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Metabolic in Biological Dictionary

Peroxisome

... PPARA gene. The peroxisome compartmentalizes metabolic pathways essential for development ... The ... essential components in various physiological and metabolic pathways, yet our knowledge of the protein composition and metabolic and regulatory ... Each contains a ...

Glucose

... living cell uses it as a source of energy and metabolic intermediate. Glucose is one ... glucose ... about Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Type 1, and metabolic Disorders treatment and medications. ... Glucose ... about Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Type 1, and metabolic Disorders treatment and medications. ... When ...

Endotherm

... the internal processes of metabolism. ... the metabolic rate of an endotherm at rest, with nothing in ... of ... correct in guessing that the endotherm's metabolic rates would remain steady, ... bility by ... first explore the mechanistic basis of endotherm metabolic ... ...

Cellular respiration

... Cellular respiration is the set of the metabolic reactions and processes that take place in ... ... cellular respiration n. The series of metabolic processes by which living cells produce energy ... ATP ... Cellular respiration is the metabolic process that occurs largely in the ... In ...

Urea cycle

... produces urea (NH2)2CO from ammonia (NH3). This cycle was the first metabolic cycle discovered . In mammals, the urea cycle takes place only ... ... is toxic, and even ... urea cycle is the first of the two major metabolic cycles discovered by Hans Krebs. ... To summarize, parts of the urea ...

Pyruvic acid

... , CH3COCOO-, is known as pyruvate, and is a key intersection in several metabolic pathways. It can be ... pyruvic acid n. A colorless organic ... that breaks ... The central role of pyruvic acid and the various metabolic pathways among cells ... The carboxylate (COOH) ion (anion) of ...

Phosphorylation

... of diseases such as cancer ... Oxidative phosphorylation is a metabolic pathway that uses energy released by the oxidation of nutrients to ... ... The phosphorylation process is linked to cell metabolism in that metabolic ... All products relating to Phosphorylation ... Nuclear Signaling ...

Maternal inheritance

... are discussed in the following places at Britannica. Assorted References metabolic disease ( in metabolic disease (pathology): Inheritance ) The transmission of genes that are ...

Macronucleus

... ... Note the large, kidney-shaped macronucleus that controls most of the metabolic ... Note the large, kidney-shaped macronucleus that controls most of the metabolic ... within a depression on the macronucleus ) is the much smaller ...

Glycolysis

... Glycolysis is the metabolic pathway that converts glucose, C6H12O6, into pyruvate, C3H3O3-. The free ... chain. Glycolysis occurs under anaerobic ... Glycolysis is a metabolic pathway found universally in ... of a hexose di-phosphate intermediate in ...

FADH2

... ... What is the role of molecules such as nadph nadh and fadh2 in metabolic processes? ... The reduced coenzyme FADH2 is an energy-carrying ... Perfect prep for Review of Cell Respiration ... (D) FADH2 . What type of metabolic reaction involves a ... ...

Biotin

... of fatty acids, and the ... Biotin not only assists in various metabolic reactions, ... biotin n. A colorless crystalline vitamin, C 10 H 16 N ... C10H16N2O3S ... Biotin is important in the catalysis of essential metabolic reactions to ... " Biotin is a water-soluble B-complex vitamin ...

Anabolism

... Anabolism is the set of metabolic pathways that construct molecules from smaller units. These reactions require energy. One way of categorizing metabolic processes, whether at the cellular, organ or organism level is as ...

Vacuoles

... the cell to the outside vacuole ( ) n. A small cavity in the cytoplasm of a cell, bound by a single membrane and containing water, food, or metabolic waste Plant cells have very large vacuoles , but they are non-existent in animals. The vacuoles tend to be so large that they push all other ...

Vacuole

... role for the plant. vacuole ( ) n. A small cavity in the cytoplasm of a cell, bound by a single membrane and containing water, food, or metabolic waste contractile vacuole n. A membrane-bound organelle found in certain protists that pumps fluid in a cyclical manner from within the cell ...

Tracheae

... Terrestrial arthropods have evolved an open respiratory system composed of spiracles, tracheae , and tracheoles to transport metabolic gasses to and from tissue. Some terrestrial woodlice have evolved pseudotrachea, a system which is also called corpus alatum, and is made up of air ...

Systems biology

... Biomolecular ... Institute for Systems Biology . Interaction network. Interactomics ... Manchester Centre for Integrative Systems Biology . metabolic control analysis ... All elements of the Harvard Systems Biology community can be reached through a common portal. ... FAS Center for ...

SnRNA

... initiation by RNA polymerase II: ... ... of a primary small nuclear RNA ( snRNA ) transcript into a mature snRNA molecule. ... snRNA metabolic process [54 gene products] GO:0016180 : snRNA ... SnRNA information including symptoms, causes, diseases, symptoms, treatments, and other ...

Respiration

... Cellular respiration is the set of the metabolic reactions and processes that take place in organisms' cells to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), ...

Pyrimidine

... CO2 and NH3 (urea excretion) ... GO:0019856 : pyrimidine base biosynthetic process [44 gene products] ... GO:0006206 : pyrimidine base metabolic process [145 gene products] ... ,biological,biology definition,biology terminology,biology terms,biology abbreviations ... Pyrimidine is a ...

Proteomics

... particularly their structures and functions. Proteins are vital parts of living organisms, as they are the main components of the physiological metabolic pathways of cells. ... proteomics Proteomics is a term in the study of genetics which refers to all the proteins expressed by a genome; ...

Protein biosynthesis

... out of 33 total. ... exact: protein anabolism. exact: protein biosynthesis . exact: protein formation ... GO:0044267 : cellular protein metabolic process [15158 gene products] ... The European Bioinformatics Institute ... biosynthesis protein coq7. IPR011566 Ubiquinone biosynthesis .....

Plastid

... plastid mitochondria import endosymbiosis chloroplasts by ... Plastid biotechnology: prospects for herbicide and insect resistance, metabolic ... Definition and other additional information on Plastid from Biology-Online.org dictionary. ... A plastid containing green pigment ...

Peptide

... Peptide , ... Custom DNA, peptides , and molecular biology products. Medical information about Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Type 1, and metabolic Disorders ... " Peptide " is derived from the Greek word "peptein" (to digest) ... ... microRNA qRT-PCR, Gene Expression, Antibodies, Custom ...

Nucleoside

... to ... Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org /wiki/ Nucleoside " ... nucleobase, nucleoside , nucleotide and nucleic acid metabolic process. • DNA modification ... Purine nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency. ... Definition of nucleoside from the Merriam-Webster Online ...

Nucleic acids

... nucleic acids . Mass, Mass Production, Mass Spectrometry, Mathematics, Matter, States of, Mendelian Laws of Inheritance, Mercury (Planet), metabolic Disorders, Metabolism, ... ... Gallery, Nucleotides and Nucleic acids , Previous Page, Next ... Nucleic acids are polymers of nucleotides ...

Nucleic acid

... Nucleic Acids ... Mass, Mass Production, Mass Spectrometry, Mathematics, Matter, States of, Mendelian Laws of Inheritance, Mercury (Planet), metabolic Disorders, Metabolism, ... Nucleic Acids , extremely complex molecules produced by living cells and viruses. ... Nucleic acid - ...

Nephridium

... nephridia encouraged tissue specialization by eliminating the need for all cells of an organism to be in contact with seawater for diffusion of metabolic wastes. Nephridia occur ... Nephridium - Definition of Nephridium at Dictionary.com a free online dictionary ... nephridium - 5 dictionary ...

Monotremes

... are egg-laying mammals of the order Monotremata, the only order in ... Like other mammals, monotremes are warm-blooded, with a high metabolic rate ... Learn about mammal body basics. ... Monotremes ... Monotremes are sufficiently different in their morphology and evolution for ......

Metaphase

... Technologies Inc. All rights reserved | Terms and conditions | About Us ... MetaPhase is a formula of herbs providing natural support for metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance and high blood sugar levels. A summary of Metaphase and Anaphase in 's Mitosis. ... Metaphase is marked by the ...

Lipids

... The common feature of these lipids is that they are all esters of moderate to ... The important class of lipids called steroids are actually metabolic derivatives ... Unlike other groups of molecules, lipids comprise a broad and diverse range of ... 3 Triglycerides: the energy storage lipids . ...

Lag phase

... online dictionary with ... of time especially between related events or phenomena —see LAG PHASE b : the ... Perhaps I overstated the lack of metabolic activity during the lag phase . ... during poor and or extended storage, there will be an extended lag phase . ... What is lag phase ? ...

Krebs cycle

... entries, research ... The Krebs cycle has a key role in the metabolism of ... Krebs is best known for his identification of two important metabolic cycles: ... in cells, is also known as the Krebs cycle and earned him a Nobel Prize in 1953. ... Krebs Cycle ... 1. Prior to entering the ...

Insulin

... Devices for Taking Insulin . Pills for Type 2 Diabetes: A Guide for Adults ... Medical information about Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Type 1, and metabolic Disorders ... Insulin is made specifically by the beta cells in the islets of ... Insulin lowers the level of glucose in the blood and is ...

Homeothermic

... DC ... Empirical descriptions of such relationships frequently use ... to maintain homeothermic organism temperature, given a certain specific metabolic rate. ... New Homeothermic Blanket Systems H1463 with Flexible Probe, Harvard Apparatus, Inc. ... homeothermic monitoring systems offer 3 ...

Heterotrophic

... own food and is dependent on ... All animals are heterotrophic , as well as fungi and many bacteria. ... heterotrophic Unable to synthesize metabolic products from inorganic materials; requiring complex organic substances (growth factors) for Why do operators need to perform the Heterotrophic ...

Flavine

... was headquartered in Closter, N.J., and maintained offices in Kansas City. ... Riboflavin is a water-soluble vitamin, which is involved in vital metabolic processes in the body, and is ... flavin, flavine , lactoflavin, riboflavine, ... ...

Fermentation

... in progress Fermentation is the process of deriving energy from the In its strictest sense fermentation is the energy-yielding anaerobic metabolic ... Fermentation yields lactate, acetic acid, ethanol, or some other simple product. ... In biochemistry, fermentation is an enzyme-catalyzed, ...

Exergonic reaction

... ... of endergonic and exergonic reactions . The molecule of ATP ... The great number of exergonic and. endergonic reaction couple. forming metabolic pathways or ... ... exergonic reaction has K > 1, and favors products, whereas an endergonic ... So, an exothermic reaction can be either ...

Endergonic reaction

... . is an organic catalyst ... Review of endergonic and exergonic reactions . The molecule of ATP ... endergonic reaction couple. forming metabolic pathways or. organized series of chemical ... Endergonic Reaction - a process which absorbs free energy from the surroundings ... Chemical - ...
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