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Brain in Biological News

Advances in lung cancer research announced at conference

... the brain. In non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), brain metastasis is a devastating complication that ... ability to identify those at risk for developing brain metastasis may guide new therapies. A team led ... to predict, treat and ultimately prevent brain metastasis in patients with non-small cell lung ...

Protein handlers should be effective treatment target for cancer and Alzheimer's

... protein is a major component of the destructive brain plaque that is the disease's hallmark. Dr. ... and other neurodegenerative diseases in which brain cell communication is interrupted. The MCG ... the breast. Researchers are also now examining brain tumors as well as pancreatic and prostate cancer. ...

Abnormal brain circuits may prevent movement disorder

... in the integrity of white matter pathways in the brain to study those with and without symptoms who ... also had a number of volunteers who agreed to brain scans who had no disease and no mutations in the ... disease gene have the same underlying functional brain abnormality, such as overactivity of motor ...

Brain difference in psychopaths identified

... College London have found differences in the brain which may provide a biological explanation for ... Psychiatry . The research investigated the brain biology of psychopaths with convictions that ... have highlighted biological differences in the brain which may underpin these types of behaviour and ...

Holding breath for several minutes elevates marker for brain damage

... had elevated levels of a protein that can signal brain damage, according to a new study from the ... lengthy apnea (breath-holding) can damage the brain over the long term. "The results indicate ... The study is "Increased serum levels of the brain damage marker S100B after apnea in trained ...

Drug-proof zebrafish reveal secrets of addiction

... of widespread long-lasting consequences on brain physiology, most of which are only partially ... are specifically known for their involvement in brain development. Even more interestingly, as the ... expressed in neurogenic domains of the adult fish brain these are domains where neurons are generated ...

Antibody targeting of glioblastoma shows promise in preclinical tests, say Lombardi researchers

... animal studies. Glioblastoma is the deadliest of brain cancers; there is no effective treatment. In ... PTN and ALK, reporting in this study that many brain cancers overexpress PTN and ALK very similar to the developing brain. "When the brain is developing, it needs to constantly remodel ...

A crystal ball for brain cancer?

... UCLA researchers have uncovered a new way to scan brain tumors and predict which ones will be shrunk by ... 57, considers himself lucky. When his aggressive brain cancer returned after chemotherapy and radiation, ... tumors had shrunk by 95 percent. Subsequent brain scans show no trace of his cancer at all. The ...

Experimental treatment halts hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in newborns

... oxygen and blood flow deprivation stops a type of brain damage that is a leading cause of cerebral palsy, ... Neuroscience , the scientists show blocking the brain enzyme, tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA), prevents progressive brain damage triggered by the lack of oxygen and blood ...

Researchers develop 'brain-reading' methods

... It is widely known that the brain perceives information before it reaches a ... developed a highly accurate way to peer into the brain to uncover a person's mental state and what sort ... more comprehensive approach is needed for mapping brain activity and that the widely held belief that ...

Cancer's distinctive pattern of gene expression could aid early screening and prevention

... basic building block in healthy colon, breast, brain and lymphatic cells and their cancerous ... in breast cancer and the aggressive adult brain tumor glioblastoma. Dr. Robertson, who also works in breast cancer and brain tumors as well as colon cancer, is finding ...

Scientists track impact of DNA damage in the developing brain

... developing nervous system is linked to smaller brain size as well as problems in brain structures vital to movement, memory and emotion, ... in an organ system, in this case the mouse brain and nervous system. While the results suggest ...

Knee injuries may start with strain on the brain, not the muscles

... Mich.---New research shows that training your brain may be just as effective as training your muscles ... that training the central control process---the brain and reflexive responses---may be necessary to ... The research suggests that training the brain to respond to unexpected stimuli, thus sharpening ...

Our brain looks at eyes first to identify a face

... (UB) has analysed which facial features our brain examines to identify faces. Our brain adapts in order to obtain the maximum amount of ... , was to ascertain which specific features the brain focuses on to identify a face. It has been known ...

Hush little baby... Linking genes, brain and behavior in children

... of a certain gene and a specific pattern of brain activity. The pattern of brain activity in the frontal cortex of the brain has been associated with various types of ...

Alzheimer's disease drug treats traumatic brain injury, report GUMC researchers

... disease are also triggered following traumatic brain injury, say researchers from Georgetown ... loss of neurons in animal models of traumatic brain injury and protected the animals against motor ... associated with build-up of beta amyloid, a toxic brain peptide. This substance is commonly found in the ...

22nd Congress of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology, Sept. 12-16, 2009, Turkey

... Fighting the burden of mental disorders Our brain creates our life: perception, movement, thought ... complex organ. As a consequence, disorders of the brain deeply affect the life of people, and are ... et al., 2005). New discoveries in brain research Over the last years, our understanding ...

Dogs, humans, put heads together to find cure for brain cancer

... Pinpointing the genes involved in human brain cancer can be like looking for a needle in a ... the meninges, or thin covering, of the human brain and account for one out of four adult brain tumors -may not be as key for tumor formation as ...

Brain malformations significantly associated with preterm birth, Wake Forest research shows

... there is an association between preterm birth and brain malformations. In a study of more than 1,000 ... there is a strong association between congenital brain defects and preterm birth, leading investigators to believe that something about the brain malformations may be causing preterm birth and ...

Discovery may provide new treatments for alcohol dependence

... of Gothenburg, Sweden, have discovered a new brain mechanism involved in alcohol addiction involving ... hormone ghrelin. When ghrelin's actions in the brain are blocked, alcohol's effects on the reward ... addiction, highlights the reward system of the brain as a key target for ghrelin's effects. "Ghrelin's ...

Reading the brain without poking it

... June 29, 2009 Experimental devices that read brain signals have helped paralyzed people use ... brain. Now, a University of Utah study shows that brain signals controlling arm movements can be detected ... using new microelectrodes that sit on the brain but don't penetrate it. "The unique ...

Singapore nanotechnology combats fatal brain infections

... infections and are highly therapeutic. Major brain infections such as meningitis and encephalitis ... of death, hearing loss, learning disability and brain damage in patients. IBN's peptide ... that enables them to pass through the blood brain barrier to the infected areas of ...

Researchers see evidence of memory in the songbird brain

... the experience changes gene expression in its brain in unexpected ways, researchers report. The ... found is that 24 hours after the experience its brain is still trying to make sense of what it heard." ... Any surge or drop in the number of mRNAs in brain cells after a stimulus offers clues to how ...

Gene predicts how brain responds to fatigue, human study shows

... vulnerable to sleep loss showed reduced brain activity, while those who are genetically resilient showed expanded brain activity, the study found. The findings help ... with the study. However, studying how the brain produces these behavioral differences is ...

Tumor suppressor gene in flies may provide insights for human brain tumors

... can sometimes spin out of control and become a brain tumor. Researchers at Duke-NUS Graduate ... in mammals, that can apparently prevent brain tumors from forming. "Our data explicitly show ... protein PP2A (protein phosphatase 2A) suppresses brain tumor formation and controls the balance of ...

Common fish species has 'human' ability to learn

... the findings contribute to the understanding of brain evolution and the types of brain required for certain cognitive functions, both in ... cumulative culture. "But our results suggest brain size isn't everything when it comes to the ...

Potential for non-invasive brain tumor treatment

... step toward a minimally invasive treatment of brain tumors by combining chemotherapy with heat ... that it should be technically possible to treat brain tumors without the side effects associated with ... that can fit into large blood vessels of the brain and perform two essential functions: provide ...

'Shortcuts' of the mind lead to miscalculations of weight and caloric intake, says Penn study

... packaged within the evolved way the human brain processes information. The mind has evolved to ... a series of decisions. Green simply means go. The brain has evolved to remove common or repetitive ... they didn't use it. "We have heuristics in our brain simple mechanistic shortcuts that have evolved ...

From the glass to the brain in 6 minutes

... percent, changes have already taken place in the brain cells, as the scientists in Heidelberg proved ... Blood Flow and Metabolism . Metabolism of brain cells affected The brain reacts quickly to alcohol. "Our study provides ...

Protein regulates movement of mitochondria in brain cells

... Scientists have identified a protein in the brain that plays a key role in the function of ... of Cell Biology , may shed new light on how the brain recovers from stroke. "Understanding the ... modulated is important to understanding how the brain responds to a pathological state." ...

Tracking down the causes of multiple sclerosis

... bacteria and tumours, attack the body's own brain tissue. New treatments now available can ... focus of the disease is embedded in the sensitive brain tissue and is, therefore, inaccessible. More than ... only develop MS symptoms following injection with brain tissue. Moreover, the research using the new ...

Specific genetic cause of fetal alcohol-related developmental disorders found

... Alcohol consumption by pregnant women hinders brain development in their children by interfering with ... thyroid hormones must be available in the fetal brain to support normal neurological development," ... that control thyroid hormone levels in the fetal brain is the iodothyronine deiodinase type III, or ...

Brain-computer interface, developed at Brown, begins new clinical trial

... technology being developed to detect brain signals and to allow people with paralysis to use ... which consists of an implanted baby aspirin-size brain sensor that reads brain signals and computer technology that interprets ...

Fatty foods -- not empty stomach -- fire up hunger hormone

... of pharmacological doses acts in the brain to stimulate hunger and increase food intake in ... is a lipid sensor in the stomach that informs the brain when calories are availablegiving the green light ... "Mice without GOAT gain less fat since their brain does not receive the 'fats are here, store them' ...

Scholar unconvinced new lie-detection methods better than old ones

... technology known as brain Fingerprinting. Because they are ... "Functional magnetic resonance imaging and brain Fingerprinting have been hailed as the next, best ... & Human Values . "Far from describing the brain and its functions, fMRI ...

Harvard scientist says we are what we eat -- and what we cook

... ability to harness fire and cook food allowed the brain to grow and the digestive tract to shrink, giving ... the most logical explanation for the advances in brain and body size over our ape ancestors," Wrangham ... about the size of a chimp, but with a bigger brain -- more than half a million years earlier. ...

Researcher garners major award from NIH for further exploration into the mechanisms of obesity

... found that fat cells give feedback to the brain in order to regulate fat burning, much the same ... nerves of Siberian hamsters, they found that the brain uses part of the nervous system used to regulate ... sensory nerves, in turn, communicate back to the brain cells to continue or stop the fat burning ...

Bull's-eye electrode helps interpret thoughts, deliver stimulus to aid paralyzed, epileptic patients

... showing promising results in helping to interpret brain signals so paralyzed patients may control their ... Besio began to test its usefulness in detecting brain waves in an effort to help his brother who had ... arm, can we discriminate the signals from the brain to interpret the movement you want to make? It ...

Cocaine: Perceived as a reward by the brain?

... know rather little about its effects on the human brain or the mechanisms that lead to cocaine addiction. ... between cocaine and the reward circuits in the brain but also associates the susceptibility to ... of dopamine secretion in a central region of the brain called the striatum. Dopamine is known to play a ...

Protein identified as critical to insulating the body's wiring could also become treatment target

... to insulating the wiring that connects the brain and body could one day be a treatment target for ... a sort of a sort of check and balance for brain cell activity managed by neuregulin-1 in the area of the brain where complex reasoning and decisions about ...
Other Contents
(Date:7/11/2014)... from the Wildlife Conservation Society shows that no-take ... valuable species such as lobster, conch, and fish ... nearby reef areas. , The reporttitled "Review of ... of research literature from no-take areas around the ... Dahlgren, a recognized expert in marine protected areas ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... Tenn., July 11, 2014--Researchers at the Department of ... R&D 100 awards, presented by R&D Magazine in ... , "These awards recognize the tremendous value of ... Moniz. "Research and development at the National Labs ... challenges and pursue the scientific and technological innovations ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... New South Wales, Australia when NASA,s Aqua satellite passed ... July 11 (12:35 p.m. local time/11:35 p.m. EDT on ... Wales (NSW), the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aboard ... spotted smoke (light brown) from various fires. Actively burning ... red. , The New South Wales, Australia Government website ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Belize's lobster, conch, and fish populations rebuild in no-take zones 2ORNL wins eight R&D 100s 2ORNL wins eight R&D 100s 3ORNL wins eight R&D 100s 4
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