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Hydroxyl in Biological Dictionary

Hydroxyl radical

... hydroxyl in chemistry describes a molecule consisting ... a covalent bond. The neutral form is known as a hydroxyl radical and the singly-charged hydroxyl anion is called ... ...

Dideoxy Sequencing

... sugar. Since deoxyribose already lacks a 2'-OH, dideoxyribose lacks hydroxyl groups at both its 2' and 3' carbons. The lack of this hydroxyl group means that, after being added by a DNA polymerase to a growing ...

Deoxyribose

... is a five carbon sugar ... Deoxyribose differs from ribose in lacking a hydroxyl at position 2. ... Deoxyribose (each number on the ring represents a ... deoxyribose (a 5 carbon sugar) ... In the case of deoxyribose , a hydroxyl group has been replaced with a single hydrogen atom. Deoxyribose has the ...

Self-splicing

... role in the self - splicing reaction, however, and so our unique ... This self - splicing RNA provided the first example of a ... A 3' hydroxyl is the same as the product of self - splicing but opposite to the ... ...

Phosphatase

... that removes a phosphate group from its substrate by hydrolysing phosphoric acid monoesters into a phosphate ion and a molecule with a free hydroxyl group . This action is directly opposite to ... Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (EC 3.1.3.1) is a hydrolase enzyme responsible for removing ...

Oxidation

...... Oxidation is defined as the interaction between oxygen molecules and all the ... Hydroxyacyl-CoA Dehydrogenase catalyzes oxidation of the hydroxyl in the b ... NADH produced during fatty acid oxidation is reoxidized by transfer of 2e- to ... Oxidation - Definition. The most fundamental ...

DNA ligase

... . rGka DNA Polymerase. RNA 5' Polyphosphatase ... Catalyzes the formation of a phosphodiester bond between juxtaposed 5' phosphate and 3' hydroxyl termini in duplex DNA or RNA. This enzyme will join blunt end and ... Catalyzes the formation of a phosphodiester bond between juxtaposed ...

Deoxyribonuclease

... DNA preferentially at phosphodiester linkages adjacent to a pyrimidine nucleotide, yielding 5'-phosphate terminated polynucleotides with a free hydroxyl group ... deoxyribonuclease n. DNase. ... deoxyribonuclease . Dictionary: de·ox·y·ri·bo·nu·cle ... A deoxyribonuclease (DNase, for short) ...
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