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DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

... PHEVs. (Jointly with Envia Systems) The artificial Retina Project see Lawrence Livermore National ... Hystar Aerospace Corp. of Vancouver, Canada) artificial Retina - With this device, bio-electronic ... and vertically integrated circuits. The artificial Retina Project see Lawrence Livermore National ...

New windows opened on cell-to-cell interactions

... molecules from cell membranes to the surfaces of artificial materials is opening peepholes on the very basics ... and molecules colloids are big, and creating artificial colloids with directed properties is a goal in ... The six-member research team built tiny artificial molecules that mimic brush-like membrane proteins ...

Autonomous robot detects shrapnel

... 3-D ultrasound technology developed at Duke. An artificial intelligence program served as the robot's ... results using a rudimentary robot and a basic artificial intelligence program, they are encouraged that ... become routine in the near future as robot and artificial intelligence technology improves. "We showed ...

The bitter side of sweeteners

... Sewage treatment plants fail to remove artificial sweeteners completely from waste water. What's ... extracts and analyses seven commonly used artificial sweeteners, Marco Scheurer, Heinz-Jrgen Brauch ... were able to demonstrate the presence of several artificial sweeteners in waste water. Their findings(1) are ...

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- April 29, 2009

... #3 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Toward giving artificial cells the ability for sustained movement ... in Japan are reporting an advance toward giving artificial cells another hallmark of life the ability to ... oil droplets (used as a model for research on artificial cells) that can run on a chemical "fuel." ...

New method developed by UC San Diego bioengineers gives regenerative medicine a boost

... are using this new method to compare the use of artificial and natural stem cells. "Different cells ... he said. "This method will help determine whether artificial stem cells can 100 percent mimic natural stem ... this kind of trick are you able to control the artificial cell 100 percent like a natural stem cell? This ...

Red pandas reveal an unexpected (artificial) sweet tooth

... non-primate mammal to display a liking for the artificial sweetener aspartame. This unexpected affinity for an artificial sweetener may reflect structural variation in the ... at Monell. "Greater insight into why we like artificial sweeteners could eventually lead to the ...

Turning sunlight into liquid fuels

... A goal of scientists has been to develop an artificial version of photosynthesis that can be used to ... serves as deputy director of Helios SERC. artificial photosynthesis for the production of liquid fuels ... that can oxidize water in other words, an artificial leaf. "To take advantage of the flexibility ...

A new way to assemble cells into 3-D microtissues

... their method by constructing a tailor-made artificial cell-signaling system, analogous to natural cell systems that communicate via growth factors. artificial tissues are presently used in medicine for a ... found!). First they induced the cells to express artificial sugars bearing special chemical groups. Lengths ...

Artificial cells, simple model for complex structure

... should be possible to collocalize materials in an artificial cell and then have the process be reversible," ... she can reproduce this type of collocation in her artificial cells, the systems can be more easily studied. ... of the same molecules in unlimited space. These artificial cells ...

Biomedical researchers create artificial human bone marrow in a test tube

... ANN ARBOR, Mich.--- artificial bone marrow that can continuously make red and ... of the project. "This is the first successful artificial bone marrow," Kotov said. "It has two of the ... the body more susceptible to infection. The new artificial marrow could allow researchers to test how a new ...

Eight ASU faculty elected as AAAS Fellows

... is cited by AAAS for "pioneering research in artificial photosynthesis including the design of artificial reaction centers, antenna and assembling an energy-converting artificial photosynthetic membrane." Moore is a professor in ...

Light pollution offers new global measure of coral reef health

... on the subject called "Ecological Consequences of artificial Night Lighting." Since then, Longcore has been ... Longcore said. Increasingly, concerns about artificial lighting extend beyond star enthusiasts to ... Longcore said. As a rule of thumb, artificial light tends to benefit predators, which is why ...

Gaps in adhesion

... reproduced the adhesive shellfish proteins with artificial polymers. These consist of long chains of ... metal and bone would be interesting for securing artificial joints," says Wolfgang Tremel. At first, the ... does not apply to shellfish proteins and their artificial counterparts. "We see our polymers as chains ...

A double-barreled immune cell approach for neuroblastoma

... Adding an artificial tumor-specific receptor to immune system cells ... Previous attempted to use T-lymphocytes with an artificial receptor directed to tumor cells proved ... are constantly stimulated by the virus. Their artificial antigen receptor enables them to latch onto and ...

Researchers design artificial cells that could power medical implants

... at Yale University have created a blueprint for artificial cells that are more powerful and efficient than ... scientists began with the question of whether an artificial version of the electrocyte the energy-generating ... as a guide, LaVan and Xu set about designing an artificial cell that could replicate the electrocyte's ...

Models of eel cells suggest electrifying possibilities

... one of the basic units of life, they argue that artificial cells could be built that not only replicate the ... electric eel cells but in fact improve on them. artificial versions of the eels electricity generating cells ... improvements are possible. One design for an artificial cell generates more than 40 percent more energy ...

Taking the next step toward advanced artificial limbs

... development of neuroprostheticsnext-generation artificial limbs that could one day be permanently implanted ... laying the foundation for signal processing for artificial limbs that are connected to the nervous system so ... team will try to direct the growth of neurons on artificial surfaces, such as glass, gold, or silicone, so ...

Engineers create bone that blends into tendons

... at Georgia Tech have used skin cells to create artificial bones that mimic the ability of natural bone to ... other tissues such as tendons or ligaments. The artificial bones display a gradual change from bone to ... than the sudden shift of previously developed artificial tissue, providing better integration with the ...

Future for clean energy lies in 'big bang' of evolution

... want, and the other to mimic their processes in artificial photosynthetic systems built with human-made ... whether based on cyanobacteria, plants, or artificial components, capable of much higher efficiencies, ... at the ESF conference was the idea of an artificial leaf that would simulate not just photosynthesis ...

Artificial Gravity receives 2008 Life Science Book Award

... The Springer book artificial Gravity , edited by Gilles Clment and Angie ... on 28 September 2008 in Glasgow, Scotland. artificial Gravity reviews the principle and rationale for using artificial gravity during space missions, and describes the ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- July 2, 2008

... First DNA molecule made almost entirely of artificial parts Journal of the American Chemical Society ... first DNA molecule made almost entirely of artificial parts. The finding could lead to improvements in ... that scientists have tried for years to develop artificial versions of DNA in order to extend its amazing ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- May 14, 2008

... #1 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE New-generation artificial cornea could restore vision for millions worldwide Biotechnology Progress An improved artificial cornea, which could restore the vision of more ... new materials that already have made limited-use artificial corneas available, partially fulfilling a medical ...

Berkeley researchers identify photosynthetic dimmer switch

... important implications for the future design of artificial photosynthesis systems that could provide the ... model could then be applied to the engineering of artificial versions of photosynthesis. The results of ... 97 percent. If scientists can create artificial versions of photosynthesis, the dream of solar ...

Undergrad has sweet success with invention of artificial Golgi

... with decades more experience to creating an artificial Golgi, said Robert Linhardt, the Ann and John H. ... the cells function in the body. Martins artificial Golgi functions in a surprisingly similar way to ... to use it as a model to test the device. If our artificial Golgi can build fully functional heparin, we can ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- April 30, 2008

... RELEASE Munch-o-matic: Scientists develop the artificial mouth Journal of Agricultural and Food ... Chemistry, scientists report the design of an artificial mouth that mimics the first vital steps of human ... on the Release of Volatile Compounds in a New artificial Mouth Device" DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ARTICLE ...

New computer applications allow to classify Iberian pig meat automatically

... have addressed the histological quantification by artificial vision of 6 animal species : White pig of the ... muscular fibres in images taken by a system or artificial vision coupled to a microscopy. Second, the study ... to the combination of spectral radiometry and artificial vision techniques conceived in this doctoral ...

Less can be more, for plant breeders too

... highly specific gene silencing using so-called artificial miRNAs in rice (Oryza sativa). MicroRNAs are ... is that the corresponding gene is silenced. With artificial miRNAs (amiRNAs), this natural silencing pathway ... varieties by several years of breeding. With an artificial miRNA targeting the Eui1 messenger RNA, the ...

Language of a fly proves surprising

... those early experiments largely because the artificial stimulation was in some sense unnatural, ... became the basis of neuromimetic approaches to artificial intelligence, such as artificial neural networks. These assumptions have developed ...

Yale scientists create artificial 'cells' that boost the immune response to cancer

... New Haven, Conn. Using artificial cell-like particles, Yale biomedical engineers ... on line report in Molecular Therapy. The artificial cells, developed by Tarek Fahmy , assistant ... is the first off-the-shelf antigen-presenting artificial cell that can be tuned to target a specific ...

Zoologists challenge longstanding theory that 'eyespots' mimic the eyes of predators' enemies

... tested the response of wild avian predators to artificial moths, created from waterproof paper. Specific ... in Cambridgeshire, UK. Attached to each of the artificial moths was an edible mealworm as a temptation for ... sparrows. The zoologists discovered that artificial moths with circular markings survived no better ...

Science, not romance, controls mating at Smithsonian's National Zoo

... cheetah breeding based on age, weight and artificial insemination. The kori bustard, a large ... and one of their elephants have both undergone artificial insemination procedures with sperm from males at ... The Zoos first successful elephant birth from artificial insemination occurred in 2001 when Shanthi was ...

Thinking makes it so: Science extends reach of prosthetic arms

... allows wearers to open and close their artificial hands and bend and straighten their artificial elbows nearly as naturally as their own arms. ... so that the signals can be used to move the artificial limb. Nearly a dozen patients who have ...

UTMB researchers to be honored at 'Oscars of invention'

... researchers who pioneered the development of an artificial immune system that mimics that of the human body ... of the device, Nichols and Cortiella said, is an artificial matrix patterned after the porous structure of ... the white blood cells that fight infection. The artificial immune system mimics this by providing nutrients ...

Rhythmic breathing adapts to external beat through 'brain calculus'

... to design more effective and less costly artificial respirators. In a study published on ... up for changes in the spontaneous rhythm due to artificial lung inflation, says Poon. Nonassociative ... of the respirator. In tests of rats under artificial respiration, Poon found that, if using a suitable ...

Ants more rational than humans

... Edward's could also translate into new approaches in the development of artificial intelligence. "A key idea in collective robotics is that the ... to function without complex central control is really desirable in an artificial system and the idea that limitations at the individual level can actually ...

Small molecules mimic natural gene regulators

... in cells, but Mapp and other researchers have been working to develop artificial transcription factors (ATFs)---non-natural molecules programmed to perform ... natural activators use. Both natural transcriptional activators and their artificial counterparts typically have two essential parts: a DNA-binding domain that ...

Healing wounds with lasers, vehicles that drive themselves, other cutting-edge optics

... up living cells and controls their movements has opened the door to better artificial tissues and wounds that heal faster with less scarring. For years, ... other projects, such as making anti-counterfeit identifiers or projecting artificial stars into the night sky that can be used to calibrate astronomical ...

P[acman]-generated fruit fly gene 'library': A new research tool

... study large chunks of DNA in living flies. The vector officially P/phiC31 artificial chromosome for manipulation combines different technologies: a specially designed bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) that allows maintenance of large pieces of DNA in ...

LSUHSC public health researcher finds reason for weight gain

... with sugar) diet drinks (diet soda and other diet drinks sweetened with artificial sweeteners) milk (whole milk, 2% reduced-fat milk, 1% low-fat milk, and ... with sugar) coffee and tea without sugar (unsweetened or sweetened with artificial sweeteners) alcoholic beverages (beer, wine, spirits, and other alcoholic ...
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