DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009
... PHEVs. (Jointly with Envia Systems)
Retina Project see Lawrence Livermore National ... Hystar Aerospace Corp. of Vancouver, Canada)
Retina - With this device, bio-electronic ... and vertically integrated circuits.
Retina Project see Lawrence Livermore National ...
New windows opened on cell-to-cell interactions
... molecules from cell membranes to the surfaces of artificial
materials is opening peepholes on the very basics ... and molecules colloids are big, and creating artificial
colloids with directed properties is a goal in ...
The six-member research team built tiny artificial
molecules that mimic brush-like membrane proteins ...
Autonomous robot detects shrapnel
... 3-D ultrasound technology developed at Duke. An artificial
intelligence program served as the robot's ... results using a rudimentary robot and a basic artificial
intelligence program, they are encouraged that ... become routine in the near future as robot and artificial
intelligence technology improves.
"We showed ...
The bitter side of sweeteners
... Sewage treatment plants fail to remove artificial
sweeteners completely from waste water. What's ... extracts and analyses seven commonly used artificial
sweeteners, Marco Scheurer, Heinz-Jrgen Brauch ... were able to demonstrate the presence of several artificial
sweeteners in waste water. Their findings(1) are ...
American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- April 29, 2009
... #3 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Toward giving artificial
cells the ability for sustained movement
... in Japan are reporting an advance toward giving artificial
cells another hallmark of life the ability to ... oil droplets (used as a model for research on artificial
cells) that can run on a chemical "fuel."
New method developed by UC San Diego bioengineers gives regenerative medicine a boost
... are using this new method to compare the use of artificial
and natural stem cells.
"Different cells ... he said. "This method will help determine whether artificial
stem cells can 100 percent mimic natural stem ... this kind of trick are you able to control the artificial
cell 100 percent like a natural stem cell? This ...
Red pandas reveal an unexpected (artificial) sweet tooth
... non-primate mammal to display a liking for the artificial
sweetener aspartame. This unexpected affinity for an artificial
sweetener may reflect structural variation in the ... at Monell. "Greater insight into why we like artificial
sweeteners could eventually lead to the ...
Turning sunlight into liquid fuels
... A goal of scientists has been to develop an artificial
version of photosynthesis that can be used to ... serves as deputy director of Helios SERC.
photosynthesis for the production of liquid fuels ... that can oxidize water in other words, an artificial
"To take advantage of the flexibility ...
A new way to assemble cells into 3-D microtissues
... their method by constructing a tailor-made artificial
cell-signaling system, analogous to natural cell systems that communicate via growth factors.
tissues are presently used in medicine for a ... found!). First they induced the cells to express artificial
sugars bearing special chemical groups. Lengths ...
Artificial cells, simple model for complex structure
... should be possible to collocalize materials in an artificial
cell and then have the process be reversible," ... she can reproduce this type of collocation in her artificial
cells, the systems can be more easily studied.
... of the same molecules in unlimited space. These artificial
Biomedical researchers create artificial human bone marrow in a test tube
... ANN ARBOR, Mich.--- artificial
bone marrow that can continuously make red and ... of the project.
"This is the first successful artificial
bone marrow," Kotov said. "It has two of the ... the body more susceptible to infection. The new artificial
marrow could allow researchers to test how a new ...
Eight ASU faculty elected as AAAS Fellows
... is cited by AAAS for "pioneering research in artificial
photosynthesis including the design of artificial
reaction centers, antenna and assembling an energy-converting artificial
photosynthetic membrane." Moore is a professor in ...
Light pollution offers new global measure of coral reef health
... on the subject called "Ecological Consequences of artificial
Since then, Longcore has been ... Longcore said.
Increasingly, concerns about artificial
lighting extend beyond star enthusiasts to ... Longcore said.
As a rule of thumb, artificial
light tends to benefit predators, which is why ...
Gaps in adhesion
... reproduced the adhesive shellfish proteins with artificial
polymers. These consist of long chains of ... metal and bone would be interesting for securing artificial
joints," says Wolfgang Tremel.
At first, the ... does not apply to shellfish proteins and their artificial
"We see our polymers as chains ...
A double-barreled immune cell approach for neuroblastoma
... Adding an artificial
tumor-specific receptor to immune system cells ... Previous attempted to use T-lymphocytes with an artificial
receptor directed to tumor cells proved ... are constantly stimulated by the virus. Their artificial
antigen receptor enables them to latch onto and ...
Researchers design artificial cells that could power medical implants
... at Yale University have created a blueprint for artificial
cells that are more powerful and efficient than ... scientists began with the question of whether an artificial
version of the electrocyte the energy-generating ... as a guide, LaVan and Xu set about designing an artificial
cell that could replicate the electrocyte's ...
Models of eel cells suggest electrifying possibilities
... one of the basic units of life, they argue that artificial
cells could be built that not only replicate the ... electric eel cells but in fact improve on them. artificial
versions of the eels electricity generating cells ... improvements are possible. One design for an artificial
cell generates more than 40 percent more energy ...
Taking the next step toward advanced artificial limbs
... development of neuroprostheticsnext-generation artificial
limbs that could one day be permanently implanted ... laying the foundation for signal processing for artificial
limbs that are connected to the nervous system so ... team will try to direct the growth of neurons on artificial
surfaces, such as glass, gold, or silicone, so ...
Engineers create bone that blends into tendons
... at Georgia Tech have used skin cells to create artificial
bones that mimic the ability of natural bone to ... other tissues such as tendons or ligaments. The artificial
bones display a gradual change from bone to ... than the sudden shift of previously developed artificial
tissue, providing better integration with the ...
Future for clean energy lies in 'big bang' of evolution
... want, and the other to mimic their processes in artificial
photosynthetic systems built with human-made ... whether based on cyanobacteria, plants, or artificial
components, capable of much higher efficiencies, ... at the ESF conference was the idea of an artificial
leaf that would simulate not just photosynthesis ...
Artificial Gravity receives 2008 Life Science Book Award
... The Springer book artificial
Gravity , edited by Gilles Clment and Angie ... on 28 September 2008 in Glasgow, Scotland.
Gravity reviews the principle and rationale for using artificial
gravity during space missions, and describes the ...
American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- July 2, 2008
First DNA molecule made almost entirely of artificial
Journal of the American Chemical Society ... first DNA molecule made almost entirely of artificial
parts. The finding could lead to improvements in ... that scientists have tried for years to develop artificial
versions of DNA in order to extend its amazing ...
American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- May 14, 2008
... #1 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
cornea could restore vision for millions worldwide
An improved artificial
cornea, which could restore the vision of more ... new materials that already have made limited-use artificial
corneas available, partially fulfilling a medical ...
Berkeley researchers identify photosynthetic dimmer switch
... important implications for the future design of artificial
photosynthesis systems that could provide the ... model could then be applied to the engineering of artificial
versions of photosynthesis.
The results of ... 97 percent. If scientists can create artificial
versions of photosynthesis, the dream of solar ...
Undergrad has sweet success with invention of artificial Golgi
... with decades more experience to creating an artificial
Golgi, said Robert Linhardt, the Ann and John H. ... the cells function in the body.
Golgi functions in a surprisingly similar way to ... to use it as a model to test the device. If our artificial
Golgi can build fully functional heparin, we can ...
American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- April 30, 2008
Munch-o-matic: Scientists develop the artificial
Journal of Agricultural and Food ... Chemistry, scientists report the design of an artificial
mouth that mimics the first vital steps of human ... on the Release of Volatile Compounds in a New artificial
DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ARTICLE
New computer applications allow to classify Iberian pig meat automatically
... have addressed the histological quantification by artificial
vision of 6 animal species : White pig of the ... muscular fibres in images taken by a system or artificial
vision coupled to a microscopy. Second, the study ... to the combination of spectral radiometry and artificial
vision techniques conceived in this doctoral ...
Less can be more, for plant breeders too
... highly specific gene silencing using so-called artificial
miRNAs in rice (Oryza sativa).
MicroRNAs are ... is that the corresponding gene is silenced. With artificial
miRNAs (amiRNAs), this natural silencing pathway ... varieties by several years of breeding. With an artificial
miRNA targeting the Eui1 messenger RNA, the ...
Language of a fly proves surprising
... those early experiments largely because the artificial
stimulation was in some sense unnatural, ... became the basis of neuromimetic approaches to artificial
intelligence, such as artificial
neural networks. These assumptions have developed ...
Yale scientists create artificial 'cells' that boost the immune response to cancer
... New Haven, Conn. Using artificial
cell-like particles, Yale biomedical engineers ... on line report in Molecular Therapy.
cells, developed by Tarek Fahmy , assistant ... is the first off-the-shelf antigen-presenting artificial
cell that can be tuned to target a specific ...
Zoologists challenge longstanding theory that 'eyespots' mimic the eyes of predators' enemies
... tested the response of wild avian predators to artificial
moths, created from waterproof paper. Specific ... in Cambridgeshire, UK. Attached to each of the artificial
moths was an edible mealworm as a temptation for ... sparrows.
The zoologists discovered that artificial
moths with circular markings survived no better ...
Science, not romance, controls mating at Smithsonian's National Zoo
... cheetah breeding based on age, weight and artificial
The kori bustard, a large ... and one of their elephants have both undergone artificial
insemination procedures with sperm from males at ... The Zoos first successful elephant birth from artificial
insemination occurred in 2001 when Shanthi was ...
Thinking makes it so: Science extends reach of prosthetic arms
... allows wearers to open and close their artificial
hands and bend and straighten their artificial
elbows nearly as naturally as their own arms.
... so that the signals can be used to move the artificial
Nearly a dozen patients who have ...
UTMB researchers to be honored at 'Oscars of invention'
... researchers who pioneered the development of an artificial
immune system that mimics that of the human body ... of the device, Nichols and Cortiella said, is an artificial
matrix patterned after the porous structure of ... the white blood cells that fight infection. The artificial
immune system mimics this by providing nutrients ...
Rhythmic breathing adapts to external beat through 'brain calculus'
... to design more effective and less costly artificial
In a study published on ... up for changes in the spontaneous rhythm due to artificial
lung inflation, says Poon.
Nonassociative ... of the respirator.
In tests of rats under artificial
respiration, Poon found that, if using a suitable ...
Ants more rational than humans
... Edward's could also translate into new approaches in the development of artificial
"A key idea in collective robotics is that the ... to function without complex central control is really desirable in an artificial
system and the idea that limitations at the individual level can actually ...
Small molecules mimic natural gene regulators
... in cells, but Mapp and other researchers have been working to develop artificial
transcription factors (ATFs)---non-natural molecules programmed to perform ... natural activators use. Both natural transcriptional activators and their artificial
counterparts typically have two essential parts: a DNA-binding domain that ...
Healing wounds with lasers, vehicles that drive themselves, other cutting-edge optics
... up living cells and controls their movements has opened the door to better artificial
tissues and wounds that heal faster with less scarring.
For years, ... other projects, such as making anti-counterfeit identifiers or projecting artificial
stars into the night sky that can be used to calibrate astronomical ...
P[acman]-generated fruit fly gene 'library': A new research tool
... study large chunks of DNA in living flies. The vector officially P/phiC31 artificial
chromosome for manipulation combines different technologies: a specially designed bacterial artificial
chromosome (BAC) that allows maintenance of large pieces of DNA in ...
LSUHSC public health researcher finds reason for weight gain
... with sugar)
diet drinks (diet soda and other diet drinks sweetened with artificial
milk (whole milk, 2% reduced-fat milk, 1% low-fat milk, and ... with sugar)
coffee and tea without sugar (unsweetened or sweetened with artificial
alcoholic beverages (beer, wine, spirits, and other alcoholic ...