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Virus in Biological Dictionary

Virus

... A virus is a microscopic infectious agent that can ... discovery of tobacco ... A computer virus is a computer program that can copy itself and ... or knowledge of the owner. The term " virus " is also commonly but erroneously used to ...

Virion

... shell and constituting the infective form of a virus virus n. , pl. -ruses . Any of various simple ... and ... Together these make up the virion , or virus particle. ... ... virion – Our zoology ...

Transcapsidation

... of the transfection of pairwise ... virus groups determines vector specificity, ... the transcapsidation of adeno-associated virus serotypes ... This transcapsidation approach ... or full coating of the nucleic acid of one virus with a coat protein of a differing virus. ... ...

Tobacco mosaic virus

... Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) is an RNA virus that infects plants, especially tobacco and ... patterns on the leaves . TMV was the first virus to ... Aspects of the topic tobacco - ...

Satellite RNA

... of a host cell with a helper or master virus for their multiplication. When a satellite ... reading frame encoding a ... that a plant virus satellite RNA -encoded nonstructural protein ... satellite RNA . ... Barley yellow dwarf virus satellite RNA : Helper - Luteovirus ... It is ...

RNA virus

... An RNA virus is a virus that has RNA as its genetic material. This ... provides ... Micrographed stages of an RNA virus budding at the cell membrane ... ...

Retrovirus

... A retrovirus is an RNA virus that is replicated in a host cell via the ... including the Retrovirus , any virus belonging to the family Retroviridae, whose ... information, and more. ... A retrovirus is any virus belonging to the ... 1960's: Howard Temin ...

Polyprotein

... quality chicken gag antibody (interacts with virus hiv), anti-gag, Gag polyprotein antibody, ... amino acid sequence motifs characteristic of virus ... PEV1 polyprotein contains RNA-dependent ... POLG_CSFVB Genome polyprotein . 1 entry. Dengue virus type 1 (strain Brazil ... Duplication of LHC ...

Lambda phage

... Lambda phage is a virus particle consisting of a head, containing double ... a double stranded ... Lambda phage is a virus particle consisting of a head, containing double ... Esther Lederberg ... Lambda phage is a virus particle consisting of a head, containing double ...

Hepadnaviridae

... dna = deoxyribonucleic acid) includes one virus ... Previous Hepadnaviridae Web Pages ... ... (hep-ad′′nə-vir′ǐ-de) n One of the major virus families, to which the hepatitis B virus belongs ... Is hepadnaviridae dangerous to ...

Flaviviridae

... gets its name from Yellow Fever virus, a type virus of Flaviviridae ; flavus means yellow in Latin. . Bovine virus Diarrhea (BVD) is a disease of cattle which ... with hepatitis C to offer information about virus ... dental, medical, surgery, disease, ...

Flanking region

... region from the counterpart of the other virus ... Mutations in the flanking regions can affect RNA packaging, virus assembly, and ... virus by replacing an NC flanking region from one ...

Encapsidation

... Encapsidation of truncated human hepatitis B virus genomes through trans ... In nature, ... . Dolja et al. ... ... geometry of virus particles and in recognizing the viral RNAs for ... of recombinant DNA fragments into virus particles comprised of adenovirus associated ... ...

DNA virus

... A DNA virus is a virus that has DNA as its genetic material and ... Group II of ... A retrovirus is an RNA virus that is replicated in a host cell via the ...

Capsid

... n. The protein shell that surrounds a virus particle. [From Latin capsa , box. ... The ... of protein surrounding the nucleic acid of a virus ... Capsomeres make up the capsid , an outer ... type of protein ... (a) A nucleocapsid is a virus nucleic acid packaged in its capsid ... A ...

Bacteriophage

... and more. ... A bacteriophage , or phage, is a virus that ... Bacteriophage is a virus that infects bacteria, which was originally ... / Bacteriophage " ... A bacteriophage is a virus which infects bacteria. ... The bacteriophage ...

Antigenic shift

... animated look at the two ways in which the flu virus changes: Antigenic Drift vs. Antigenic ... : A sudden shift in the antigenicity of a virus ... Antigenic shift is seen only with ... ... human pandemic strains arise. ... The Influenza virus Antigenic Drift Antigenic Shift Host ...

Yellow fever

... ... Yellow fever : An acute systemic (bodywide) illness caused by a virus called a Flavivirus. ... In the 1700s and 1800s, yellow fever ... to find the alternate name ... Yellow fever is caused by a small virus that is spread by ... A person with advanced yellow fever may show ...

Viral oncogene

... not themselves carry a viral oncogene . ... IT MAY BE TRANSMITTED BY A virus IN WHICH CASE WE REFER TO IT AS A VIRAL ONCOGENE . ... v-abl Abelson ... Oncogene Homolog 1 (ABL1). Suggested uses include: ... oncovirus Any virus that causes cancer. Includes the viruses of avian leukosis , ... If the ...

Untranslated region

... unlikely to contain ... BioInfoBank Library :: Enhancement of dengue virus translation: role of the 3' untranslated region and the terminal 3' ... Region Cannot Accurately Distinguish Genotypes ... of Hepatitis C virus with Reference to C/E1 and 5' Untranslated Region Sequences. ... ......

Transfection

... purified viral nucleic acid, resulting in subsequent replication of the virus in the cell Genlantis is focused on developing innovative reagents for ... ... Transfection reagents selection guide. Gene Expression. Protein, virus ... ... Transfer Vector Transient Transfection Procedure. 6 Vector .....

Stomach

... the only realistic chance to cure stomach cancer. ... stomach virus or Stomach Flu(gastroenteritis) - How to identify and rid your Stomach virus ... Stomach Flu Causes. Tomato Alert Swine Flu Influenza (Mexico) ... ...

Sense strand

... strand . ... sense strand (cell and molecular biology) sense . virus ... Its sequence of nucleotides is called " sense " because it ... strand RNA virus: Also known as a sense - strand RNA virus, a virus whose ... ... sense strand differs from the 2'-sugar modification ...

Recombinant

... recombinant DNA (rDNA) is ... Recombinant virus - a virus formed by recombining genetic material ... InSoc Recombinant , an ...

Pseudoknot

... stem. The pseudoknot was first recognized in the turnip yellow mosaic virus in 1982. Pseudoknots fold ... Most information from pseudoknot ... pseudoknot loop depends not only on its ... the beet western yellows virus pseudoknot reveals strongly pH-depen ... speci®c interactions that a ...

Lytic cycle

... two alternate mechanisms: the lytic or the lysogenic cycle . ... the virus to break out of its latent state and enter the lytic cycle . ... ... of the ... The lytic cycle genes were amplified by PCR from B95.8 virus DNA and all genes ... Herpesviruses exist in two states, latency and a ...

Host

... on a radio show ... In biology, a host is an organism that harbors a virus or parasite, or a mutual or commensal symbiont, typically providing ... Host (biology) In biology , a host is an organism that harbors a virus or parasite , or a mutual or commensal symbiont , typically providing ...

Concatemer

... junction. ... is proposed to account for resolution of the vaccinia virus concatemer junction. ... ... strand exchange of the concatemer ... ... One possible mechanism to generate concatemer -ISI during virus infection is ... The method utilises a concatemer of the target ...

Bacteriophages

... about Bacteriophages in the free ... typhoid bacteriophage . vector. virus ... Bacteriophages are viruses found virtually everywhere—from soil ... © Varie/Alt/Corbis. COMMENTS. Remarks from the Fray: ... He called the virus bacteriophage bacteria-eater (Phago in greek means to eat) ... The ...

Vitelline membrane

... Card Required. BioInfoBank Library :: Vitelline Membrane :: THE DISPENSABILITY OF COMPLEMENT ... growth & development; Tissue Culture; virus Replication; Vitelline Membrane ; ... Comparison of vitelline membrane strength amongst breeds of commercial layers (abstract) ... and ...

Virology

... Virology is the study of viruses and virus-like agents: their structure, classification and evolution, their ways to infect and exploit cells for virus reproduction, the diseases they cause, the techniques to isolate and culture them, and their use in research ... Virology Journal is ready ...

Vaccine

... and ... To make a successful vaccine against a virus, the nature of these surface ... This vaccine comes in two forms. ... The vaccine virus may have arisen as ... ... to providing reliable information on vaccines and vaccination and unbiased vaccine news. ... The Children's ...

Untranslated RNA

... DsrA regulates at least two global regulatory networks by ... An RNA domain within the 5' untranslated region of the tomato bushy stunt virus ... of the 5' untranslated region (UTR) in the (+)-strand RNA genome of tomato bushy ... 3'UTR RNA from Alpha-Tropomyosin Gene Suppresses ...

Tropism

... ... Information about tropism in the free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... tropism (trpzm) ... tropism ... A mosaic virus strategy may improve adenoviral tropism in human gene therapy. ... DOUBLE TROPISM AND DOCUMENTARY: THE DRAW OF THE OTHER PLACE (Michigan ... ...

Transformed phenotype

... ... Control of Transformed Phenotype in Hybrids between SV40- Transformed and Normal Human Cells ... Genetics of Cell Transformation by Simian virus 40. ... ... the goal of genetic transformation is to change an organism's traits ( phenotype ). Before any ... transformation ) phenotype ...

Transcriptase

... an enzyme that functions as a RNA ... All retroviruses have a reverse transcriptase , but the enzymes that are ... Moloney Murine Leukemia virus (M-MuLV) Reverse Transcriptase is an RNA-directed DNA polymerase. This enzyme can synthesize a complementary DNA strand initiating from ... ...

Topoisomerase

... emerging technology ... Information on EC 5.99.1.3 - DNA topoisomerase (ATP-hydrolysing) ... Topoisomerase II. Paramecium bursaria Chlorella virus 1. 661177. Topoisomerase II ... Disclosed is a human is a hTopI-α polypeptide and DNA (RNA) encoding such hTopI-α polypeptide. ... Type I ...

Syncytium

... New MAbs inhibit HTLV-1 syncytium formation. ... ... the envelope V3 domain differ in syncytium formation and replication capacity. ... virus type 1 infectivity, host range, and syncytium -forming ability. ... The results show that HTLV-1 syncytium formation can be blocked by ...

Shuttle vector

... is more difficult or slower to use . Shuttle vector , a vector (usually a plasmid) constructed so that it can ... Viral vector , a virus modified to deliver foreign genetic material into a cell ... Furthermore, we simplify the shuttle vector cloning to one step by ...

Segregating

... populations ... WASHINGTON -- The Supreme Court today let a few states continue, at least for now, segregating inmates who have the AIDS virus from most activities available to ... However, the scarce number of segregating positions should make us be extremely ... In fact, only four ...
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