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Abuse in Biological News

Bullies have harassed 14 percent of workers over past 6 months

... and precise definition of workplace abuse or bullying. Basing their work on previous ... mobbing". However, they tell SINC that "workplace abuse is a phenomenon with many causes, can lead to ... sections are based on the definition of workplace abuse devised by the Norwegian researchers Einarsen and ...

Life Sciences Discovery Fund awards health research program grants

... the delivery of mental health and substance abuse services in rural communities, and developing ... to improve mental health and substance abuse services. We are proud to award the LSDF program ... Excellence in Rural Mental Health and Substance abuse Program focus: To improve the delivery of ...

Why binge drinking is bad for your bones

... Such drugs also might help people who don't abuse alcohol but are at risk for osteoporosis. "Of ... Osteoporosis Foundation says that many people who abuse alcohol do not get enough calcium. Alcohol also ... drinking for three days or to chronic alcohol abuse for four weeks. Control groups received ...

Abuse of painkillers can predispose adolescents to lifelong addiction

... these results suggest that adolescents who abuse prescription pain killers may be tuning their ... has escalated in recent years, with the onset of abuse occurring most frequently in adolescents and ... Recent studies by the National Institute on Drug abuse and the ...

MicroRNA implicated as molecular factor in alcohol tolerance

... of alcohol tolerance, a hallmark of alcohol abuse and dependence. Researchers supported by the National Institute on Alcohol abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) report the findings in the ... which may make an individual prone to substance abuse and the compulsive behavior associated with drug ...

National scientific meeting on child mental health at Kentucky

... and dissemination of information about child abuse and trauma. The two-day program will include ... into account the neurodevelopmental effects of abuse and severe neglect when working with children who ... and dissemination of information about child abuse and trauma. It is also home to UK's Comprehensive ...

Club drugs inflict damage similar to traumatic brain injury

... protein analysis methods to understand how drug abuse alters the brain. Looking specifically at ... People often think the effects of drugs of abuse wear off in the body the same way common ... I think saying the results of methamphetamine abuse are comparable to the results of a traumatic ...

How does the opioid system control pain, reward and addictive behavior?

... stimuli reduced reward to non-opioid drugs of abuse and altered emotional responses ... of both opioid, as well as non-opioid drugs of abuse (cannabinoids, ethanol and nicotine, natural ... addiction. Opiate addicts, who mainly abuse the mu-opioid agonist heroin, present a high ...

Society for Prevention Research Meeting in Washington, D.C., May 27-29, 2009

... Yet a significant number of African-American adults develop substance abuse problems and start heroin after age 32. Can this be prevented? Does unemployment affect substance abuse later in life? The European Drinking Model: Do European youth really ...

Early isolation linked to enhanced response to cocaine

... will be held April 18-22, 2009 in New Orleans. The Study Drugs of abuse act on the reward centers of the brain. These areas are normally involved ... contribute to understanding the mechanisms that may lead to greater abuse of drugs during adolescence. Additional studies are planned. ...

Early isolation linked to enhanced response to cocaine

... will be held April 18-22, 2009 in New Orleans. The Study Drugs of abuse act on the reward centers of the brain. These areas are normally involved ... contribute to understanding the mechanisms that may lead to greater abuse of drugs during adolescence. Additional studies are planned. ...

The Evolution of Human Aggression: Feb. 25-27 conference

... evolution has shaped human aggression and violence, from war to domestic abuse and homicide. "What evolutionary forces underlie human violence, and ... aggression will be addressed at this conference: warfare, homicide, child abuse and domestic violence. We encourage public attendance because an increased ...

New method identifies meth hot spots

... to more effectively allocate funds and other resources for substance abuse treatment and prevention to areas of the state that need them most. The ... across the state, but there are still significant problems with the abuse of the drug in Oregon," said Sudakin, who teaches environmental and ...

Survey of Hispanics and alcohol dependence

... School of Public Health Dallas Regional Campus, which examined alcohol abuse and dependence among Hispanic male populations in the United States, will ... supported by a $1.5 million grant from the National Institute on Alcohol abuse and Alcoholism of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). ...

Domestic violence associated with chronic malnutrition in women and children in India

... and children. In India, the withholding of food is a documented form of abuse and is likely correlated with the perpetration of physical violence," said ... of their family members. In India, the withholding of food as a type of abuse could be a factor in the link between physical domestic violence and ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Aug. 15, 2007

... test doesnt screen people directly: It seeks out evidence of illicit drug abuse in drug residues and metabolites excreted in urine and flushed toward ... Jennifer Field and colleagues said. Past estimates of illicit drug abuse in a community were based largely on surveys in which children and adults ...

Elephant-size loopholes sustain Thai ivory trade

... items to the US for sale in gun shops. "The Thai Government needs to crack down on this serious illegal activity and stop allowing people to abuse the law," said Dr Colman O'Criodain, WWF International's analyst on wildlife trade issues. "A good first step would be to put in place a ...

Cocaine: Perceived as a reward by the brain?

... This release is available in French . Montreal, May 19th 2009 - Cocaine is one of the oldest drugs known to humans, and its abuse has become widespread since the end of the 19th century. At the same time, we know rather little about its effects on the human brain or the ...

MCG researcher among first to receive NIH stimulus funding

... of physiological and technological nursing in the MCG School of Nursing and the grant's principal investigator. The National Institute on Drug abuse funding also will support Stacey Crawford, a research assistant and study coordinator whose previous funding was withdrawn following the relocation ...

Mothers of multiple births at increased odds of postpartum depression

... School's Department of International Health. "Mothers with a history of hospitalization due to mental health problems or a history of alcohol or drug abuse also had significantly increased odds. Non-Hispanic black mothers had higher odds compared to non-Hispanic white mothers. Mothers who were currently ...

Codeine use and accident risk

... leader Liliana Bachs. 98 of the 181 drivers exposed to codeine who were included in the study had also been dispensed other medicines with abuse potential in the week prior to the accident. - One can conclude that sporadic or moderate use of codeine alone to a small degree increases the ...

When intestinal bacteria go surfing

... host. With the aid of bacterial factors, they therefore manage to simulate signals and set in motion complex processes in the host, which they then abuse for their own purposes. ...

After a few drinks, older adults more impaired than they think

... and hospitals for the rest of their lives." More than half of adults older than 55 drink socially, according to a 2008 report from the Substance abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. But few studies have focused on the short-term effects of social drinking among older adults. Previous ...

Lincoln Park Zoo scientists awarded National Institutes of Health grant

... and Endocrinology. "This study will provide valuable results that will be relevant to many issues that affect human families today, such as infant abuse and neglect, and the impact of stress on future success in society, anxiety and depression." ...

2 McGill researchers garner prestigious NSERC Steacie Fellowships

... Karim Nader's research group specializes in the esoteric area of memory and trauma. His research has focused on victims of violence, rape and abuse who suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which can force them to relive their ordeals over and over again, with debilitating ...

Addiction: Insights from Parkinson's disease

... Dagher, neurologist at the MNI and co-author of the review. "This is surprising because PD patients typically have a very low incidence of drug abuse and display a personality type that is the opposite of the typical addictive personality. These rare, addictive syndromes, which appear to result ...

Engineering technology pinpoints earliest signs of animal life

... skeletons. The technology, which recently won The 2008 Engineer Business Support and Universities Award, also has applications for detecting steroid abuse and cleaning up charcoal samples for radiocarbon dating. Using biomarker analysis, the discovery, by an international research team from America, ...

Intervention method reduces binge drinking

... campuses. "This is a big part of the solution, especially for students who are most at risk," said Walters. The National Institute on Alcohol abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) notes that there are 1,700 alcohol-related deaths a year among college students. NIAAA defines binge drinking as a pattern ...

MU researcher identifies possible genetic causes of borderline personality disorder

... characterized by pervasive instability in moods, interpersonal relationships, self-image and behavior, and can lead to suicidal behavior, substance abuse and failed relationships. "The results of this study hopefully will bring researchers closer to determining the genetic causes of BPD and may ...

Researchers find link between nicotine addiction and autism

... than girls to have the disorder, according to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Anand and colleagues were studying drug abuse and addiction when they discovered the neurexin-1 beta protein's relationship to a certain type of nicotinic receptor. The timing of the discovery ...

UNC, Yale partner to study effects of cocaine use on mother-infant relationships

... aid the development of new intervention strategies for helping both mothers and children, and prove valuable to others working in fields such as drug abuse and developmental disorders. Josephine Johns, Ph.D., associate professor of psychiatry and psychology at UNC, is the principal investigator and ...

NIH funds 16 Science Education Partnership Awards

... including the National Center for Research Resources, the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, the National Institute on Alcohol abuse and Alcoholism, the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Institute of General Medical Sciences and the National Institute on Drug Abuse. ...

FSU researcher's discovery leads to $1.5 million grant, potential new treatment of liver fibrosis

... the scarring begins to accumulate to unacceptable levels. The process can result from one of multiple causes, the most frequent of which are alcohol abuse and hepatitis C infection. Fibrosis is difficult to detect until collagen deposits reach a point where the scarring has severely impaired organ ...

NARSAD announces 2008 Prizes for Outstanding Achievement in Research on Mental Health Disorders

... research is to better understand the molecular mechanisms of addiction and depression. He uses animal models to identify the ways in which drugs of abuse or stress change the brain to lead to addiction- or depression-like syndromes, information that helps him to develop improved treatments. From 2000 ...

Life Sciences Discovery Fund advances latest research proposals

... Program in Chronic Pulmonary Disease," Battelle, Pacific Northwest Division John Roll, "Program of Excellence in Rural Mental Health and Substance abuse Treatment," Washington State University Lawrence Corey, "Washington Vaccine Alliance," Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center Patrick Stayton, ...

Case Western Reserve University study looks at keeping migrant workers' children healthy

... Kilanowski's research is among four pilot studies being launched by SMART. Others focus on cardiac rehab, antepartum bed rest recovery and substance abuse treatment. ...

A baby's smile is a natural high

... is critical for child development," said Strathearn. "For whatever reason, in some cases, that relationship doesn't develop normally. Neglect and abuse can result, with devastating effects on a child's development." To study this relationship, Strathearn and his colleagues asked 28 first-time ...

Scientists find potential protein biomarkers for growth hormone

... is funded by the Ohio Eminent Scholars program and Ohio University's Edison Biotechnology Institute. Because identification of rhGH misuse or abuse has high stakes it can make or break an athletic career the current method has too many variables to depend on, he said. It's still early to ...

US Patent Office rejects company's claim for bean commonly grown by Latin American farmers

... granted patent protection in 1999, as US Patent Number 5,894,079, in a move that raised profound concerns about biopiracy and the potential abuse of intellectual property (IP) claims on plant materials that originate in the developing world and remain as important dietary staples, particularly ...

Negligent, attentive mouse mothers show biological differences

... aspects of child neglect in humans could result from a lack of reward of an offspring to the parent." Though often overshadowed by more visible abuse cases, human child neglect may actually be a more widespread problem. A report published last week by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ...
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