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Molecule in Biological Dictionary

Ribonucleic acid

... acid (RNA) is a biologically important type of molecule that consists of a long chain of nucleotide ...to... Messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) is a molecule of RNA encoding a chemical "blueprint" ... ... Ribonucleic acid (RNA): A nucleic acid molecule similar to DNA but containing ... rna: ...

Recombinant DNA molecule

... is incorporated into a single recombinant molecule . ... links the two into a molecule of recombinant DNA . ... molecules of ... ... How do we get the recombinant molecule into a bacterial cell? ... A single-stranded ...

Plasmid

... A plasmid is an extra-chromosomal DNA molecule separate from the chromosomal DNA which is ... ... Plasmid , small, usually ring-shaped molecule of deoxyribonucleic acid DNA, which ... ... more. ... A plasmid is an extrachromosomal DNA molecule ... Acaryochloris marina MBIC11017 plasmid ...

Peptide-binding groove

... enter the binding groove of an empty MHC molecule and ... The floor of the peptide - binding ... values ... ... structure of MHC class II molecule has revealed open peptide binding groove . ...... The peptide - binding groove of an HLA molecule consists of two parts, a floor and ... In the ...

Myosin

... properties of muscle ... Each myosin molecule is composed of two ... actin n. A protein ... ... As you already learned, each myosin molecule in skeletal muscle has two globular ... (You ... ... An ideal myosin would never use an ATP molecule in the absence of actin, since ... ...

MRNA processing

... Messenger ribonucleic acid ( mRNA ) is a molecule of RNA encoding a chemical "blueprint" ...... [edit] mRNA processing . The pre- mRNA molecule undergoes three main modifications. ... The pre- mRNA processing at the 3' end of the RNA molecule involves cleavage of ... Importantly, not ...

Molecule

... A molecule is defined as a sufficiently stable, ... are distinguished from ... molecule ( ) n. The smallest particle of a substance that ... the substance and is composed of two or more molecule , smallest unit of a substance that shows all the ...

Hydroxyl radical

... Hydroxyl in chemistry describes a molecule consisting of an oxygen atom and a hydrogen ...oxide... Hydroxyl in chemistry stands for a molecule consisting of an oxygen atom and a hydrogen ... were the 3,4-double bond ... An interstellar molecule first detected in 1963 at a ... physical object ...

Hemoglobin

... Read about hemoglobin - the protein molecule in red blood cells. ... Hemoglobin is made up ... structures of hemoglobin . ... The hemoglobin molecule actually contains another molecule within it, called heme. ... Hemoglobin , ...

Glycolysis

... a series of biochemical reactions by which one molecule of glucose ... Glycolysis , through ... is a biochemical pathway by which a molecule of glucose (Glc) is ... However, glycolysis ... a series of biochemical reactions by which a molecule of glucose ... So central is glycolysis ...

Glycogen

... Glycogen is the molecule which functions as the secondary short term ... less glucose molecule, and the free glucose molecule ... 1 Glycogen's branched structure makes ... discusses the synthesis and breakdown of this molecule of glucose storage as well as diseases related ...

Concatemer

... A concatemer is a long continuous DNA molecule that contains multiple copies of the same DNA ... A concatemer is a long continuous DNA molecule that contains multiple copies of the same DNA ... ... Concatemer : Tandem arrays of monomeric DNA molecule s with ... ...

Chlorophyll

... Chlorophyll itself is actually not a single molecule but a ... Chlorophyll a is the molecule found in all plant cells and ... ... from Puritan's Pride. Chlorophyll is the molecule that absorbs sunlight and uses its energy to ... ...

Antisense strand

... of a double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid molecule from antisense strand One of the two strands in a DNA molecule that is not transcribed. ... Antisense ... antisense strand . ... Antisense means a molecule which does suppresses transcription with a ... ...

Antigenic determinant

... determinant located in an unexposed region of a molecule so that it ... Definition of antigenic ... determinant (thing) by BioTech ... A molecule (such as a glycoprotein) on the surface of a ... ... is the molecular aspect or moiety of a molecule that ... neo) antigenic determinants and ...

Antigen

... practice, the term antigen is used to mean any molecule recognized by the ... Each part of the antigen ... and more. ... An antigen or immunogen is a molecule that ... About Antigen - Ant Installer ... build script and all ... An antigen is a molecule that stimulates a response from the immune ...

Anticodon

... Transfer RNA is a small RNA molecule that transfers a specific active amino acid to ... bind only to that specific amino acid. A tRNA molecule is a single nucleotide chain with several ... ... For example the GGG anticodon of a tRNA molecule recognizes the CCC codon on the ... The codon ...

Allosteric site

... or other protein by binding an effector molecule at the protein's allosteric site . ... Site . Active Site . Add a. Regulatory. molecule ... Allosteric site information including ... allosteric site - That part of an enzyme molecule where the non-covalent binding ... News archive ...

Adenosine triphosphate

... that ... Adenosine Triphosphate ATP, molecule found in all living organisms that is the main ... of ... Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP), molecule found in all living organisms that is the ... ... ) ... Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a molecule that stores energy that the body needs. ... ...

Untranslated RNA

... A non-coding RNA (ncRNA) is a functional RNA molecule that is not translated into a protein. Less-frequently used synonyms are ... RNA ... Messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) is a molecule of RNA encoding a chemical "blueprint" for a protein ...

Transfer RNA

... Transfer RNA is a small RNA molecule that transfers a specific active amino acid to a growing polypeptide ... RNA chain (74-93 nucleotides) that ... Transfer RNA is the "adaptor" molecule hypothesized by Francis Crick, which ... The diagram on the left ...

Sticky end

... DNA end or sticky end refers to the properties of the end of a molecule of DNA or a recombinant DNA molecule. The concept is important in ... can also be used in ... ... able to base pair with any DNA molecule containing the complementary sticky end . ... This is cut by the ...

RNA

... of certain viruses RNA viruses and, in cellular organisms, the molecule that directs the middle steps of ... One of the main functions of RNA is to copy genetic information from DNA (via ... The resulting RNA molecule is the primary transcript. ... Resource for transcription events ...

Replicon

... A replicon is a DNA molecule or RNA molecule, or a region of DNA or RNA, that replicates from a single ... (genetics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A replicon is a DNA molecule or RNA molecule, or a region of DNA or RNA, that ... PR: Leader in ...

Receptor

... cytoplasm of a cell, to which a mobile signaling (or "signal") molecule may attach. A molecule which binds to a receptor is called ... The androgen receptor ...

Polarity

... polarity refers to a separation of electric charge leading to a molecule having an electric dipole. Polar molecules can bond together due to dipole–dipole intermolecular forces between one molecule ... chemical polarity ( ′kemikəl pə′larədē ) ( physical ...

Peptide Bond

... bond formed between two molecules when the carboxyl group of one molecule reacts with the amine group of the other molecule, thereby releasing a molecule of water (H2O). This is ... Peptides are short polymers formed from ...

Nucleotide

... information on Nucleotide from Biology-Online.org dictionary. ... DNA molecule consists of nucleotides in which the sugar ... Encyclopedia article ... "snips"), are DNA sequence ... A nucleotide is an organic molecule consisting of a heterocyclic nucleobase (a ... Nucleotide names are ...

Mispairing

... ) Pairing of a nucleotide in one chain of a deoxyribonucleic acid molecule that is not Slipped mispairing between repeated sequences during DNA ... Agents - Aklylating Agents flashcards, ... Attaches carbon to another molecule --> Cross-linking, Mispairing , Depurination & Ring cleavage. ... ...

Messenger RNA

... Messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) is a molecule of RNA encoding a chemical "blueprint" for a protein ... ... Ribonucleic acid ( RNA ) is a biologically important type of molecule that consists of a long chain of nucleotide units. Each nucleotide ...

Intercalation

... In chemistry, intercalation is the reversible inclusion of a molecule (or group) between two other molecules (or groups). Examples include DNA ... ; p. ... In chemistry, intercalation is the reversible inclusion of a molecule (or group) ... II+ Intercalation ... intercalate ( ) tr.v. , -lated , ...

Guanine

... ... Guanine and adenine are derived from the two-ring parent molecule purine, and ... Guanine is a purine derivative, and in ... the Dbl family activate ... The accepted structure of the guanine molecule was proposed in 1875, and the ... Analogous nucleosides and nucleotides ...

Glycolipid

... terms,biology abbreviations ... glycolipid - membrane lipid molecule with a short ... NKT Cells - A novel lymphocyte specific for ... by biologists at the University of California, San Diego has discovered a molecule in roundworms that ... is a glycolipid —a lipid attached ... In ...

DNA sequence

... representing the primary structure of a real or hypothetical DNA molecule or strand, with the capacity to carry information as described by the ... sequencing , the appropriate amount ... Dna Sequencing : Single molecule Sequencing resources and information at dnasequencing.us. ... Dna ...

DNA replication

... in that each strand of the original double-stranded DNA molecule serves as template for ... In a cell, DNA replication must ... ... DNA replication begins with the "unzipping" of the parent molecule as the ... DNA Replication is Semiconservative. When the replication ...

Coding sequence

... representing the primary structure of a real or hypothetical DNA molecule or strand, with the capacity to carry information as described by the ... ? ... ... have to be close to the coding sequence on the linear molecule or even ... Nucleotide sequence of the gene coding for the ...

Blunt End

... since when using a DNA ligase ... blunt end The end of a DNA molecule in which both strands are of the same length. ... What is the blunt ... term. What does blunt end mean? ... blunt end . the end of a DNA molecule in which both strands are of the same length. ... Blunt - end DNA ...

Binding site

... binding sites are a special instance of binding site , a region of a molecule where other molecules may bind. DNA binding sites are distinct from ... In the system design process, the binding site and the feedstock molecule can be ... Perhaps the simplest binding site would be nothing more ...

Anti-sense strand

... uses the antisense strand as a template. ... Antisense means a molecule which does suppresses transcription with a ... Antisense is likely to ... ... The Basics of Antisense : A sense strand is a 5' to 3' mRNA molecule or DNA molecule. ... The exact mechanism of an antisense strand has ...

Anther

... An isolated anther specific promoter nucleic acid molecule comprising:(a) a ... An anther specific nucleic acid molecule according to claim 1, wherein the ... Beautiful Nicole Atkins sings ...
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