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Neurons in Biological Dictionary

Sensory neurons

... Sensory neurons are neurons that are activated by sensory input, and send ... information to the brain or spinal cord. Unlike neurons of the central nervous system, whose inputs come ...

Reflex arc

... reflex action. In higher animals, most sensory neurons do not pass directly into the brain, but ... ... When a reflex arc consists of only two neurons (one sensory neuron and one motor ... ... 5. Reflex arc - Be able to label the kinds of neurons and their parts, in the ... The correct order ...

Neuroglia

... ... There are two main types of brain cells: neurons and neuroglia . ... neuroglia ... ... term ... means " ... Neuroglia exceed the number of neurons in the nervous system by ... While neurons and neuroglia lie in close apposition to one ......

Neuron

... information by electrochemical signalling. neurons are the core components of the brain, ... ... simulation environment for modeling individual neurons and networks of neurons. It was primarily ... about neuron .com ... In vertebrate animals, neurons are the core structural components of the ... ( ...

Motor neuron

... neuron (or motoneuron) classically applies to neurons located in the central nervous system (or CNS) ... control muscles. Motor ... Alpha motor neurons are derived from the basal plate (basal lamina) ... most of its axon omitted. ... Most motor neurons are stimulated by interneurons, although some ...

Interneuron

... is a multipolar neuron which connects afferent neurons and efferent neurons in neural pathways. Like motor neurons, ... system that acts as a link between sensory neurons and ...

Glial cells

... brain, glial cells are estimated to outnumber neurons by about ... ... Glial cells ? Meaning of ... where ... Differentiation of the first neurons and glial cells starts at around 8 hrs (stage ... to their two major characteristics, their ... neurons derived from radial glial cells establish ...

Dendrites

... which the dendrites project. ... neurons are the communication channels and some of the ... the dendrite ... The dendrites of mammalian neurons have been considered to be electrically ... ... Hausser|Greg Stuart Dendrites Books Most neurons have multiple dendrites , which are short and ...

Resting potential

... affect the resting potential , but the nature of the ... neurons are cells specialized to allow our brains to communicate with the rest of the body. The resting potential prepares neurons to send the messages. Resting potential results from differences ...

Nervous system

... the opposite ... Funtional Organization of the Nervous System . How neurons Work and Influence One Another ... Psychology is the study of what the ... cells, ... Prominent components in a nervous system include neurons and nerves. ... 3 Functions of the Nervous System . 4 The Neuron. ...

Cell body

... the " cell body ". There are many different specialized types of neurons and the size of the ... List of distinct cell types in the ... and secondary school students and teachers who are ... Multipolar neurons have many processes that extend from the cell body . ... Neuron: ...

Autonomic nervous system

... nervous system is typically divided into two main subsystems, ... neurons active in the autonomic nervous system (and the PNS in general) can ... term autonomic nervous system (ANS) refers to collections of motor neurons ... AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM HEALTH. by Lawrence Wilson, MD ... ...

Aneuploid

... chromosome content may be part of the constitutional ... Aneuploid neurons are functionally active and integrated into brain circuitry" ... aneuploidy n. The state or condition of being aneuploid . ... Aneuploid neurons are functionally active and integrated into brain circuitry" ... ...

Vessel cell

... of tensile ... Hence the mode of failure of the vessel cell wall is a function of the material ... ... into specific cell types such as neurons and blood vessel cells, but they were ... than a year, creating large numbers of nerve and blood vessel cell precursors. ... It is believed ...

Ventral root

... the following places at Britannica. Assorted References ganglia ( in ganglion (physiology) ) ... toward the central nervous system); efferent neurons (carrying motor impulses away from the central nervous system) are present in the ventral root ganglia. spinal cord structure ( in human ...

Olfactory nerve

... The olfactory nerve , or cranial nerve I, is the first of twelve cranial nerves. The specialized olfactory receptor neurons of the olfactory nerve are located in the olfactory mucosa of the upper parts of the nasal cavity. ... An olfactory receptor neuron, also ...

Neural

...... Traditionally, the term neural network had been used to refer to a network or ... Biological neural networks are made up of real biological neurons that are ... We at Neural offer its expertise to e-translate the enterprises legacy business ... Neural info Solutions Pvt. ... © 2008-09 ...

Nerves

... are what sense the world around you and pass that information along to your brain. ... Introduction to How Nerves Work. The Spinal Cord and neurons ... Nerves are what sense the world around you and pass that information along to your brain. ... Peripheral nerves connect the spinal cord ...

Microtubules

... This book is concerned with the progression from molecules to multicellular organisms. ... The microtubules in six specialized touch-sensitive neurons in the nematode ... With respect to microtubules , what is dynamic instability and why is it important to the cell? ... How might microtubules ...

Hyperpolarization

... ( hyperpolarization -activated cationic currents) with ... is consistent with Cs+-induced hyperpolarization under a current-clamp condition. ... neurons expressing a strong hyperpolarization -activated , time-independent inward ... to illustrate a prominent hyperpolarization -activated and ...

Glucose

... of terms that appear in the glucose article. ... Glucose is the form of sugar that travels in your bloodstream to fuel the ... Because neurons cannot store glucose , they depend on the bloodstream to deliver ... The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) measures the body's ability to use ...

Depolarization

... In biology, depolarization is a change in a cell's membrane potential, making it more positive, or less negative. In neurons and some other cells, a large enough depolarization may result in an action potential. Hyperpolarization is the opposite of depolarization , ....

Axon

... away from the body of the nerve cell nerve fiber n. A threadlike process of a neuron, especially the prolonged axon that conducts nerve ... of neurons have no axon —these are called amacrine cells, ... Axon ... Axon . Pro Mach Site. Home. View Products. Site Map ... Pro Mach names new Vice ...
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