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Mitochondria in Biological Dictionary

Mitochondrion

... range from 0.5–10 micrometers (μm) in diameter. mitochondria are sometimes described as "cellular ...... in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). mitochondria are typically round to oval in shape and range in ... found in the cells of most eukaryotes. mitochondria are sometimes described as "cellular power ...

Mitochondrial membrane

... range from 0.5–10 micrometers (μm) in diameter. mitochondria are sometimes described as "cellular ...... ... Inner mitochondrial membrane mitochondria structure: (1) inner membrane , (2) outer ... matrix The mitochondrial inner membrane mitochondria Research Portal - articles, jobs, lab registry, ...

Mitochondria

... range from 0.5–10 micrometers (μm) in diameter. mitochondria are sometimes described as "cellular ... mitochondria are tubular-shaped organelles that are found in the cytoplasm of ... In fact, mitochondria enable cells to produce 15 times more ATP than ...

Intermembrane space

... space [161 gene products] ... mitochondria articles relating to ' intermembrane space ' ...... relay system in the intermembrane space of mitochondria that mediates protein ... Intermembrane ... try a search ... Intermembrane space of mitochondria Simplified structure of mitochondrion Because ...

Endosymbiotic theory

... endosymbiotic theory concerns the origins of mitochondria and plastids, which are organelles of ... theory , which explains the origin of mitochondria ... According to the endosymbiotic theory , mitochondria are the descendents of bacteria. ... The ...

Chloroplasts

... by which ADP is phosphorylated to ATP in mitochondria and chloroplasts . ... The Cell - A ... thylakoids. ... Discusses the evolution of mitochondria and chloroplasts in eukaryotes. ... The ... of Plant Organelles Chloroplasts and mitochondria 2nd edition by ... ...

Organelles

... cells. ... Also, they lack many other internal organelles such as mitochondria and chloroplasts. ... Vacuoles and vesicles are similar in that both are ... flash animation comparing animal and plant cell organelles . ... mitochondria are membrane-bound organelles , and like the nucleus have a double ... ...

Endosymbiosis

... its evolutionary signature within ... Discusses the evolution of mitochondria and chloroplasts in eukaryotes. Endosymbiosis is, in Margulis' ... ... Simply stated, the theory of endosymbiosis is the concept that mitochondria and ... Factors in favor of mitochondrial and chloroplast ...

Cristae

... cristae numerous narrow transverse infoldings of the inner ... mitochondria are tubular-shaped organelles that are found in the cytoplasm of ... ... inward folds are called cristae . The number and shape of cristae in mitochondria differ, depending on the tissue ... However, as with the latter, ...

Symbiogenesis

... and the Origin of Species, which proposed that chloroplasts originate from cyanobacteria captured by a protozoan. Today both chloroplasts and mitochondria are believed to have such an ... Symbiogenesis Symbiogenesis is the merging of two separate organisms to form a ... Symbiogenesis : ...

Self-splicing

... II mitochondrial ... Self - splicing of group II introns in vitro: Mapping of the branch point and ... Group II intron bl1 from yeast mitochondria can undergo self - splicing in vitro. ... Self - splicing occurs in vitro (for a few of the introns studied to date), but ... They are ...

RFLP

... primer and ... Custom D4-labeled primers are ordered from Proligo.com. ... posted to therapeutic rflp recombinant mtdna mouse mitotarget mitochondria ... posted to rflp snp by guhjy on 2008-07-23 17:45:21 as along with 1 person and 2 ... I. Overview of T-RFLP method for community studies. ...

Plastid

... Provides advanced students with a basic knowledge of plastid biology and recent developments in the ... posted to protein plastid mitochondria import endosymbiosis chloroplasts by ... Plastid biotechnology: prospects for herbicide and insect resistance, metabolic ... Definition and ...

Phosphorylation

... designed by SuperIT Web Studio, an atlanta web development software company, for the client of Raybiotech, Inc. Oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria and basic chemiosmotic concepts. ... Since oxidative phosphorylation is much more efficient (30 vs. 2 ATP per glucose) ... ...

Organelle

... Forever. Get Your War On ... Organelle - Definition of Organelle at Dictionary.com a free online dictionary ... Some organelles , such as mitochondria and chloroplasts, have their own genome ... NCBI Organelle Genome Resources is a collection of organelle genomic sequences that is a part ...

Nuclear membrane

... by a double membrane ( nuclear membrane ) ... iv, nuclear membrane . iii, site of ribosome assembly. i, division of preexisting mitochondria ... Just how a dividing cell rebuilds the nuclear envelope, the protective, functional wrapping that encases both the original and newly ...

Myofibrils

... with the nascent myofibrils prior to the addition of nebulin. ... In myofibrils , p94 specifically binds to connectin/ titin, ... Several mitochondria surround the group of myofibrils . ... (below, right) A closer look at cross-sectioned cardiac muscle myofibrils . ... Learn about the ...

MtDNA

... concept of family through DNA testing. ... mtDNA testing an ideal way to find out more information about your direct maternal lineage. ... mitochondria are structures within cells that convert the energy from food into ... This genetic material is known as mitochondrial DNA or mtDNA . ... ...

Mitochondrial DNA

... by Margit M. K. Nass and ... Human mitochondrial genetics is the study of the genetics of the DNA contained in human mitochondria. mitochondria are small structures in cells that generate energy for the cell to use, and are hence referred to as ... Mitochondrial dna The genetic ...

Mature transcript

... protocols and ... Mature transcript . Mature transcript . Products of post-transcriptional processing of primary transcript . ... B37N mitochondria lack a mature transcript for URF-25 --J. Wang, J. Barth ... In this line the mature URF-25 transcript is not present at the 2200 nucleotide ...

Maternal inheritance

... Britannica. Assorted References metabolic disease ( in metabolic disease (pathology): Inheritance ) The transmission of genes that are located in mitochondria (i.e., not contained in the nucleus of the cell) is termed maternal (mitochondrial) inheritance . Mitochondrial ... Maternal , ...

Intercalated disc

... places at Britannica. Assorted References cardiovascular system ( in cardiovascular system (anatomy): Wall of the heart ) ... volume, mitochondria occupy about 25 percent and provide the necessary energy for contraction. To facilitate energy and calcium conductance in cardiac ... Key ...

Heteroplasmy

... than one type of an organellar genome or plastid DNA) within a cell or individual. Since every eukaryotic cell contains many hundreds of mitochondria with hundreds of copies of mtDNA, it is possible and indeed very frequent for mutations to affect only some of the copies, while the remaining ones ...

Fertilized egg cell

... of cells (morula) ... They are fertilized by male sperm either inside the female body (as in birds) ... The egg cell's cytoplasm and mitochondria (and chloroplasts in plants) are the ... ... we can change the pace of progress! Find out more about the Foundation's Stem Cell research and ...

Endomembrane system

... versions/ Endomembrane system diagram ... The Endomembrane System . 5.6 The endomembrane system exchanges materials by the ... 5.20 mitochondria and chloroplasts are not part of the endomembrane system ... ...

Cyanobacteria

... is characterized by convulsions, ataxia (in ... Cyanobacteria congregate on or near the water surface. ... Cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) mitochondria and Chloroplasts. Properties of Bacteria ... Cyanobacteria also contain two antenna pigments: ... An introduction to the Cyanobacteria their ...

CpDNA

... Britannica. Assorted References extranuclear DNA ( in heredity (genetics): Extranuclear DNA ) ... of the cell. These organelles are the mitochondria in animal and plant cells and the chloroplasts in plant cells. Chloroplast DNA ( cpDNA ) contains genes that are involved with ... ...

Citric acid cycle

... acetyl-CoA ... to generate the only NTP produced directly in the citric . acid cycle . ... The citric acid cycle takes place within the mitochondria in eukaryotes, and ... It is converted into acetyl-CoA and enters the citric acid cycle . ... ...

Chloroplast DNA

... involved in ... Direct measurement of the transfer rate of chloroplast DNA into the nucleus" ... Discusses the evolution of mitochondria and chloroplasts in eukaryotes. ... There are no histones associated with the DNA . ... The Chloroplast Genome ... Although chloroplast ...

Chloroplast

... up of 3 types of membrane: ... At various places within the chloroplast these are stacked in arrays called ... Discusses the evolution of mitochondria and chloroplasts in eukaryotes. ... The Chloroplast Genome ... 6 genes encoding parts of the chloroplast ATP synthase ... ... is directed ...

Chemiosmosis

... ... Chemiosmosis is the diffusion of ions across a membrane. ... The generation of ATP by chemiosmosis occurs in chloroplasts and mitochondria as ... 1. Mitochondrial Chemiosmosis --- The complete breakdown of ... The Main Point: Chemiosmosis is the diffusion of ions across a ...
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