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Capacity in Biological News

Research network wins approximately £5.7 million to target human and animal diseases in Africa

... five African countries and the UK to improve the capacity of African institutions to detect, identify and ... in the developing world, and helping to build capacity in low- and middle-income countries. SACIDS' ... wild animals, yet Africa currently has the least capacity to survey major livestock or wildlife diseases. ...

Computer simulations explain the limitations of working memory

... parts, to increase the understanding of the capacity of the working memory and of how the billions of ... lobes might be able to regulate the memory capacity of the parietal lobes. "The model predicts, ... memory is a bottleneck for the human brain's capacity to process information. These results give us ...

Amniotic fluid may provide new source of stem cells for future therapies

... be detected in amniotic fluid. We looked at the capacity of these cells to form new blood cells both ... of progenitor cells (cells that have the capacity to differentiate into other types of cells). ... adult mice were irradiated to destroy their capacity to produce blood cells and injected with either ...

Rural areas able to increase screening capacity for colorectal cancer

... estimated being able to increase their screening capacity by almost 37 percent. Our data suggests that the ... a similar potential increase in screening capacity in New Mexico and a nationally representative ... in 2004, and estimated they could increase that capacity by 35.7 percent or an additional 2,968 ....

Researchers at IRB Barcelona produce more data on key genes in diabetes

... the pancreas. When the pancreas does not have the capacity to produce the amount of insulin required for ... resistant to insulin have altered mitochondrial capacity to "generate" energy through a process called ... the decrease in mitochondrial fusion affected the capacity to generate energy, "regardless of whether ...

Design of a compound that stabilizes the main natural suppressor of tumors

... Tarragona), have discovered a substance with the capacity to maintain protein p53 stable even when it ... Therefore, the design of compounds with the capacity to stabilize the tetramerization domain of p53 ... synthesis and study of a compound with the capacity to interact with the p53 tetramerization domain. ...

Fat-regenerating 'stem cells' found in mice

... Researchers have identified stem cells with the capacity to build fat, according to a report in the ... Earlier studies identified cells with the capacity to differentiate into fat in lab dishes. However, ... Just one of these two populations had the capacity to re-grow a normal fat pad in mice, they report. ...

Pregnancy not turning minds to mush: Study

... partners think there may be a link between brain capacity and pregnancy and motherhood, there are certainly ... "We found no effects of pregnancy on cognitive capacity and motherhood also had no detrimental effects. ... that mother rats have improved multi-skilling capacity and less fear responses than non-mothers. The rat ...

Europe rallies behind nanotechnology to wean world from fossil fuels

... as gold. This can be used to build compact high capacity batteries, with the added advantage that it can ... ability of the virus. The key to the high capacity in small space lies in the microscopic size of ... that a greater surface area of charge carrying capacity can be packed into a given volume. However, ...

Barcelona Declaration 2008: Challenges and Pathways to Earth Sustainability

... of the world comes into balance with the capacity of the biosphere to support it, or whether ... Taking account of changes in natural capital (the capacity of ecosystems to supply benefits to society in ... investment in research infrastructure and human capacity is necessary to improve and scale-up research ...

Researchers discover that growing up too fast may mean dying young in honey bees

... damage, anti-oxidant responses, physiological capacity and longevity. A new study examines how these ... tissues using western blot. Total antioxidant capacity of the tissues was measured as the ability of ... upregulate Hsp70, catalase and total antioxidant capacity in their flight muscles over the course of a day. ...

Scientists point to forests for carbon storage solutions

... BioScience that quantifies annual carbon storage capacity in forests in the upper Great Lakes region and ... forests could sustain or increase their storage capacity for future generations. Based on measurements ... the case of the Michigan forest, carbon storage capacity is also affected by the repeated clear-cut ...

ASM and FIND to partner on strengthening infectious disease diagnosis in developing nations

... Chair of the ASM's International Laboratory capacity Building Committee. The memorandum of ... ASM, through its International Laboratory capacity Building program, is ensuring the quality-assured ... by mobilizing its members to build human resource capacity for diagnosis of tuberculosis and other ...

Human embryonic stem cells developed from 4-cell embryo; world first may lessen ethical concerns

... the same embryo in order to compare the potency capacity of all four cells," said Dr. Van de Velde. The ... of one cell at the 4-cell stage impairs the capacity of the embryo to develop into a healthy child in ... from a 4-cell stage embryo does not affect its capacity to implant in the womb. We believe that by making ...

Where is your soil water? Crop yield has the answer

... field. However, a map of plant-available water capacity for a field would be instrumental in yield ... and economically estimate plant-available water capacity for a field is the Simple Inverse Yield Model ... were taken to determine plant-available water capacity using traditional laboratory methods. This ...

White House science office needs upgrade

... WASHINGTONThe science and technology policymaking capacity of the White House must be enhanced so that the ... released the report Critical Upgrade: Enhanced capacity for White House Science and Technology ... designed to ensure the OSTP has the capacity to help define and implement the President's ...

Ape language pioneer Savage-Rumbaugh receives honorary Ph.D. from alma mater

... much deeper"" she said. "Did we require the capacity to reason in order to have language" Or in ... from our culture, did we also acquire the capacity to reason, to think and finally to assume moral ... something much deeper" Did we require the capacity to reason in order for us to have language" Or in ...

Is DNA repair a substitute for sex?

... have medical implications, because DNA repair capacity is an important factor in cancer, inflammation, ... University, demonstrate the enormous DNA repair capacity of bdelloid rotifers by zapping them with ... Instead, they propose that bdelloids DNA repair capacity evolved due to a different environmental ...

Fujitsu Combines Capacity, Performance and Power Efficiency Into the Industry's First 320GB 7200 RPM 2.5" Sata Hard Disk Drive

... hard disk drive (HDD), its second-generation high capacity 7200RPM SATA drive. By doubling storage capacity, ... benefit from the combination of high storage capacity and high performance. Users will be able to ... that is unmatched in the marketplace. 320GB of capacity in a 2.5-inch form factor allows manufacturers to ...

Visual technology enables brain to learn in new ways

... and even drama and dance. Brain's Untapped capacity for Visuals "Users will be able to ... human brain has a powerful, often underutilized capacity to process visuals, noted Robert Jacob, computer ... what large-scale visualization gives us, a capacity to create a richer immersion experience." ...

Floating a big idea: MIT demos ancient use of rafts to transport goods

... computer analysis of the size, weight and cargo capacity of the rafts to arrive at a better understanding ... showed that the ancient rafts likely had a cargo capacity of 10 to 30 tons-about the same capacity as the barges on the Erie canal that were once a ...

ASU professor helps solve mystery of glassy water

... of matter experience a gradual increase in heat capacity the amount of energy it takes to heat a sample ... up-jump to a new, 100 percent higher, heat capacity zone and change from a solid to very viscous ... As cold, glassy water is heated, its heat capacity barely changes until about 136 K (-215 F), where ...

Stanford's nanowire battery holds 10 times the charge of existing ones

... and five others. The greatly expanded storage capacity could make Li-ion batteries attractive to ... quickly," Cui said. The electrical storage capacity of a Li-ion battery is limited by how much ... made of carbon. Silicon has a much higher capacity than carbon, but also has a drawback. Silicon ...

Fujitsu Announces Industry Highest Capacity 2.5 Inch SATA Hard Disk Drive at 320GB(1)

... 320GB capacity Meets Growing Demand for High-Performance ... attains up to 320GB, the industry's highest capacity point for a 2.5" 5400RPM HDD, and with the Serial ... in response to the growing demand for higher capacity storage products required for notebook PCs, ...

The power of multiples: Connecting wind farms can make a more reliable - and cheaper - power source

... from several independent farmseach with a maximum capacity of, say, 1,500 kilowatts (kW) from the Midwest to ... common point and Californiatypically with a total capacity of 1,500 kW multiplied by the number of ... maximum output at the same time. Thus, the capacity of the long-distance transmission line could be ...

Triage study challenges notions of emergency medical response to disaster

... model, he says. Those factors include the capacity of medical facilities to deal with the wounded ... either in the field or at the site of care; the capacity of local centers to care for incoming wounded and ... short term is high but you have a really large capacity to care for the injured -- we can now show how ...

ERS-2 data vital for maritime security

... ERS-2 provides a more detailed view. This unique capacity is approaching update times of conventional ... of ERS-2 will provide the necessary additional capacity to maintain the uninterrupted data flow that is ... information services by bringing together the capacity of Europe to collect and manage data and ...

High-tech vehicle design boosts emergency rescue capacity

... possible. The 4 SAVE project therefore set out to increase the carrying capacity of rescue vehicles by developing a self-supporting double-deck ... to Unimog off-road vehicle subframes. Different approach The high capacity model developed in the EUREKA project demanded a different approach from ...

Playing it safe

... genes, viruses or reprogramming proteins. These stem cells have the capacity to generate all types of body tissue. The culture conditions alone were ... is just about deemed "multi-potent", that is, as having a limited capacity for differentiation, by others. Greater certainty can be provided by ...

Key to evolutionary fitness: Cut the calories

... indicates that, ordinarily, the hares are operating at below their maximum capacity and shows that this is not due to any kind of physiological constraint, such as length of digestive tract or maximum capacity of mammary glands. Also, as the hares were provided with plentiful food, ...

Engineering innovative solutions for 21st century medicine

... of clinicians, biomedical scientists and world-class engineers with the capacity to invent high-tech solutions to medical challenges, potentially improving ... of what they need to make their lives better. Medical imaging has the capacity to give my patients access to new tools for earlier and more precise ...

'Shortcuts' of the mind lead to miscalculations of weight and caloric intake, says Penn study

... the human brain processes information. The mind has evolved to develop a capacity to free up our conscious thinking for dangerous and reproductive ... common or repetitive situations or tasks from our awareness because the capacity of our consciousness is quite limited. What ties these studies together ...

Protein regulates movement of mitochondria in brain cells

... in the cell, which the organelles can rapidly absorb and store. This capacity is important, particularly in instances when calcium levels in the cell ... More mitochondria in the correct position may mean the cell has a greater capacity to filter out toxic levels of calcium. Rempe and his colleagues are now ...

Discovery raises new doubts about dinosaur-bird links

... made a fundamental new discovery about how birds breathe and have a lung capacity that allows for flight and the finding means it's unlikely that birds ... to their lung function, which in turn is what gives them enough lung capacity for flight." However, every other animal that has walked on land, the ...

Hunt for 'climate-ready' crops accelerates as organizations search seed collections worldwide

... Organization's Global Partnership Initiative for Plant Breeding capacity (GIPB). "We want to support scientists to probe crop genebanks for ... Organization's Global Partnership Initiative for Plant Breeding capacity (GIPB) is supporting efforts by plant breeders to use such information to ...

URI receives $18 million grant to strengthen biomedical research capacity in Rhode Island

... of the National Institutes of Health to strengthen biomedical research capacity in Rhode Island. One of the largest grants in the University's history, ... Excellence program, which is tasked with building biomedical research capacity in states that have historically received low funding for research from ...

Caffeine appears to be beneficial in males -- but not females -- with Lou Gehrig's disease

... It is worth noting that coffee has significantly more antioxidant capacity than cocoa and green, black or herbal teas. However, coffee contains ... study, entitled Caffeine Reduces Motor Performance and Antioxidant Enzyme capacity in the Brain of Female G93A Mice, An Animal Model of Amyotrophic Lateral ...

Caffeine appears to be beneficial in males -- but not females -- with Lou Gehrig's disease

... It is worth noting that coffee has significantly more antioxidant capacity than cocoa and green, black or herbal teas. However, coffee contains ... study, entitled Caffeine Reduces Motor Performance and Antioxidant Enzyme capacity in the Brain of Female G93A Mice, An Animal Model of Amyotrophic Lateral ...

Is the Dead Sea dying?

... or Mediterranean-Dead Sea Channels therefore need a significant carrying capacity to re-fill the Dead Sea to its former level, in order to sustainably ... The authors conclude that either of these channels will require a carrying capacity of more than 0.9 km3 per year to slowly fill the lake back to its levels ...

Agriculture project helps bring 'PEACE' to Afghanistan

... improve their livelihood. The Pastoral Engagement, Adaptation and capacity Enhancement, or PEACE, project was created to help the Kuchi improve ... their livestock, added Schloeder, a research scientist working in the capacity of pastoral ecologist. "We've been collecting data to monitor the ...
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(Date:4/9/2015)... SAN JOSE, Calif. , April 9, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... of human interface solutions, announced today that it will ... 2015 on Thursday, April 23, 2015, after the close ... call for analysts and investors at 2:00 p.m. PT ... information.    To participate on the live ...
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