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Burns in Biological News

Music is the engine of new U-M lab-on-a-chip device

... all over your house to power all those channels," burns said. "There's one cable signal that gets ... to move a given drop faster or slower." burns describes the set-up as the reverse of a bell ... "I think this is a very clever system," burns said. "It's a way to make the connections between ...

Alzheimer's disease drug treats traumatic brain injury, report GUMC researchers

... brain injury victims, some of whom are children, burns says. It is also known that people who experience ... risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. burns says that buildup of beta amyloid occurs in a ... Alzheimer's disease and traumatic brain injury, burns says, and show that "modulation of beta and gamma ...

Highlights from the March editions of ESA journals

... Monographs . 1. Fuel removal and prescribed burns reduce wildfire severity but may invite invasives ... large-diameter trees, a combination of prescribed burns and mechanical fuel removal achieved the best ... sites. In addition, a combination of prescribed burns and mechanical thinning increased the incidence ...

Alzheimer's disease therapeutic prevents long-term damage from TBI in pre-clinical studies

... now, these were just interesting observations," burns says. "In this study we show that the same ... that can last weeks, months, and even years, burns says. This damage comes from apoptosis, which is ... hippocampus of their brain as control mice did," burns says. "The experiment with the genetically ...

What a sleep study can reveal about fibromyalgia

... assessments and reduce the cost of sleep studies, burns noted. For example, MTRI and UM have developed an ... are reaping the benefits of the collaboration, burns said. Not only can automated technology improve ... or a bed partner while they are asleep. burns and Chervin published the results of that study ...

Pioneering landscape-scale research releases first findings

... research is intended to examine how controlled burns and changes in forest structure affect fire risk, ... the largest trees. They also completed controlled burns in half of each plot. The team found that five ... on the experimental forest. Controlled burns had little effect on the growth of large trees, ...

Potentially harmful chemicals found in forest fire smoke

... State University researchers. These researchers were doing controlled burns of ponderosa pines, underbrush and other fuels at the Forest Service Fire ... vigorously the fire burns. Smoldering fires such as those in controlled burns produce more of the compounds than blazing fires such as those fanned by ...

Australia's most endangered snake might need burning

... might take several forms, say the study's authors. Regular, controlled burns might open up the forest canopy and prevent tree seedling establishment on ... rock escarpments favoured by the reptiles. Alternatively, if controlled burns are deemed too expensive or too dangerous to implement, then foresters ...

Where optics meets medicine

... these crucial eye exams. To develop a patient-friendly alternative, burns and his colleagues turned to adaptive optics that uses a confocal scanning ... without operator intervention once frames were chosen for alignment," burns says. Presentation FWW6, "Constructing Human Retinal Capillary Maps ...

Weill Cornell science briefs June/July 2008

... at 212-746-2349. Wii-habilitation: Using Video Games to Heal burns Also Using "Guitar Hero" Game Video games -- often regarded as ... resemble notes. Therapists hope that Guitar Hero will help patients with burns on their hands, arms and shoulders to regain fine-motor control. ...

Scorched Earth millenium map shows 'fire scars'

... The map reveals that between 3.5 and 4.5 million km2 of vegetation burns on an annual basis. This is an area equivalent to the European Union ... providing global coverage on almost a daily basis. When vegetation burns the amount of reflected energy is altered, long enough for us to make an ...

Test helps in fight against lung infections and for treating other life-threatening infections

... the bioFILM PA™ test shows potential for use on other serious bacterial biofilm infections caused by this bacterium, such as chronic pneumonia, burns and wounds. Furthermore, Innovotech™ has development plans in place for companion products to bioFILM PA™ that will address biofilm ...

Nanodiamonds deliver insulin for wound healing

... Bacterial infection is a major health threat to patients with severe burns and other kinds of serious wounds such as traumatic bone fractures. Recent studies have identified an important new weapon for fighting infection and ...

New discovery suggests trees evolved camouflage defense against long extinct predator

... and in response they have evolved a variety of defences to deter predators such as thorns and noxious chemicals," said lead researcher Dr Kevin burns from Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. "In contrast animals often use colours to hide from predators or advertise defences, but until ...

Healing power of aloe vera proves beneficial for teeth and gums, too

... CHICAGO (July 17, 2009) - The aloe vera plant has a long history of healing power. Its ability to heal burns and cuts and soothe pain has been documented as far back as the 10th century. Legend has it that Cleopatra used aloe vera to keep her skin soft. The ...

Prenatal meth exposure linked to abnormal brain development

... of childbearing age, leading to an increasing number of children with prenatal meth exposure," said study author Linda Chang, MD, with the John A. burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai`i at Mānoa in Honolulu. "But until now, the effects of prenatal meth exposure on the developing brain ...

ADA releases updated position statement on functional foods

... of California Davis; and Amy C. Brown, PhD, RD, Department of Complementary and Alternative Medicine at the University of Hawaii's John A. burns School of Medicine. The paper includes definitions of the term as used in different countries and notes "functional foods" is not a legal term but ...

Therapeutic cloning gets a boost with new research findings

... University of Texas at San Antonio, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio and The University of Hawaii at Honolulu's John A. burns School of Medicine. The team, which spent more than five years analyzing mutation rates and types in cloned Big Blue mouse fetuses recently ...

K-State researchers work with university in Ghana to create biofuels from native tree seeds

... and Azadirachta indica -- also known as neem -- have seeds with high oil content. They now are finalizing the analysis of the lipids in the seeds. burns will present the work March 30 at K-State's African Issues Symposium: Food Security, Environmental Sustainability and Human Health, ...

Study critiques corn-for-ethanol's carbon footprint

... led the study. Making ethanol from corn reduces atmospheric releases of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide because the CO2 emitted when the ethanol burns is "canceled out" by the carbon dioxide taken in by the next crop of growing plants, which use it in photosynthesis. That means equivalent amounts of ...

Key to 'curing' obesity may lie in worms that destroy their own fat: McGill researchers

... a few days. This is because they lack an enzyme that blocks the activity of a very important triglyceride lipase. Without this regulation the lipase burns up all the fat it encounters and destroys the worm's energy reserves." This discovery was a near-accidental by-product of Roy's regular line of ...

Oklahoma EPSCoR receives $20 million for biofuels research

... conversion processes of cellulosic biomass. "OSU is so glad to play a major role in this pivotal area of research," said OSU President burns Hargis. "As many in our state and nation deal with fluctuating fuel costs, it is encouraging to know that researchers - not only from OSU but also ...

'Fingerprinting' method tracks mercury emissions from coal

... was more challenging because of the difficulty of extracting and concentrating mercury from coal. The researchers developed a system that slowly burns the coal under controlled conditions in a series of furnaces and then traps the mercury that is released. More work is needed to perfect the ...

New process derives 'green gasoline' from plant sugars

... such upgrading processes. "This is the same fuel we're currently using, just from a different source," says Dumesic. "It's not something that burns like it it is it." ...

Older people who diet without exercising lose valuable muscle mass

... loss by the end of the four-month study period. The final group combined both the daily exercise and the diet. Exercise increases efficiency, burns more fat The researchers measured how many calories the participants expended during a set work load on a stationary bicycle at the beginning and ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Sept. 10, 2008

... the engine. Results of their initial simulations showed that the FPLA could accelerate three times faster than other internal combustion engines and burns fuel in ways that minimize air pollution. "It is an environmentally friendly power source for the future," the report concludes. AD ARTICLE #3 ...

Engineers create bone that blends into tendons

... Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Garcia and former graduate student Jennifer Phillips, along with research technician Kellie burns and their collaborators Joseph Le Doux and Robert Guldberg, were not only able to create artificial bone that melds into softer tissues, but were ...

UCSB chemistry professor receives top military award for life-saving gauze

... task, the Navy wanted a solution within six months. QuikClot, though effective in stanching blood flow, had the potential to cause second-degree burns around the wound. Stucky and his UCSB research team developed a "cooler formulation" of the product, eliminating the possibility of heat generation ...

Hot peppers really do bring the heat

... relaxation and renewing the cycle. Capsaicin, however, can attach to SERCA and "uncouple" this pumping activity; that is, the protein still burns ATP energy but doesn't use it to pump calcium. Instead, all the ATP energy is given off as heat. This uncoupling, known as thermogenesis, is one ...

Hyperviscous fluids: Better treatment for severe blood loss

... several medical research teams, including one led by Dr. Raul Coimbra, professor of surgery and chief, Division of Trauma, Surgical Critical Care and burns at UC San Diego Medical Center, have investigated the effects of hypertonic saline for almost 20 years. Our level-1 trauma center at UC San Diego is ...

Scientists discover how nanocluster contaminants increase risk of spreading

... with different numbers of plutonium atoms and she plans to examine -- together with her collaborators S. Skanthakumar, Richard Wilson and Peter burns of Argonnes Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division-- the unique electric and magnetic properties of the clusters. ...

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, April 2008

... operation, less waste disposal and other benefits over water-cooled reactor designs used in U.S. nuclear power plants. But creating fuel that burns efficiently and reliably in the higher temperatures of advanced gas reactors has been a challenge -- until now. Fuel fabricated at Oak Ridge National ...

Elsevier launches new journal: Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering

... and a niche in the integration of previously disparate disciplines. Natural gas use is currently growing across all economic sectors. Natural gas burns cleaner than oil or coal, and this environmental benefit has encouraged its use. While decades ago, natural gas was seen as an unwanted by-product of ...

Beyond the book: Software automates access to brain atlases

... more user-friendly. The same viewing system, burns believes, can help neuroscientists store, organize and use data from ongoing experiments. burns was part of a team of computer experts and ... lab, according to the paper on the project burns co-authored, published this month in the online ...

Spray-on skin relieves emotional trauma for child burn victims

... Spray-on skin is helping child burns victims cope with the trauma of scarring, ... Researchers at the Stuart Pegg Paediatric burns Centre and UQ's Department of Psychiatry ... family functioned. Internationally renowned burns specialist Associate Professor Roy Kimble said ...

Microscopic scaffolding offers a 'simple' solution to treating skin injuries

... Research Council. It is designed primarily for cases involving extensive burns where surgeons are unable to take enough skin grafts from elsewhere on the ... resemble natural skin. "Ultimately, we can envisage treatment of burns victims and the undertaking of reconstructive surgery using the scaffold ...

A cherry on top: Tart cherries may alter heart/diabetes factors

... messenger RNA in the liver reflects the readiness of the liver tissue to express functional PPAR. PPAR is important to the process by which the body burns fat instead of storing it, and it is important in the formation of blood lipids like LDL, typically known as the "bad cholesterol". Drugs in the ...

Cryoablation -- A new treatment option for some kidney tumor patients

... ablation techniques, and have treated nearly 300 kidney tumors either with radiofrequency ablation or cryoablation. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) burns away the tumor, while cryoablation freezes it. Mayo Clinic doctors had previous experience with liver tumor cryoablation when they added kidney ...

Novel experiment documents evolution of genome in near-real time

... gene to change because a wide variety of cellular process would be affected; it's like replacing the wiring system in a building when a light bulb burns out. But we repeated the experiment more than 50 times and mutations in the RNA polymerase gene appeared again and again." The researchers ...
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