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AIDS in Biological News

Early administration of antiretroviral therapy can improve survival

... have been discovered that have almost turned aids into a chronic disease. Nevertheless, there is ... of antiretroviral treatment reduces the rate of aids development and death in HIV-positive patients by ... Studies of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and aids in Catalonia (CEEISCAT) - Catalan Institute of ...

Cutting-edge amfAR grants fight HIV/AIDS in the lab and on the phone

... is trying to do. amfAR, The Foundation for aids Research, today announced that it will fund three ... work but who represent the long-term viability of aids research. Four of these Mathilde Krim Biomedical ... as condom use. Willi McFarland, M.D. STOP aids Project, San Francisco, CA $102, 421 Assessing ...

Why some primates, but not humans, can live with immunodeficiency viruses and not progress to AIDS

... (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) as the cause of aids 25 years ago, an extensive search was undertaken ... AIDS. Surprisingly, the natural hosts for the aids viruses, such as the mangabeys and numerous other ... could help explain the mechanisms underlying aids progression in humans. A team of scientists ...

How do race, genetics and health-care disparities affect spread of HIV?

... the National Cancer Institute, the UCLA aids Institute, and the Semel Institute for ... of HIV. The event, sponsored by the UCLA aids Institute, will include a press conference and ... Irvin S.Y. Chen, director of the UCLA aids Institute Gail Wyatt, associate director of ...

AVAC comments on NIAID decision not to move forward with PAVE 100 Trial

... New York, NY The aids Vaccine Advocacy Coalition (AVAC) today urged Dr. ... would not go forward with the proposed PAVE 100 aids vaccine trial but would, instead, consider a ... exploration to further the search for an aids vaccine. The decision not to move forward comes ...

Sonic Innovations Celebrates 10-Year Anniversary

... to implement digital technology into hearing aids and is a leader in digital-signal ... decreasing the size of our hearing aids and through the development of new features that ... Natura(R) was one of the first digital hearing aids in the marketplace. Westover noted that before ...

HIV isolate from Kenya provides clues for vaccine design

... in its outer envelope protein could render the aids virus vulnerable to attack by the immune system, ... important clues for designing an effective aids vaccine, which is badly needed to decrease the ... and colleagues noticed that one woman carried an aids virus that was easily inactivated by antibodies. ...

Women with AIDS face cervical cancer threat

... to antiretroviral therapy is beginning to reduce aids mortality worldwide. But Dr. Groesbeck Parham, ... Zambia (CIDRZ) warns that women being treated for aids could end up dying of cervical cancer unless they ... women living in developing nations who had aids typically succumbed to it before they could ...

New class of drug offers hope to treatment-resistant AIDS patients

... Athens, Ga. For the estimated millions of aids patients worldwide who are resistant or are ... is extremely difficult to estimate, resistance to aids medications is widely viewed as a major global ... therapeutic agents. In addition, for many aids patients, the long-term regimens of anti-HIV ...

Anthony S. Fauci awarded Lasker Award for Public Service

... two major U.S. public health programs, in aids and biodefense. The award will be presented on ... helping develop the Presidents Emergency Plan for aids Relief (PEPFAR), the largest public health ... Wegeners granulomatosis. With the recognition of aids 26 years ago, he switched his laboratorys focus ...

AIDS interferes with stem cells in the brain

... CA August 15, 2007) A prominent problem in aids is a form of dementia that robs ones ability to ... self-renewal through neurogenesis is impaired in aids dementia, Alzheimers, Huntingtons, and other ... which plays a key role in the pathogenesis of aids dementia. In initial work with cell cultures ...

Researchers team up to provide new hope for childhood hunger

... effective strategies to treat severe malnutrition in young children with aids in sub-Saharan Africa. Become a premier education and resource site for ... effective strategies to treat severe malnutrition in young children with aids in sub-Saharan Africa. Disseminate improved cassava in Africa on a ...

Novel vaccine approach offers hope in fight against HIV

... closely related to HIVthe simian immunodeficiency virus, or SIVthat causes aids in rhesus monkeys. "We used a leapfrog strategy, bypassing the natural ... of unimmunized monkeys were all infected by SIV, and two-thirds died of aids complications. High concentrations of the SIV-specific immunoadhesins ...

UCLA scientists discover ultrasonic communication among frogs

... The research may have implications for improving human hearing aids and addressing hearing loss. Most hearing aids, Narins said, simply amplify sound, including unnecessary background noise. Better hearing aids that are directional, for example, could result from the research. In ...

Caltech scientists show why anti-HIV antibodies are ineffective at blocking infection

... PASADENA, Calif.--Some 25 years after the aids epidemic spawned a worldwide search for an effective vaccine against the ... the Grand Challenges in Global Health Initiative and the Collaboration for aids Vaccine Discovery. ...

NYU College of Dentistry awarded $1.9 million NIH grant for HIV research

... Diseases at the NIH has awarded a five-year, $1.9 million grant to an aids research team at the New York University College of Dentistry to continue ... with the assistance of a one-year pilot grant from CFAR, The Center for aids Research at the NYU School of Medicine. HIV normally inserts its DNA ...

MIT: Using touch to help deaf people

... phones, allowing such devices to be transformed into unobtrusive tactile aids for the deaf. "Anyone who has a smart phone already has much of what ... best way to transform sound waves into vibrations. Existing tactile aids have been in use for decades, but the MIT team hopes to improve the ...

Mutant host cell protein sequesters critical HIV-1 element

... cytoplasm," says senior study author, Dr. Johnny J. He from the Center for aids Research at Indiana University School of Medicine. Dr. He and ... spliced HIV-1 RNA. Nef is very important for HIV pathogenesis and aids disease. "It is highly conceivable that intervention with Nef expression ...

UC Davis researchers exploring gene therapy to fight AIDS

... The apparent success of a case in which German doctors cured a man of aids using a bone marrow transplant comes as no surprise to Gerhard Bauer, a UC ... Bauer has been working for more than 10 years on a similar cure for aids based on replacing the devastated immune system of an HIV-infected patient ...

Researchers use chemical from medicinal plants to fight HIV

... and its disease fighting ability is compromised. But a new UCLA aids Institute study has found that a chemical from the Astragalus root, ... at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and member of the UCLA aids Institute. The study, to be published in the Nov. 15 print edition ...

Efavirenz-based initial therapies associated with better outcomes in HIV-infected adults

... The study is published in the October 18, 2008 issue of the journal aids . "Our findings add to existing limited evidence that efavirenz-based ... the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the International aids Society-USA both recommend the use of efavirenz because it has a more ...

Anti-HIV therapy boosts life expectancy more than 13 years

... Columbia. Improved survival has led to a nearly 40 percent drop in aids deaths among 43,355 HIV-positive study participants in Europe and North ... lead study author Robert Hogg, Ph.D., of Simon Fraser University. Improved aids testing and increased access to care is needed. ...

Genetic cause of innate resistance to HIV/AIDS

... explanation. Her study findings were published on July 16 in the journal aids . The simultaneous expression of certain versions of two specific genes ... two genes the patient has, he or she will resist HIV infection or develop aids at a slower rate. These results were obtained by comparing the genetic ...

UT pathologists believe they have pinpointed Achilles heel of HIV

... data supporting the theory are to be presented at the XVII International aids Conference Aug. 3-8 in Mexico City in two studies titled "Survivors of HIV ... said David C. Montefiori, Ph.D., director of the Laboratory for aids Vaccine Research & Development at Duke University Medical Center. The ...

Post-exercise caffeine helps muscles refuel

... oral rehydration therapy and sports drinks such as Gatorade. Caffeine aids carbohydrate uptake It is already established that consuming ... drink Dr. Hawley said it is not yet clear how caffeine aids in facilitating glucose uptake from the blood into the muscles. However, ...

CAPHOSOL relieves oral mucositis and improves quality-of-life in cancer patients

... this data, ONS Abstract #2757, "Supersaturated Electrolyte Oral Rinse aids Quality of Life for Head/Neck Chemoradiation Patients" (Haas, ML), was ... 2008) in a poster (#446) entitled, Supersaturated Electrolyte Oral Rinse aids Quality of Life for Head/Neck Chemoradiation Patients. These data ...

Compound has potential for new class of AIDS drugs

... to treat all HIV patients, which could eventually lead to a new class of aids drugs. Researchers at the University of Michigan used computer models ... does indeed inhibit HIV protease, which is an established target for aids treatment. The protease is necessary to replicate the virus, says Heather ...

UC Davis researchers discover how HIV turns food-poisoning into lethal infection

... of Medicine scientists have discovered how salmonella becomes lethal for aids patients. Their findings also implicate a mechanism by which HIV evades ... this infection is limited to the intestine, causing gastroenteritis. In aids patients, however, the infection spreads to the bloodstream and causes ...

Fine-tuning lasers to destroy blood-borne diseases like AIDS

... laser technique which can destroy viruses and bacteria such as aids without damaging human cells and may also help reduce the spread of ... or biomaterials and for the treatment of blood-borne diseases such as aids and Hepatitis. ...

200 journals join in theme issues on poverty and human development

... training, the researchers reveal the paradox that improved outcomes for aids coverage generate the need for more human resources. Outcomes vary by ... Capacities, and Gaps," Till Bärnighausen, David Bloom and Salal Humair, aids Patient Care and STDs, Volume 21, Number 11, 2007. ...

Humans lend a hand to critically endangered waterbird

... ibis prefer to forage in open and accessible sites with low vegetation and bare soil. This is believed to be because it makes it easier to find prey, aids take-off and landing, and improves detection of approaching danger. Traditional small-scale farming by local communities is therefore crucial to ...

Penn-Wistar team gains insight into HIV vaccine failure

... responses, the team, headed by Michael R. Betts, Ph.D., of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Department of Microbiology, Center for aids Research, and Wistar Institute Vaccine Center, analyzed blood samples from 40 healthy participants in the phase I safety trial of the STEP HIV ...

Down Under dinosaur burrow discovery provides climate change clues

... and the first fossil crayfish burrows from the same area. Martin teaches a seminar at Emory on modern-day animal tracking, a skill that he says aids him in finding signs of prehistoric life. "It's important to do as much field work as possible, because it gives your mind a better library of search ...

New lab test offers better prediction of HIV microbicide safety

... settings where male condoms are not used a common situation in many cultures. The need for an HIV microbicide is especially urgent in Africa, where aids is the leading cause of death and where women account for six out of ten of those living with HIV. Several microbicide gels have been assessed in ...

Research uncovers clues to virus-cancer link

... team from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center has uncovered clues to the development of cancers in aids patients. In an April article published in the journal PLoS Pathogens , Dirk Dittmer, Ph.D. associate professor of microbiology and immunology at ...

Muscle atrophy through thick but not thin

... During desperate times, such as fasting, or muscle wasting that afflicts cancer or aids patients, the body cannibalizes itself, atrophying and breaking down skeletal muscle proteins to liberate amino acids. In a new study published ...

University awarded £1.7M to develop nanotechnology for use in health care

... focus on the HIV virus the incurable disease that can lead to AIDS. There are more than 20 HIV medicines already on the market, which aim to prevent aids by ensuring that the disease cannot replicate uncontrollably in the body. It is important to maintain efficacy while avoiding excessively high or low ...

New and improved tomato analyzer

... of the American Society for Horticultural Science . Morphology studies the form and structure of organisms. Software such as the Tomato Analyzer aids in morphological research by providing accurate and objective measurements of fruit shape. The analysis is also more efficient for large numbers of ...

DNA barcoding of mosquito species deployed in bid to end elephantiasis

... the worm larvae that clog the human lymph system, often causing grotesque swelling. By revealing the menace species' habitat and range, it also aids understanding of environmental factors that influence their breeding and abundance. "The scientific breakthrough of DNA barcoding, which grew ...

HIV dearms protective protein in cells

... HIV infection in humans in these transgenic rats. Using this small animal model, it is possible to test the efficacy of medications against the aids virus HIV rapidly and on a larger scale prior to clinical studies in humans and thus to accelerate the further development of virostatics. ...
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