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Cerebral in Biological News

Experimental treatment halts hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in newborns

... a type of brain damage that is a leading cause of cerebral palsy, mental retardation and death, according to ... activator system plays a pivotal role in neonatal cerebral hypoxic-ischemic brain injury, Dr. Kuan said the ... known about what these enzymes do in neonatal cerebral hypoxic-ischemia, according to the researchers. ...

Debate on admin. of magnesium sulfate to pregnant women to prevent cerebral palsy in pre-term infants

... New York, New York, June 29, 2009 cerebral palsy (CP) is the most prevalent chronic ... sulfate significantly reduces the risk of cerebral palsy in children at risk. Continuing the ... clinical opinion on the use of MgSO4 to prevent cerebral palsy. He notes that "three large, randomized ...

Statins may treat blood vessel disorder that can lead to fatal strokes

... could provide a safe, inexpensive treatment for cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM), a disorder with no ... of the Angioma Alliance, "Cavernous angioma or cerebral cavernous malformation is a common but little ... to target familial stroke diseases such as cerebral cavernous malformations." ...

Preterm birth: Magnesium sulphate cuts cerebral palsy risk

... sulphate protects very premature babies from cerebral palsy, a new study shows. The findings of this ... very preterm birth as a protective agent against cerebral palsy for their baby," said lead researcher, Lex ... given magnesium sulphate to prevent one case of cerebral palsy in the baby. Side effects of the ...

Study helps explain connection between sleep apnea, stroke and death

... stroke in these patients. The study, "Impaired cerebral autoregulation in obstructive sleep apnea" was ... changes in blood pressure -- a process known as cerebral autoregulation. This study found that the ... found that the sleep apnea group: had lower cerebral blood flow velocity had significantly lower ...

Common treatment to delay labor decreases preterm infants' risk for cerebral palsy

... preterm delivery cuts the risk for handicapping cerebral palsy in half, according to research led by ... issue of The New England Journal of Medicine. cerebral palsy refers to a group of neurological disorders ... and posture and limiting activity. The causes of cerebral palsy are not well understood, ...

Johns Hopkins scientists discover what drives the development of a fatal form of malaria

... play an important early role in promoting cerebral malaria, an often lethal complication that occurs ... the most studied pathogens of all time. Still, cerebral malaria, which results from a combination of ... capillaries in the brain; both are hallmarks of cerebral malaria. In their experiments, the Hopkins ...

Resuscitation technique after brain injury may do more harm than good

... death and coordination problems similar to cerebral palsy than those allowed to recover with room ... appears in the July issue of the Journal of cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism. Most of the damage ... injuries develop defects that often result in cerebral palsy and motor deficits," Dr. Kernie said. ...

Herpes virus link to complications in pregnancy

... has been conducted by the South Australian cerebral Palsy Research Group, based in the University of ... More than 400 of these babies were diagnosed with cerebral palsy. "This is an exciting finding and ... as high blood pressure, premature delivery and cerebral palsy," says Professor Alastair MacLennan, leader ...

Stroke victims may benefit from stem cell transplants

... were transplanted into animal stroke models with cerebral artery occlusion and tracked by magnetic ... injected into animals 24 hours following middle cerebral artery occlusion. Using laser scanning confocal ... had migrated through the region of the middle cerebral artery into the scar area and border zone of the ...

MSU researcher helps develop computer game for Ugandan children recovering from cerebral malaria

... Ugandan children who are survivors of cerebral malaria. Michael Boivin, a Michigan State ... malaria - around 1 million every year, he said. cerebral malaria is a severe form of malaria that affects ... Our most recent follow-up evaluation of our cerebral malaria children indicates that 26 percent of ...

Story ideas from Molecular & Cellular Proteomics

... list so far of the proteins present in the cerebral cortex the outermost layer of the brain that ... language, cognition, and consciousness. The cerebral cortex is also the part of the brain that ... to Alzheimers disease (AD) occur mostly in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus, and degeneration of ...

Brain malformations significantly associated with preterm birth, Wake Forest research shows

... the formation of multiple cystic cavities of various sizes in the cerebral cortex (50.5 percent); and hydranencephaly, a rare condition in which the brain's cerebral hemispheres are absent and replaced by sacs filled with cerebrospinal ...

From the glass to the brain in 6 minutes

... animal trials. The results of the study were published in the Journal of cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism . Metabolism of brain cells affected ... for energy demands," explains Dr. Armin Biller of the working group for cerebral metabolism at the Department of Neuroradiology at Heidelberg University ...

Argonne advancing DOE INCITE scientific research projects

... for storing CO2 and another that will use computer simulations to conduct cerebral blood flow experiments--instead of potentially dangerous work on actual patients--to study cerebral blood flow and its role in the understanding, diagnosing and treatment ...

University of Miami biomedical engineer

... project for which Lieber won the award is titled, "Flow Divertors to Cure cerebral Aneurysms." The focus of the research is to develop a tubular mesh-like device, which can be placed into cerebral arteries via catheters, to reduce the blood flow in an aneurysm, while ...

NIH selects Case Western Reserve University to participate in National Children's Study

... factors influencing the development of such conditions as autism, cerebral palsy, learning disabilities, birth defects, diabetes, asthma, and ... are at risk for early death and a variety of health problems, such as cerebral palsy, mental retardation, and learning disabilities. Health care costs ...

Why diving marine mammals resist brain damage from low oxygen

... amounts of these complex oxygen-carrying proteins--called globins--in the cerebral cortex of 16 different mammalian species. The results suggest that some ... and resident neuroglobins--the neuroglobins and cytoglobins--in the cerebral cortex. In the laboratory of coauthor David Kliger, a professor of ...

Influence of sex and handedness on brain is similar in capuchin monkeys and humans

... specifically in the corpus callosum, the region that connects the two cerebral lobes. A recently published paper by Associate Professor of ... which is the major white matter tract connecting the left and right cerebral hemispheres. The monkeys were later given a task to determine hand ...

Chemicals in common consumer products may play a role in pre-term births

... States, making it the leading cause of neonatal mortality. Being born too early can also lead to chronic health problems such as blindness, deafness, cerebral palsy, low IQ and more. Phthalates are commonly used compounds in plastics, personal care products, home furnishings (vinyl flooring, carpeting, ...

MS study offers theory for why repair of brain's wiring fails

... unintended side effects. The new work may also have implications for another neurological disease, periventricular leukomalacia, which can lead to cerebral palsy in extremely premature infants, says Rowitch. Recent studies by Rowitch and colleagues show a similar inability of oligodendrocytes to perform ...

Your brain on -- and off -- caffeine

... self-reports of subjective effects via questionnaires. The team demonstrated that stopping daily caffeine consumption produces changes in cerebral blood flow velocity and quantitative EEG that are likely related to the classic caffeine withdrawal symptoms of headache, drowsiness and decreased ...

Prenatal meth exposure linked to abnormal brain development

... our prior findings of smaller subcortical structures in children with prenatal meth exposure, which is the portion of the brain immediately below the cerebral cortex." Long-term studies are under way to determine if the brain differences found in children with prenatal exposure to meth will normalize ...

The secret to chimp strength

... own extreme muscle contraction, and it is clear that we do not contract all our muscle fibers at once," Walker writes. "So there might be a degree of cerebral inhibition in people that prevents them from damaging their muscular system that is not present, or not present to the same degree, in great apes." ...

Brain building: Study shows brain growth tied to cell division in mouse embryos

... including incomplete neural tube closure and reduced brain size. Sokol and Lake wondered how Vangl2 might influence brain development. In the cerebral cortex, neurons are born from a pool of progenitor cells, and the time of their birth determines their fate. The research duo found that ...

Penn research team tests bedside monitoring of brain blood flow and metabolism in stroke victims

... PHILADELPHIA A University of Pennsylvania team has completed the first successful demonstration of a noninvasive optical device to monitor cerebral blood flow in patients with acute stroke, a leading cause of disability and death. The ultimate goal of this research is to improve the management ...

Cells with double vision

... In comparison, the brain of a fly seems fairly simple with its 250 000 nerve cells. For example, a small network of only 60 nerve cells in each cerebral hemisphere suffices the blowfly to integrate visual motion information. The resulting information is then used in the control and correction of the ...

March of Dimes provides $2.7 million in new funding for preterm birth research

... early birth often face serious and sometimes lifelong health problems, including breathing problems, jaundice, developmental delays, vision loss and cerebral palsy. More than 543,000 babies are born too soon each year and recent federal statistics show that the nation's preterm birth rate has risen to ...

New research findings may enable earlier diagnosis of uterine cancer

... amounts, which can damage the cell and the body's DNA, are associated with over 200 diseases, from arteriosclerosis and dementia to rheumatism, cerebral haemorrhage and cancer. The studies carried out by Sandra Karlsson on human malignant tumours have confirmed that changes in this gene are present in ...

Research finds older women who are more physically fit have better cognitive function

... brain. Our findings also show that better blood flow translates into improved cognition." The study, Effects of Cardiorespiratory Fitness and cerebral Blood Flow on Cognitive Outcomes in Older Women, compares two groups of women whose average age was 65 years old. From a random sample of 42 women ...

Impaired energy metabolism linked with initiation of plaques in Alzheimer's brain

... in the brain. Importantly, the AD brain exhibits impaired energy metabolism (a stressful situation) and it has been suggested that diminished cerebral use of glucose and oxygen may be an early event in AD pathogenesis. Senior study author Dr. Robert Vassar from Northwestern University Feinberg ...

New technology aims to reduce maternal and neonatal deaths

... for 18 per cent of all maternal deaths, 80,000 premature births and associated neonatal complications, which can have life-long impact such as cerebral palsy, mental retardation and blindness. Screening and early detection are key given that there are no known cures for preeclampsia, and the only ...

Adult stem cell breakthrough

... on the scaffold of a human trachea. A seven-centimetre tracheal segment was donated by a 51-year-old transplant donor who had who had died of cerebral haemorrhage. Spain has a policy of assumed consent for organ donation. Using a new technique developed in Padua University, the trachea was ...

Methylmercury warning

... origin affect between 5% and 10% of babies born worldwide, leading to dyslexia, mental retardation, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, cerebral palsy, and autism. The toxicity of methylmercury is well known, but the researchers believe that the medical world has underestimated the risk of ...

Salk researcher Terry Sejnowski elected to Institute of Medicine

... brain function. Among other things, Dr. Sejnowski is interested in the hippocampus, believed to play a major role in learning and memory, and the cerebral cortex, which holds our knowledge of the world and how to interact with it. In his lab, Sejnowski's team uses sophisticated electrical and chemical ...

Risk and reward compete in brain

... volunteers, while activity in a different region was greater in those with an appetite for risk. The study appeared online Oct. 8 in the journal cerebral Cortex . "We can see risk as a battle between two forces," said Antoine Bechara, professor of psychology at USC. "There is always a lure of ....

World-first to predict premature births

... About 17,000 pre-term births occur in Australia each year. Premature birth is responsible for 70 per cent of new born baby deaths and 50 per cent of cerebral palsy cases. According to Professor Roger Smith from the University of Newcastle*, identifying patterns in hormone levels could be the key to ...

Hopkins researchers piece together gene 'network' linked to schizophrenia

... brain development. To do this they reduced the amount of each of the three factors in the brains of developing mice. As a result, nerve cells in the cerebral cortex-the part of the brain responsible for memory and thought-failed to grow properly, suggesting that these three proteins act together ...

Researchers link cocoa flavanols to improved brain blood flow

... on the many research studies on cocoa flavanols, visit www.healthycocoa.com . Source: Sorond FA, Lipsitz LA, Hollenberg NK, Fisher NDL. cerebral blood flow response to flavanol-rich cocoa in healthy elderly humans. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment. 2008;4:433-440. ...

Unlocking mystery of why dopamine freezes Parkinson's patients

... the region of the brain that translates thoughts into actions. In the study, researchers examined the strength of synapses connecting the cerebral cortex, the region of the brain involved in perceptions, feelings and thought, to the striatum, home of the stop and go circuits that select or ...
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(Date:9/16/2014)... 2014 The second federal bellwether trial ... Johnson subsidiary Ethicon concluded with the jury in the ... awarding her $3.27 million in damages, according to a ... “jurors found Ethicon liable for selling faulty devices and ... were at risk from side effects that include pain, ...
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(Date:9/16/2014)... This year’s theme is centered around entrepreneurism ... Mills, Pennsylvania, September 15, 2014- Holganix, an elite member ... growing companies in the country, produces an organic Bionutritional ... health-care by naturally decreasing disease and insect damage though ... that it will hold its third annual Bionutritional Summit ...
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