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Avian in Biological News

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology

... Journal of Virology . Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 viruses increasingly pose a ... and wild-type mice challenged with two avian influenza A viruses isolated from humans (HK/483 ... year. Since the first confirmed human cases of avian influenza in 1997, more than 400 additional human ...

FAO/IAEA Symposium to address animal production and health

... can be transmitted to humans, such as swine and avian influenza. Around 500 animal production and ... IAEA. David Nabarro , UN System Coordinator on avian and Human Influenza and the Global Food Security ... David Nabarro, the UN System Coordinator on avian and Human Influenza and the Global Food Security ...

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- May 27, 2009

... Shannon L. Bartelt-Hunt and colleagues note that avian influenza, specifically the H5N1 strain, is an ... of this study were to assess the survival of avian influenza in landfill leachate and the influence ... method for disposal of carcasses infected with avian influenza," says the study, noting that landfills ...

Jeepers creepers: Climate change threatens endangered honeycreepers

... by examining the present altitudinal range of avian malaria and pox, honeycreeper distribution, and ... setting the stage for epidemic transmission of avian malaria and pox. Honeycreepers just like people ... native honeycreepers after the introduction of avian pox ...

The challenges of avian influenza virus: Mechanism, epidemiology and control

... human infection cases of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus, with 5 death cases, were ... and H5N1 influenza virus. The Website for avian Flu Information consisting of avian influenza information from broad aspects is also ...

Avian flu research sheds light on swine flu outbreak

... researchers suggests that the potential for an avian influenza virus to cause a human flu pandemic is ... flu outbreak likely came about. As of now, avian flu viruses can infect humans who have contact ... takes place in intermediary species like pigs, an avian flu virus requires relatively few mutations to ...

Highlights from the March editions of ESA journals

... as much as 71 percent. The authors compared avian fatalities, mostly of tropical migrating ... and non-flashing lights had significantly more avian fatalities than those lit only with flashing ... successful methods of reduce ng the frequency of avian collisions. Ecological Applications : Vol. 19, ...

Scientists identify human monoclonal antibodies effective against bird and seasonal flu viruses

... range of influenza A viruses, including avian influenza A (H5N1) virus, previous pandemic ... treatments to prevent or treat certain types of avian and seasonal flu. The study was published online ... that the continued spread of a highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N1) virus across eastern Asia and ...

Scientists identify human monoclonal antibodies effective against bird, seasonal flu viruses

... range of influenza A viruses, including avian influenza A (H5N1) virus, previous pandemic ... treatments to prevent or treat certain types of avian and seasonal flu. The study will be published ... that the continued spread of a highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N1) virus across eastern Asia and ...

Shades of 1918? New study compares avian flu with a notorious killer from the past

... team of collaborators, compared the recent avian strain known in the scientific community as H5N1, ... of the original 1918 virus. The threat of an avian flu pandemic hasn't gone away and emergency ... rate for those stricken with highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 is 63 percent. Should a ...

New insights into a leading poultry disease and its risks to human health

... vaccine against a leading poultry disease called avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC). APEC is part of ... ExPEC strains, they have shown that human and avian E. coli can carry the same disease-causing ... of Minnesota. Her team found that human and avian E. coli can carry the same disease-causing ...

Avian flu becoming more resistant to antiviral drugs, says University of Colorado study

... at Boulder study shows the resistance of the avian flu virus to a major class of antiviral drugs is ... than 30 percent of the samples tested. The avian flu, an Influenza A subtype dubbed H5N1, is ... said Hill. In contrast, resistance of the avian flu virus to the second, newer class of antiviral ...

Study: Excessive use of antiviral drugs could aid deadly flu

... the antiviral Tamiflu in the event of widespread avian flu infection in humans, scientists say. Researchers analyzed almost 700 genome sequences of avian influenza strains to document where and when the ... flu outbreak, especially in the event that avian flu mutates enough to infect and be easily ...

Genetic evidence for avian influenza movement from Asia to North America via wild birds

... migratory birds may be more important carriers of avian influenza viruses from continent to continent ... has important implications for highly pathogenic avian influenza virus surveillance in North America. ... the role of migratory birds in the transfer of avian influenza viruses between Asia and North America, ...

Avian flu threat: New approach needed

... approach to infectious diseases such as avian flu. Ministers of health and agriculture will ... to prepare for, and respond to, the threat of avian flu and other emerging infectious diseases at the International Ministerial Conference on avian and Pandemic Influenza in Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt ...

Big-brained animals evolve faster

... the evolutionary diversification of some avian lineages. Over 20 years ago, Jeff Wyles, Allan ... of 7,209 species (representing 75% of all avian species), they found that avian families that have experienced the greatest ...

UCSF researchers identify virus behind mysterious parrot disease

... August 11 annual meeting of the Association of avian Veterinarians, in Savannah, GA. The new virus, which the team named avian Bornavirus (ABV), is a member of the bornavirus ... solved a mystery that has been plaguing the avian veterinary community since the 1970s," said ...

UC San Diego researchers identify potential new drug candidates to combat 'bird flu'

... As the specter of a worldwide outbreak of avian or "bird flu" lingers, health officials recognize ... and that's exactly why we're working on this." avian flu has provoked considerable concern since ... called neuraminidase 1 (or N1), needed by the avian flu virus to spread infection to new cells. To ...

New vaccine may give long-term defense against deadly bird flu and its variant forms

... for a pandemic of dangerous disease-causing avian influenza - H5N1 - and its variants, said Suresh ... change the vaccine to match the latest form of avian influenza," Mittal said. "The combination of flu ... for important genes from two types of the H5N1 avian influenza. The adenovirus is incapable of ...

Arbor Vita rapid H5N1 flu diagnostic presented at ICEID meeting

... as a useful diagnostic for the detection of the avian influenza virus in humans. Researchers from NHRC ... was used to evaluate the performance of the AVC avian influenza diagnostic against clinical samples. ... has conducted surveillance for highly pathogenic avian influenza in wild and domestic birds, as well as ...

Cummings School receives Rockefeller Foundation grant

... for prevention and control of highly pathogenic avian Influenza (HPAI) in Indonesia led by the Cummings ... focuses on early warning and early reaction to avian flu. Eight Tufts veterinarians and a senior ... teams that monitor and respond to outbreaks of avian influenza. The Cummings team also assists the ...

Study of sugars on cell surface identifies key factor in flu infection

... (NIH), offers new insights into how the H5N1 avian flu virus currently circulating in birds would ... Until now, we had an incomplete understanding of avian flu hemagglutinin and how the protein must adapt ... unlock strategies for tracking mutations in the avian flu virus that allow it to bind to long glycans, ...

MIT finds key to avian flu in humans

... could help scientists monitor the evolution of avian flu strains and aid in the development of ... improved therapeutic interventions for both avian and seasonal flu, said Ram Sasisekharan, MIT ... In the past decade, isolated outbreaks of avian flu (H5N1) in humans have raised concerns that a ...

Smiths Detection to launch a portable diagnostic system for foot-and-mouth disease and avian flu

... of animal diseases such as foot-and-mouth and avian flu. This new technology means vets will be able ... will be on identifying foot-and-mouth disease and avian flu with a wide range of tests for other diseases ... This latter characteristic is critical in avian Influenza where discrimination between the ...

New field-deployable biosensor detects avian influenza virus in minutes instead of days

... Quick identification of avian influenza infection in poultry is critical to ... Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) can detect avian influenza in just minutes. In addition to being a ... or reagents. We can do real-time monitoring of avian influenza infections on the farm, in live-bird ...

St. Jude influenza survey uncovers key differences between bird flu and human flu

... that are statistically more likely to appear in avian influenza virus proteins and those that are more ... can be used as markers to track changes in H5N1 avian influenza strains that threaten humans. ... yet that the human markers in H5N1 and other avian influenza viruses directly contribute to the ...

Emerging (disease) markets

... Implications of wildlife trade on the movement of avian influenza and other infectious diseases. The ... We can significantly reduce the threat of avian flu and other emerging diseases by decreasing ... For example, two instances of highly pathogenic avian influenza traveling vast distances in bird hosts ...

Conservationists seek to identify prime stopover sites for migrating birds

... An ambitious effort in avian conservation is underway this spring throughout the New York portion of ... any of us will ever have the opportunity to work on, certainly in terms of avian conservation. I would say that unequivocally," Waud says. "Many bird ...

HudsonAlpha investigator develops rapid response swine flu test

... local physician or healthcare facility. Han also developed the Tem-PCR avian flu test for the Asian strain H5N1, as well as a respiratory infection ... These tests played a significant role in preventing the spread of SARS and avian flu in Asia. ...

Lincoln Park Zoo awarded $1.5 million grant for new research institute

... exposed to zoonotic disease threats such as West Nile Virus, rabies and avian Influenza; it's important to understand the interactions between people ... management strategies to mitigate risk to humans, as well as a study on avian nest predation with the goal of improving urban habitat for birds. ...

Protein 'tubules' free avian flu virus from immune recognition

... A protein found in the virulent avian influenza virus strain called H5N1 forms tiny tubules in which it "hides" ... in the virulence of influenza viruses and particularly, H5N1, a form of avian flu associated with more than half the deaths in a 2004 "bird flu" ...

156th Acoustical Society of America Meeting, Nov. 10-14, 2008 in Miami

... WOODLANDS "Anthropogenic noise appears not only to influence avian nesting patterns, thereby altering the avian community, but also to influence nest success through changes to predation ...

Newly described 'dragon' protein could be key to bird flu cure

... have taken a big step closer to a cure for the most common strain of avian influenza, or "bird flu," the potential pandemic that has claimed more ... dragon's mouth, we can slow or even potentially someday stop the spread of avian flu," he said. "Since we are talking about a relatively small protein ...

Human vision inadequate for research on bird vision

... partly due to the fact that human vision cannot perceive UV light, while avian vision can. There are several differences between human and avian perception of colour, which show that certain shades that can be seen ...

Scientists to explore global change-public health connection

... Emerging infectious diseases, including malaria, dengue fever, and avian influenza, have been linked to a number of environmental factors and, more ... Stephen Morse, Columbia University: How Could Climate Change Affect avian Influenza? Tuesday, May 13 Andrew Dobson, Princeton University: ...

New strategies against bird flu

... and infectious agents such as anthrax, lung plague, SARS, and H5N1 avian influenza may cause severe and often lethal lung failure with similar ... failure of the lungs. Surprisingly, mice challenged with inactivated H5N1 avian influenza virus also dveloped the full reaction. On the other hand, mutant ...

Lincoln Park Zoo launches first-of-its-kind wildlife reintroduction database

... Lincoln Park Zoo announced the launch of a scientific resource called the avian Reintroduction & Translocation Database (ARTD). The first of its kind, ... research extensively before undertaking such an effort. Hundreds of avian reintroductions have taken place over the past two decades, but gathering ...

UC Davis bird-flu expert calls for changes in early-warning system

... The international science community is not doing enough to track the many avian influenza viruses that might cause the next pandemic, a UC Davis ... worldwide audience, Boyce says scientists must take several steps to catch avian influenza viruses before they catch us: Go where the H5N1 virus ...

Thermochemical process converts poultry litter into bio-oil

... There are also concerns that poultry litter can harbor such diseases as avian influenza. While avian influenza is not harmful to humans, people can spread it on their shoes, ...

New target for anti-flu drug development

... target is the flu protein M2, long known to be highly conserved between avian and human strains of the virus. Scientists at Cure Lab found that this M2 ... to be used for the treatment of flu. Membranes covering human and avian cells do not allow ions to move in and out of the cell freely, thus ...
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