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acid in Biological Dictionary

Uric acid

... Uric acid (or urate) is an organic compound of carbon, ... hydrogen with the formula C5H4N4O3. uric acid n. A semisolid compound, C 5 H 4 N 4 O 3 , that ... and is the chief nitrogenous High uric acid level — Overview covers definition, possible ...

Transposase

... site-specific recombination ( in nucleic acid (chemical compound): Site-specific ... ... The alignment of the transposase amino acid sequences from these IS1 family ... These ... with 15 mM ... Asterisks indicate the amino acid residues conserved in all of the transposase ...

Transesterification

... are often catalyzed by the addition of an acid or base. Biodiesel production is the act of ... ) ( organic chemistry ) Conversion of an organic acid ester into another ester of that same ... of the oil with. alcohol. Direct acid catalyzed ... transesterification ... The ...

Termination codon

... RNA correspond to the addition of an amino acid to a growing protein chain — stop codons ... of this process, releasing the amino acid chain. ... Termination codon , in ... stop codons (UAA, UGA and UAG) ... of an amino acid due to the decoding of the termination codon ...

Stop codon

... RNA correspond to the addition of an amino acid to a growing protein chain — stop codons ... termination of this process, releasing the amino acid chain. ... Unlike stop codons , the ... or two of the three STOP codons to an amino acid instead. ... discriminate when a UGA codon ...

Start codon

... codon or initiation codon encoding the amino acid methionine (Met) in eukaryotes and a modified ... codon , methionine is therefore the first amino acid of many proteins. The start codon is almost ... codon is AUG. Methionine is the only amino acid specified by just one codon , AUG. ... ...

Silent Mutation

... that do not result in a change to the amino acid sequence of a protein. They may occur in a ... in a manner that does not alter the final amino acid sequence. The phrase silent mutation is ... that changes the triplet, but leaves the amino acid unchanged. ... Small changes to DNA that were ...

Ribosome

... expression of the genetic code from nucleic acid ... The term " ribosome " was ... genetic instructions transported in ribonucleic acid RNA to link a specific sequence of amino ... bound, the ribosome can add the amino acid on the tRNA to the ... The ribosome is made up ...

Ribonucleic acid

... Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a biologically important type of ... is very similar ... Messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) is a molecule of RNA encoding a ... ... (Redirected from Ribonucleic acid ) Jump to: navigation, search. Previous (RMS ...

Pyruvic acid

... Pyruvic acid (CH3COCOOH) is an organic acid . It is also a ketone, as well as being the simplest alpha-keto acid . The carboxylate (COOH) ion (anion) of ...

Proton pump

... and long-lasting reduction of gastric acid production. They are the most potent inhibitors of acid secretion available today. The ... ... A structure in the body that produces and pumps acid into the stomach. ... What are the dangers of ...

Protein

... the carboxyl and amino groups of adjacent amino acid ... Proteins are broken down in the ... fat. ... updates on protein and amino acid requirements in health and ... food and ... protas meaning "of primary importance" ... Amino acid and Protein biosynthesis ... Protein is a ...

Phosphatase

... from its substrate by hydrolysing phosphoric acid monoesters into a phosphate ion and a molecule ... 1 ... Forensic Detection of Semen - The acid Phosphatase Test by Dale Laux ... acid phosphatase is an enzyme secreted by the ...

Peptide Bond

... of α-amino acids. The link between one amino acid residue and the next is known as an amide ... forms between the carboxyl group of one amino acid (amino acid 1 ... ...

Nucleic acids

... A nucleic acid is a macromolecule composed of chains of ... common nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). Nucleic ... Alternative Nucleic ...

Nucleic acid

... A nucleic acid is a macromolecule composed of chains of ... most common nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). Nucleic ... Peptide ...

Neural tube

... - Anencephaly - Spina Bifida. Search ... Folic acid for the Prevention of Neural Tube Defects ... ... also notes Neural Tube Defects and Low Folic acid and the NHMRC Publication ... The cranial end ... Prevention of Neural - Tube Defects with Folic acid in China ... Neural - tube formation is ...

Messenger RNA

... Messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) is a molecule of RNA encoding a ... of protein synthesis: ... Ribonucleic acid ( RNA ) is a biologically important type of ... where protein ... Messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) is a class of ...

Krebs cycle

... The citric acid cycle — also known as the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA cycle ), the Krebs cycle , or more ... in the liquid part of the ... The citric acid cycle (also known as the ...

Hydrolysis

... common hydrolysis occurs when a salt of a weak acid or weak base (or ... Moreover, hydrolysis is ... (or their salts) and alcohols using water, dilute acid or dilute alkali, including splitting of large ... common hydrolysis occurs when a salt of a weak acid or weak base (or ... industrially important ...

Genetic material

... working definition of ... Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid that contains the genetic instructions used in ... from over 500 families with ... Ribonucleic acid RNA, genetic material of certain viruses RNA ...

Gel electrophoresis

... used for the separation of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), ribonucleic acid (RNA), or protein molecules using an electric ... is achieved by moving negatively charged nucleic acid molecules through an agarose matrix ... ...

Gastrin

... hormone that stimulates secretion of gastric acid (HCl) by the parietal cells of the stomach ... Gastrin is the major hormone that regulates acid secretion in the stomach. ... Small amounts of ... hormone that stimulates secretion of gastric acid by the ... Gastrin is released in response to ...

Fatty acids

... In chemistry, especially biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid often with a long unbranched aliphatic tail ... Carboxylic acids as short as butyric acid are ... Essential fatty acids , or ...

FADH2

... energy and yield many ATP during ... b) Citric acid Cycle ==> 2Acetyl-CoA ---> 2 CO2 + 3 NADH + ... molecule of FADH2 . ... 2 FADH2 from citric acid cycle 4. Total 38 ... ... of the energy is in ... ... are then passed to FAD FADH2 . The Citric acid Cycle. Circular pathway ... Oxidation of NADH and ...

Ethidium Bromide

... research laboratories as a stain for ... nucleic acid staining, ethidium bromide fluoresces a ... is a potent mutagen used as a nucleic acid stain. ... Safety shower and eye wash should ... bromide , ... (i.e. Water 95%, Hypophosphorus acid 3%, Sodium Nitrite 1%, Ethidium Bromide 1 ... ...

Electrophoresis

... used for the separation of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), ribonucleic acid (RNA), or protein molecules using an electric ... for protein electrophoresis , nucleic acid electrophoresis , western blotting and ...

Deoxyribose

... Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic acid was an article published by James D. Watson and ... , is a constituent of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) ... Ribose has one more oxygen atom in ... ... A tutorial on DNA ( deoxyribose nucleic acid or deoxyribonucleic acid) suitable for high ...

Deoxyribonucleic acid

... Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid that contains the genetic instructions used in ... is the ... deoxyribonucleic acid n. DNA. ... are controlled by deoxyribonucleic ...

Deoxyribonuclease

... . deoxyribonucleic acid. deoxyribonucleic acid ... ... the prescription drug ... ... Deoxyribonuclease II. Deoxyribonucleic acid and Related Products. Histones. Lysozyme ... ... ... Deoxyribonuclease II. Deoxyribonucleic acid and Related Products. Histones. Lysozyme ... ...

C-terminus

... or polypeptide is the end of the amino acid chain terminated by a free carboxyl group ... protein or polypeptide terminated by an amino acid with a free amine group (-NH2). The convention ... C-terminus portion construct C400–595 (amino acid residues 400–595) was made ... ... granules, ...

Complementary DNA

... When ... Deoxyribonucleic acid ( DNA ) is a nucleic acid that contains the genetic instructions used in ... DNA (cDNA) USES OF cDNA: ... ... acid sequence predicted from this complementary ...

Citric acid cycle

... The citric acid cycle — also known as the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA cycle ), the Krebs cycle , or more ... ... In aerobic organisms, the citric acid cycle is a metabolic pathway that forms ... ...

Carboxyl Terminus

... or polypeptide is the end of the amino acid chain terminated by a free carboxyl group ... protein or polypeptide terminated by an amino acid with a free amine group (-NH2). The convention ... end, or COOH- terminus ) ... Each amino acid has a carboxyl group and an amine group, and ...

Capsid

... has three functions: 1) it protects the nucleic acid from digestion ... Information about ... covering of protein surrounding the nucleic acid of a virus ... Capsomeres make up the ... ... (a) A nucleocapsid is a virus nucleic acid packaged in its capsid ... A capsid is ...

B-DNA

... Deoxyribonucleic acid ( DNA ) is a nucleic acid that contains the genetic instructions used in ... Britannica. Assorted References deoxyribonucleic acid ( in ...

Base sequence

... in a polynucleotide such as deoxyribonucleic acid or sequence ( ) n. A following of one thing ... Base sequence . Synonym(s) nucleic acid sequence . nucleotide sequence . ... is always C-A-T-G, ... 2) What specific amino acid is coded for by the base sequence ...

Anti-sense strand

... used to compare the polarity of nucleic acid molecules, such as DNA or RNA, to other nucleic acid molecules. Depending on the context within ... is likely to synthesize a strand of nucleic acid like DNA, RNA that ... ... gene encoding PG ...

Amino Terminus

... or polypeptide terminated by an amino acid with a free amine group (-NH2). The convention ... or polypeptide is the end of the amino acid chain terminated by a free carboxyl group ... This is a list of some of the natural amino acid peptide ... are all nine amino acids in ...

Amino acids

... In chemistry, an amino acid is a molecule containing both amine and ... Nutritional facts and information on amino acid supplements, including reviews on the health ... Syndrome. A deficiency in a single amino acid will cause problems for us, and even a single ...
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