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Autism in Biological News

Genetic marker linked to problem behaviors in adults with developmental disabilities

... The same MAOA variation has also been linked to autism in children, autism severity and communication problems. The ... linked to this variation may explain increased autism severity in individuals with it. It is not, ...

Further gene mutations linked to autism risk

... Pieces in the complex autism inheritance puzzle are emerging in the latest ... were found in the genes of children with autism spectrum disorders, but not in the healthy ... 26 in the open-access journal PLoS Genetics . autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are common ...

Measuring intellectual disability

... X syndrome]." "Such domains include not only autism and autism spectrum disorders, but also developmental delay, ... can also involve developmental delays and/or autism spectrum disorders." In future studies, Dr. ...

MSU lands $2.1 million grant to take part in national autism study

... help identify what might put children at risk for autism spectrum disorders and other developmental ... data coordinating center make up the Centers for autism and Developmental Disabilities Research and ... autism. The study will compare children with autism to children with other developmental disabilities ...

Capturing the birth of a synapse

... family members (3 and 4) have been linked to autism in the last decade. "Chemical synapses are the ... can lead to developmental disorders such as autism and mental retardation, and they may contribute ... in every 150 American children, according to the autism Society of America. The new window opened by ...

First neuroimaging study examining motor execution in children with autism reveals new insights

... brain activity of children with high functioning autism and their typically developing peers while ... The researchers found that children with autism relied more heavily on a region of the brain ... for automating motor tasks. Children with autism also showed less connectivity between different ...

USC researchers identify gene variant associated with both autism and gastrointestinal dysfunction

... variant that links increased genetic risk for autism with gastrointestinal (GI) conditions. The ... gene may contribute to a syndrome that includes autism and co-occurring gastrointestinal dysfunction, ... Pediatrics and is now available online. autism is a developmental disorder characterized by ...

Autism Speaks funds $5 million to studies on genetic and environmental risk factors for autism

... NEW YORK, NY (February 26,2009) autism Speaks, the nation's largest autism science and advocacy organization, today ... searching for the earliest possible diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This funding, made ...

Vaccines and autism: Many hypotheses, but no correlation

... "When one hypothesis of how vaccines cause autism is refuted, another invariably springs up to take ... between MMR vaccine and the appearance of autism symptoms is merely coincidental, the authors say, because the MMR vaccine is given at the age when autism symptoms usually appear. Also hypothesized ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Jan. 7, 2009

... RELEASE Toward a long-sought saliva test for autism Journal of Proteome Research Researchers ... discovery of abnormal proteins in the saliva of autism patients that could eventually provide a clue for ... as a biomarker for a subgroup of patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Their study is in the ...

Study shows California's autism increase not due to better counting, diagnosis

... in the number children born in California with autism since 1990 cannot be explained by either changes ... for the remarkable increase in the rate of autism in California," said UC Davis M.I.N.D. Institute ... and epidemiology and an internationally respected autism researcher. Hertz-Picciotto said that many ...

UNC expands brain imaging study of infants at risk for autism

... 2007 by the National Institutes of Health as an autism Center of Excellence under the project title "A ... per year for five years and the Simons Foundation autism Research Initiative provided $150,000 a year for ... from UNC researchers, is that children with autism have larger brains from five to 10 percent ...

M.I.N.D. Institute researchers call for fragile X testing throughout the lifespan

... diseases, including neurodevelopmental delays and autism in children, infertility in women and ... fragile X gene can cause, among other disorders, autism and ADHD in children, anxiety disorders at all ... responsible for between 2 and 6 percent of autism cases. In girls, the full mutation often ...

Researchers find link between nicotine addiction and autism

... of the body. This function is important in autism because previous research has shown that people with autism have a shortage of these nicotinic receptors in ... how we might be able to use drugs to approach autism treatment," said Rene Anand, associate professor ...

Unusual use of toys in infancy a clue to later autism

... have found that infants later diagnosed with autism exhibited unusual exploration of objects long ... could help pediatricians diagnose and treat autism earlier, reducing some of the social and ... which was published in the October issue of autism , the journal of the National Autistic Society. ...

The Rett Syndrome Research Trust launches operations

... Syndrome is the most physically disabling of the autism spectrum disorders and the leading cause of ... remains unknown. In the U.S., the frequency of autism has risen to 1 in 150 children. Classic Rett ... collaboration sponsored jointly with autism Speaks and the Medical Research Council of the ....

Rare genetic disorder gives clues to autism, epilepsy, mental retardation

... Sclerosis program at Children's. Since autism occurs in about half of people with TSC, the ... autism, Sahin adds. He has received funding from autism Speaks, the Manton Foundation and the Tuberous ... idea further. "People have started to look at autism as a developmental disconnection syndrome there ...

Researchers study facial structures, brain abnormalities to reveal formula for detection of autism

... Harvard researchers reported that children with autism have a wide range of genetic defects, making it ... features and brain structures of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), which will enable them ... clues that can direct additional research. autism is a brain disorder characterized by a complex of ...

UT Health Science Center researchers study diet and autism

... pilot study is one of seven current studies on autism in the Department of Pediatrics and the ... think this works but we need serious evidence." autism is a complex neurobehavioral disorder linked to ... and environment. "A lot of children with autism have gastrointestinal problems such as ...

UNC, Caltech research finds further evidence for genetic contribution to autism

... CHAPEL HILL Some parents of children with autism evaluate facial expressions differently than the ... and Piven have shown that individuals with autism do not. "We found that some parents who have a child with autism process face information in a subtly but clearly ...

The first autism disease genes

... Asperger syndrome, a milder form of the disorder, autism is classified in the continuum of various autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), all of which are ... causes can be identified. Recent advances in autism research have been fuelled by an increased ...

Autism Speaks announces multinational initiative

... NEW YORK, NY May 9, 2008 autism Speaks, the worlds largest autism advocacy organization announces today the ... levels of expertise, and existing services, said autism Speaks Chief Science Officer, Geri Dawson, Ph.D. ...

Kids with autism may have gene that causes muscle weakness

... CHICAGO Some kids with autism may have a genetic defect that affects the ... 2008. The study looked at 37 children with autism spectrum disorders who were evaluated for ... in the skeletal muscles. Most children with autism spectrum disorders do not have recognizable ...

Autism Speaks collaborates on grant with the Allen Institute for Brain Science and autism expert

... NEW YORK, NY (April 2, 2008) autism Speaks, the nations largest autism advocacy organization along with the Allen ... for Brain Science and one of the countrys leading autism researchers will join forces on a new research ...

Researchers move 2 steps closer to understanding genetic underpinnings of autism

... describes what might be a corner piece of the autism puzzlethe identification and subsequent validation of a gene linked to the development of autism by three separate groups of scientists. An ... (TGen), further explains the findings. autism is a perplexing disease whose cause remains ...

Recurrent genetic deletion linked to autism

... as 16p11.2, is significantly associated with autism report researchers from the University of Chicago ... occurred in only four out of 712 subjects with autism (0.6%), it is the second most common recurrent ... that 16p11.2 microdeletions are a risk factor for autism spectrum disorders generally and may cause ...

New studies suggest brain overgrowth in 1-year-olds linked to development of autism

... behavioral studies of infants at high risk for autism suggest that the onset of most behavioral ... is that there is less pruning in children with autism and therefore, their brains become larger than in ... overgrowth and autism, there are many variants of autism among children, so the ways in which autistic ...

Study finds first-ever genetic animal model of autism

... they believe to be the first accurate model of autism not associated with a broader neuropsychiatric ... head growth, seizures, and mental retardation. autism is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by ... we knew next to nothing about the mechanisms of autism in the brain, says study researcher Craig M. ...

New studies on schizophrenia, depression, trauma and autism highlight annual meeting

... for depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, autism and addiction. SELECTED PANELS INCLUDE: ... in One-Year-Olds Linked to Development of autism Brain overgrowth in the latter part of an infants ... Study Finds First-Ever Genetic Animal Model of autism By introducing a gene mutation in mice, ...

Largest study to investigate risk factors of autism to begin enrolling families

... genetic and environmental factors that may cause autism and other developmental disabilities. The ... Santa Clara and Alameda counties. Children with autism and other neuro-developmental impairments ... us learn more about the factors that may lead to autism and other developmental disabilities, and how ...

Worms take the sniff test to reveal sex differences in brain

... human brain. The research project was funded by autism Speaks, an organization dedicated to autism awareness and research. For so many diseases, like autism or mood disorders, its clear that they either are ...

Rutgers Genetics receives $7.8 million for autism research

... The Simons Foundation, through its autism Research Initiative, has signed a $7.8 million, ... to establish a collection of DNA samples for autism studies. The samples will be collected from 2,000 ... at Rutgers. We will be looking not only at autism that is passed from generation to generation, but ...

Researchers develop 'brain-reading' methods

... for earlier diagnosis and better treatment of mental disorders, such as autism and schizophrenia, by offering a means for identifying very subtle ... the study of such mental disorders as attention-deficit hyperactivity and autism and to produce a handbook for many of the new tools used for pattern ...

UC Davis researchers visualize formation of a new synapse

... Calif.) A protein called neuroligin that is implicated in some forms of autism is critical to the construction of a working synapse, locking neurons ... is only recently that a link between the two synapse-forming molecules and autism has been recognized, McAllister said. Lead study author and UC Davis ...

Researchers iron out new role for serotonin

... a neurotransmitter involved in neuropsychiatric conditions ranging from autism to major depression. Appearing in the Proceedings of the National ... to many neurobehavioral disorders including alcoholism, depression, autism and obsessive-compulsive disorder. SERT is also a major target for ...

Researchers link early stem cell mutation to autism

... cells and showed behaviors similar to those seen in humans with a form of autism known as Rett Syndrome. This work represents the first direct link ... a good hint of how to look at Rett Syndrome and potentially other forms of autism in humans," said Dr. Lipton. "Having identified a mutation that causes ...

Drug reverses mental retardation caused by genetic disorder

... can repair learning deficits related to a genetic mutation that causes autism in humans. The same mutation in animals produces learning disorders, ... memory problems are common. Half of all TSC patients also suffer from autism and epilepsy. The disorder strikes one in 6,000 people, making it twice ...

Dolphin 'therapy' a dangerous fad, Emory researchers warn

... article by Marino and Lilienfeld, entitled "Dolphin-Assisted Therapy for autism and Other Developmental Disorders: A Dangerous Fad." "We want to reach ... non-profits the Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society and Research autism to ban the practice of DAT. While Marino is against taking dolphins ...

Simons Foundation awards Emory scientists $3M for autism gene research

... and Brad Coffee, PhD, both Emory faculty members in human genetics. autism occurs four to nine times more frequently in males than in females, and ... survey of the human X chromosome should identify X-linked variation for autism susceptibility if such variation exists, says Dr. Warren. "The unique ...

Children with autism don't adapt as readily to unfamiliar faces

... not just any particular feature. The new study finds that children with autism dont experience the face identity aftereffect to the same degree that ... morphed with the mathematically calculated average face. The kids with autism were just as able to distinguish between faces belonging to Dans team ...
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