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Hydrolysis in Biological Dictionary

Hydrolysis

... hydrolysis is a chemical reaction during which one or more ... of reaction that is used to break ... hydrolysis n. Decomposition of a chemical compound by ... a dissolved salt or the catalytic conversion hydrolysis constant This article is an orphan , as few or ...

Uracil

... pyrimidine derivative. Originally discovered in 1900, it was isolated by hydrolysis of yeast nuclein that was found in bovine thymus and spleen, herring ... ... Uracil was originally discovered in 1900 and it was isolated by hydrolysis of ... As stated, uracil pairs with adenosine through ... ...

Ribozyme

... catalyzes a chemical reaction. Many natural ribozymes catalyze either the hydrolysis of one of their own phosphodiester bonds, or the hydrolysis of bonds in other RNAs, but they have ... 6 The L1 Ligase ...

Lipase

... A lipase is a water-soluble enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ester bonds in water–insoluble, lipid substrates. Lipases thus ... or ... lipase ( ) n. Any of a group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of fats into glycerol and fatty ... Gastric lipase , secreted by the ...

Hydrolytic enzyme

... In biochemistry, a hydrolase is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a chemical bond. For example, an enzyme that catalyzed the following ... ) ( biochemistry ) Any of a class of enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of proteins, nucleic acids, ... hydrolytic enzyme (biochemistry) ...

S1 nuclease

... mapping information including symptoms, causes, diseases, symptoms, treatments, and other medical and health issues. Kinetic studies of the hydrolysis of platinum-DNA complexes by nuclease S1 . Chem Biol Interact. ... S1 nuclease does not cleave DNA at single-base mis-matches. ... The ...

Proteolysis

... proteases or by intramolecular digestion. A protease is any enzyme that conducts proteolysis , that is, begins protein catabolism by hydrolysis of the peptide bonds that link amino acids together in the polypeptide chain, which form a molecule of protein. In other words, proteases ...

Nuclein

... types of cells as well, including salmon sperm. ... 1879 picture of the laboratory where Miescher isolated nuclein . ... ... was isolated by hydrolysis of yeast nuclein that was found in bovine thymus and ... Except where noted otherwise, data are given for ... This fun DNA activity for all ...

Nuclease

... that hydrolize nucleic ... A nuclease is an enzyme capable of cleaving the ... nuclease general term for enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of nucleic acid by cleaving chains of nucleotides into smaller Nuclease Research Portal - articles, jobs, lab registry, news, forum - updated ...

Lysozyme

... known as muramidase or N-acetylmuramide glycanhydrolase, are a family of enzymes (EC 3.2.1.17) which damage bacterial cell walls by catalyzing hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-linkages between N-acetylmuramic acid ... lysozyme ( ) n. An enzyme occurring naturally in egg white, human tears, saliva, ...

Ligase

... a ligase is an enzyme that can catalyse the joining of two large molecules by forming a new chemical bond, usually with accompanying hydrolysis of a small chemical group pendant to one of the larger molecules. Generally ligase catalyses the ... In molecular biology, DNA ligase ...

DNase

... it easy to make your RNA free of genomic DNA contamination and ready for RT-PCR. DNase also DNAse or DNAase n. An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of DNA. [ DN(A) + –ASE. ... the agar in dnase test become clear when dnase is produced by ... deoxyribonuclease n. DNase . ... A ...

DNA gyrase

... ... efficient in negative supercoiling as the E. coli DNA gyrase . ... DNA gyrase is a molecular machine that uses the energy of ATP hydrolysis to ... The equilibrium properties of DNA wrapped around gyrase or its subdomain have ... Here we show that it contains also a DNA gyrase ...

Brush border

... is thought to be produced by the mucous membrane cells that line the ... Brush - border folate hydrolase activity and pteroylpolyglutamate hydrolysis are ... specificity of jejunal brush - border pteroylpolyglutamate hydrolase in pig. ... Human protein-coding gene TREH. Represented by 26 ...

Adenosine diphosphate

... phosphate and adenosine diphosphate , which can be broken down ... Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) Adenosine monophosphate (AMP) ATPases. ATP hydrolysis ... ...
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