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Organelles in Biological Dictionary

Organelles

... Within the cytoplasm, the major organelles and cellular structures include: (1) ... There are many types of organelles , particularly in eukaryotic cells. ... Also, they lack many other internal organelles such as mitochondria and chloroplasts. ... ...

Lysosomes

... Lysosomes are organelles containing digestive enzymes . They are found ... primary sites of intracellular digestion are organelles known as the lysosomes , which are ... biology and life science to everyone! ... find organelles called lysosomes in nearly every animal ... ...

Cytosol

... by cell membranes from the contents of the organelles suspended in the cytosol , such as the ... ) n. The fluid component of cytoplasm, excluding organelles and the insoluble, usually suspended, ... ... Cytosol . The fluid in which the organelles of the cytoplasm are suspended. ... ...

Cytoplasm

... of the cytoplasm outside of the individual organelles is called the cytosol. ... Film on the jelly-like substance, which supports organelles that are critical to each cell's survival. ... The portion of the cytoplasm that lies outside organelles and includes other ... Definition of ...

Chloroplasts

... Chloroplasts are organelles found in plant cells and other eukaryotic ...... This process is carried out in specialized organelles called chloroplasts . ... Chloroplasts ... ... genetic information. ... Chloroplasts are organelles (compartments) found in plant cells and ...

Chloroplast

...... This process is carried out in specialized organelles called chloroplasts . ... On the average, the ... Search " Chloroplast " ... Chloroplasts are organelles (compartments) found in plant cells and ... very important to its ... Chloroplasts are organelles found in plant cells and eukaryotic algae ...

Centriole

... centriole one of two small cylindrical cell organelles composes of 9 triplet microtubules; ... ... and ... Centrioles are self-replicating organelles made up of ... Centrioles play a notable role ... - one of a pair of small cylindrical cell organelles near the nucleus ... Get information, ...

Vacuoles

... essays, summaries, research information, and more. ... Vacuoles are organelles of plant, fungal, and ... contractile vacuole n. A membrane-bound ... in animals. The vacuoles tend to be so large that they push all other organelles against the ... Bargain prices on Vacuoles , store variety for ...

Ribosomes

... The ribosomes ... All living cells contain ribosomes , tiny organelles composed of approximately 60 percent ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and 40 percent ... ... structure and function of eukaryotic ribosomes . ... Ribosomes are organelles that consist of RNA ... both cases, the ribosomes usually form ...

Prokaryotes

... do not have a nucleus in which DNA is housed and which lack many of the organelles found in more The Biology Project > Cell Biology > PEV > ... the basis of nuclear ... Prokaryotes also lack any of the intracellular organelles and structures that ... Information about Prokaryotes in the free ...

Organelle

... of Organelle at Dictionary.com a free online dictionary ... Some organelles , such as mitochondria and chloroplasts, have their own genome ... ... is a discrete structure of a cell having specialized functions. ... organelles : (1) nucleolus (2) nucleus (3) ribosome (4) ... Online Shopping ...

Mitochondrion

... is a membrane-enclosed organelle found in most eukaryotic cells. These organelles range from 0.5–10 micrometers (μm) in diameter. Mitochondria are ... enzymes that catalysis the ... Mitochondrial DNA is the DNA located in organelles called mitochondrion . ... ...

Mitochondrial DNA

... Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is the DNA located in organelles called mitochondria. Most other DNA present in eukaryotic organisms is ... Mitochondrial dna The genetic material found in mitochondria, the organelles that generate energy for the cell ... Nuclear and mitochondrial DNA ...

Mitochondria

... is a membrane-enclosed organelle found in most eukaryotic cells. These organelles range from 0.5–10 micrometers (μm) in diameter. Mitochondria are ... described as "cellular ... Mitochondria are tubular-shaped organelles that are found in the cytoplasm of ... In fact, mitochondria enable ...

Group I introns

... self-catalytic ribozymes and retroelements found in rRNA, tRNA, mRNA of organelles in fungi, plants, protists, and bacteria. Self-splicing occurs in vitro, ... into the ... Group I introns are widespread in eukaryotic organelles and nuclear-encoded ribosomal ... group I introns , a secondary ...

Endosymbiotic theory

... theory concerns the origins of mitochondria and plastids, which are organelles of eukaryotic cells. According to this theory , these organelles originated as separate prokaryotic organisms which were ... This ...

CpDNA

... the free encyclopedia (Redirected from CpDNA ) ... Chloroplasts are organelles found in plant cells and other eukaryotic organisms ... Aspects of ... heredity (genetics): Extranuclear DNA ) ... of the cell. These organelles are the mitochondria in animal and plant cells and the ...

Centrosome

... products in: Tags & Cell Markers >> Subcellular Markers >> organelles >> Centrosome ... Definition of centrosome from the ... from two gametes at ... Centrioles are self-replicating organelles made up of nine bundles of ... Within the centrosome , the centrioles ...

Centrioles

... of microtubules . ... Centrioles are self-replicating organelles made up of ... Centrioles play a notable role in ... first the two ... and life science to everyone! ... Every animal-like cell has two small organelles called centrioles . ... centriole ( ) n. One of two cylindrical ...

Cell nucleus

... long ... Cell nucleus The largest of the membrane-bounded organelles which characterize eukaryotic cells; it is thought of as the control ... animal cell (Academy Artworks) cell n. ... The eukaryotic cell's organelles include the nucleus , mitochondria, endoplasmic ... The nucleus is ...

Thylakoid

... in metabolism (biology): ATP formation during photosynthesis; ... ATP by a mechanism that is similar in principle, if not in detail. The organelles responsible are different from mitochondria, but they also ... A Thylakoid is a membrane-bound compartment inside chloroplasts and ...

RNA editing

... a site for dissemination of information on all the various types of RNA editing ... Ralph Bock's site on C to U RNA editing in plant organelles ... The types of RNA editing vary from. uridine (U) or cytidine (C) insertions and deletions ... tion in quite dramatic ways, a phenomenon ...

Plastid

... from a common type, the proplastid. [ source: GOC:jl, ISBN:0198547684] ... GO:0009536 : plastid [14459 gene products] ... Plastids are the organelles of plants and algae that house photosynthesis and ... Plastids contain a small genome, but most of their proteins are encoded in the ... ...

Plasma membrane

... plasma membrane of a living cell consists of two layers of phospholipids. ... The plasma membrane and the membranes of the various organelles each have unique ... 50 kinds of proteins have been found in the plasma membrane of red blood cells. ... The plasma membrane , composed ...

Nucleus

... mainly of gray matter ... Nucleus (band), a British jazz-rock band led by Ian Carr ... Cell nucleus The largest of the membrane-bounded organelles which characterize eukaryotic cells; it is thought of as the control center since it nucleus n. , pl. -clei ( ) or -cleuses . A central or ...

Nucleolus

... Information about nucleolus in the free online English dictionary and ... nucleolus - a small round body of protein in a cell nucleus; such organelles ... Description of cell nucleus and nucleolus structure and function. ... The prominent structure in the nucleus is the nucleolus . ... ...

Mycelium

... colonies composed of mycelia ... ... referred to as a colony or in more technical terms a mycelium . ... Nutrients and in some cases organelles may be transported throughout the mycelium . ... Shop for Mycelium in the Health section of Shop.com. Thousands of Brands. Hundreds of ...

MtDNA

... Mitochondrial DNA ( mtDNA ) is the DNA located in organelles called mitochondria. Most other DNA present in eukaryotic organisms is found in the cell nucleus. Mitochondrial DNA was discovered by Margit M. K. ...

Mitochondrial membrane

... In cell biology, a mitochondrion is a membrane -enclosed organelle found in most eukaryotic cells. These organelles range from 0.5–10 micrometers (μm) in diameter. Mitochondria are sometimes described as "cellular ... The outer mitochondrial membrane ...

Lysosome

... Lysosomes are organelles containing digestive enzymes . They are found in animal cells, while in plant cells the same roles are performed by the vacuole. They digest ...

Group II introns

... Group II intron is a class of self-catalytic ribozymes and retroelements found in rRNA, tRNA, mRNA of organelles in fungi, plants, protists, and bacteria. Self-splicing occurs in vitro, but protein machinery is ... Phylogenetic tree, secondary and ...

Glycosylation

... molecule is an activated nucleotide sugar ... A special form of glycosylation is the GPI anchor. ... The modification that occurs in these organelles is called glycosylation . ... First off - we need a new method to analyze glycosylation patterns. ... International Bio pharmaceutical ...

G1 phase

... cytokinesis and before the S phase . For many cells, this phase is the major period of cell growth during its lifespan. During this stage new organelles are being synthesized, so the cell requires both structural proteins and enzymes, resulting in great amount of protein synthesis. ... .....

Endosymbiont

... which live in root nodules on legume roots, single-celled algae inside reef-building corals, and ... According to this theory, these organelles originated as separate prokaryotic ... Many originate from the bacterial endosymbiont . ... endosymbiont . Definition from Wiktionary, a free ...

Endomembrane system

... the endomembrane system are made of a lipid bilayer, ... The endomembrane system is composed of the different membranes that are ... organelles of the endomembrane system are related through ... Endomembrane system ... The endomembrane system preferentially accumulated at the ...

Cristae

... What does cristae mean? ... mitochondrial cristae numerous narrow transverse infoldings of the inner ... Mitochondria are tubular-shaped organelles that are found in the cytoplasm of ... Infolding of the cristae dramatically increases the surface area available for ... Definition of ...

Cilium

... a.org/entry/ Cilium ... The Proteome of the Mouse Photoreceptor Sensory Cilium Complex . Can flagellum and cilium be located on organelles rather than cells? ... A good example of this is a cilium . ... A cilium consists of a membrane-coated bundle of fibers called an axoneme. ... ...

Chloroplast DNA

... reinhardtii was isolated in a ... SAGER R, ISHIDA MR. CHLOROPLAST DNA IN CHLAMYDOMONAS. ... This process is carried out in specialized organelles called chloroplasts . ... ( DNA ), the stroma contains chloroplast DNA and special ribosomes and RNAs as well. ... DNA transfer from ...

Chlorophyta

... to the Chlorophyta . ... (1995) Phylogeny of the Chlorophyta : Congruence between ultrastructural and ... Cells of the Chlorophyta contain organelles called chloroplasts in which ... Chlorophyta : Class Chlorophyceae - Class Chlorophyceae This group contains the ... The Chlorophyta have ...

Cell biology

... organisms, such as ... Cell biology is an academic discipline that studies cells – their physiological properties, their structure, the organelles they contain, interactions with their environment, their life cycle, division and death. This is ... Articles and research papers on cell ...
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