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Breed in Biological News

A recipe for dog bite injuries: Kids, dogs and warm weather

... of the injuries. Pit bull terriers were the breed most commonly reported or identified as the ... of their notoriety. However, Behar notes that the breed of dog often wasn't known or wasn't recorded. ... as much information as possible, including breed and sex of the dog, spay or neuter status, ...

Early environment may be key to determining bird migration location

... in their first year may help determine where they breed for the rest of their lives, a factor that could ... within several hundred miles, where they will breed over their lifetime, said Colin Studds, the ... isotopes in feathers of redstarts arriving to breed in Maryland, we plan to ask whether birds ...

Science, not romance, controls mating at Smithsonian's National Zoo

... will shut down ovulation, making it difficult to breed them with the male cheetahs. In order to create ... exhibit, biologists began studying how to breed Hercules beetles in captivity. These insects are most active and ready to breed after dark, but when brought into human care, ...

Report: African, Asian, Latin American farm animals face extinction

... causing the loss of an average of one livestock breed every month according to a recently released ... will not even know the true value of an existing breed until it?s already gone. This is why we need to ... diversity and is likely to be a hotspot of breed losses in this century.? But setting up ...

Mother's little helpers

... adaptation enables the birds to live longer and breed more often than females without helpers. The ... egg laying. As a result, they live longer and breed more often than females with no helpers. The ... in the future. Superb fairy-wrens sometimes breed as pairs, and sometimes as pairs assisted by ...

Savanna habitat drives birds, and perhaps others, to cooperative breeding

... environment, it pays evolutionarily to live and breed in social groups that will help you weather the ... most birds, females leave the group to try to breed elsewhere, so it is the males who often hang ... to the nestlings. Although they may occasionally breed with females in the group, the helpers often ...

Mary had a lot of lambs: Researchers identify way to accelerate sheep breeding

... researchers have discovered an unusual form of a gene that prompts ewes to breed out of season as well as conceive at younger ages and more frequently. ... of the M allele has been definitively correlated with the ability to breed out of season, the researchers caution that it may only be a marker for ...

Coral face 'a stormy future'

... the world's coral reefs face increased disruption to their ability to breed and recover from damage. That's one of the findings from a new ... depends critically on recruitment the ability of the corals to breed successfully and settle on the reef to form new colonies. Our research ...

UIC biologists use DNA to study migration of threatened whale sharks

... and weigh over 20 tons, a whale shark's range can span oceans. They do not breed until they are about 25 to 30 years old, so it will take a long time for ... they have been studied primarily near shore, while mature animals may breed and give birth out in the open ocean. Nor is much known about neonatal or ...

Two from one: Pitt research maps out evolution of genders from hermaphroditic ancestors

... genes that led to male and female sex chromosomes. With the ability to breed but spared the inbred defects of hermaphrodites, the separate sexes ... sterile, cannot reproduce, and, thus, die out. The single-sex plants breed not only with one another but also with hermaphroditic plants and pass on ...

Genetic data promises new future for kiwi fruit

... of crucial genetic data which fruit breeders say will help them naturally breed new varieties with increased health properties and exciting colours and ... a MAS breeding programme, breeders use traditional crossing techniques to breed new varieties which are then assessed for their commercial potential by ...

Multithreaded supercomputer seeks software for data-intensive computing

... RICHLAND, Wash. -- The newest breed of supercomputers have hardware set up not just for speed, but also to ... to complex biological networks. The difference between the new breed and traditional supercomputers is how they access data, a difference that ...

New computer applications allow to classify Iberian pig meat automatically

... of the spectrum. They have worked with 30 porcine animals, 15 of white breed and 15 more of pure Iberian breed . They have carried out, in all of them, the quantification of the ...

Relevance of rice research recognized

... research stations. Dr. Brar, who performs so-called wide crosses to breed into commercial varieties desirable characteristics of wild species of ... which stated that Under his leadership, the IRRI has redoubled efforts to breed strains of rice that can survive both drought and flooding, preparing for ...

Organic food not nutritionally better than conventionally-produced food

... quality, the studies had to provide information on the organic certification scheme from which the foodstuffs were derived, the cultivar of crop or breed of livestock analysed, the nutrient or other nutritionally relevant substance assessed, the laboratory analytical methods used, and the methods used ...

Biologists rediscover endangered frog population

... University of California and California Department of Fish and Game. The San Diego Zoo's Institute for Conservation Research was the first to breed a mountain yellow-legged frog in captivity. That amphibian has recently morphed from a tadpole into a froglet, or juvenile frog. "Historically, ...

Horse whisperers, lion tamers not needed: Scientists find genetic regions that soothe savage beasts

... the process, and this research provides a solid scientific explanation of this phenomenon, and offers clues about how genomes can be manipulated to breed tame animals of species once believed to be untamable." ...

A quicker, cheaper SARS virus detector -- one easily customizable for other targets

... Members of a USC-led research team say they've made a big improvement in a new breed of electronic detectors for viruses and other biological materials one that may be a valuable addition to the battle against epidemics. It ...

Hunt for 'climate-ready' crops accelerates as organizations search seed collections worldwide

... Organization's Global Partnership Initiative for Plant Breeding Capacity (GIPB) is supporting efforts by plant breeders to use such information to breed new, high-yielding varieties adapted to conditions on the ground. "It's not enough to simply identify the trait," said Humberto Gmez, the ...

Songbird study from CSHL, CCNY provides concrete measure of biology's impact on culture

... with their progeny, or to mimic a more natural social setting, introduced into a colony of females (who, as it happens, do not sing) and allowed to breed for a few generations. The team found that in either social setting, birds of every successive generation imitated their tutor's song but also ...

DNA barcoding of mosquito species deployed in bid to end elephantiasis

... body to fight germs and infections. Poor sanitation and rapid growth in tropical and subtropical areas has created more places for mosquitoes to breed and thus to more LF infection. World health authorities have earmarked the disease for eradication by 2020 through mass drug administration (MDA). ...

Two-pronged model could help foil tough cystic fibrosis infections

... patients are plagued by infections of the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Their mucous-clogged lungs are fertile incubators for the bacteria to breed and cluster in slimy communities called biofilms that become increasingly drug resistant and damaging. Tobramycin, the antibiotic routinely used ...

Diet secrets of 'the Royals'

... The study also showed an intricate interplay in the timing of the rainy season, the growth of grass, when the elephants eat grass, and when they breed and give birth. When rains begin, satellite measurements show increasing greenness as grasses grow. Two weeks later, after grass has grown ...

Greatest thing since sliced bread: New data offer important clues toward improving wheat yields

... breed a better crop of wheat? That's exactly what a team of researchers from Kansas State University and the U.S. Department of Agriculture hope their ...

Climate change affecting Europe's birds now, say researchers

... (B); hoopoe (P); golden oriole (B); goldfinch (B); great reed warbler (P); and collared dove (B). Species in this list marked with a (B) already breed regularly in the UK. Species marked with a (P) are potential colonists to the UK if they continue to respond to climatic warming in the way the ...

Birds in Flint Hills of Kansas, Oklahoma face population decline despite large habitat

... the appearance of a stable population year after year. This is especially true if the region attracts birds because of its size, but birds do not breed successfully once they settle here." With was joined by ecologists Anthony King from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and William Jensen, a ...

Saving wheat crops worldwide

... rust diseases. CSIRO Plant Industry's Dr Wolfgang Spielmeyer says an immediate application is the use of the gene sequence to directly select and breed wheat plants that carry the resistance against multiple pathogens. "The Lr34 gene can now be combined with other disease resistance genes into ...

Mountain caribou's ancient ancestry revealed

... The declining mountain caribou populations of Canada's southern Rockies are a more distinct breed than scientists previously believed, according to a new study by University of Calgary researchers that is shedding light on the ancient ancestry of ...

Gene's past could improve the future of rice

... climates to give growers better yields. One example can be found in a variety of rice that has genes making it drought-resistant. Scientists could breed those genes into domesticated rice in Africa where water shortages can devastate crops. ...

Anakinra for rheumatoid arthritis: A modest benefit with some risk

... inflammatory disease affecting as many as one in 100 people worldwide. It affects the joints, making them stiff and painful. Anakinra is one of a new breed of arthritis drugs licensed in the past decade called 'biologics'. The drug is the first to target the immune protein IL-1, thought to be partly ...

Biologist enhances use of bioinformatic tools and achieves precision in genetic annotation

... we used various genomes of the causal agent for brucellosis (the Brucella genus), given that each variety of this bacteria attacks one type of animal breed specifically. In each case what was common was recorded and we have annotated what differentiated them". These results are available to other ...

Scripps scientists develop first examples of RNA that replicates itself indefinitely

... constituent subunits, and allowed them to compete in a molecular test of survival of the fittest. Most of the time the replicating enzymes would breed true, but on occasion an enzyme would make a mistake by binding one of the subunits from one of the other replicating enzymes. When such "mutations" ...

Transporting juvenile salmon hinders adult migration

... results also suggest that transported fish are more likely to stray from their home tributary. If these lost fish often from hatchery populations breed with another wild population, the resulting gene flow can reduce that population's evolutionary fitness. "Salmon have a life history that ...

Plants display 'molecular amnesia'

... called epigenetic silencing in plants. The findings are important to develop a better understanding of gene regulation in the continuing quest to breed enhanced crops that produce higher yields, are more resistant to disease and can better tolerate environmental stress all keys to helping improve ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Nov. 19, 2008

... considered to have health benefits. The researchers identified grain varieties with high levels of healthy components that could be used to breed new, nutrient-rich varieties of grain for healthier whole grain foods. ARTICLE #3 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE "The HEALTHGRAIN Cereal Diversity ...

'Arid aquaculture' among livelihoods promoted to relieve worsening pressure on world's drylands

... urban centers like Beijing and internationally. Policies that Help Says UN Under-Secretary-General Konrad Osterwalder, Rector of UNU: "A new breed of interventions, developed in partnership with local communities, that combine traditional and contemporary knowledge, hold great promise for ...

Corn researchers discover novel gene shut-off mechanisms

... off genes, thus playing a fundamental role in plant development. Understanding how small RNAs work is a continuing quest for geneticists seeking to breed plants with improved crop yields, disease resistance and other characteristics. Previously, the Meyers and Green labs had studied Arabidopsis ...

Grapes may aid a bunch of heart risk factors, animal study finds

... control rats receiving no grape powder including some that received a mild dose of a common blood-pressure drug. All the rats were from a research breed that develops high blood pressure when fed a salty diet. In all, after 18 weeks, the rats that received the grape-enriched diet powder had lower ...

Biologists discover gene behind 'plant sex mystery'

... by plant breeders to control crossing behaviour in crop plants. "In the future such information may become increasingly important as we strive to breed superior crops that maintain yield in a changing climate. Given that flowering plants dominate the vegetation of our planet and that we are bound to ...

Rare corals breed their way out of trouble

... Faced with a dire shortage of mates of their own kind, new research suggests they may be able to cross-breed with certain other coral species to breed themselves out of a one-way trip to extinction. This finding, released by scientists at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, has ...
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