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Comparative in Biological News

Special issue 'Comparative Cognition in Context' now published

... reviews by leading researchers in the field of comparative cognition, demonstrating how animals perceive, ... not only the rapidly expanding dimensions of comparative cognition an expansion to new study species, new ... documenting latest discoveries in the field of comparative cognition, and by doing so to mark the 200th ...

New book expands field data available on orangutans

... on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, but the comparative approach in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in ... fills a void in both the quality and quantity of comparative data available on orangutans. "The comparative literature that exists on orangutans is sparse ...

Eight ASU faculty elected as AAAS Fellows

... particularly in developing high-impact comparative analysis software for biologists and in ... dynamics of mutations and species through comparative genomics." Among his pioneering efforts was the ... software package that makes useful methods of comparative sequence analysis easily accessible to the ...

Microarray analysis improves prenatal diagnosis

... Dr. Sau Wai Cheung at BCM, described use of array comparative genomic hybridization to analyze samples taken ... now in prenatal diagnosis," she said. Array comparative genomic hybridization provides the tools to scan ... medical problems. In two cases the array comparative genome hybridization identified disorders that ...

FSU Historian's Arctic research has him sitting on top of the world

... project leader of "Colony, Empire, Environment: A comparative International History of Twentieth Century Arctic ... "What we're doing is looking at the Arctic from a comparative international perspective," said Doel, who also ... historians tend to be lone wolves, working in comparative isolation," he said. "One of the best memories ...

WUSTL researchers spearhead key genome initiative

... after plants colonized land. "One can now do comparative genomics, say between a single-celled alga, a ... kidney and eye disease as well as diabetes. comparative genomics with Physcomitrella suggests that these ... continue to analyze the Physcomitrella genome by comparative genomics, we are likely to be able to find other ...

A genome may reduce your carbon footprint

... Another result of inexpensive sequencing would be an increased use of comparative genomics. A comprehensive survey of genetic diversity would help guide ... family composition and composition of other abundant repetitive elements. comparative approaches would be applied to better understand the molecular basis for ...

Rumbaugh's theory links positions of Wilson, Skinner

... big step" in his epilogue. Haywood, one of Rumbaugh's first students in comparative psychology and statistical methods, "offers a cogent description of the ... Rumbaugh said. Rumbaugh said that in addition to his own research in comparative primate learning and language, Dr. Sue Savage-Rumbaugh's language research ...

Major NSF grant boosts UNH research on hormonal genomics

... professor of biochemistry and director of the Center for Molecular and comparative Endocrinology at the University of New Hampshire, has received a $420,000 ... productivity of [Sower]." UNH founded the Center for Molecular and comparative Endocrinology (CME), directed by Sower, in 2008. The foci of the center ...

Cellulosic biofuel technology will generate low-cost green fuel, says major study

... . The journal believes that the collection, which includes a comparative analysis of more than a dozen mature technology biomass refining ... makers. They include a major paper in which Laser et al carry out a comparative analysis of 14 of the mature technology biomass refining scenarios ...

New computational technique allows comparison of whole genomes as easily as whole books

... a thousand genomes partly or fully sequenced, scientists are jumping on comparative genomics as a way to construct evolutionary trees, trace disease ... human bias as much as possible." In addition to applying the method to comparative genomics, Kim expects it will help in grouping and finding relationships ...

UC San Diego and Genentech scientists develop potentially disruptive antibody sequencing technology

... is a puzzle rivaling the complexity of DNA sequencing. The proposed comparative Shotgun Protein Sequencing (CSPS) can be described as two-stage process: ... into sections and chapters (similar to a puzzle-solving approach), and the comparative step uses very old editions of the book to reorganize the parts back into ...

Research consortium to sequence turkey genome

... excited to have some of the leading practitioners in poultry science and comparative genomics committed to this sequencing effort." The genome sequence and ... competence and develop new, more effective disease-prevention strategies." comparative genomics in avian species, especially as it relates to determining the ...

ASU researchers receive NIH awards for studies of malaria and emergent disease

... lead investigator of the malarial studies, will undertake a global comparative study of the evolution of malarial drug resistance, with support from ... "Our long-term goal is to link population-level research with comparative genome approaches to understand the origin, demographic history, and ...

Cyanobacterium sequenced features rare linear chromosome

... and sister organisms to find their talents and deficiencies. That's comparative genomics." Results were published in on-line edition of the ... of DNA sitting there. Transcription and translation are happening." comparative genomics is the theme for the next round of Pakrasi's research. His ...

The emerging scientific discipline of aeroecology

... and modeling the aerosphere," a research report* in Integrative and comparative Biology , based on a symposium sponsored by the Society for Integrative and comparative Biology. Kunz, who is best known for his extensive research on bats, ...

US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute announces new genome sequencing projects

... cellulose degradation. The annotated gene set of C. subvermispora and comparative analyses with the lignin degraders P. chrysosporium and Pleurotus ... cellulose and starch without experiencing an inhibition of growth. A comparative genomics investigation of Desulfurococcus species will resolve the finer ...

Veterinary college researcher studying brain tumors in people and animals

... pathologist Dr. John Robertson, director of the colleges Center for comparative Oncology, on the project. The veterinary college is a participating ... factor. Rossmeisl and colleagues working in the colleges Center for comparative Oncology have opened a clinical trial and are currently enrolling animals ...

Dung happens and helps scientists

... I don't think anyone is keeping track, I suspect we have the largest comparative animal dung collection in the world. If someone needs to identify dung, ... dung they are finding. "To understand ancient dung, one must have a modern comparative collection, and we have one of the best there is," Mead notes. "It is ...

MIT: Why men are more prone to liver cancer

... happen, said Rogers, a principal research scientist in MIT's Division of comparative Medicine. Male and female livers are inherently different, with most of ... common in men. This study was a collaboration between the Division of comparative Medicine and Center for Environmental Health Sciences. It would not have ...

Purdue research finds similarities in dog, human breast cancer pre-malignant lesions

... risk factors as humans," said Mohammed, an associate professor in comparative pathobiology. "These shared features make the dog an ideal model to ... is more common, she said. "This is a very large, untapped resource for comparative oncology research," Mohammed said. "Unlike laboratory rodents, dogs share ...

Genome comparison of 12 fruit fly species

... to up to sixty million years (between the most distance species). In the comparative analysis, 1193 new genes were discovered and 414 previously catalogued ... participated in the research project. According to these researchers, the comparative analysis of multiple genomes within a phylogenetic context largely ...

International team compares 12 fruit fly genomes

... cell biology, neurobiology, behavior, physiology and evolution. The comparative method of this study allows researchers to see which genes have stayed the ... the world on writing the paper. "It underscores the utility of doing comparative genomic analysis," he said. In comparing the genome sequences of the 12 ...

Green algae -- the nexus of plant/animal ancestry

... those of the kidney and the eye. The researchers also performed a comparative gene analysis across species to explore the evolutionary history of ... dioxide, water and the energy of sunlight into oxygen and sugars. In a comparative genomic analysis, the scientists identified protein families that are ...

Which came first, the chicken genome or the egg genome?

... duplications), the researchers looked to both algorithmic biology and comparative genomics. Identifying the original duplications is a prerequisite to ... we will combine what we know about the evolution within genomes with comparative genomics in order to extend our view of evolution, said Pevzner. ...

Hydrothermal vents: Hot spots of microbial diversity

... 5 issue of the journal Science, are the result of the most comprehensive, comparative study to date of deep-sea microbial communities that are responsible for ... says Mitchell Sogin, director of the MBLs Josephine Bay Paul Center for comparative Molecular Biology and Evolution. This research is part of the ongoing ...

Upgraded IMG 2.3 Data Management System released by DOE JGI to eager user community

... unicellular organisms), and plant genomes to enhance the breadth of comparative analysis. A new addition of particular interest to DOE is Pichia stipitis ... five-carbon wood sugar, and yield high levels of ethanol. "Using comparative approaches is a powerful means to increase our understanding of gene ...

First orchid fossil puts showy blooms at some 80 million years old

... says lead author Santiago R. Ramrez, a researcher in Harvard's Museum of comparative Zoology and Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology. "But while ... came to the attention of Ram rez and his colleagues at Harvard's Museum of comparative Zoology in 2005. While this particular species of stingless bee, ...

When children have breathing problems

... particles, and volatile organic compounds, such as benzene and hexane. Secondly, we tested their toxic and mutagenic properties. We selected four comparative source regions: a residential area in the immediate vicinity of Argentina's largest oil refinery, an area with heavy traffic in the centre of La ...

Work in mice will contribute to the study of hereditary diseases that lead to blindness

... Navascus Martnez and Jos Luis Marn-Teva . Part of the results of this research work has been recently published in the specialized Journal of comparative Neurology . Likewise, some of the results obtained have been presented in oral communications and posters in different national and international ...

New, less invasive genetic test greatly improves pregnancy rates in older women with poor prognosis

... study is continuing, and we believe that we will achieve more pregnancies with the help of this technology in the future." The scientists used the comparative Genomic Hybridisation (CGH) technique to count the chromosomes in each egg. Unlike conventional screening strategies, using the fluorescent in situ ...

New guide to tropical seedlings: Essential to climate change research

... network coordinated by the Center for Tropical Forest ScienceSmithsonian Global Earth Observatories project. Garwood and collaborators head up comparative studies at the forest dynamics plots in Yasuni, Ecuador, and in the Luquillo plot in Puerto Rico aimed at understanding the role of different ...

Scientists sequence genome of the N2-fixing, soil-living bacterium Azotobacter vinelandii

... belongs to the Pseudomonadaceae family. The completion of the A. vinelandii genome will serve as an essential phylogenetic anchor point for comparative genomics work with other systems. This research has also helped the Azotobacter vinelandii genome project expand its existing undergraduate ...

DOE JGI releases expanded version of Phytozome.net

... WALNUT CREEK, CA - An enhanced version of Phytozome.net, a web portal for comparative plant genomics geared to advance biofuel, food, feed, and fiber research, has been released by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Genome ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- May 20, 2009

... than existing composites. ARTICLE #2 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE "New Dental Composites Containing Multimethacrylate Derivatives of Bile Acids: A comparative Study with Commercial Monomers" DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ARTICLE: http://pubs.acs.org/stoken/presspac/presspac/full/10.1021/am8002395 CONTACT: ...

Babies born to native high-altitude mothers have decreased risk of low birth weight

... weigh more than European babies born at altitude. The research, published in The American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and comparative Physiology found that at high altitude: the uterine artery of Andean women delivered more blood and oxygen to the fetus compared to women ...

'Annals of the ESA' selected as one of 100 most influential journals

... MacLean, Life Sciences Library at McGill University in Montreal, Canada; and Constance Rinaldo, head of the Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of comparative Zoology at Harvard University. Publishers of the top 100 journals will be honored June 16, 2009 at an awards ceremony at the DBIO Centennial ...

DNA blueprint for healthier and more efficient cows

... international scientific cooperation. Using the complete genome sequence from L1 Dominette, the female Hereford cow, scientists also undertook comparative genome sequencing for six more breeds to look for genetic changes. The resulting bovine HapMap a literal map of genetic diversity among different ...

Bovine genome provides clues to possible new developments

... published in two reports that appear today in the journal " Science ." The researchers used the complete sequence from a single Hereford cow and comparative genome sequences for six more breeds, looking for changes called single nucleotide polymorphisms SNPs markers that can help researchers identify ...

Fossils suggest earlier land-water transition of tetrapod

... went back to an aquatic lifestyle." Per Ahlberg, a Swedish paleontologist who was previously Clack's graduate student, also joined Clack in a comparative analysis of other more fish-like species living at about the same time as Ichthyostega and Acanthostega. Those include Tiktaalik, another animal ...
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