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Asymptomatic in Biological News

Harvard scientists solve mystery about why HIV patients are more susceptible to TB infection

... disease." Patel and colleagues made their discovery by extracting immune cells called "alveolar macrophages" from the lungs of otherwise healthy, asymptomatic HIV-positive patients as well as from people who did not have HIV. In people who are HIV-positive, the macrophages have a decreased response to the ...

MCG researcher among first to receive NIH stimulus funding

... NeSmith says. Some drugs used to treat cocaine addiction have adverse effects on the kidneys, so it's important to know if a patient suffers from asymptomatic renal disease. If that's the case, alternative drug doses or treatments could be used. The study also will examine the relationship between ...

Early administration of antiretroviral therapy can improve survival

... for establishing a guideline cutoff point. Current clinical guides recommend waiting for the CD4 count to fall below 350 cells per milliliter (L) in asymptomatic patients. Although it was suspected that initiating treatment earlier could improve outcome, this recommendation was maintained due to the side ...

Researchers examine role of climate change in disease spread

... borne by other midge species, Bluetongue has spread to 12 European countries. "There are some confounding factors here, in that infected but asymptomatic livestock are being moved around, and midges can be spread great distances quickly by the wind," Higgs said. "But it seems clear that Bluetongue's ...

Leeds research points to new therapy for hepatitis C treatment

... liver failure or liver cancer. Spread by contact with infected blood or other bodily fluids, there is no vaccine against the disease which is largely asymptomatic in its early stages. The disease is currently treated with broad spectrum, non-specific anti-viral drugs. Dr Griffin and Prof. Harris examined ...

Improved foam for varicose veins found to be safe in preliminary results from phase II trial

... the consistency of the foam and the solubility of carbon dioxide. However, patients with a right-to-left shunt in their hearts a common, usually asymptomatic heart defect in about one-fourth of the population are at increased risk of foam bubbles crossing the shunt and going to the brain or heart without ...

Simple screening questionnaire for kidney disease outperforms current clinical practice guidelines

... professor of medicine at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. Screening is a public health strategy for identifying an unrecognized disease in asymptomatic populations. Subjects are asked questions or offered a test to identify those individuals who are more likely to be helped than harmed by further ...

Binghamton University researchers investigate evolving malaria resistance

... cycle that makes it nearly impossible for nations to rise from poverty. To eliminate malaria, countries must treat their entire populations, even asymptomatic adults. But theres rarely enough money and medicine for developing nations to do that, Lum explained. Doctors focus their energies on the young, ...

Asymptomatic HIV babies could use earlier treatment

... been a lot of controversy in the literature as to whether infected but asymptomatic infants should be started on therapy right away,?said the study’s senior ... and enhanced survival. “We’ve clearly shown that early treatment of asymptomatic infants—no matter what it is—makes a big difference in preventing or ...

Infants with Rare Genetic Disease Saved By Cord Blood Stem Cells

... new therapies in children with rare diseases. In the new study, eleven asymptomatic newborns (ages 12 to 44 days) and 14 symptomatic infants (ages 142 days to ... from the donor "engrafted" or took hold in all of the patients. All of the asymptomatic newborns survived transplant, whereas only 43 percent of the symptomatic ...

First technology to remove prions that cause vCJD from blood launched

... Saudi Arabia, with the vast majority (155) in the UK. Since vCJD can be asymptomatic for about 10 to 16 years, there is no accurate way to determine how many ... there are no available diagnostic tests sensitive enough to identify asymptomatic vCJD infected people. Measures to Safeguard the Blood Supply Since ...

Infants With Rare Genetic Disease Saved by Cord Blood Stem Cells

... new therapies in children with rare diseases. In the new study, eleven asymptomatic newborns (ages 12 to 44 days) and 14 symptomatic infants (ages 142 days to ... from the donor "engrafted" or took hold in all of the patients. All of the asymptomatic newborns survived transplant, whereas only 43 percent of the symptomatic ...

Anti-herpes treatment reduces HIV levels in women infected with both viruses

... and, in addition, reduces the quantity of HIV in the plasma. As expected, there was also dramatic reduction in the detection of symptomatic and asymptomatic presence of HSV-2. The effects appeared to gradually increase over the 3 month follow-up period, with no sign of abating.' These results indicate a ...

An advanced genetic diagnostic method for multiple myeloma

... that he or she presents, which, while they may not provide a cure for the disease, will make it possible to transform it into a chronic and asymptomatic pathology. ...

Bad blood between boys and girls

... and colleagues analysed the effect of latent (or dormant) toxoplasmosis on the probability of the birth of a boy in humans. Latent toxoplasmosis is asymptomatic but is usually a life-long infection characterised by the presence of anti-Toxoplasma antibodies in the blood. They analysed over 1800 clinical ...

Effective HIV control may depend on viral protein targeted by immune cells

... In people receiving no antiretroviral treatment, the improved HIV control associated with Gag-specific CD8 response would probably translate into asymptomatic infection for more than a decade, compared with progression to AIDS within two to three years of infection in those with no Gag responses. The ...

Viral marker of human migration suspect

... or JCV, is a small double-stranded DNA virus that is thought to be primarily transmitted from parents to their children. Infection is usually asymptomatic unless a person has a weak immune system, in which case the virus can cause neurological disease. There are more than 14 subtypes of the virus, ...

HIV-1's high virulence might be an accident of evolution

... can exhaust the immune system," he said. "If you could somehow dampen the response, it might effectively convert the condition to the more chronic, asymptomatic infection seen in monkeys." Further studies by the team will examine whether SIVs carrying Nef genes artificially made incapable of limiting T ...

New results validating Pall prion reduction filter disclosed at ISBT Congress

... that they could have caught the disease through infected blood. In the U.S., a second cow just tested positive for BSE. "Considering the lengthy, asymptomatic incubation period of vCJD in people, no one can accurately determine the magnitude of the next wave of an outbreak. Nor do we know how many people ...

Forsyth scientists find three bacteria associated with oral cancer

... are not diagnosed until their oral cancer is in its advanced stages," Mager said. In part, that is because, in its early stages, oral cancer may be asymptomatic or mimic benign conditions, so those who have it do not seek dental or medical care. "A saliva test would be an easy, non-invasive way to diagnose or ...

Boosting HIV screening can increase survival and is cost effective

... return on investment. "HIV is a severe disease that, left untreated, produces substantial morbidity and mortality," said Paltiel. "It has a long asymptomatic phase, which can be diagnosed using very effective, inexpensive tests. Most importantly, early detection speeds linkage to proven, life-prolonging ...
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