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Eukaryotes in Biological Dictionary

Prokaryotes

... of living things into Prokaryotes , eukaryotes and the Six Kingdoms ... Prokaryotes and eukaryotes ... Prokaryote , relatively simple ... have cell walls and most non-animal eukaryotes have cell walls, ... Some prokaryotes have ...

Eukaryotes

... Almost all species of large organisms are eukaryotes , including animals, plants and fungi, although ... of ... The vast majority of eukaryotes that we knowingly interact with each day, mainly ... The diversity of these microbial eukaryotes must be discovered and explored with ... ...

Eukaryote

... and more. ... lipopolysaccharide (endotoxin) in eukaryotes . ... Both eukaryotes and bacteria may move with "flagella" - long ... on the buttons below to learn more about the eukaryotes . ... Eukaryote - Definition of Eukaryote ...

Trans-splicing

... Trans - splicing is a special form of RNA processing in eukaryotes where exons from two different primary RNA transcripts are joined end ... - splicing Trans - splicing is a special form of RNA processing in eukaryotes where exons from two different primary RNA transcripts are joined end ...

Proteasome

... Proteasomes are large protein complexes inside all eukaryotes and archaea, as well as in some bacteria. In eukaryotes, they are located ... families, represented by multiple sequence alignments and ... In eukaryotes the proteasome is composed of about 28 ... Author: Aldrin Gomes, ...

Prokaryote

... cells that do not have a cell nucleus. They also lack other things eukaryotes have. Prokaryotes do not have membranes inside the ... ... Whole Genome. Overview ... Prokaryotes are distinguished from eukaryotes on the basis of nuclear ... Retrieved from "http://creationwiki.org / ...

Initiation Codon

... or initiation codon encoding the amino acid methionine (Met) in eukaryotes and a modified Met (fMet) in prokaryotes. ... fMet-tRNAfMet interacts ... ... The mechanism of translation initiation codon selection in eukaryotes Algire and ... stall the initiation complex at the AUG codon long .....

Endoreduplication

... the genome without mitosis. Endoreduplication is a common process in eukaryotes and results in an increase in the nuclear DNA content, permitting ... in Arabidopsis ... Endoreduplication is a common process in eukaryotes that involves DNA ... ... E expression inhibits progression through ...

Unicellular

... fall into two general categories: prokaryotic ... They are unicellular organisms and lack organelles, including a nucleus. ... Unicellular eukaryotes are those whose members consist of a single cell ... Print Unicellular Organisms (font options, pick words for additional puzzles, and more) ....

Ubiquitin

... ubiquitin ( yü′bikwə′tin ) ( biochemistry ) A small, 76-amino-acid, highly conserved protein present in the cytoplasm and nucleus of all eukaryotes Ubiquitin ligase A ubiquitin ligase (also called an E3 ubiquitin ligase) is a protein that covalently attaches ubiquitin to a lysine ...

Transposable element

... can inactivate a gene? ... Transposable Genetic Elements . A. There are three types of transposable ... Transposable elements in eukaryotes are of two types: those that have DNA as ... Definition of transposable element from the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary with audio ...

Transcription start site

... ... The transcription start sites of the human FMR1 gene were determined using 5' ... transcription factors, RNA polymerase II in eukaryotes recognizes the start site ... TATA box and the transcription start site . This spacing is characteristic ... ... initiation factor ...

TATA box

... The TATA box is a DNA sequence found in the promoter region of most genes in eukaryotes and Archaea. The TATA binding protein (TBP) is a transcription factor that binds specifically to a DNA sequence called the TATA box . ...

Start codon

... AUG denote sequences of DNA and RNA respectively that are the start codon or initiation codon encoding the amino acid methionine (Met) in eukaryotes and a modified Met (fMet) in prokaryotes. The most common start codon is AUG which is read as methionine or, in bacteria, ... Alternative ...

Spliceosome

... This process is generally referred to as splicing. spliceosome ( ) n. A nucleoprotein particle that aids in the splicing of messenger RNA in eukaryotes ... A spliceosome is a complex of specialized RNA and ... spliceosome . Term information. Term lineage. External references ... exact: ...

Satellite DNA

... cytosine, guanine and thymine, and thus have a different density from bulk DNA - such ... satellite DNA n. A portion of DNA in eukaryotes whose density differs from that of the majority of DNA and that consists of short, repeating sequences The general category of satellite DNA ...

RNA interference

... phenomenon of RNA interference , broadly defined, includes the endogenously ... Components of the RNA interference pathway are used in many eukaryotes in the ... ...

Repetitive DNA

... ... Britannica online encyclopedia article on repetitive DNA (biochemistry), One major difference between the genomes of prokaryotes and eukaryotes is that most ... Repetitive DNA . Few (i.e., 100's) of copies. Can be functionally important genes ... MEE: Repetitive DNA OH 18. rDNA ...

Recombination frequency

... ... Genetic recombination is the process by which a strand of genetic material is broken and then joined to a different DNA molecule. In eukaryotes recombination occurs in mitosis as a common mechanism of DNA repair and ... ... influence the frequency and distribution of meiotic ...

Recombination

... Genetic recombination is the process by which a strand of genetic material is broken and then joined to a different DNA molecule. In eukaryotes recombination occurs in mitosis as a common mechanism of DNA repair and ... Genetic recombination , the process by which genetic ...

Protozoa

... an equivalent for the German ... Hence the Protozoa are to be regarded as a convenient rather than a natural ... Protozoa are single-celled eukaryotes (organisms whose cells have nuclei) that ... Fire Ant Killing Protozoa Found In 120 Texas Counties (May 11, 2004) — If ... Protists are a ...

Proton-motive force

... for? Definition of Proton motive force in the list of acronyms and abbreviations provided by the Free Online Dictionary and Thesaurus. In eukaryotes the Proton - motive force exists across the inner ... In plants, the Proton Motive Force also exists in the thylakoid membranes of the ...

Protist

... ... The ameba is an example of this type of animal-like protist . ... Protists are a heterogeneous group of living things, comprising those eukaryotes ... For more information about the topic Protist , read the full article at Wikipedia. ... These protists are common on surfaces in marine ...

Plant

... been suggested that Plant (botanical) be merged into this article or section. ... As the broadest plant clade, this comprises most of the eukaryotes that eons ago ... Plant fossils include roots, wood, leaves, seeds, fruit, pollen, spores, ... Includes an encyclopedia of flowers and ...

Paraphyletic

... " ... The group is paraphyletic as it fails to include some taxa derived from heterokonts. ... A paraphyletic group consisting of those eukaryotes which are not ... A taxon is said to be paraphyletic if it does not contain all descendants of its ... for example, "seedless plants" is ...

Origin of life

... the origin of life . Learn how certain small molecule interactions ... Origin of Life . Core Nuclear Pore Elements Likely Shared By All eukaryotes ... The Mystery of Life's Origin : Reassessing Current Theories, online chapters ... 8: Thermodynamics and the Origin of life . Chapter ...

Nuclear lamina

... of 2–4 related intermediate ... The lamina plays essential roles in nuclear structure and functions, as ... The nuclear lamina of higher eukaryotes consists of 2--4 related intermediate ... Attachment of the lamina to the inner nuclear membrane during interphase and ... nuclear ...

Monera

... and other mostly tiny, single-celled organisms whose genetic material is loose in the cell. The genetic material of plants, animals, and other eukaryotes (true nucleus), on the other hand, is held in ... Monera ( mə′nirə ) ( biology ) A kingdom that includes the bacteria and blue-green ...

Molecular Genetics

... of Energy) ... Glossary (DOE) Terms peculiar to molecular genetics . ... The Department of Molecular Genetics emphasizes studies on eukaryotes (animals, ... Many molecular genetics graduates go on to graduate school. ... ... students studying A-Level Biology - covers genetics , ...

Mitosis

... the duplicated genetic material creating two ... Mitosis . Cells can divide, and in unicellular organisms, this makes more organisms. ... eukaryotes do mitosis . In mitosis , each daughter cell gets about half ... Interactive animation showing the stages of animal cell mitosis . ... ...

Microbiology

... Microbiology is the study of microorganisms, which are unicellular or cell-cluster microscopic organisms. This includes eukaryotes such as fungi and protists, and prokaryotes. Viruses, though not strictly classed as ... microbiology n. The branch of biology that ...

Meiosis

... ... From the On-Line Biology Book. In biology, meiosis is the process that transforms one diploid cell into four haploid cells in eukaryotes in order to redistribute the diploid's cell's genome. Outlines the cell division process. In meiosis I, chromosomes in a diploid ...

Mating type

... Mating types occur in eukaryotes that undergo sexual reproduction via isogamy. ... Each mating type can signal its presence to others, (the "female" signals ...

Krebs cycle

... notes relating to Krebs Cycle are not provided in the usual format, ... The Krebs cycle is part of the aerobic degradative process in eukaryotes known ... The importance of the Krebs cycle lies in both the efficiency with which it ... Therefore over all simplified Krebs cycle is as ...

Isozyme

... Recent studies of isozyme variation have revealed three ... The European Bioinformatics Institute ... This clade is found only in eukaryotes and includes human adenylate kinase isozyme 1 (myokinase) ... Isozyme loci can be particularly useful for marking linkage groups ...

Haploid

... more times the haploid number of ... In biology, meiosis is the process that transforms one diploid cell into four haploid cells in eukaryotes in order to redistribute the diploid's cell's genome. What is haploid ? Meaning of haploid medical term. What does haploid mean? ... The ...

Genetic recombination

... Genetic recombination is the process by which a strand of genetic material is broken and then joined to a different DNA molecule. In eukaryotes recombination occurs in mitosis as a common mechanism of DNA repair and ... Genetic recombination . From CreationWiki, the encyclopedia ...

Euchromatin

... form of chromatin that is rich in gene concentration, and is often under active transcription. Unlike heterochromatin, it is found in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Euchromatin comprises ... Chromatin is the complex combination of DNA, RNA, and protein that makes up chromosomes. It is ...

Endosymbiotic theory

... ... Multiple lines of evidence support the endosymbiotic theory . ... The endosymbiosis theory postulates that ... The chloroplasts of eukaryotes evolved from endosymbiotic cyanobacteria. The Evidence ... Endosymbiotic theory . ज्ञानकोश: - The Indological Knowledgebase. The ...

Diploid

... FREE online library ... diploid ... In biology, meiosis is the process that transforms one diploid cell into four haploid cells in eukaryotes in order to redistribute the diploid's cell's genome. diploid . Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary. Jump to: navigation, search .....
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