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Caloric in Biological News

Experts lay to rest long-held misconceptions about high fructose corn syrup at ILSI-USDA workshop

... the same way in our bodies." Increased caloric Intake, Not a Single Sweetener, the Likely Cause ... and misleading," concluded John S. White, Ph.D., caloric sweetener expert and president of White Technical ... appear to contribute to obesity more than other caloric sweeteners." Even former critics of high ...

Eating less may not extend life

... study predict the anti-aging strategy known as caloric restriction may be a pointless, frustrating and ... Health Science Center, compared the life span and caloric intake of two genetically engineered strains of ... over its adult life. That strain benefited from caloric restriction, Sohal said. The "lean" strain, ...

Substance in red wine found to keep hearts young

... the heart-healthy effects of what is known as caloric restriction, diets with 20 to 30 percent fewer ... because it suggests that resveratrol and caloric restriction, which has been widely studied in ... of resveratrol (on genes) were comparable to caloric restriction, the hallmark for life extension." ...

Mouse study: When it comes to living longer, it's better to go hungry than go running

... their calorie intake, had a similar outcome: caloric restriction has physiological benefits that ... Taken together, these findings indicate that caloric restriction protects against disease better than ... to the tissues and DNA. Another theory is that caloric restriction leads to physiological changes which ...

Eat less or exercise more? Either way leads to more youthful hearts

... studies that we've conducted with members of the caloric Restriction with Optimal Nutrition Society ... group and increased their exercise to burn the caloric equivalent of the other group's caloric reduction. The exercise group exercised about six ...

Mom's obesity during conception phase may set the stage for offspring's obesity risk

... liquid diets via enteral nutrition at one of two caloric levels: (1) the caloric level recommended by the National Research ... experiments, the rats consuming the normal caloric intake had weight gains similar to controls while ...

Severely restricted diet linked to physical fitness into old age

... The study, using a rat model of life-time caloric restriction, showed that the diet reduces the ... closer. This is the first study to report that caloric restriction reduced production in visceral fat of ... You said that a more moderate form of caloric restriction, 8 percent, is achievable in humans, ...

The way you eat may affect your risk for breast cancer

... defining the underlying causes and determining the relevance of these caloric restriction methods. Pollak is professor of oncology at McGill University ... both in Montreal. This study "contributes to accumulating evidence that caloric restriction acts by altering hormone levels rather than by directly ...

Women double fruit, veggie intake with switch to Mediterranean diet plan

... diet to make a plan for each participant. The new plan maintained the caloric and total fat intakes that the participants consumed at the beginning of ... women to make major changes in their diet, without changes in their caloric or total fat intake," says lead author Zora Djuric, Ph.D., research ...

Feed a cold, feed a fever: Research shows calorie cut makes it harder to fight flu

... die during the first few days of infection than mice with a normal diet. caloric restriction is the practice of reducing the intake of calories to 40 ... the mechanisms responsible for decreased immune function during caloric restriction. Her research in nutritional immunology will lead to a better ...

Scientists learn how food affects the brain

... basis to explain this." Controlled meal-skipping or intermittent caloric restriction might provide health benefits, he said. Excess calories can ... of cells to damage by causing the formation of free radicals. Moderate caloric restriction could protect the brain by reducing oxidative damage to ...

Following traumatic brain injury, balanced nutrition saves lives

... respectively. Also, the study reports that every 10kcal/kg decrease in caloric intake was associated with a 30󈞔 percent increase in mortality ... that as many as 62 percent of the patients studied never met this level of caloric intake. "I think these findings say a lot about using what we know from ...

Study confirms that low-calorie sweeteners are helpful in weight control

... Behavioral Neuroscience. The February study, A Role for Sweet Taste: caloric Predictive Relations in Energy Regulation by Rats, alleges a link between ... agree that weight loss is best achieved by a combination of reducing caloric intake, lowering energy density of the diet, and increasing physical ...

UF scientists reveal how dietary restriction cleans cells

... recycle damaged parts so they can maintain efficient energy production. caloric restriction is a way to extend life in animals. If you give them less ... be activated without inflicting dietary stress. What if we bypass the caloric restriction and find a way of increasing autophagy" asked Dunn. That is, ...

UTMB study identifies women at risk of gaining excessive weight with injectable birth control

... with insulin action. Previous findings seem to argue against the theory that weight gain could be due to the drug's perceived effects on increased caloric intake and decreased energy expenditure, but ongoing research is needed to confirm or discount varying possible explanations. DMPA is an injected ...

Recent news reports of sweetener reformulations raise questions about motivations

... LaRue Huget wrote on June 12, "most nutrition experts now agree there's really little material difference" between high fructose corn syrup and other caloric sweeteners. She added "They all deliver about 15-20 calories per teaspoon, and the human body appears not to know one from the other." A June 25 ...

Powerful nutrient cocktail can put kids with Crohn's into remission

... into remission." To induce remission, children need to be on nutrition therapy for 6-8 weeks. And in order to maintain remission, 25-50% of their caloric intake must be supplied by nutrition therapy, sometimes for years. This is why children experiencing the treatment need the support of physicians, ...

Test detects molecular marker of aging in humans

... "We found a very weak correlation between the biomarker and obesity as measured by body mass index (BMI) despite other data suggesting that caloric restriction slows aging. The data suggest the possibility that reduced exercise may actually be worse with regard to molecular age than a higher ....

'Shortcuts' of the mind lead to miscalculations of weight and caloric intake, says Penn study

... estimates of the models' weights. When estimating calories, study participants assumed portion sizes were culturally typical and guessed no caloric differences between small and large portions. The findings are akin to asking a room full of people to calculate the volume of a box when given ...

Harvard scientist says we are what we eat -- and what we cook

... from other species." Drawing on a wide body of research, Wrangham makes the case that cooking makes eating faster and easier, and wrings more caloric benefit from food. Moreover, he writes, cooking is vitally important to supporting the outsize human brain, which consumes a quarter of the body's ...

LSUHSC public health researcher finds reason for weight gain

... will be overweight or obese by 2015. "Today, Americans consume 150-300 more calories a day than they did 30 years ago," notes Dr. Chen, "and caloric beverages account for approximately 50% of this increase." The researchers followed 810 men and women, 25-79 years old, whose 24 hour dietary ...

Liking sweets makes sense for kids

... related to children's high growth rate. "The relationship between sweet preference and growth makes intuitive sense because when growth is rapid, caloric demands increase. Children are programmed to like sweet taste because it fills a biological need by pushing them towards energy sources," said ...

Pure fructose frequently confused with high fructose corn syrup

... about high fructose corn syrup and obesity, stating that "high fructose syrup does not appear to contribute to obesity more than other caloric sweeteners." Even former critics of high fructose corn syrup dispelled long-held myths and distanced themselves from earlier speculation about the ...

Social support during breast-feeding helps humans have more children

... dietary needs, especially during the early period of lactation. The women who did not have social support had a more difficult time meeting their caloric needs and suffered a great deal." And that scenario, even in conditions without technological machinery to get work done, demonstrates the stark ...

Results of the third school nutrition dietary assessment study published

... generally low-nutrient, energy-dense foods, including candy, desserts, salty snacks, french fries, muffins, donuts, sweet rolls, toaster pastries and caloric beverages other than milk or 100% fruit juice. In a second commentary, Nancy Montanez Johner, Undersecretary, Food, Nutrition and Consumer ...

Intervention method reduces binge drinking

... by e-CHUG (www.e-chug.com), provides students with information to help motivate them to decrease their alcohol consumption. Information such as caloric intake, comparisons to other students on campus, income spent on alcohol, negative consequences of alcohol use and local referral information are ...

Brain enzyme may play key role in controlling appetite and weight gain

... then send out signals telling other parts of the brain to adjust food intake, metabolic rates, and physical activity accordingly keeping the body's caloric intake in balance with calories burned. To learn more about these nutrient-sensing pathways and how they go awry in metabolic disorders, ...

Guidelines urge physical activity during pregnancy

... and improving her mood. Physical activity after pregnancy also helps women achieve and maintain a healthy weight, and when combined with appropriate caloric restriction, promotes weight loss. "In the time I have been performing research on exercise during pregnancy, we have shifted from cautious ...

Decline in Alaskan sea otters affects bald eagles' diet

... and his colleagues also found that the eagles had more young on average during 2000-2002, a fact that Anthony believes might be a result of a high caloric content in the eagles' increasingly seabird-dominated diet. "Across the range of this species, their diet can be quite varied, but here it appears ...

Researchers note differences between people and animals on calorie restriction

... Assessment of the Long term Effects of Reducing Intake of Energy), the project randomly divided 48 people into three groups: Eighteen cut their caloric intake by 25 percent for one year. Another 18 started exercising to increase their energy expenditure by 25 percent for a year. A third group of 10 ...

Older people who diet without exercising lose valuable muscle mass

... diet Those who exercised could either walk on a treadmill or ride a stationary bicycle, although most chose to walk. The dieters reduced their caloric intake to achieve a 10% weight loss by the end of the four-month study period. The final group combined both the daily exercise and the diet. ...

Cutting calories could limit muscle wasting in later years

... mitochondria in aging animals, but a breakdown in how iron is transported through cells could be one reason why, Leeuwenburgh said. Understanding how caloric restriction limits the problem in rats could help researchers better understand how to combat it, he added. Russell T. Hepple, Ph.D., an ...

Long-term study of middle-aged mice shows

... and motor coordination. "In this study, we wanted to determine whether or not resveratrol, which imparts many of the same health benefits as caloric restriction in mice, does so by inducing a physiology similar to dietary restriction," says study co-author David Sinclair, Ph.D., a Sirtris ...

Weekends slow weight loss, researchers find

... to carefully monitor daily body weight, calorie intake and calorie expenditure for several weeks throughout a year, and to demonstrate that increased caloric intake isn't just a problem during the holidays. It also happens on most weekends. "We thought weekends would present a problem for some people ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- June 25, 2008

... that these insights could lead to new ways of boosting human longevity. JS ARTICLE #2 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE "Combined Effect of Gender and caloric Restriction on Liver Proteomic Expression Profile" DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ARTICLE http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/pr800086t CONTACT: Adamo Valle, ...

Caloric intake negatively influences healthy adults' sleep patterns

... WESTCHESTER, Ill. caloric intake negatively influences sleep patterns in healthy adults, according to a research abstract that will be presented on Tuesday at SLEEP 2008, the ...

A Great Lakes mystery: The case of the disappearing species

... provides Chinook salmon well over 80 percent of its food, have declined in growth rates, condition - measured as the ratio of weight to length - and caloric density since Diporeia populations began declining, said Charles Madenjian, research fishery biologist with the United States Geologic Survey. ...

New technique determines the number of fat cells remains constant in all body types

... adulthood. The group looked at whether the number of fat cells changes under extreme conditions such as drastic weight loss by radical reduction in caloric intake, such as through bariatric surgery. The treatment resulted in a significant decrease in BMI and fat cell volume; however, it did not reduce ...

How what and how much we eat (and drink) affects our risk of cancer

... growth, proliferation, and survival, said Tricia Moore, lead author of the study. Dietary energy balance refers to the balance between caloric intake and energy expenditure, according to the report. Previous findings from both epidemiological and experimental studies suggest chronic positive ...

Nutrition research unveiled this week shows pistachios are smart for the heart

... It tested three cholesterol-lowering diets, one without pistachio consumption and two with varied levels of pistachios in relation to total caloric intake (on average, 1.5 ounces and 3.0 ounces). All diets provided the same amount of saturated fat and cholesterol, but different amounts of ...
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