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Animal in Biological News

New stem cell research could reduce number of animal experiments

... cell technology that could reduce the number of animal experiments used to study conditions such as ... of the NC3Rs, said: "If we are to reduce animal use and at the same time continue to develop new ... they can do this, and reduce their reliance on animal use then this has to be good news." ...

K-State researcher, collaborators study virulence of pandemic H1N1 virus

... and we can contribute by working on models for animal and human diseases," Richt said. "This expertise ... pandemic flu in humans most likely originated in animal populations." At K-State, Richt is leading in ... is testing the virulence of pandemic H1N1 in animal models. In pigs, Richt and his fellow researchers ...

Earliest animals lived in a lake environment, research shows

... bacteria dominating the record. When multi-celled animal life appeared on the planet after 3 billion years ... rapidly. Conventional wisdom has it that animal evolution began in the ocean, with animal life adapting much later in Earth history to ...

Research network wins approximately £5.7 million to target human and animal diseases in Africa

... including new infectious human diseases of animal origin. SACIDS will primarily be supported ... which promotes collaborations between human and animal health sectors. The link between SACIDS and LIDC ... Most major infectious human diseases have animal origins and up to 80 per cent of emerging ...

Improved method developed to test carcinogen risk

... State University recently completed the largest animal study ever done in the field of toxicology, and ... that for many purposes trout may be a superior animal model than laboratory rats, and that traditional ... Bailey said. "The key is that now we have animal models that can far more accurately determine the ...

Why do we choose our mates? Ask Charles Darwin, prof says

... set the standard for original thinking about animal reproduction and was first scientist to propose ... Jones adds. "These markers can be applied to animal populations, and they give us a definitive record ... concluded that sexual selection existed in the animal world and that humans definitely followed a ...

Stress puts double whammy on reproductive system, fertility

... problems, but also affect how breeders approach animal husbandry and captive breeding programs for ... after the failure of assisted reproduction. animal breeding also is affected by stress. Zoos, in ... reproduce in captivity, Bentley said. Based on animal experiments, researchers attribute much of this ...

Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona researchers first to clone mice in Spain

... Pyrenean mountain goat using a cell from the last animal of this species, which became extinct in 2000. The cloned animal however died 10 minutes after it was born due to ... not only be applied to reproductive cloning of animal models; they can also be used for the ...

Protein that triggers plant cell division revealed by researchers

... BASL behaves like many of the proteins vital for animal asymmetric cell divisions, even though BASL's ... in some ways like proteins involved in asymmetric animal cell division--that is, they observed BASL in ... of the way their cells are built. "The animal cell is sort of squishy and doesn't have a wall ...

What really prompts the dog's 'guilty look'

... light on the natural human tendency to interpret animal behavior in human terms. Anthropomorphisms compare animal behavior to human behavior, and if there is some superficial similarity, then the animal behavior will be interpreted in the same terms as ...

Tracking down the causes of multiple sclerosis

... by different proteins. Furthermore, a new animal model is helping the scientists to understand the ... medicine, MS research is dependent, therefore, on animal models in its study of the disease. Working in ... have succeeded in developing a very effective animal model. The specially bred mice spontaneously ...

Discovery raises new doubts about dinosaur-bird links

... capacity for flight." However, every other animal that has walked on land, the scientists said, has ... some of the most widely-held beliefs about animal evolution. "For one thing, birds are found ... to some of the most distinctive and romanticized animal species in world history. "Frankly, there's a ...

Horse whisperers, lion tamers not needed: Scientists find genetic regions that soothe savage beasts

... In what could be a breakthrough in animal breeding, a team of scientists from Germany, ... a set of genetic regions responsible for animal tameness. This discovery, published in the June ... ( http://www.genetics.org ), should help animal breeders, farmers, zoologists, and anyone else ...

InVitria Sponsors ESACT 2009 in Dublin, Ireland

... the 21st Meeting of the European Society for animal Cell Technology (ESACT) in Dublin, Ireland from ... defined media that are completely free of animal components,” said Steve Pettit, Ph.D., ... with ZAP-CHO was only possible by utilizing animal components such as FBS (fetal bovine serum or ...

FAO/IAEA Symposium to address animal production and health

... on the use of nuclear technologies to enhance animal nutrition and reproduction strategies and to ... such as swine and avian influenza. Around 500 animal production and health experts from over 100 ... for solving or alleviating factors affecting animal production. In addition, they will discuss ...

Scientists announce top 10 new species, issue SOS

... who initiated the modern system of plant and animal names and classifications. The 300th anniversary ... marked the 250th anniversary of the beginning of animal naming. There are an estimated 1.8 million ... the number of major pspecies.asu.edulant and animal species newly described for the most recent year ...

Scientists announce top 10 new species; issue SOS

... who initiated the modern system of plant and animal names and classifications. The 300th anniversary ... marked the 250th anniversary of the beginning of animal naming. There are an estimated 1.8 million ... the number of major pspecies.asu.edulant and animal species newly described for the most recent year ...

'Beating' heart machine expedites research and development of new surgical tools, techniques

... at North Carolina State University makes an animal heart pump much like a live heart after it has ... without the cost and time associated with animal or clinical trials. Currently, most medical ... "There will still be a need for testing in live animal models," says Dr. Greg Buckner, who directed the ...

Novel antibody prevents infection by hepatitis C virus

... infection by the virus in a pre-clinical animal model of the disease. Details of the research ... on three non-human primates. In that study, one animal received no antibody, one a low dose of the new ... dosages developed HCV infections, but the animal with the higher dose was protected. Subsequently, ...

Origins of wolverine in California genetically verified

... hair and fecal samples from the photographed animal so that its DNA could be examined to help ... Laboratory in Missoula, Mont., later found the animal was not part of a historic population by ... Immigrant?" "We still can't be sure how this animal came to the Tahoe National Forest," said Bill ...

Unifying the animate and the inanimate designs of nature

... two worlds is a theory that flow systems from animal locomotion to the formation of river deltas -- ... was that fish locomotion was different than other animal locomotion. Since they live in water, the ... law, Bejan said. "Our discovery that animal locomotion adheres to the constructal law tells ...

Countries unite to reduce animal use in product toxicity testing worldwide

... to finding and advancing alternatives to animal testing," said Linda Birnbaum, Ph.D., director of ... more accurate predictions of safety or hazard. animal welfare will also be improved by the national and ... while at the same time reduce the need for animal testing." "Although we've had informal ...

UC Davis launches 'One Health' care for wild mountain gorillas and human neighbors

... "The concept of 'One Health' - that human, animal and environmental health are inextricably linked ... Project was established in 1986 by the Morris animal Foundation at the request of primatologist ... MGVP and showcase the interconnectedness between animal and habitat conservation and the overall health ...

Fossil evidence of missing link in the origin of seals, sea lions, walruses found in Canadian Arctic

... that the feet were webbed, but not flippers. This animal was likely adept at both swimming and walking on ... or lakes, might at last be converted in an animal so thoroughly aquatic as to brace the open ... leader of the field expedition. The animal is described as having a long tail, and ...

The life histories of the earliest land animals

... movement and can tell us for example whether the animal lifted the front part of its body clear of the ... better adapted to supporting weight as the animal grows up. The pattern of muscle attachments on ... joint changes so that it becomes possible for the animal to "lock" its forelimb into a weight-bearing ...

Fossils suggest earlier land-water transition of tetrapod

... primitive tetrapod, that is, the first vertebrate animal to possess limbs with digits rather than fish ... help scientists deduce when in development the animal acquired the terrestrial habit. The fossils ... Acanthostega. Those include Tiktaalik, another animal that has made the news because of scientists' ...

Red pandas reveal an unexpected (artificial) sweet tooth

... in a zoo setting. For each sweet molecule, the animal was given access to both the sweet solution and water for 24 hours. The animal was said to prefer the sweet solution when it ... "What we don't know is why this particular animal has this unusual ability. Perhaps the red ...

HIV dearms protective protein in cells

... HIV cannot propagate itself as easily in the animal model as in humans one limitation of the current ... knowledge may enable an improvement of the small animal model developed by the Heidelberg researchers. ... to imitate and study HIV infection in rats in an animal model the infection in rats does not follow the ...

Tiny super-plant can clean up animal waste and be used for ethanol production

... that a tiny aquatic plant can be used to clean up animal waste at industrial hog farms and potentially be ... wastewater. Large-scale hog farms manage their animal waste by storing it in large "lagoons" for ... a large-scale system for growing duckweed on animal wastewater, and then harvesting and drying the ...

Early family ties: No sponge in the human family tree

... of Life", and in understanding the development of animal and plant species during their evolutionary ... much debate about the relationships between the animal groups that made their apparation very early in ... relationships between some of these very early animal groups with a high degree of confidence. In the ...

Team identifies a molecular switch linking infectious disease and depression

... that can be reversed with antidepressants, said animal sciences and pathology professors Keith Kelley ... able, the mice quit trying to escape," said animal sciences professor Jason O'Connor, first author ... tryptophan, producing metabolites that affect animal and human behavior. Previous studies have found a ...

To swim or to crawl: For the worm it's a no brainer

... , a tiny free-living worm, was the very first animal species to be completely genetically sequenced ... worm, anticipating that this will be the first animal species to be completely understood. In its ... and should hopefully make the modeling of this animal more accessible." ...

New wheat disease could spread faster than expected

... rate. These historical studies of both plant and animal diseases show that some pathogens that can be ... would be foolish to ignore it." Most plant and animal diseases that are spread by contact or close ... how closely the spread of very different plant, animal and human diseases followed the same mathematical ...

Flies may spread drug-resistant bacteria from poultry operations

... another potential link between industrial food animal production and exposures to antibiotic resistant ... risks associated with the inadequate treatment of animal wastes." "Although we did not directly ... of the Center for a Livable Future, confined animal feeding operationswhere thousands of animals are ...

Right whale sedation enables disentanglement effort

... Studies, the University of Florida's Aquatic animal Health Program, Florida Fish & Wildlife ... the chances of the whales's survival." The animal (New England Aquarium catalog No: 3311) was first ... success. The dose given appeared to make the animal feel less pain, but was not sedated enough to be ...

Evidence of earliest known domestic horses found in Kazakhstan

... the Tersek in the west. "Having a domesticated animal that could be eaten, milked, ridden, used as a pack animal and potentially for haulage would have had a ... Indians had the advantage of receiving an animal that was already selected to be more docile and ...

Pulmonary hypertension in children may result from reduced activity of gene regulator

... the dysregulation. In a surgically created animal model of a congenital heart defect that causes ... what MCG and UCSF researchers have seen in their animal model: increased expression of genes that cause ... documented an early increase in ADMA in their animal model and are studying its impact on cell ...

Taking the pulse of our planet

... of climate on seasonal changes in plant and animal behavior. The USA-National Phenology Network ... and observe the marvelous cycles of plant and animal life." Phenology is the study of the seasonal ... and assess the vulnerability of various plant and animal species to climate change. The USA-NPN, based ...

Reducing animal experiments through top-class research

... Kn have been awarded the 2009 Ursula M. Hndel animal Welfare Prize. The prize was awarded to this ... that significantly reduces the number of animal experiments required. The Ursula M. Hndel animal Welfare Prize to researchers and scientists who ...

Reduction in parasite infections ahead for India

... in lost crop production and $5.3 billion in animal health each year. A delegation led by Dr Gerry ... on Emerging Biotechnologies in Agriculture, animal Health and Productivity which runs from today ... has recently established a Department of animal Health Science and Management which aims to help ...
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