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Bone in Biological News

Scientists closer to making implantable bone material, thanks to new research

... could be inserted into cavities so that real bone could meld with it and repair the bone. So ... in the laboratory from different types of bone cells and stem cells. All of these cell types are ... the 'bone-like' materials that were grown from bone cells from mouse skull and ...

Happier, healthier, more productive hens on omega-3?

... looking at how omega-3 may help laying hens avoid bone damage. A grant of 1.7 million has been ... cage systems. Because of greater rates of bone breakage in free-range systems this represents a ... in which millions more laying hens may suffer bone breakage or fractures in the UK each year. ...

UAB study reveals bone coupling factor key to skeletal health

... for but missed the biological link between bone growth and bone remodeling a natural give-and-take system that ... identified TGF beta-1 is a coupling mechanism for bone resorption ...

Discovery raises new doubts about dinosaur-bird links

... been known for decades that the femur, or thigh bone in birds is largely fixed and makes birds into ... realized this before. The position of the thigh bone and muscles in birds is critical to their lung ... land, the scientists said, has a moveable thigh bone that is involved in their motion including ...

Fossil bone bed helps reconstruct life along California's ancient coastline

... Berkeley In the famed Sharktooth Hill bone Bed near Bakersfield, Calif., shark teeth as big ... of a sudden die-off, the researchers say that the bone bed is a 700,000-year record of normal life and ... and the geology to establish the origins of the bone bed, the richest and most extensive marine ...

Combined stem cell-gene therapy approach cures human genetic disease in vitro

... anemia (FA) genes, the disease often leads to bone marrow failure, leukemia, and other cancers. Even after receiving bone marrow transplants to correct the hematological ... cells generated from healthy donors. Since bone marrow failure as a result of the progressive ...

Adult bone marrow stem cells injected into skeletal muscle can repair heart tissue

... for the first time that injecting adult bone marrow stem cells into skeletal muscle can repair ... paper. Mesenchymal stem cells are found in the bone marrow and can differentiate into a variety of ... (cell death) and fibrotic remodeling, recruited bone marrow progenitor cells and induced myocardial ...

New center at Georgia Tech aims to improve recovery of soldiers with severe injuries

... on reducing infection and reconstructing damaged bone and tissues. Technologies that could improve the ... ways to improve the healing of wounds, segmental bone defects and massive soft tissue defects. ... Center researchers are also investigating whether bone marrow-derived stem cells can be used in the body ...

Award for pioneering stem cell research to mend broken bones

... repair of human skeletal tissue. Fractures, bone loss due to trauma or disease and other ... for the reconstruction of tissues such as bone remain. bone and cartilage tissue repair is a highly complex ...

UC Davis bioengineer receives Hartwell Foundation grant to address skull fusion disorder of infants

... The new approach is based on creating a synthetic bone matrix that is biodegradable and bio-absorbable. ... lead to advances in treating various problematic bone fractures in adults, such as those caused by ... exposed brain. The hope is that by removing some bone and rearranging the rest, growth will be slowed ...

MIT: New tissue scaffold regrows cartilage and bone

... built a new tissue scaffold that can stimulate bone and cartilage growth when transplanted into the ... cartilage, you could remove the cartilage and the bone below it and put our scaffold in the hole," said ... The scaffold has two layers, one that mimics bone and one that mimics cartilage. When implanted ...

Study finds link between hot flashes and lower bone density in women

... the ages of 42 and 52 who participated in the bone sub-study of the Study of Women's Health Across ... include hot flashes and night sweats had lower bone mineral density. The researchers found ... women with VMS had lower lumbar and total hip bone mineral density than those without VMS. ...

Just in time for spring: Scientists find the cellular on and off switch for allergies and asthma

... in mouse experiments that examined cells from bone marrow and umbilical cord blood that ultimately ... mast cells, the developing cells die. Because bone marrow makes both mast cells and these cytokines, ... serve as the "on switch" for the immune system, bone marrow cells also use them as the "off switch" to ...

Purdue study finds dairy better for bones than calcium carbonate

... an advantage over calcium carbonate in promoting bone growth and strength. Connie Weaver, ... Dairy Council, is the first direct comparison of bone properties between calcium from supplements and ... in the August print issue of the Journal of bone and Mineral Research and is online at ...

3-D research model tackles prostate cancer spread

... cancer cells," Ms Sieh said. "Tissue-engineered bone provides the 3D architecture for the cancer cells which more closely resemble bone metastasis instead of growing the cancer cells and bone cells on a flat Petrie dish. "I am growing ...

The life histories of the earliest land animals

... , allowing them to study how the shape of the bone changed during growth. It turns out that the two ... had different life histories. "The upper arm bone provides a lot of information about the lifestyle ... pattern of muscle attachments on the upper arm bone changes from a "fish-like" to a "land ...

World premiere in stem cell research in Montreal

... a small number of blood stem cells obtained from bone marrow. The multidisciplinary team, directed by ... America, nearly 4,000 people wait in vain for a bone marrow transplant due to the lack of compatible donors. It is known that a bone marrow stem cell transplant can reconstitute the ...

Scientists identify key gene that protects against leukemia

... evidence that could lead to a protocol for bone marrow transplants that could boost the chance of ... important ramifications for patients undergoing bone marrow transplants, for leukemia, lymphoma, ... cancers. "Currently, patients undergoing bone marrow transplants may not be getting enough of ...

CSHL team develops mouse models of leukemia that predict response to chemotherapy

... followed by additional chemotherapy cycles or bone marrow transplantation. Yet only a quarter of ... first treated with radiation to destroy existing bone marrow cells. The altered stem cells then took over the "host" bone marrow and promoted the development of leukemia. ...

Meet-the-expert sessions on 20 key topics to enhance scientific programme of IOFWCO-ECCEO10

... topics and speakers are scheduled: Assessing bone strength beyond DXA, C. Gler (Germany) Optimal ... of vitamin D, B. Dawson-Hughes (USA) Muscle and bone interaction, D. Felsenberg (Germany) Practical ... (UK) Premenopausal osteoporosis, E. Siris (USA) bone mass/structure measurements during growth, R. ...

AJCN study shows moderate alcohol consumption related to stronger bones

... a positive association between alcohol intake and bone mineral density (BMD) in older women. There are ... study which looked at the effects of alcohol on bone mineral density in older people, and said that ... to stronger bones (measured as hip and spine bone mineral density). The positive effect ...

'Seeing' stem cells helps in fight against peripheral arterial disease

... Medicine. Transplanting stem cells derived from bone marrow (not embryonic stem cells), accompanied by ... adult stem cells extracted from a healthy donor's bone marrow and inject the cells into the patients' ... researchers took rabbit stem cellsseparated from bone marrow in the laband injected them into the ...

Metastatic bone disease patients can walk in Lazarus' footsteps

... to treat the painful effects of metastatic bone disease by injecting bone cement to support weakened bonesprovides ... be severely affected when they have metastatic bone disease. Normal daily activities can become ...

Moderate alcohol intake associated with bone protection

... alcohol intake was associated with greater bone mineral density (BMD). Researchers at the Jean ... bone, but that heavy drinking may contribute to bone loss. "Previous research suggests that ... one should depend solely on alcohol to maintain bone health." The authors hypothesize that the ...

World Congress on Osteoporosis 2010 presents outstanding scientific program

... topics in the field: Cellular Control of bone Mass, R. Baron (USA) Osteoporosis and Biological Aging, S. Cummings (USA) Why does a bone break, do cortical or cancellous matter? M. ... studies? T. Spector (UK) Interaction between bone and joints in physiology and disease, G. Schett ...

Building strong bones: Running may provide more benefits than resistance training, MU study finds

... is recommended to increase and prevent loss of bone mineral density (BMD), although previous studies ... and high-impact endurance activities increase bone mineral density. However, high-impact sports, ... regimens. "Exercise programs to increase bone strength should be designed using what is known ...

GUMC young scientist selected postdoc Fellow at National Space Biomedical Research Institute

... and include investigating methods to maintain bone health and stimulate bone rebuilding. Additionally, the Fellows examine the ... science and technology projects address bone and muscle loss, cardiovascular changes, balance ...

Society of Interventional Radiology hosts 34th annual scientific meeting

... for individuals with kidney, prostate and bone cancer; herniated disks; peripheral arterial ... Seeing "Lazarus Effect": Relieving Painful bone Tumor Pain Often, individuals' quality of life can be severely affected when they have metastatic bone disease. Normal daily activities can become ...

UMMS researchers publish DNA identification of czar's children

... to examine DNA from the newly discovered bone fragments; comparing remains from the first grave ... After doing so, they determined the gender of the bone fragments and recovered profiles of nuclear DNA, ... Rogaev, who used as little as possible of the bone fragments in order to preserve the remains for ...

Childhood chicken pox could affect oral health years later

... problems such as herpes-type lesions and severe bone damage to the jaws. Varicella zoster can lie ... Osteonecrosis is a condition in which bone in the lower or upper jaw becomes exposed. As a result, the jaw bone suffers severe damage and/or death, eventually ...

UT to develop fracture putty for traumatic leg injuries

... Serious leg injuries typically are repaired with bone grafts. Pins, plates or screws hold the grafts to healthy bone and external fixators provide support. Soldiers ... inside the body and provide support while the new bone grows." "Anything you can do to start the ...

2009 Damon Runyon-Rachleff Innovation Awards granted for pioneering ideas in cancer research

... of Michigan: for Radical Improvements of bone Marrow Transplant Safety bone marrow transplantation is frequently used to ... mainly leukemias and lymphomas. When successful, bone marrow transplants literally offer a new lease on ...

Research shows cell's inactive state is critical for effectiveness of cancer treatment

... maintain a cell's quiescence, a state that allows bone marrow cells to escape the lethal effects of ... stem cells (HSCs) immature cells in the bone marrow that have the capacity to differentiate ... role in determining the sensitivity of normal bone marrow cells to chemotherapy and radiation. They ...

Biomedical researchers create artificial human bone marrow in a test tube

... ANN ARBOR, Mich.--- Artificial bone marrow that can continuously make red and white ... a 3-D scaffold that mimics the tissues supporting bone marrow in the body, said Nicholas Kotov, a ... "This is the first successful artificial bone marrow," Kotov said. "It has two of the essential ...

New research lights up chronic bacterial infection inside bone

... patches of Listeria took up residence inside bone marrow in the mice. This is significant because it is thought that the bone marrow can act as a reservoir to the brain and ... and found that they too could be harbored in bone marrow. It is still unclear, however, if such ...

Joslin research finds nearly three-quarters of youths with diabetes insufficient in vitamin D

... may need vitamin D supplementation to prevent bone fragility later in life. "To our surprise, we ... notes that diabetes itself can negatively impact bone health and is associated with a modest reduction in bone mineral density and strength and an increase in ...

UC Davis researchers exploring gene therapy to fight AIDS

... which German doctors cured a man of AIDS using a bone marrow transplant comes as no surprise to Gerhard ... also had leukemia, which is best treated by a bone marrow transplant. Thinking they might be able to ... man of both diseases, the physicians gave him a bone marrow transplant from a person with natural ...

Stowers Institute's Linheng Li Lab expands understanding of bone marrow stem cell niche

... Li Lab has identified the precise location of the bone marrow stem cell niche. The findings were ... 2003 findings that HSCs tend to home to the inner bone surface," said Yucai Xie, Predoctoral Researcher ... HSCs. Surprisingly, we revealed that the inner bone surface forms a special zone that includes both ...

New 'control knobs' for stem cells identified

... stem cells (hMSCs) obtained from donor bone marrow as the hMSCs were differentiating into fat and bone cells. They found that hyperpolarization ... show different membrane potential profiles during bone vs. fat differentiation. To determine whether ...

Calcium and vitamin D may not be the only protection against bone loss

... lifestyle factors contribute to the problem of bone loss and fractures," said Bess Dawson-Hughes, ... "When it comes to dietary concerns regarding bone health, calcium and vitamin D have received the ... may counteract the acid from our diets is through bone resorption, a process by which bones are broken ...
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(Date:8/27/2014)... Thousands of fishing traps are lost or abandoned each ... as derelict traps, which continue to catch fish, crabs, ... in losses to habitat, fisheries, and the watermen who ... to a newly published NOAA study. , The report, ... the first of its kind to examine the derelict ...
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