are superior in ...

Price of lower-calorie foods rising drastically, researchers find

... in food costs," Monsivais said. The project was supported by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the National Institute of Dental and craniofacial Research in the National Institutes of Health. ...

Genes, Environment and Health Initiative invests in genetic studies, environmental monitoring

... funding for the studies was contributed by all NIH institutes and centers, including an extra investment by NIHs National Institute of Dental and craniofacial Research (NIDCR). The principal investigators, approximate funding levels and health condition to be focused on are: Terri Beaty, Ph.D., ...

Cellular traffic backups implicated in skeletal malformations

... "transit system" may lie at the heart of some craniofacial defects, new research in zebrafish suggests. ... One possibility is that the fast growth of the craniofacial skeleton, which begins forming around day three, ... collagen or accessory matrix proteins to cause craniofacial malformations. Realistically, nobody suspected ...

Tissue engineering for craniofacial reconstruction

... HIPEs can be readily molded into the irregular shapes often required in craniofacial reconstruction and cured in situ to a rigid foam. They have demonstrated ... with interconnected pores. These scaffolds are of particular interest in craniofacial tissue engineering, due to the rigidity of the resulting foams and the ...

Ladybugs may be cute, but watch out when they get near wine

... and Adjunct Professor of Biomaterials and of Basic Science and craniofacial Biology, shows a 1.9 million-year-old skull belonging to Homo rudolfensis, ... expectations of early human appearance that violated principles of craniofacial development," said Dr. Bromage, whose reconstruction, by contrast, shows a ...

Man's earliest direct ancestors looked more apelike than previously believed

... and Adjunct Professor of Biomaterials and of Basic Science and craniofacial Biology, shows a 1.9 million-year-old skull belonging to Homo rudolfensis, ... expectations of early human appearance that violated principles of craniofacial development," said Dr. Bromage, whose reconstruction, by contrast, shows a ...

15-year hunt finds cause of pseudothalidomide syndrome

... be found, offering excellent opportunities to strengthen understanding of craniofacial and limb development, health and disease beyond the rare disease itself, ... y la Tecnologia; the Smile Train Fellowship Award to the Center for craniofacial Development and Disorders at Johns Hopkins; the Louis H. Gross Foundation; ...

Gene therapy promising for growing tooth-supporting bone

... by the National Institutes of Health and National Institute of Dental and craniofacial Research. Giannobile is part of a cross-campus program called Tissue ... at Michigan, funded in part by the National Institute for Dental and craniofacial Research. TEAM aims to provide an interdisciplinary, research-intensive ...

Experimental gene therapy 'abolishes' arthritis pain and lessens joint damage

... Italy, was also an author based on an alliance between the two institutions. The study was funded in part by the National Institute of Dental and craniofacial Research. "Near future applications of the work may include amplifying the body’s response to morphine, drastically reducing the amount needed ...

Bacteria from patient's dental plaque causes ventilator-associated pneumonia

... develop lung disease." The presentation is part of a three-year longitudinal, double-blind study funded by the National Institute of Dental and craniofacial Research and headed by Frank A. Scannapieco, D.D.S., Ph.D., professor and chair of the Department of Oral Biology. The trial aims to determine ...

Stem cells found in adult hair follicles may provide alternative to embryonic stem cells

... multiple sclerosis, Hirschsprung's disease, stroke, peripheral neuropathies and ALS. Certain defects of the heart, and bone defects (degeneration, craniofacial birth defects) could also be treated through neural crest stem cell replacement therapy. Together, these conditions affect over 11 million people ...

Protein-coated dental implants could improve bone regeneration

... stem cells to become bone-forming cells. Those proteins ?called bone morpheonetic proteins ?have already shown promise as a regeneration therapy for craniofacial reconstruction. "None of us had any idea at the time how or if those proteins could be useful in treating tooth loss," Dr. Wikesjö says. To ...

Mitochondrial DNA sequencing tool updated

... "At this point, we don't foresee a MitoChip v3.0," said Califano, whose research was supported by the NIH's National Institute of Dental and craniofacial Research. "The v2.0 is a very good tool in that we've also arrayed 500 of the most common haplotypes - or grouped patterns of known DNA variations - ...

Forsyth scientists gain greater understanding of how embryos differentiate left from right

... has been identified in left-right patterning in three distinct species. Such a discovery may have far-reaching implications for the understanding of craniofacial development, right-left hand preference, right/left brain dominance and a variety of birth defects in humans. A team of Forsyth Institute ...

New lead reported in tumor angiogenesis

... Scientists supported by the National Institute of Dental and craniofacial Research (NIDCR), part of the National Institutes of Health, have added a key new piece to the puzzle of how tumor cells induce new blood vessels to ...

Biomarkers isolated from saliva successfully predict oral and breast cancer

... to assure consistent results." The studies are supported by grants from the U.S. Public Health Service (National Institute of Dental & craniofacial Research) and the UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center to David T. Wong. ...
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