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Cluster in Biological News

A genomic CluE for cloud computing

... a grant from the National Science Foundation cluster Exploratory Program (CluE) to fund research aimed at discovering how remote cluster computers, computer networks available over the ... by NSF to figure out what you can do with cluster computers on the internet - like the ones through ...

2 Alexander von Humboldt professorships go to LMU Munich

... researcher for the Gene Center and the national cluster of excellence for protein sciences CIPSM: "The ... capacity of the Gene Center and the CIPSM cluster of excellence. We can once again assert our ... as well as intensive cooperation in the new cluster of excellence for fundamental physics "Origin and ...

Neurotechnology Announces MegaMatcher 2.1 SDK for Development of Large-scale AFIS and Multi-biometric Face-Fingerprint Identification Systems

... live face detection functionality, improved cluster fault tolerance, support for a wider range of ... PC; and with enhanced fault-tolerant, scalable cluster software, MegaMatcher 2.1 can perform extremely ... when the system is used in a cluster. If a cluster node faults, MegaMatcher 2.1 automatically passes ...

Plant gene clusters for natural products

... Centre scientists have found that plants may cluster the genes needed to make defence chemicals. Their ... herbicides or crop protectants. Using a gene cluster that makes an antifungal compound in oats as a template, they uncovered a previously unknown gene cluster making a related compound in a very different ...

Researchers reveal HIV peptide's possible pathway into the cell

... different simulations run through a high-powered cluster of computers. Each simulation required a long ... testing and validating results. Garcia's computer cluster is now running simulations on the use of ... to compile two years' worth of data on his normal cluster in just 10 to 20 days. ...

Location, location, location

... smart growth proponents have urged communities to cluster developments in concentrated pockets, instead of the more standard and familiar sprawl. cluster developments create a far smaller footprint on ... dispersed houses. The initial motivation for cluster development was to protect open space, farmland, ...

Argonne National Lab acquires first SiCortex SC5832

... SiCortex, the first company to engineer a Linux cluster from the silicon up, today announced that the ... industry leading performance. A SiCortex cluster node consumes 15 watts of power, an order of ... less than the 250 watts used in a conventional cluster node. As we move into the era of petascale ...

Data on life expectancy show many countries clustered in high mortality traps

... the first half of this decade, the mode of each cluster had moved up by about 10 years. ( Mode is the ... the data suggest continuous advances within the cluster but that low life expectancy countries seem mired ... threshold to bounce into the low mortality cluster rather than providing incremental funding to a ...

Spontaneous assembly

... periodic distribution in the cell membrane. "Chemotaxis proteins cluster into large sensory complexes that localize to the poles of the bacterial ... CheY and CheW - with a mean precision of 15 nanometers. They found that cluster sizes were distributed with no one size being "characteristic." For ...

Fate in fly sensory organ precursor cells could explain human immune disorder

... two graduate students in Bellen's laboratory, identified a mutant with a cluster of neurons. This occurs when there is a problem in Notch signaling. ... organ. These four types of cells become the sensory cluster. When a cluster of neurons is observed, cell fate determination has gone wrong as too many ...

Caltech researchers explore how cells reconcile mixed messages in decisions about growth

... grow as a multicellular cluster. The reality is that not all cells in a cluster are exposed to the same amount of inhibition. For instance, the cells in ... more quickly relative to the rest of the area, or you can get the entire cluster to increase in size all at once." "This is useful," he adds, "in ...

A new way to assemble cells into 3-D microtissues

... one group than from the other, numerous cells from the larger group will cluster around each cell from the smaller group. Another variable is the ... cell assemblies are possible. "For example, it might be possible to cluster DNA strands on specific cellular structures. Thus, distribution of DNA on ...

Johns Hopkins scientists pull protein's tail to curtail cancer

... bit of genetic engineering," he says. The flexible tail contains a cluster of four amino acids the building blocks of proteins that regulate this ... to the membrane. By genetically removing PTEN's tail, or manipulating the cluster of four amino acids so that they cannot be modified, the researchers ...

Brown chemist finds gray mold's killer gene

... the roughly 9,000 genes present in gray mold, the researchers identified a cluster of five genes that is responsible for production of botrydial. They then sought to learn how this cluster manufactures the chemical agent and which of the genes was the mastermind ...

San Diego Supercomputer Center and UCSD announce 'Triton Resource'

... resource will enable us to, when needed, dynamically expand the COMPAS cluster at Scripps to support experiments in ocean and coupled ocean-atmosphere ... equipped with standard compute nodes but enhanced memory capability. The cluster may be configured to operate either in a standard batch mode, or be set up ...

Cyanobacterium sequenced features rare linear chromosome

... revealed the chromosome to be 430 kilobases long and containing a cluster of nine genes that code for enzymes involved in pyruvate metabolism, which ... of proteins on the linear chromosome are hypothetical. But the gene cluster is a major find. "The linear chromosome contains the only gene copy ...

Nature paper describes technique for extracting hierarchical structure of networks

... networks can be understood as a hierarchy of modules, where nodes cluster together to form modules, which themselves cluster into larger modules -- arrangements similar to the organization of sports ...

Researchers probe a DNA repair enzyme

... along the DNA. This analysis also revealed that the integrity of the cluster and the iron-containing domain is crucial for recognition of specific DNA ... to, said graduate student Robert Pugh, lead author on the study. The cluster is still there but the environment around it is somehow changing. ...

Decisions on the second round of the Excellence Initiative announced

... Molecular Medicine Ulm Clusters of Excellence University: Name of cluster of Excellence RWTH Aachen University: Tailor-Made Fuels from Biomass ... strategy funding, a university must have been approved for at least one cluster of excellence and one graduate school. The Joint Commission, made up ...

Nanoengineers mine tiny diamonds for drug delivery

... when the nanodiamonds are aggregated; it only becomes active when the cluster reaches its target, breaks apart and slowly releases the drug. (With a ... of diamonds could fit onto the head of a pin.) The nanodiamond cluster provides a powerful release in a localized place -- an effective but less ...

Do migratory birds 'see' the magnetic field?

... Germany and their collaborators traced the neurons from the eye and from cluster N. The results link the recent findings by demonstrating a functional neuronal connection between the retinal neurons and cluster N via the visual thalamus. Thus, the only two parts of the central ...

Munich researchers discover new target for tailored antibiotics

... terminal step catalyzed by the IspH enzyme remained stubbornly elusive. Earlier measurements suggested that the active core must be an iron-sulfur cluster with three iron and four sulfur atoms. But other researchers questioned the results, and for many years the crystal structure of the enzyme that ...

Female human embryos adjust the balance of X chromosomes before implantation

... fertility treatment. They studied them at three stages of their development: after the embryo had divided into eight cells, the morula stage (a solid cluster of approximately 16 cells) and the blastocyst stage (about five days after fertilisation when the embryo's cells have started to differentiate into ...

How mitochondria get their membranes bent

... teams, the group of Prof. Andreas Reichert, who has been appointed as professor for Mitochondrial Biology to the Goethe University within the cluster of Excellence Macromolecular Complexes in 2007, has identified two proteins linked in an antagonistic manner that are relevant for governing inner ...

Protecting the food crops of the future

... build a digital model that ultimately should be able to predict the impact of changes in genetic structure in the 'shoot apical meristem' a small cluster of just a few cells that eventually produce the entire plant, including its flowers. The model will also calculate the impact of changes in external ...

Researchers gain genome-wide insights into patterns of the world's human population structures

... Genetic drift is gradual accumulation of random changes in the gene pool of small populations. Akey added that some of these variations, however, do cluster in regions of the human genome considered to be targets of recent adaptive evolution. The researchers also observed patterns of human genetic ...

Mosquito parasite may help fight dengue fever

... to McGraw, the experiments generated a huge amount of video data, so Evans teamed up with Megan Woolfit and David Green to pipe the data to a cluster of workstations to track the insects' movements and analyse their activity levels. After a year of experimental design, data collection and ...

Google Earth aids discovery of early African mammal fossils

... to quarries. Finally, about 75 miles east of Sheikh Fadl, he came across a road that traveled north to a deeply pocked area that just had to be a cluster of quarries. Through associates in Egypt, Gingerich made arrangements to travel to Khasm el Raqaba, the area he had located on Google Earth. "Sure ...

Diminuendo -- New mouse model for understanding cause of progressive hearing loss

... confirm his assumption. They have already performed first examinations on patients diagnosed with progressive hearing loss. In them the microRNA cluster Mirn96 was mutated in the same seed region as in the mouse model. Now, with the aid of this mouse model, the international research consortium hopes ...

Two-pronged model could help foil tough cystic fibrosis infections

... are plagued by infections of the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Their mucous-clogged lungs are fertile incubators for the bacteria to breed and cluster in slimy communities called biofilms that become increasingly drug resistant and damaging. Tobramycin, the antibiotic routinely used against the ...

Drinking 100 percent fruit juice is associated with lower risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome

... with evidence showing that 100% juice drinkers were leaner, had better insulin sensitivity and had lower risk for obesity and metabolic syndrome a cluster of conditions that increases risk for stroke, heart disease and diabetes. Looking at data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination ...

Research suggests vegetable juice may help people with metabolic syndrome lose weight

... lost four pounds over 12 weeks, while those who followed the same diet but drank no juice lost one pound. Metabolic syndrome is defined by a cluster of risk factors including excess body fat in the midsection, high blood pressure, high blood sugar and abnormal blood lipids. If left uncontrolled, ...

Harnessing cloud computing for data-intensive research on oceans, galaxies

... more common in science. A third grant to the UW provides curriculum and training to teach cloud computing. The projects are funded through NSF's cluster Exploratory program, which will access a cloud datacenter established for educational use in 2007 through a partnership between Google, IBM and six ...

Alzheimer cell death in Zebrafish: Demise of neurons observed live for the first time

... Dominik Paquet of the Deutsche Zentrum fr Neurodegenerative Erkrankungen, DZNE (German Center for Neurodegenerative Disease) at LMU Muenchen and the cluster of excellence Center for Integrated Protein Science (CIPSM) have now inserted a gene responsible for a severe form of Alzheimer's in people into ...

Device protects transplanted pancreatic cells from the immune system

... adjunct professor at the UC San Diego School of Medicine and Burnham. "We thought that T-cells, although unable to penetrate the device, would cluster around it. But we found no evidence of an active immune response, suggesting that the cells in the device were invisible to the immune system." ...

Professor to measure environmental impact of war

... the atomic bombs dropped in Japan, Agent Orange used by the U.S. military during the Vietnam War, the burning of Kuwaiti oil wells and the use of cluster bombs in Lebanon. UNEP plans on conducting 14 projects in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to evaluate transportation infrastructure, ...

Flight of the bumble (and honey) bee

... such as honeybees and bumble bees are predictable in the way they move among flowers, typically moving directly from one flower to an adjacent cluster of flowers in the same row of plants. The bees' flight paths have a direct affect on their ability to hunt for pollen and generate "gene flow", ...

Scientists at CSHL discover mobile small RNAs that set up leaf patterning in plants

... create profound differences between neighboring cells by altering their gene activity patterns," Timmermans says. "This is a neat way of dividing a cluster of cells into distinct sections with sharply drawn boundaries." The top-to-bottom, abundant-to-rare distribution, or "concentration gradient," of ...

Computer superpower strengthens attempts to combat common diseases

... locally and nationally, with computational power from a number of computer clusters. A previous allocation from SNIC in 2008 is earmarked for a new cluster of some 2000 computing cores and is under procurement. This new grant will add yet another cluster. "What's more, our activities are expanding to ...

Scientists at CSHL discover mobile small RNAs that set up leaf patterning in plants

... create profound differences between neighboring cells by altering their gene activity patterns," Timmermans says. "This is a neat way of dividing a cluster of cells into distinct sections with sharply drawn boundaries." The top-to-bottom, abundant-to-rare distribution, or "concentration gradient," of ...
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