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Marine microbes creating green waves in industry

... Ltd, explained: "We are using biology in our chemical processes to come up with improved manufacturing ... that already have a built-in capacity to do the chemical reactions we want to perform in industry. There ... is to look for microbes which can promote the chemical reactions that we want to use in manufacturing. ...

Navigating in the ocean of molecules

... Scaffold Hunter, acts as a tool for navigating chemical space. It generates maps of chemically-related ... for use in cancer treatment and malaria. ( Nature chemical Biology , June 28, 2009) The dimensions of the chemical space, which contains the total number of all ...

Restoring a natural root signal helps to fight a major corn pest

... researchers at the Max Planck Institute for chemical Ecology and the University of Neuchtel in ... Gershenzon at the Max Planck Institute for chemical Ecology in Jena he had already contributed to a ... against herbivores and to reduce the use of chemical pesticides," Degenhardt says. "The transgenic ...

UCSF researchers identify new drug target for Kaposi's sarcoma

... Online Publication section of the " Nature chemical Biology " web site and can be found at ... form of the protease, which responded well to a chemical inhibitor. "If you disrupt the protein-protein ... inhibitors in the late 1980s, said the " Nature chemical Biology " paper validates this new site as a ...

'Microfluidic palette' may paint clearer picture of biological processes

... palette" to produce multiple, steady-state chemical gradientsgradual changes in concentration across ... of their being swept away. Diffusion also permits chemical molecules to move in and out of the cells ... of chemotaxis, the movement of cells along a chemical gradient, a biological phenomenon that plays a ...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

... help safeguard against pathogen contamination or chemical and biological attacks on water supplies. The ... ranging from gas turbines and power plants to chemical and petrochemical processing equipment. The ... capability for replacing outright conventional chemical batteries. The Power Puck is a renewable energy ...

SRI announces selection by the National Cancer Institute as a Chemical Biology Consortium center

... research and development centers: Comprehensive chemical Biology Screening, chemical Diversity, and Specialized Applications. SRI ... methods, will be a key component of the NCI chemical Biology Consortium program. "SRI is proud to ...

Facile synthesis of nanoparticles with multiple functions advanced in Singapore

... variety of nanoparticles inexpensively. This new chemical synthesis has been recently published in Nature ... can then be extracted with an organic solvent, chemical compounds that usually have a low boiling point, ... Solvents can be used to extract soluble chemical complexes from a mixture. At IBN, the transfer ...

Researchers achieve major breakthrough with water desalination system

... or potable water," said Yoram Cohen, professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering and lead ... go up to 95 percent recovery using an accelerated chemical demineralization process that was also developed ... variables, including the precise measure of chemical additives to condition the water. All the valves ...

New technique can fast-track better ionic liquids for biomass pre-treatments

... the need of labor-intensive and time-consuming chemical and immunological labeling. "Working with ... (120 degrees Celsius)," says Blake Simmons, a chemical engineer who is Vice President of JBEI's ... of lignocellulosics in biomass of different chemical compositions, and also to assist in determining ...

Plastics chemical retards growth, function of adult reproductive cells

... CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Bisphenol A, a chemical widely used in plastics and known to cause ... of food containers and baby bottles. The chemical structure of BPA is similar to that of estradiol, ... BPA has a short half-life, Peretz said, and the chemical is quickly eliminated from the body. The fact ...

New way to make sensors that detect toxic chemicals

... a first responder could wear to an accident at a chemical plant," Morris said. The material under study ... give the sensor a large surface area to capture chemical molecules from the air -- and very pure particles ... of the reaction pathway -- that is, the various chemical steps that take place inside the pressure cooker ...

Scientists track chemical changes in cells as they endure extreme conditions

... Berkeley National Laboratory observed the chemical changes in individual cells that enable them to ... that should kill them. The team tracked the chemical changes in Desulfovibrio vulgaris, which is a ... by initiating a well-orchestrated sequence of chemical events. Until now, scientists have not been ...

Kelvin Lee winner of Biochemical Engineering Journal Young Investigator Award

... announced that Kelvin H. Lee, Gore Professor of chemical Engineering at the University of Delaware and ... Engineering Journal . He received a BSE in chemical Engineering from Princeton and PhD in chemical Engineering from Caltech. He spent several years ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly Presspac -- June 17, 2009

... Here is the latest American chemical Society (ACS) Weekly PressPac from the Office of ... has news from ACS' 34 peer-reviewed journals and chemical & Engineering News. Please credit the individual journal or the American chemical Society as the source for this information. ...

An easy way to find a needle in a haystack by removing the haystack

... Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for chemical Ecology in Jena and their colleagues from the ... the molecular composition and structure of chemical compounds. In the last two decades mass ... (e.g. proteins) are co-crystallized with a chemical substance called a matrix subsequently irradiated ...

Chemical in blood may explain susceptibility to bladder pain

... he said. The researchers then determined the chemical structures within those molecular profiles, which ... is being diverted from its conversion into a chemical responsible for sending signals in the brain. ... to diagnose interstitial cystitis, understanding chemical processes related to this chronic disease could ...

American Chemical Society weekly presspac -- June 10, 2009

... Here is the latest American chemical Society (ACS) Weekly PressPac from the Office of ... has news from ACS' 34 peer-reviewed journals and chemical & Engineering News . Please credit the individual journal or the American chemical Society as the source for this information.` ...

Researchers describe 'implausible' chemistry that produces herbicidal compound

... CHAMPAIGN, Ill. A soil microbe that uses chemical warfare to fight off competitors employs an unusual chemical pathway in the manufacture of its arsenal, ... researchers first reported the enzyme in Nature chemical Biology in 2007, said Wilfred van der Donk, an ...

Natural seed treatment could drastically cut pesticide use

... that spraying crops with jasmonic acid - a chemical naturally produced by plant leaves when attacked ... - reduces pest attack. But crops treated with the chemical don't grow as well as those that are untreated. ... are considerably more resistant to pests. The chemical seems to prime some plants' natural protective ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- June 3, 2009

... #2 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE A newly discovered chemical weapon in poison frogs' arsenal Journal of ... New research documents a surprising chemical weapon used by some Amazonian poison frogs. The ... of the family Dendrobatidae. Frogs use them as a chemical defense to discourage predators from biting and ...

'Father of green chemistry' Paul Anastas to head EPA research

... where he holds joint appointments in chemistry, chemical engineering and the School of Forestry & ... focuses on the design of safer chemicals and chemical processes to replace the use of hazardous ... Institute, headquartered at the American chemical Society in Washington, D.C. While there, he ...

NAU discovery could help feed millions

... the University of Arizona identified a nontoxic chemical technology that when applied to rodents, caused ... industrial settings. Of particular interest was a chemical compound known as 4-vinylcyclohexene diepoxide, ... a product called ContraPest that incorporates the chemical sterilization treatment into bait. The bait is ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- May 20, 2009

... research may yield new malaria treatments chemical & Engineering News An unlikely friendship ... to an article scheduled for the May 25 issue of chemical & Engineering News , ACS' weekly newsmagazine. ... The 238th National Meeting of the American chemical Society will feature 8,000 reports on new ...

NIH announces new program to develop therapeutics for rare and neglected diseases

... Institute (NHGRI), which also operates the NIH chemical Genomics Center, a principal collaborator in ... of a disease discover a new molecular target or a chemical that may have a therapeutic effect. Too often, ... drug. This involves an iterative series of chemical modifications and tests in progressively more ...

Plastic that grows on trees, part two

... oil. In previous work, PNNL researchers used a chemical and a solvent known as an ionic liquid to convert ... of converting raw biomass into a new platform chemical -- a chemical you can readily turn into a transportation fuel ...

100 reasons to change the way we think about genetics

... study found that exposing a pregnant rat to a chemical that alters reproductive hormones leads to ... of these is "DNA methylation." Methyls, small chemical groups within cells, latch on to certain areas ... If the normal pattern of methyls is alteredby a chemical agent, for examplethat new pattern can be passed ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- May 13, 2009

... Here is the latest American chemical Society (ACS) Weekly PressPac from the Office of ... has news from ACS' 34 peer-reviewed journals and chemical & Engineering News. Please credit the individual journal or the American chemical Society as the source for this information. ...

Pliable proteins keep photosynthesis on the light path

... a key metal necessary for turning sunlight into chemical energy. The team, which includes: ASU ... The reactions that convert light to chemical energy happen in a millionth of a millionth of a ... still works with essentially the same physical chemical properties as the normal system," said Neal ...

Major funding to help cut CO2 emissions

... Dr Trevor Drage from the Department of chemical and Environmental Engineering at The University ... or 'soak up' rates. This may be an alternative to chemical absorption using amines in post-combustion ... 2 through pipelines. Nottingham's expertise in chemical engineering, chemistry and mathematics will help ...

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- May 6, 2009

... Here is the latest American chemical Society (ACS) Weekly PressPac from the Office of ... has news from ACS' 34 peer-reviewed journals and chemical & Engineering News . Please credit the individual journal or the American chemical Society as the source for this information. ...

George M. Whitesides receives inaugural Dreyfus prize in the chemical sciences

... has won the inaugural Dreyfus Prize in the chemical Sciences. The prize, to be given biennially by ... of the largest awards dedicated to the chemical sciences in the U.S.a citation and a medal. The ... has had a major and sustained impact in the chemical sciences and materials chemistry. He is one of ...

Photoselective film proves effective for controlling height in potted gardenia plants

... plants preferred by consumers, many growers use chemical "regulators" designed to affect plant growth and development. The use of chemical growth retardants is standard practice in the ... spherical plants with plentiful flower buds. chemical sprays are effective at reducing gardenia plant ...

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- April 29, 2009

... Here is the latest American chemical Society (ACS) Weekly PressPac from the Office of ... has news from ACS' 34 peer-reviewed journals and chemical & Engineering News . Please credit the individual journal or the American chemical Society as the source for this information. ...

Chemical found in medical devices impairs heart function

... University School of Medicine have found that a chemical commonly used in the production of such medical ... the trigger for these side effects might be a chemical compound of some kind. To test their theory, ... chemicals and found the liquid to contain a chemical compound called cyclohexanone. The researchers ...

Synthetic chemical offers solution for crops facing drought

... fully understood. So critical is this endogenous chemical to plant survival that researchers have ... and improve yield. Using a method called chemical genomics, pioneered by UC Riverside researchers ... Cutler identified pyrabactin, a new synthetic chemical that turns on the ABA signaling pathway in ...

Brain protein central to both Parkinson's, drug addiction identified

... cells known as dopamine neurons, which produce a chemical needed by another area of the brain to help us ... They chose to study how the brain handles a chemical known as MPTP, which ultimately damages the exact ... MPTP is converted primarily in astrocytes to a chemical called MPP+, which is deadly to dopamine neurons. ...

DOE to establish Energy Frontier Research Center at PNNL

... Department of Energy as critical to controlling chemical transformations for energy applications." PNNL ... catalysts that convert electrical energy into chemical bonds and back again. Of interest are catalysts ... cells. For example, a catalyst breaks down chemical bonds to produce electricity in a fuel cell. A ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- April 22, 2009

... Here is the latest American chemical Society (ACS) Weekly PressPac from the Office of ... has news from ACS' 34 peer-reviewed journals and chemical & Engineering News . Please credit the individual journal or the American chemical Society as the source for this information. ...

Canadian biomedical engineering pioneer receives international award

... in 1987. Michael Sefton, university professor of chemical engineering and applied chemistry, University of ... said Heather Sheardown, associate professor of chemical engineering at McMaster. "Another of John's ... "Dr. Brash, whether interacting with fellow chemical engineers, biomaterials scientists or clinicians, ...
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