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BLAST in Biological News

Relationships in rank and file

... best and most frequently used algorithms such as blast (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool) have to make ... at all. After all, the researchers expect blast to compare a given sequence the letter code ... in just a few minutes. Search engines like blast evaluate the similarity between a pair of ...

Researchers to use K-State's BSL-3 Lab for $1 million study of fungus threatening wheat crops

... leading a group of researchers to study the wheat blast fungus, a pathogen that has become a serious ... want to be prepared," Valent said. The wheat blast fungus is a close relative of a devastating ... to find genome fragments specific to the wheat blast pathogen. Valent said this would help in the ...

Special issue of BMC Microbiology spotlights standardized language for describing microbes

... annotations are made and showcases a whole- genome annotation of the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae using the Gene Ontology terms. blast disease is one of the most destructive diseases of rice crop known ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Sept. 12, 2007

... process, quickly and accurately identifying the chemical composition of blast residues from IEDs in the field. It consists of an instrument, about the ... mixture. In the study, researchers used it to identify major components of blast residues in less than 10 minutes. ARTICLE #1 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE ...

Brewing a blast-less fertilizer

... 80 percent AN keeps an explosion from burning all its fuel. This renders a blast far less violent. There are no commercially available options totally ... being used as an explosive, Taulbee points out, Coal ash wont stop the blast from initiating, but it will stop it from propagating. Whats more, he ...

Demonstration Features Commercial Technology for Combating Terrorism

... FPED VII will cover 20 equipment categories, including: automated entry control systems and equipment; armored and utility vehicles; biometrics; blast protection/mitigation systems; cargo inspection devices; chemical and biological detection, mitigation and protection equipment; communications ...

Demonstration Features Commercial Technology for Combating Terrorism

... FPED VII will cover 20 equipment categories, including: automated entry control systems and equipment; armored and utility vehicles; biometrics; blast protection/mitigation systems; cargo inspection devices; chemical and biological detection, mitigation and protection equipment; communications ...

Locking parasites in host cell could be new way to fight malaria

... a calcium regulated protease, left parasites trapped inside the host cell. By adding calpain-1 back into the cell, parasites were able to once again blast free. Curious to know if the distantly related parasite T. gondii might use the same process, Greenbaum worked with Roos, who has pioneered the ...

Demonstration Targets Terrorism

... The demonstration covers 20 equipment categories, including: automated entry control systems and equipment; armored and utility vehicles; biometrics; blast protection/mitigation systems; cargo inspection devices; chemical and biological detection, mitigation and protection equipment; communications ...

Rot's unique wood degrading machinery to be harnessed for better biofuels production

... enzymatic machinery for attacking plant material. Instead, the evidence suggests that it utilizes an arsenal of small oxidizing agents that blast through plant cell walls to depolymerize the cellulose. This biological process opens a door to more effective, less-energy intensive and more ...

New dummy design and development wins US Department of Defense award

... will allow the development of standards for eye and face protection devices and has been favorably tested in explosive environments to characterize blast injury. "In addition to benefiting the military, it is exciting to note that the FOCUS headform has civilian applications in automobile safety ...

Innovative strategies for war wounded

... Regency, New Brunswick. Academic, clinical and industrial investigators will present their strategies for addressing the challenges of severe blast injuries, such as those encountered in Iraq and Afghanistan. The researchers will share expertise on underlying biological, chemical and engineering ...

US Air Force grant targets medical evacuation procedures

... a patient who needs serious abdominal surgery that requires re-establishing blood flow to a major organ. The scald/burn model corresponds to a blast burn wound from weapon fire. "Each model has a different inflammatory response, all of them severe and relevant to injuries our soldiers are ...

Researchers discover atomic bomb effect results in adult-onset thyroid cancer

... issue of Cancer Research , a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, the scientists report that subjects who lived close to the blast sites, were comparably young at the time, and developed the cancer quickly once they reached adulthood, were likely to have a chromosomal ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Aug. 13, 2008

... satellites at lower cost, opening the doors to profound new applications for communications and defense. But before the first micro-spacecraft can blast off, scientists need to shrink the titanic thermal regulation systems used to help prevent today's ships from frying in the harsh sunlight of space ...

Microbes, by latitudes and altitudes, shed new light on life's diversity

... ability to grab DNA from the environment and try to characterize different species or taxonomic groups using genetic material, allowing our field to blast off." Yet, she added: "We are just beginning to scratch the surface of what these patterns look like." Green was among several co-authors on a ...

OSU technologies funded for development

... composite laminates. The lightweight, load bearing composites will be able to absorb acoustic noise and vibration and provide protection from blast loading. Currently, used tires are employed in basic applications like burning fuel for cement kilns and crumb rubber for molded products. The ...

Bikini corals recover from atomic blast

... Half a century after the last earth-shattering atomic blast shook the Pacific atoll of Bikini, the corals are flourishing again. Some coral species, however, appear to be locally extinct. These are the ...

Scientists unravel the genetic coding of the pea

... UTILLdb contains phenotypic as well as sequence information on mutant genes, and can be searched for TILLING alleles of genes of interest, using the blast tool, and for plant traits of interest, using keyword searches. By opening UTILLdb to the community, we hope to fulfil the expectations of both ...

SLIM Search Launches Academic Pricing Program

... search phase, it can be paired with any secondary alignment phase. The first release of SLIM is paired with BL2SEQ (the alignment phase from the NCBI blast package). The final result can be identical to whatever is desired, simply by selecting a different alignment phase. A Revolutionary Solution for ...

Gold nanorods shed light on new approach to fighting cancer

... WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - Researchers have shown how tiny "nanorods" of gold can be triggered by a laser beam to blast holes in the membranes of tumor cells, setting in motion a complex biochemical mechanism that leads to a tumor cell's self-destruction. Tumor cell ...

Purdue researchers find key to rice blast fungus

... molecular machinery that enables the pathogen to blast its way into rice plants. The fungus, Magnaporthe grisea, which is known as rice blast fungus, is the most deadly of the pathogens that ... research team that published the rice blast fungus genome in the April 21 issue of Nature. ...

Drawing with DNA: 'Bioart' illuminates genomics

... through a lightning-fast online algorithm called blast ?typically submitting 200 to 400 base pairs, or ... relationships, scientists routinely use blast to churn through and produce vast amounts of ... July 31 through Aug. 4 ?quite literally makes blast and genomics visible. Headed up by new-media ...

Researchers uncover sequence of major rice pathogen

... Magnaporthe grisea, the fungus that causes rice blast disease. Dr. Ralph Dean, professor of plant ... researchers could work to solve the problems rice blast presents. "That work decoded the string of ... efforts." "The Genome Sequence of the Rice blast Fungus Magnaporthe grisea" Authors: Ralph Dean, ...

DOE JGI sets 'gold standard' for metagenomic data analysis

... has originated. There are several methods employed to bin sequences. blast (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool) is a method used to rapidly search for ... Mavrommatis said that a popular approach is to take the sequence, blast it against the database, and find the best hit and assume that the ...

Scientists a step closer to protecting world's most important crop

... causes rice-blast disease. We were able to generate a strain of the rice blast fungus which lacks this secretion system and it was completely unable to ... from The University of Exeter helped to complete the sequence of the rice blast fungus genome, which has aided the current research. ...

A buffet for early human relatives

... was fine-tune the method to handle very small samples like human-sized teeth," he says. "If you tried the previous method on a human tooth, you would blast a hole clear through the enamel, and museum curators wouldn't like that." Passey, who is working on his Ph.D. degree, "really made terrific ...

A green way to slag off bunnies

... slag-treated plants were compared to normal plants, grazing damage fell by more than half. Slag ?or calcium silicate ?a plentiful byproduct of blast furnaces, is dirt-cheap and environmentally friendly. What’s more, it’s already known to act as an effective fertilizer in rice paddies and sugar ...

DNA gene vaccine protects against harmful protein of Alzheimer's disease

... other genes that program cells to make the protein. The particles were then injected with a gene gun into the skin cells of the mice's ears using a blast of helium. After receiving 11 injections over several months, the mice showed a high level of antibodies to amyloid-beta 42, and a 60 percent to ...

PANTHER Protein Classification System Database 5.0

... with FlyBase. “The task of performing functional annotation of genomes is challenging. Too often we rely simply on transitive annotation based on a blast match. The PANTHER system offers a much more sophisticated system for predicting gene function from sequence,?said Michael Ashburner, Ph.D., ...
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