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Consciousness in Biological News

Decade of the Mind symposium in Iowa to emphasize need for $4 billion in federal support

... May 7-9 for a symposium exploring the topics of consciousness and mind in nonhuman primates with an emphasis on ... and a pioneer in studies of the neural basis of consciousness and the function of sleep, will give the keynote address, consciousness and the Brain, at the three-day symposium, the ...

Great Ape Trust to gather internationally recognized scientists for Decade of the Mind III

... groundbreaking symposium exploring the topics of consciousness and mind in nonhuman primates, with an emphasis ... and a pioneer in studies of the neural basis of consciousness and the function of sleep, will give the keynote address, consciousness and the Brain, at the three-day symposium, the ...

1 person out of every 1,000 has synaesthesia, in which an individual can smell a sound

... scientific journals, among others: Cortex, Experimental Brain Research and consciousness and Cognition. Surprising as it may seem, there are people who can smell ... journals, among others: Cortex , Experimental Brain Research and consciousness and Cognition . Nowadays, the research field goes from grapheme-colour ...

'Shortcuts' of the mind lead to miscalculations of weight and caloric intake, says Penn study

... Green simply means go. The brain has evolved to remove common or repetitive situations or tasks from our awareness because the capacity of our consciousness is quite limited. What ties these studies together is that missing information was literally thrust in the face of participants, and yet they ...

Knock-out drugs: Narrow window for detection

... 10 minutes. The victims report disturbed perception, a dazed feeling, nausea, disinhibition and lack of willpower. This was often followed by loss of consciousness for several hours, so that the victim could not remember the incident. It is often difficult to detect knock-out drugs, as they are rapidly broken ...

Ma and Pa solutions to global warming

... that does not simply hanker for the agricultural "good-old days" which actually never existed, "We must make business climate conscious and climate consciousness profitable," he adds. Environmental change, energy shortages, and economic downturn are not discrete challenges, there is a connectivity between ...

Ocera Therapeutics licenses novel treatment for acute hepatic encephalopathy from UCLB

... in the blood and impair the function of brain cells. Signs of AHE include impaired cognition, uncontrolled movements and decreased levels of consciousness leading to coma. Cirrhosis, which can cause AHE, occurs due to a variety of causes such as hepatitis B and C infection, alcohol, and fatty liver ...

Genetic mutation causes familial susceptibility for degenerative brain disease

... The disease progresses rapidly with symptoms that include cough, vomiting and diarrhea in combination with neurologic dysfunction, alteration of consciousness and seizures. The disease is often fatal, or it can lead to long-term health problems for surviving patients. ...

Master gene plays key role in blood sugar levels

... as the glucose levels are high enough, the brain is nourished. If their blood glucose levels drop below a certain level, they suffer seizures, lose consciousness and can die. Studies in O'Malley's laboratory in collaboration with researchers from Duke University Medical Center in Durham, N.C., revealed that ...

Lightheadedness at the dentist could prove serious

... that both dentists and patients should be aware of the signs and be prepared in case it occurs. Vasovagal syncope is characterized by a loss of consciousness and muscle tone, which typically are preceded by non-specific symptoms that last anywhere from a few seconds to a minute. These symptoms result from ...

Male fish deceive rivals about their top mate choice

... "The study highlights that traits that we typically ascribe to humans only can also be found in other, seemingly simpler animals and that no consciousness or self-awareness is needed for a behavior like deception to occur." Deception among animals has been seen before, he noted. For instance, ravens ...

UCSB researcher leads worldwide study on marine fossil diversity

... fossil record. "For many years, our community has been saying that there have been five major mass extinctions, and it's gotten into the public consciousness that there's been a 'Big Five,' " Alroy said. "This (the last major spike in fossil diversity records) is supposed to be the sixth major extinction. ...

Absinthe uncorked: The 'Green Fairy' was boozy -- but not psychedelic

... now without charge. Absinthe took on legendary status in late 19th-Century Paris among bohemian artists and writers. They believed it expanded consciousness with psychedelic effects and called it the Green Fairy and the Green Muse. The drinks popularity spread through Europe and to the United States. ...

EPFL Research Day 2008, in the presence of Al Gore

... As Al Gore reminds us, the climate crisis is a moral and spiritual challenge to all of humanity. It is also our greatest opportunity to lift global consciousness to a higher level. This opportunity, it appears, has been seized. ...

USF professor gives historical look at physiology and WWII air war

... to prevent blood from pooling in the lower extremities using a G-suit during violent dog-fighting maneuvers, thereby preventing blackout and loss of consciousness due to lack of blood flow to the brain. ...

GM, Coskata partnership builds on Oklahoma State University biofuels research

... put together in 1998, and has been making great strides in technology development ever since, Whitson said. Biofuels has come into widespread public consciousness only recently, but weve been addressing renewable energy concerns for many years. The OSU Biofuels Team quickly became a multi-college, ...

Early treatment stops epilepsy in its tracks

... Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder that affects about 50 million people worldwide. It is characterized by seizurestemporary loss of consciousness or muscular controlthat are precipitated by abnormal electrical overload on neurons within the brain. Using a combination of molecular profiling, ...

Frog peptides block HIV in lab study

... their ability to communicate effectively, causing consciousness to fade. Writing today (Sept. 30) in the ... Giulio Tononi reports that the fading of consciousness during dreamless sleep seems to occur as the ... not travel beyond the stimulated cells. When consciousness fades, according to Tononi, "the brain breaks ...

Deep sleep short-circuits brain's grid of connectivity

... their ability to communicate effectively, causing consciousness to fade. Writing today (Sept. 30) in the ... Giulio Tononi reports that the fading of consciousness during dreamless sleep seems to occur as the ... not travel beyond the stimulated cells. When consciousness fades, according to Tononi, "the brain breaks ...

New research shows big improvement in survival after stroke

... a significant increase in the number of patients with an impaired level of consciousness and motor deficits following stroke. Dr Kristie Carter, Research Fellow for the study noted that, "We found that a person’s level of consciousness at the time of stroke, age and history of pre-morbid dependency, were ...

Watching the brain switch off 'self'

... finding, they said, has significance for understanding the basic nature of consciousness and perception. The experimental challenge that the researchers faced ... their possible significance to the self, and, not less importantly for consciousness research, to allow the individual to report about the occurrence of his or ...

Out-of-body experiences may be caused by arousal system disturbances in brain

... the transition between wakefulness and sleep. Nelson suggests that phenomena in the brain's arousal system, which regulates different states of consciousness including REM sleep and wakefulness, may be the cause for these types of out-of-body displays. "We found it surprising that out-of-body ...

New mechanism explains glucose effect on wakefulness

... roles of orexin neurons, their recently described inhibition by glucose is likely to have considerable implications for the regulation of states of consciousness and energy balance," wrote Burdakov and his colleagues. "However, as in other glucose-inhibited neurons, it is unknown how glucose suppresses the ...

Hopkins scientists show hallucinogen in mushrooms creates universal 'mystical' experience

... to studying certain hallucinogenic compounds that, in the 1950s, showed signs of therapeutic potential or value in research into the nature of consciousness and sensory perception. "Human consciousness…is a function of the ebb and flow of neural impulses in various regions of the brain-the very substrate ...

Embryos tell story of Earth's earliest animals

... including anomalocarids and trilobites. Harvard University biologist and historian Stephen Jay Gould brought this "Cambrian explosion" to the popular consciousness in 1990 with his book Wonderful Life. In 1998, Shuhai Xiao and Yun Zhang of Beijing University and Harvard's Andrew Knoll reported in the journal ...

Finding the mind's eye

... where neuronal activity decreased when the object was made invisible. These areas are arguably the areas of the brain where the correlates of visual consciousness lie." Tse's findings may advance the understanding of the brain's interaction with the eye by identifying the neural basis of conscious ...

Papers of DNA Pioneer and Nobel Laureate Francis Crick Added to National Library of Medicine’s Profiles in Science Web Site

... together with Maurice Wilkins. Crick regarded the discovery as confirmation of his conviction that the origins and processes of life, including human consciousness and free will, can be reduced to fundamental laws of physics and chemistry, and can thus be explained entirely in rational, scientific terms. ...
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