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Budding in Biological News

Embryology study offers clues to birth defects

... the gene fibroblast growth factor 8 (Fgf8) during the period when forelimb budding occurs, creating a suitable environment for the creation of forelimb buds. ... required for limb patterning, but rather is necessary to initiate the limb budding process. We also found that retinoic acid was unnecessary for hindlimb ...

Entrepreneurs wanted for NJIT workshops about how to launch a business

... wraps up at 11:30 a.m. discussing available resources at NJIT to assist a budding entrepreneur. The group breaks for a box lunch from noon to 12:30 p.m. ... format includes a morning session featuring four important topics that all budding entrepreneurs need to know. The afternoon will provide a time for ...

Crustacean shell with polyester creates mixed-fiber material for nerve repair

... an immune response and the material is weak in wet environments, such as those inside the body. The strength of the nerve guide is important for budding nerve cells. "This conduit serves as a guide to protect the neuron from injury," Zhang said. "If the tube is made of collagen, it's difficult to ...

Gene therapy could expand stem cells' promise

... would rig certain genes to respond to a "remote control" signal. For instance, giving a certain drug could prompt a "suicide" gene to kill a budding tumor. But gene therapy also needs to be carefully done and, ideally, two independent gene-manipulation systems would be used to ensure that stem ...

Winners announced in the Elsevier Grand Challenge

... between the participants. We hope the Challenge and our planned conference on the Future of Research Communication can stimulate the formation of a budding community to work on new ways of publishing science." ...

Scientists study full protein content of 'baker's yeast'

... human body, such as cell cycle proteins and signalling proteins, were first discovered through the study of Saccharomyces cerevisiae a species of budding yeast, thought to have been originally isolated on the skins of grapes. Commonly used in baking and brewing it shares the complex cell structure of ...

Biologists discover link between CGG repeats in DNA and neurological disorders

... division. For the new research, Mirkin and his team analyzed different cloned CGG repeats in a mammalian cell culture line called COS-1 and in budding yeast cells. The researchers found that short triplets do not cause any problems. When the repeats got longer, however, the replication machinery got ...

Study on wildlife corridors shows how they work over time

... there are five strange looking "patches" cleared out of the surrounding forest. No, they're not crop circles carved by aliens. They're actually budding longleaf pine forest ecosystems. Biologists at Washington University in St. Louis and their collaborators at North Carolina State University, the ...

Technique controls nanoparticle size, makes large numbers

... being used in many applicationscosmetics, microelectronicsbut now you are going to use it for tires. With all of these new applications come budding new fields of study. One area is nanotoxicology, which researches the health and environmental safety of new materials containing nanoparticles. To ...

New hypothesis for origin of life proposed

... origin of life by saying, I picture all the molecules of early life evolving and rearranging among mica sheets in a communal fashion for eons before budding off with cell membranes and spreading out to populate the world. ...

Family conditions may affect when girls experience puberty

... 120 of the children (73 or whom were girls) when they were in first grade, and the development of secondary sexual characteristicssuch as breast budding and the growth of body hairin 180 girls when they were in fifth grade. Children living in families with greater parental supportiveness (from both ...

Professor Sir Martin Evans wins Nobel Prize for Medicine

... week, Lord Sainsbury, the Chancellor and I launched a new strategy to make Britain a world leader in science and technology. It is my hope that our budding young scientists will follow the lead of Sir Martin Evans and that the UK can produce many more Nobel Prize winners in the years ahead. The ...

DNA replication behavior in complex organisms may foreshadow leaps in genomic discoveries

... genetic materials identical to parent cells. This duplication occurs in the section of the cell cycle known as the S-phase. Extensive research on the budding yeast, an organism often used in modern cell biology research, had revealed that the replication process is initiated at hundreds of origins in the ...

Features of replication suggest viruses have common themes, vulnerabilities

... to enter and newly made viral genomes to exit. The virus begins to co-opt the cell as a critical viral protein and viral RNA localize to the budding organelles, Ahlquist explains. "The virus takes over most of the available membrane. The protein creates a shell inside the spherule" to provide ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Aug. 8, 2007

... article concludes. ARTICLE #5 EMBARGOED FOR 9 A.M., EASTERN TIME, August 15, 2007 In hot pursuit: Instrument makers harness technology to pursue budding applications for their tools This story will be available on August 15 at http://pubs.acs.org/cen/business/85/8533bus1.html FOR ADVANCE ...

Virginia Tech's System X supercomputer provides super tool for simulation of cell division

... protein interactions regulating the cell cycle of budding yeast (the yeast cells familiar to bakers and ... "Such fundamental research on the cell cycle of budding yeast provides a basis for understanding the ... of many pathogens," Tyson said. For the budding yeast cell cycle, the experimental data consists ...

Linheng Li Lab documents the development of cancer stem cells

... to changes that may increase the number of stem cells and change their position or location," said Dr. Li. "These changes result in crypt fission and budding and can lead to intestinal polyposis and uncontrolled tumor growth." "All of us were very excited to be part of these efforts to reveal basic ...

Evolution and the workaround

... how pathogens and cancer cells mutate to evade the body’s defenses and resist treatment with drugs. The Stowers researchers used the benign budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as their model organism and deleted a key cell division gene called MYO1. Surely, eliminating this important gene ...

Next good dinosaur news likely to come from small packages

... team from Michigan, the Smithsonian and York and Cardiff Universities in the UK to track down these building blocks of bone. Ostrom works in a budding area known as paleoproteomics. Like conventional paleontologists, the search is to reveal the history of life on Earth. But tacking on proteomics ...

Hyena mothers give their cubs a helpful dose of hormones

... that a dominant hyena puts her cubs on the road to success before they are born by passing on high levels of certain hormones that make her budding young leaders more aggressive and sexually advanced. The report, published in the April 27 issue of Nature, is the first study in mammals to ...

Fungus Effective Against Winged Termites

... Most signs of spring, like budding trees, are worth celebrating. But for many in the South, the annual emergence of fertile, winged termites swarming furiously to scatter and search ...

Study reveals candidate targets for anti-retroviral therapeutics

... in the May issue of Genome Research. Many organisms harbor mobile genetic elements that are non-pathogenic molecular relatives of retroviruses. In budding yeast, these mobile elements (called Ty ?or transposable yeast ?elements) encode proteins that are homologs of retroviral proteins. The proteins ...

Hirsute Or Hairless? Two Proteins May Spell The Difference

... form. Their experiments point to two key actors in a signaling pathway that molds a targeted cluster of cells into a hair bud. During the budding process, overlapping signaling pathways from two adjacent embryonic cell layers—the epithelium and the mesenchyme—direct morphogenesis. The ...

Critical role in programmed cell death identified

... makes worms a great model to analyze how cell death is induced, " Conradt said. Mitochondria are dynamic structures, constantly changing shape, budding and fusing. In cells instructed to die, the mitochondria tend to become smaller or fragment, but whether this fragmentation is a requirement for cell ...
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(Date:9/30/2014)... the environmental effects of moorland burning is published today ... with the aim of relieving tensions on both sides ... EMBER (Effects of Moorland Burning on the Ecohydrology of ... moorland, which is practised predominantly to support red grouse ... peat hydrology, peat chemistry and physical properties, river water ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... have in common? Unlike most eukaryotic multicellular organisms ... these organisms are all polyploid, meaning they have three ... 3 and 4 sets of chromosomes, respectively, and strawberries ... fact most plant species are polyploid. Polyploidy, or genome ... only recently, with the development of molecular tools, has ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... team of environmental scientists and engineers, led by ... a three-year, $5.25 million grant from the U.S. ... Research to make a direct positive impact on ... and disposal of radioactive contaminants. , "Understanding the ... dealing with environmental aspects of nuclear technologies is ...
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