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Ribosome in Biological Dictionary

Ribosomes

... stored genetic information into protein ribosome ( ) n. A minute round particle composed of RNA ...... Brief and Straightforward Guide: What is a ribosome ? ... It has been theorized that ribosomes were ... of the proteins destined for the inner ... ribosome , cell structure that uses genetic instructions ...

Ribosome binding site

... is a sequence on mRNA that is bound by the ribosome when initiating protein translation. The P ... is where the peptidyl tRNA is formed in the ribosome . ... This binding is facilitated by ... Definition and other additional information on ribosome binding site from Biology-Online.org ...

Ribosome

... The ribosome functions in the expression of the genetic code from nucleic acid ... The term " ribosome " was proposed by scientist Richard B. Roberts in 1958: ... ribosome ( ) n. A minute round particle composed of RNA ...

Ribosomal RNA

... State University ... The Ribosomal Database Project (RDP) provides ribosome related data and services ... Ribosomal RNA is the target of such ... for proteins? ... What is ribosomal RNA ? ... is a ribosome, and a ribosome is made up of proteins, and ribosomal RNA or rRNA. ... ...

Nucleolus

... through ... Organelles: (1) nucleolus (2) nucleus (3) ribosome (4) vesicle (5) rough ... After being produced in the nucleolus , ... nucleolus takes up nearly half of the nucleus. ... The nucleolus is a ribosome factory, composed of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) ... ...

Messenger RNA

... ... Messenger RNA is RNA that carries information from DNA to the ribosome sites of ... News Photos Bios Fan Zone. October is Breast Cancer ... Messenger RNA (mRNA) is RNA that carries information from DNA to the ribosome ... Messenger RNA that has been processed and is ready for ...

Wobble base pair

... of basepair in genetics ... Wobble base pair - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ... " Wobble " base pairing and code degeneracy. ribosome Structure. TRANSLATION PROCESS - Prokaryotic ... recognition and " wobble " base pairing . UH2. UH2. I ... Base Pair Type: GU wobble . ...

Termination codon

... nucleotides in mRNA that ... from the AUG codon to the termination codon , establishes the protein that is to be synthesized. ... ... the ribosome encounters a premature termination codon , the final exon-exon tag(s) ... that introduce premature termination codons are responsible for ...

Stop codon

... ... We then quantified the stop codon bypass efficiency of each. ... The presence of a stop codon —UAA, UAG or UGA—in the A site of the ribosome is ... Class 1 RFs recognize stop codons within the ribosomal A site and trigger the ... Stop codons : the Good, the Bad, and the Ugly. ...

Start codon

... near the start codon influence leaky scanning. ... three closely related species, the first start codon is not in-frame with the ... The ribosome assembles on the first AUG ( start codon ) in the mRNA. ... Once the start codon is identified, each sequential group of three base pairs ......

Peptidyl transferase

... The Peptidyl transferase is an aminoacyltransferase (EC 2.3.2.12) as well as the primary enzymatic function of the ribosome which forms peptide links between adjacent amino acids using tRNAs during the translation process of protein biosynthesis. Aspects of the ...

Organelle

... cell biology, an organelle is a discrete structure of a cell having specialized functions. ... Organelles : (1) nucleolus (2) nucleus (3) ribosome (4) ... Online Shopping at DirectTextBook.com - Save up to 80%, buy or rent. New and used books like Organelle Proteomics Methods in Molecular ...

Nucleus

... Nucleus ©2007 Sony Computer Entertainment Europe. ... In cell biology, the nucleus (pl. ... Organelles: (1) nucleolus (2) nucleus (3) ribosome (4) vesicle (5) rough ... function of the nucleus is to maintain the ... This collection will form the nucleus of a new library. ... Dutch: ...

Nuclear membrane

... next to a layer of thin ... An organelle surrounded by a double membrane ( nuclear membrane ) ... iv, nuclear membrane . iii, site of ribosome assembly. i, division of preexisting mitochondria ... Just how a dividing cell rebuilds the nuclear envelope, the protective, functional ...

Monocistronic

... Eukaryotic cells have monocistronic mRNAs, in contrast to bacteria that can have ... A monocistronic mRNA codes for one protein since the ribosome finds a ... Surprisingly, expression of monocistronic plasmids expressing LucR of LucF is ... It has often been claimed that monocistronic ...

Initiation Codon

... initiation codon UUG, but not GUG, was comparable with AUG in ... cI-lacZ mRNA with an AUG initiation codon showed a greater in vitro ribosome ... The frequency of initiation codon usage varies, with AUG, GUG, and UUG having ... correct positioning of the initiation codon in the ...

Frameshift Mutation

... a frameshift mutation in host cell's ... the mutation is a frameshift deletion. ... is known as a frameshift mutation . Because the ribosome translates messenger RNA into ... ...

Eukaryotes

... contain membrane-bound nuclei and other organelles, ... Nucleus - holds genomic DNA in eukaryotes ... photosynthesis in eukaryotes . ribosome - translates mRNA into polypeptides in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes ... ...

Complementary RNA

... Infectious Ebola Virus From Complementary DNA: RNA Editing of the GP ... It has sequence complementary to regions of the mRNA so that the ribosome knows ... DNA and begins synthesis of an RNA strand complementary to one of the strands of ... When mRNA forms a duplex with a ...

Base modification

... rRNA base modification mutants have M1 virus propagation defects. ... Our conclusion is that rRNA base modification serves to fine-tune ribosome ... Endogenous oxidative DNA base modifications analysed with repair enzymes and GC/MS technique ... the particular type of base ...
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