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Alcohol in Biological News

Discovery may provide new treatments for alcohol dependence

... have discovered a new brain mechanism involved in alcohol addiction involving the stomach hormone ghrelin. ... lead to new therapies for addictions such as alcohol dependence. The results will be published in ... The new finding, that it is also involved in alcohol addiction, highlights the reward system of the ...

From the glass to the brain in 6 minutes

... Only six minutes after consuming an amount of alcohol equivalent to three glasses of beer or two glasses of wine, leading to a blood alcohol level of 0.05 to 0.06 percent, changes have ... evidence for alternative energy utilization upon alcohol ingestion, i.e. the brain uses ...

Specific genetic cause of fetal alcohol-related developmental disorders found

... alcohol consumption by pregnant women hinders brain ... 91st Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C. Fetal alcohol exposureeven from moderate drinking during ... these lasting cognitive impairments occur because alcohol consumption during pregnancy decreases the level ...

Society for Prevention Research Meeting in Washington, D.C., May 27-29, 2009

... little is known about why adults start abusing alcohol and drugs. Yet a significant number of ... age minimums and family practices associated with alcohol use. A commonly held perception among Americans is that European youth tend to drink less alcohol and experience fewer negative consequences ...

Frogs reveal clues about the effects of alcohol during development

... Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) and Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) cause malformations in babies, ... associated with maternal consumption of alcohol in early pregnancy. ...

Fetal alcohol syndrome testing expands

... that help identify and assess children with Fetal alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). "Our initial study ... Mental Health and Addiction. "Fetal alcohol Spectrum Disorder is a significant health issue ... defects resulting from a mother's consumption of alcohol during pregnancy, FASD is believed to affect ...

Scots and Irish at greater risk of drink-related death, study shows

... be explained by cultural differences in rates of alcohol consumption. For example, adults who are Scottish ... disease, almost certainly as a result of low alcohol consumption." "These findings show significant ... action to help address these differences." alcohol is thought to cause as much death and disability ...

AJCN study shows moderate alcohol consumption related to stronger bones

... The devastating effects of excessive alcohol consumption are undisputable, although some data suggest that moderate alcohol consumption may impart some health benefits. For ... have reported a positive association between alcohol intake and bone mineral density (BMD) in older ...

Red wine vs. white? It makes no difference when it comes to breast-cancer risk

... Hutchinson Center. "The general evidence is that alcohol consumption overall increases breast-cancer risk, ... age-matched controls about their frequency of alcohol consumption (red wine, white wine, liquor and ... Massachusetts and New Hampshire. The frequency of alcohol consumption was similar in both groups, and equal ...

After a few drinks, older adults more impaired than they think

... research group in the Journal of Studies on alcohol and Drugs . Although people 50 or older in the study metabolized alcohol similar to how younger people did, they performed ... on special tests after having moderate amounts of alcohol and did not always realize when they were ...

Moderate alcohol intake associated with bone protection

... primarily over 60 years of age, regular moderate alcohol intake was associated with greater bone mineral ... "Previous research suggests that moderate alcohol consumption in older men and post-menopausal ... issued by the federal government defines moderate alcohol consumption as one drink per day for women and ...

1 drug may help people both lay down the drink and put out the cigarette

... name Chantix, reported feeling fewer cravings for alcohol and less intoxicated when they did drink. They ... associated with combining varenicline with alcohol in the doses studied. When combined with low ... trials of varenicline as a primary treatment for alcohol use disorders, and as a potential dual treatment ...

Intervention method reduces binge drinking

... college binge drinking. The Southern Methodist alcohol Research Trial (SMART) found that motivational ... to help motivate them to decrease their alcohol consumption. Information such as caloric intake, ... income spent on alcohol, negative consequences of alcohol use and local referral information are provided ...

A little wine boosts omega-3 in the body: Researchers find a novel mechanism for a healthier heart

... Moderate alcohol intake is associated with higher levels of ... effect could be ascribed to compounds other than alcohol itself, representing a key to understand the ... questionnaire to assess their dietary intake, alcohol consumption included. Omega-3 fatty acids, ...

Alcohol: A life sentence

... The mothers of these children have often drunk alcohol regularly during the pregnancy. The consequences ... into adulthood. The various forms of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders are presented by the ... precise pathogenetic mechanism of intrauterine alcohol damage remains to be clearly established. ...

Why binge drinking is bad for your bones

... of Medicine study has found a possible mechanism: alcohol disturbs genes necessary for maintaining healthy ... development of new drugs to minimize bone loss in alcohol abusers. Such drugs also might help people who don't abuse alcohol but are at risk for osteoporosis. "Of course, ...

Resveratrol prevents fat accumulation in livers of 'alcoholic' mice

... of fat in the liver as a result of chronic alcohol consumption could be prevented by consuming ... amount of fat produced in the liver of mice fed alcohol and, at the same time, increased the rate at which fat within the liver is broken down. Chronic alcohol consumption causes fat to accumulate and can lead ...

Alcohol consumption can cause too much cell death, fetal abnormalities

... The initial signs of fetal alcohol syndrome are slight but classic: facial ... facial clues can help them figure out how much alcohol it takes during what point in development to ... with fingers." Cell death likely results from alcohol disturbing the metabolism of the lipids that help ...

Researchers block damage to fetal brain following maternal alcohol consumption

... Md. (August 11, 2008) − In a study on fetal alcohol syndrome, researchers were able to prevent the damage that alcohol causes to cells in a key area of the fetal brain ... and preventing the acidic environment that alcohol produces. The cerebellum, the portion of the ...

Alcohol binges early in pregnancy increase risk of infant oral clefts

... reinforce the fact that women should not drink alcohol during pregnancy," said Lisa A. DeRoo, Ph.D., an ... and human data suggest that it is the dose of alcohol consumed at one time during pregnancy rather than ... time that matters most. "The greater the blood alcohol concentration, the longer the fetus is exposed. A ...

MicroRNA implicated as molecular factor in alcohol tolerance

... that microRNA may influence the development of alcohol tolerance, a hallmark of alcohol abuse and dependence. Researchers supported by the National Institute on alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) report the findings ...

Alcohol is associated with risk of perennial allergic rhinitis

... There is a link between alcohol consumption and increased risk of perennial ... risk of seasonal allergic rhinitis according to alcohol intake. Allergic rhinitis (AR) is an upper ... of AR has increased in westernised countries. alcohol consumption is part of the western lifestyle and ...

Survey of Hispanics and alcohol dependence

... Health Dallas Regional Campus, which examined alcohol abuse and dependence among Hispanic male ... $1.5 million grant from the National Institute on alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism of the National Institutes ... Mexico, Arizona and California to examine their alcohol consumption and behavior. This research will then ...

How what and how much we eat (and drink) affects our risk of cancer

... exception. Researchers demonstrate how excessive alcohol drinking could lead to an increased risk of ... for colon cancer prevention. alcohol consumption and risk of breast cancer in ... of the largest studies of its kind has found that alcohol is a substantial risk factor for development of ...

Your baby's brain on drugs (and alcohol and tobacco)

... studies clearly indicate that exposure to drugs, alcohol and tobacco in utero is bad for a babys ... prenatally exposed to cocaine, marijuana, alcohol or tobacco. The children, who averaged 12 years ... associated with prenatal exposure to cocaine, alcohol or cigarettes, says Rivkin, who is first author ...

Pediatricians alerted to the developmental nature of underage drinking in special journal supplement

... edited and sponsored by the National Institute on alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), physicians will ... maintenance, and acceleration of illegal use of alcohol by underage youth. This is a first time ... strategies in order to decrease the toll that alcohol is taking on our youth--and as these youth ...

Alcohol and malt liquor availability and promotion higher in African American inner cities

... of African Americans is associated with greater alcohol availability and promotion especially malt ... and significantly greater numbers of off-premise alcohol outlets, 40-ounce bottles of malt liquor in ... in inner cities because of its cheap price, high alcohol content, association with heavier drinking, and ...

Women's health-related scientific findings presented by University of Pittsburgh researchers

... discussing smoking cessation than they are alcohol or illegal drug use during pregnancy. For the ... asked their patients about their use of tobacco, alcohol and illegal drugs, discussion was more thorough ... to other risk factors. Provider responses to alcohol or drug disclosures included only general ...

Study suggests new way to screen infants for fetal alcohol syndrome

... 2008 Children who have been diagnosed with Fetal alcohol Syndrome (FAS) are more likely to have serious ... infants whose mothers drank various amounts of alcohol during pregnancy. The levels of fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE), which are produced when alcohol is broken down in the digestive system, were ...

Learning how to say 'no' to alcohol advertising and peer pressure works for inner-city adolescents

... and resist the persuasive tactics used in alcohol ads are less likely to succumb to alcohol advertising and peer pressure to drink. The ... as the influence of peers in promoting adolescent alcohol use. "There are many pressures on teens to ...

Moderate prenatal exposure to alcohol and stress in monkeys can cause touch sensitivity

... on monkeys has found that moderate exposure to alcohol and stress during pregnancy can lead to ... to mothers who either drank a moderate dose of alcohol every day during their pregnancies, were exposed ... their pregnancies, drank a moderate amount of alcohol and were exposed to the stressor during their ...

4 health behaviors can add 14 extra years of life

... not smoking; taking exercise; moderate alcohol intake; and eating five servings of fruit and ... the general public. For example: small amounts of alcohol appear to be related to lower risk of ... not doing any recreational exercise); a moderate alcohol intake of 1-14 units a week (a unit is half a ...

A research of the UGR shows the genetic predisposition to develop alcohol abuse

... on the low beta-endorphin levels in chronic alcohol abusers. According to Jos Rico Irles , professor ... external source: alcohol. Who may become and alcohol abuser? A total of 200 families of the province ... even lower in children whose both parents were alcohol abusers, the researcher states. According to ...

Research reveals secrets of alcohol's effect on brain cells

... NEW YORK (Dec. 7, 2007) -- alcohol triggers the activation of a variety of genes ... the abnormal brain development seen in the fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). "If you are going to understand the biological effects of alcohol on genes within cells, you have to understand the ...

Cigarette smoke, alcohol damage hearts worse as combo

... is bad for cardiovascular health, and drinking alcohol at the same time only makes it worse, according ... (UAB). Testing the theory that moderate alcohol consumption provides some heart-protection ... exposure to cigarette smoke when combined with alcohol consumption caused the greatest degree of ...

University of Minnesota releases first ever comprehensive report of the health of college students

... health and sexual health. It also looks at alcohol use, smoking, personal safety, physical activity ... health to tobacco, nutrition/obesity and alcohol use. Survey results will help schools ... lower grade point averages, Ehlinger said. alcohol ...

Lush or lightweight?

... clues behind why some flies are more sensitive to alcohol than others. And the results might lead to more ... extremely sensitive or extremely resistant to alcohol lightweights or lushes the NC State scientists ... fly genes undergo changes when sensitivity to alcohol changes. A number of these genes, the ...

Extended wakefulness, combined with alcohol, severely impairs driving performance

... combination of extended wakefulness and low-dose alcohol has significant adverse effects on a persons ... (18-21 hours awake) during two sessions. alcohol was administered during one session, with performance measured at blood alcohol concentrations (BAC) of 0.00 percent, 0.03 ...

Alcohol and sleep restriction can affect young men's alertness and driving performance

... WESTCHESTER, Ill. Combining low-dose alcohol with moderate sleep restriction can have a ... affected by sleep restriction alone, alcohol at a BAC as low as 0.025 g/dL in combination with ... collisions following sleep restriction and alcohol ingestion in this study. Those who think they ...

Mixing large doses of both acetaminophen painkiller and caffeine may increase risk of liver damage

... have warned for years that consuming excess alcohol while taking acetaminophen can trigger toxic ... he says. Likewise, people who drink a lot of alcohol may be at increased risk for the toxic interaction, Nelson says. Thats because alcohol can trigger the production of yet another liver ...
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