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Mitochondrial in Biological Dictionary

Nuclear genome

... ") but can ... from their chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes to their nuclear chromosomes. ... ... in a haploid ... from their chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes to their nuclear chromosomes. ... ... sequence ... Pattern of Organization of Human mitochondrial Pseudogenes in the Nuclear Genome ... ...

MtDNA

... mitochondrial DNA ( mtDNA ) is the DNA located in organelles ... organisms is found in the cell nucleus. mitochondrial DNA was discovered by Margit M. K. Nass and ... mitochondrial Eve (mt-mrca) is the name given by researchers to ...

Mitochondrial membrane

... as "cellular ... The outer mitochondrial membrane , which encloses the entire organelle, ... channel (about 2-3 ... exact: inner mitochondrial membrane . Definition ... 0031966 : mitochondrial membrane [1599 gene products] GO:0005743 : ...

Mitochondrial DNA

... mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is the DNA located in organelles ... organisms is found in the cell nucleus. mitochondrial DNA was discovered by Margit M. K. Nass and ... Human mitochondrial genetics is the study of the genetics of the ...

Maternal inheritance

... termed maternal (mitochondrial) inheritance . mitochondrial ... Maternal , inheritance ,biologica ... ... This maternal inheritance of mitochondrial DNA ... Maternal inheritance . Synonym(s) ... evolution confirm maternal inheritance of mitochondrial DNA. Maternal inheritance looks very much ...

Intermembrane space

... to that of the content of the cytoplasm. mitochondrial intermembrane space . Term information. Term lineage. External references ... GO:0005758 : mitochondrial intermembrane space [161 gene products] ... ... European Bioinformatics Institute ... GO:0005758 mitochondrial intermembrane space ... ...

Heteroplasmy

... places at Britannica. Assorted References mitochondrial DNA mutations ( in human genetic disease: mitochondrial DNA mutations ) ... (ATP). Severity ... for disorders resulting from mutations in the mitochondrial DNA, generally believed to reflect ... ...

Cristae

... medical term. What does cristae mean? ... mitochondrial cristae numerous narrow transverse infoldings ... ... They carry the hydrogen ions to the inner mitochondrial membrane ( cristae ) ... Importance of the ... latter, cristae density ... Interestingly, the mitochondrial cristae surface density ... cristae surface ...

Consensus sequence

... alignments (Patthy, 1987) ... The "Eve" mitochondrial Consensus Sequence . Robert W. Carter, ... We ... calculated the consensus sequence for human mitochondrial DNA using over ... by Robert W. Carter, Dan ... A. Snelling (Ed.) (2008) ... Download The "Eve" mitochondrial Consensus Sequence PDF ... The consensus ...

Self-splicing

... as ... Interlocked RNA circle formation by a self - splicing yeast mitochondrial group I intron ... investigated the in vitro self - splicing of a class II mitochondrial ... Self - splicing of group II introns in vitro: Mapping of the ...

Proton-motive force

... and health issues. ... A process in which a proton gradient across a mitochondrial membrane and ... In most cases the proton motive force is generated ... force and an energy conserving redox loop,2 another ... Huang3 describe mitochondrial chemiosmosis and proton motive force in action. ... ...

Minicircles

... the existence of kinks in 94-bp-long minicircles . ... Preparation of mitochondrial telomeric minicircles by alkaline lysis ... To relax supertwisted ... Phytomonas ... amplification of Phytomonas minicircles . ... mitochondrial minicircles contain the genes for guide ... Here, the free ...

Endosymbiosis

... is the concept that mitochondria and ... Factors in favor of mitochondrial and chloroplast endosymbiosis . ... Endosymbiosis is a form of ... between prokaryotes, a theory called endosymbiosis . ... a result of mitochondrial endosymbiosis (Germot, Philippe, and Le Guyader ... ...

Elongation factor

... EFTu/EF1A, domain 2. IPR005225 ... P02992 Elongation factor Tu, mitochondrial ... The European Bioinformatics Institute ... Translation elongation ... ... Original Article from The New England Journal of Medicine -- Mutant mitochondrial Elongation Factor G1 and Combined Oxidative Phosphorylation Deficiency ...

Electron transport chain

... . • Catalyzes a flow of electrons from NADH. to O. 2 ... Organization of mitochondrial electron transport chain ... The electron transport chain ... transport chain consists of a series of ... Energetics of the mitochondrial Electron Transport Chain ... ...

Chemiosmosis

... chemiosmosis A process in which a proton gradient across a mitochondrial membrane and ATP synthesis pump metabolites across a Chemiosmosis is ... by chemiosmosis occurs in chloroplasts and mitochondria as ... 1. mitochondrial Chemiosmosis --- The complete breakdown of ... The Main Point: ...

Ribosomes

... of mRNA translation; once the two ... There are two types of Ribosomes : free and bound. ... Ribosome Structure ... Ribosomes ... Eukaryotic mitochondrial and chloroplast ribosomes differ from both of the examples shown. ... The ribosomes operate in chains when translating a mRNA. The ribosome ...

Ribosomal DNA genes

... in ribosomal RNA genes of Arabidopsis thaliana. ... The ribosomal genes coding for the 45S rRNA precursor of the three largest ... mitochondrial DNA contains 37 genes , all of which are essential for normal ... gene often make the 12S RNA in human cells look similar to bacterial ...

Recombinant DNA

... Using restriction enzymes to create Recombinant DNA . ... X 2 copies=46 strands of DNA . Plus several thousand copies of very small circular mitochondrial DNA . ... Recombinant DNA Technology. The term "biotechnology" often refers to the ... The technique of recombinant DNA , illustrated ...

Pseudogene

... the Pseudogene Suite provides an opportunity for ... Numt census ... and a corresponding nuclear pseudogene . Proc. R. Soc. ... A Translocated mitochondrial Cytochrome b Pseudogene in Voles (Rodentia: Microtus) ... New evidence from molecular geneticists joins with the immense body of clues from ...

Polymorphisms

... polymorphisms (-3860G>A, -3113G>A, -2467del/T, -739T>G, -729C>T, ... Genome database of polymorphisms and mutations of the human mitochondrial DNA. ... Submittal form for unpublished mtDNA polymorphisms ... Online Shopping at DirectTextBook.com - Save up to 80%, buy or rent. New and ...

NCBI

... on ... NCBI Accession. AAA37260, AAH11284, AK004540. DIA1. NADH ... NCBI Accession. AAC03551, AAC50731, AAH02651. ACO2. Aconitate hydratase, mitochondrial precursor ... ...

Mitochondrion

... at Smarter. Shop online, compare products, and save. In the mitochondrion , the matrix contains soluble enzymes that catalysis the ... mitochondrial DNA is the DNA located in organelles called mitochondrion . ... ...

Mispairing

... of guanine alkylation on mispairing . Nature. 1976; 264(5584):369-70 (ISSN: 0028-0836) ... The point mutation in the tRNA(Lys) gene of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from patients with myoclonic epilepsy and ragged red fibers (MERRF) was quantitatively analyzed ... In the present work, mispairing ...

Isozymes

... now been described (29). Individual isozymes have been implicated in many cellular responses important in ... ... that the inheritance of the mitochondrial MDH isozymes is largely ... Several of the hybrid isozymes formed as a result of interaction between various ... The isozymes of alkaline ...

Insertion sequences

... and Archaea. ... Distribution of recently active Insertion Sequence elements (raIS) and A+T ... This database contains sequences of mitochondrial genes and cryptogenes from ... The sequences are in GCG format and can be obtained as HTML files either by ... ...

Initiator tRNA

... (5,6) ... Initiator methionine tRNA from the cytoplasm of Neurospora crassa has been purified and sequenced. ... that of the corresponding mitochondrial initiator tRNA . ... The initiator tRNA is a distinct species, but its methionine does not become formylated. ... Initiation factors bind ...

Holliday structure

... coli ... This first structure of a eukaryotic Holliday junction resolvase confirms a ... Keywords: crystal structure , Holliday junction, mitochondrial DNA, resolvase, ... This is a precondition for precise resolution of Holliday structures . ... The Holliday structure -resolving activity ...

Gene product

... part [79411 gene products ] ... Filter Gene Product Counts. Data source. Species. View Options. Tree view. Full. Compact ... GO:0044429 : mitochondrial part [2655 gene products ] ... ... product expression; survival gene products are those that antagonize the ... regulation of survival ...

Gene families

... . ... Complete information for RHOT1 gene (protein-coding), ras homolog gene family , member T1 ... Ras homolog gene family member T1 3. mitochondrial Rho 1 2 ... So far we have considered gene families which evolve away from each ... Many of the huge gene families appear to evolve in ...

FADH2

... is the reduced form (carries electrons). FAD and FADH2 function in many ... Electrons carried by FADH2 do not pass through complex I of the mitochondrial ... Why does NADH produce more energy than FADH2 ? 10 minutes ago - 4 days left to ... Because NADH can function earlier in the electron ...

DNA sequence

... DNA sequences are provided in a variety of different formats: lower case letters, ... ... H., and Pääbo S. (1999): DNA sequence of the mitochondrial hypervariable region ... and Pääbo S. (1997): Neandertal DNA sequences and the origin of modern humans. ... Recent research has established ...

DNA damage

... damage accumulation. Damage in this context includes chemical reactions that mutate DNA and/or interfere with DNA replication. Although both mitochondrial and nuclear DNA damage ... Science and technology news stories tagged with keyword: dna damage . ... sex helps to reduce sperm DNA ...

Cytosol

... cells. In eukaryotes this liquid is separated by cell membranes from the contents of the organelles suspended in the cytosol , such as the mitochondrial ... cytosol ( ) n. The fluid component of cytoplasm, excluding organelles and the insoluble, usually suspended, cytoplasmic components ...

Coding strand

... uracil where DNA uses the base thymine. ... the coding strand , the anticoding strand , and the ... ... of DNA strand asymmetry in the mitochondrial coding sequences of ... a corresponding enrichment of C and A nucleotides on the mammalian coding strand , ... excess of purine transitions ...
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