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Complexity in Biological News

A complete view of complexity in science and society in a new authoritative reference work

... work published by Springer, the Encyclopedia of complexity and Systems Science , extends the influence of complexity and system science to a much wider audience than ... for understanding and applying the concepts of complexity theory together with the tools and measures for ...

New tool could unpick complex cancer causes and help sociologists mine Facebook

... Warwick's Department of Statistics and Centre for complexity Science have devised a new research tool that ... Warwick's Department of Statistics and Centre for complexity Science have devised just such a method that ... the mathematical analysis to cut through the vast complexity of this type of analysis using a mechanism called ...

Deep sequencing study reveals new insights into human transcriptome

... two human cell lines revealed so far unrecognized complexity and variability of the human transcriptome. They ... allows for the first time to explore directly the complexity and dynamics of the human transcriptome with a ... impact is the observation of a new dimension in complexity and variability. Based on the method we could ...

Origins of the brain

... behaviours of these animals. "The number and complexity of proteins in the synapse first exploded when ... the evolution of computer chips - the increasing complexity has given them more power and those animals with ... step closer to understanding the logic behind the complexity of human brains" ...

Simple model cell is key to understanding cell complexity

... cell functions. Our goal is to find out how much complexity can be observed in very simple collections of ... cell. This new structure exhibited the type of complexity that the team had been looking for; it exhibited ... is trying to understand how the staggering complexity observed in biological systems might have arisen ...

Finding God with biocomplexity

... or the human economy, says Kauffman, a pioneer of complexity theory and founder of the U of Cs Institute for ... secular society. Using arguments grounded in complexity theory, he argues that it is time to break this ... design fail in the scientific realm and how complexity theory can build a bridge between the ...

First 'rule' of evolution suggests that life is destined to become more complex

... Sooner or later, however, you reach a level of complexity where its possible to go backwards and become ... results is that they show us how this increase in complexity has occurred. Strikingly, it looks far more ... researchers noticed increasing morphological complexity in the fossil record, but this pattern can occur ...

A global model for the origin of species independent of geographical isolation

... of the role played by natural and sexual selection, as well as habitat complexity in shaping the patterns of biological diversity that we see around us ... in a series from The New England Complex Systems Institute on the role of complexity in species coexistence and evolutionary diversification. "One can ...

Studies shed light on collapse of coral reefs

... change and ocean acidification. Corals, it appears, have a genetic complexity that rivals that of humans, have sophisticated systems of biological ... One of the revelations in recent research, she said, is the enormous complexity of coral biology, and even its similarity to other life forms. A gene that ...

Supply-Chain Council Announces Winners of 2009 Supply Chain Excellence Awards

... Technical Development Steering Committee (TDSC) based on the nature and complexity of organizations' improvement project and their ability to demonstrate ... of the implementation of the SCOR reference model Nature and the complexity of the project undertaken Ability to objectively demonstrate the ...

New nucleotide could revolutionize epigenetics

... Biology at The Rockefeller University, suggests that a new layer of complexity exists between our basic genetic blueprints and the creatures that grow ... of epigenetics." Genes alone cannot explain the vast differences in complexity among worms, mice, monkeys and humans, all of which have roughly the same ...

A new way to assemble cells into 3-D microtissues

... around each cell from the smaller group. Another variable is the complexity of the synthetic DNA sequence. The researchers can specify the complexity for example, from a simple repeat of two bases such as cytosine and ...

Cells with double vision

... of information. Nature Neuroscience , February 8, 2009. The complexity of the human brain is remarkable: It contains billions of nerve cells, ... side of the fly's brain (the figure shows three of the ten VS-cells). complexity by means of connectivity "However, the most fascinating aspect of ...

New computational technique allows comparison of whole genomes as easily as whole books

... Y for the pyrimidine nucleic acids, thymine and cytosine - to reduce the complexity of calculation. Using an optimal feature length of 18 base pairs, this ... the bulk of them bacteria and Archaea, but also six eukaryotes of varying complexity and two random sequences. The eurkaryotic genomes used were as much as ...

Carnegie Mellon's Philip LeDuc participates in think tank forums

... Nov. 12-15 at the National Academies Keck Futures Initiative on complexity at the Beckman Conference Center in Irvine, Calif. Invited participants will discuss the topic of complexity in areas spanning everything from neural function to social systems and ...

New lab manual focuses on essential methods for purifying and characterizing proteins

... function is an essential part of many biological research endeavors. The complexity and sheer number of proteins in a cell are impediments to identifying ... purifying proteins for function and structure analysis. Thus, reducing the complexity of a protein sample or in some cases purifying a protein to homogeneity is ...

Cancer-causing gut bacteria exposed

... are at risk of colon cancer. This has been made difficult by the enormous complexity of the microbial communities in the intestine. "Our findings are among ... cancer," said Professor Huycke. "This research puts n to perspective the complexity of the effects normal gut bacteria can have on the health of an ....

CSHL team traces extensive networks regulating alternative RNA splicing

... autism to heart disease. Alternative splicing helps explain human complexity Fox-1 and Fox-2 are two among several hundred splicing factors, a ... in recent years that it is not the number of genes that is the key to complexity but rather the number and diversity of gene products that a given set of ...

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, July 2008

... Cabage, (865) 574-4399; cabagewh@ornl.gov ] MATERIALS -- Simplifying complexity . . . Tiny changes at the nanometer scale can have a colossal effect ... the Materials Science and Technology Division. By applying the concept of complexity to the study of materials at the nanoscale, scientists hope to be able to ...

Thinking ahead: Bacteria anticipate coming changes in their environment

... this framework, the researchers had to deal with the sheer scale and complexity of simulating any realistic biological system. They had to keep track of ... they varied over millions of time points. "Simulations at this scale and complexity would have been impossible in the past," says Tagkopoulos. Even with the ...

Organic corn: Increasing rotation complexity increases yields

... conventional systems. Among organic systems crop rotation length and complexity had a strong impact on corn grain yield. A crop rotation that included ... increasing crop rotation length and complexity. Crop rotation length and complexity did not affect soybean and wheat yields. Dr. Michel Cavigelli, lead ...

Stanford researchers developing 3-D camera with 12,616 lenses

... no longer be of paramount importance. We believe that you can reduce the complexity of the main lens by shifting the complexity to the semiconductor, Fife said. ...

Eat up all of your Brussels sprouts -- unless you're an aphid

... the secondary parasitoids, leading to a greater diversity of species and complexity in the ecosystem. This shows that plant quality indirectly influences the ... Population Biology, explains why this is important: "The diversity and complexity of food webs have long been seen as good indicators of how well an ...

Sustainable agriculture at the ESA Annual Meeting

... the cabbage aphid, in croplands ranging from 2 percent to about 80 percent natural vegetation. She found that as the proportion of natural area or complexity increased, so did the numbers of natural enemies in the croplands. Chaplin-Kramer shows that increases in predators didn't always result in fewer ...

Animal and plant communication at the ESA Annual Meeting

... levels plants, herbivores and predators are the key to understanding the species' ecology and evolution. "Food webs are complex, and that complexity is fundamental to understanding ecological specialization and diversity in natural ecosystems," he says. ...

UC San Diego engineer provides insights to decades-old DNA squabble

... tens of nucleosomes at molecular detail for periods of time longer than a few nanoseconds. That will not tell you much. You need to reduce the complexity of the system without sacrificing important details, which is exactly what we have done. We're trying to reduce the total number of variables in the ...

Microbes and their hosts -- exploring the complexity of symbiosis in DNA and cell biology

... or mammals, provides a fascinating view into how microbial symbionts adapt to changing biological environments. Insights into the diversity and complexity of symbiotic relationships are the focus of the current special issue of DNA and Cell Biology , a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann ...

New supercomputer to reel in answers to some of Earth's problems

... challenges facing DOE and the nation." Chinook is fast and dexterous. Its designers tailored its architecture to handle scientific problems whose complexity require more than just power or speed. For example, climate scientists who are trying to understand the tiniest particles in the atmosphere or ...

Life on Earth came from other planets

... creation; and this is how life on Earth began." Dr. Rhawn Joseph, the author of this landmark paper, puts it bluntly: "Given the incredible complexity of a single-celled organism and its DNA, the likelihood that life on Earth was randomly created in an organic soup is the equivalent of discovering a ...

Researchers design first model motor nerve system that's insulated and organized like the human body

... cells that myelinate and form nodes of Ranvier in order to use controlled lab conditions to zero in on the causes of demyelination. Yet, due to the complexity of the nervous system, it has been a challenge to study demyelinating neuropathies, and researchers have been confined to using animal models. ...

Army study improves ability to predict drinking water needs

... Available to public? As it stands, the equation would be difficult for members of the public to use. It contains many variables, reflecting the complexity of predicting sweat loss, such as skin temperature and amount of energy expended. However, the researchers hope to develop either a table or an ...

Stanford researchers publish comprehensive model for medical device development

... Ph.D., consulting assistant professor in the department of management science and engineering at Stanford University. "Depending on the type and complexity of the technology, the device development process can take anywhere from 15 months to several years. As a result, successfully bringing innovative ...

Trio of signals converge to induce liver and pancreas cell development in the embryo

... liver and pancreas cells. We're starting to construct a network of the common signals that govern development of these specific cell types. The complexity of this system is somewhat like our 26-letter alphabet being able to encode Shakespeare or a menu at a restaurant." Many investigators are now ...

GARP makes the difference

... the Tregs lost their "peace making" characteristics. "The cells could start driving again," he says. "With this study we were able to show the complexity of the Treg system for the first time, developing a powerful tool for medicine to develop new therapies and drugs." ...

Global warming increasing the dispersal of flora in Northern forests

... patches of habitat. The combined effects of global warming are difficult to predict, and the research carried out by Kuparinen's team illustrates the complexity of ways in which increased temperatures may affect the flora in Northern forest habitats. ...

Caribbean coral reefs flattened

... of Biological Sciences, said: "For many organisms, the complex structure of reefs provides refuge from predators. This drastic loss of architectural complexity is clearly driving substantial declines in biodiversity, which will in turn affect coastal fishing communities. "The loss of structure also ...

Stowers researchers develop whole genome sequencing approach for mutation discovery

... characteristics that are controlled by several genes at once." "The traditional mapping method could take months to years depending on the complexity of the phenotype," said Karen Staehling-Hampton, Ph.D., Managing Director of Molecular Biology and co-equal senior author on the paper. "This advance ...

UC Davis launches 'One Health' care for wild mountain gorillas and human neighbors

... Gorilla ecotourism is a significant source of revenue, but the gorillas sometimes range outside park boundaries and raid farmers' crops. "The complexity of the issues surrounding mountain gorilla health and conservation spurred the Mountain Gorilla Veterinary Project to seek new ties with an academic ...

Grouping muscles to make controlling limbs easier

... performance. "Having all these muscle variables complicates control of behavior, but it also makes certain behavior easier," said Tresch. "The complexity might be there to make certain kinds of movements more efficient than others." By having this framework, researchers might be able to predict how ...

Genetic switch potential key to new class of antibiotics

... metabolite-binding to riboswitches may have been a preface to the emergence of more complex, catalysts that have yet to be discovered. The relative complexity and economy of the preQ1 riboswitch fold also forces us to reevaluate the numerous, small non-protein-coding RNAs present in the human genome. In the ...
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(Date:8/20/2014)... finds life can persist in a cold, dark world. ... team that examined waters and sediments from a shallow ... the extreme environment supports microbial ecosystems. , The ... colleagues has implications for life in other extreme environments, ... findings are published in the current edition of the ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... in in this image of the Para and Mato ... most likely intentionally set in order to deforest the ... stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted ... of forestland to farms, ranches, or urban use. The ... the Amazon Rainforest in the middle of the image ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... Health has awarded the Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation a ... anthrax and the bacteria,s effects on humans. , ... his colleagues have studied the human immune response to ... Human Immunology. The original funding came soon after anthrax-laced ... of the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. ...
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(Date:8/21/2014)... Beverly Hills Medical Center of Kuwait is ... patients TearLab, a new diagnostic option for measuring tear production ... , “ TearLab is a revolutionary new testing method ... measure the amount of tears a patient produces and take ... Zein, Medical Director at the Kuwait medical center. “The test ...
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