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Energy in Biological Dictionary

Respiration

... organisms' cells to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate ... in which molecules are converted into usable energy ... Carbon respiration , a concept used in ... , process in which cells produce the energy they need to survive. ... Cellular respiration ...

Potential energy

... Potential energy can be thought of as energy stored within a physical system. It is called potential energy because it has the potential to be converted ...

Photophosphorylation

... The production of ATP using the energy of sunlight is called photophosphorylation . Only two sources of energy are available to living organisms: sunlight and ... n. Phosphorylation induced by radiant energy in photosynthesis. ... How does phosphorylation ...

Photosynthesis

... organic compounds, especially sugars, using the energy from sunlight. Photosynthesis occurs in plants, ... green plants and certain other organisms use the energy of light to convert carbon dioxide and water into ... algae and ... Photosynthesis provides the energy and reduced carbon required for the survival ......

Passive transport

... across a cell membrane without expenditure of energy by the cell, as in passive transport ... a cell membrane by diffusion; expenditure of energy is not ... active transport or passive ... facilitated diffusion. osmosis ... ... energy of motion - ...

Nucleon

... ... Nucleon is an incredibly powerful energy source capable of being used as fuel by ... ... is a collective name for two baryon. Baryon ... energy properties of the nucleon are performed by ... ... Nucleon is an incredibly powerful energy source capable of being used as fuel by ... ...

Mitochondria

... biology and life science to everyone! ... enough energy to survive, more mitochondria can be created. ... What they mean is that mitochondria get the energy out of glucose in respiration: ... ... are small structures in cells that generate energy for the cell to ... Because the mitochondria ...

Metabolism

... Metabolism /Too Skinny" ... Your body gets the energy it needs from food through a process called ... converts the fuel in the food we eat into the energy needed to power ... The human body gets energy from food through metabolism . ... Metabolism ...

Lipids

... and diverse range of ... 3 Triglycerides: the energy storage lipids . 4 Phospholipids: membrane components ... On function for Lipids is that of energy storage. Lipids contain a lot of ... Since ... in our diet ... They are a major source of energy and provide essential lipid nutrients. ... ...

Kinetic energy

... The kinetic energy of an object is the extra energy which it possesses due to its motion. It is ... rest to its current velocity. Having gained this energy ... In physics, ...

Heterotroph

... that uses organic substrates to get its chemical energy for its life cycle. This contrasts with ... plants which are able to directly use sources of energy such as light to produce organic substrates from ... than the fact ... running out of oil, solar energy limits, renewable energy, Science, ... beings to ...

Glycolysis

... C6H12O6, into pyruvate, C3H3O3-. The free energy released in this process is used to form the high energy compounds, ATP and NADH . Glycolysis is a ... , through anaerobic respiration, is the main energy source in many ... Glycolysis produces 4 ...

Glycogen

... which functions as the secondary short term energy storage in animal cells. It is made primarily ... branched structure makes it an accessible energy source ... 3 Glycogen in muscle is an energy reserve for strenuous exercise ... Glycogen . ...

Gel

... Best Results With T/ Gel ... Makers of e-Gel energy gel and e-Fuel sports drink designed to provide ... electrolyte replacement along with sustained energy and hydration. "View Gel video game trailers ... ... Get detailed information on GENESIS energy LP ( GEL ) including quote performance, Real-Time ...

Food web

... lines representing the direction of organism or energy transfer. It ... Click and drag the ... cookbook ... Food Web Activity Kit. Teach energy flow with 18 organisms to build into food web ... , set of interconnected food chains by which energy and materials ... The food web can be viewed ...

Food chain

... ... A food chain starts with the primary energy source, usually the ... Food Chain Fill in ... ecosystem, but many ... In a food chain , energy and nutrients are passed from one organism to ... animal passes on only about 10 percent of the energy it ... Food Chain in the Temperate Rain ...

Fermentation

... Fermentation is the process of deriving energy from the oxidation of organic compounds, such ... Fermentation is the process of deriving energy from the In its strictest sense ... drastically ... Fermentation is a process of energy production in a cell in an anaerobic ... In ...

FADH2

... of a proton gradient across ... The chemical energy in our food is converted to reducing agents (NADH ... ... NADH and FADH2 have high potential energy and yield many ATP during ... b) Citric Acid ... citric acid cycle 4. Total 38 ... ... of the energy is in the mighty electrons of NADH and FADH2 . ...

Exergonic reaction

... reaction where the change in the Gibbs free energy is negative, indicating a spontaneous reaction . ... is denoted as Exergonic means to release energy in the form of work. Its etymology stems from the ... reaction where the change in the Gibbs free energy is negative, [ 1 ] indicating a spontaneous ...

Entropy

... of Asymmetric Transitions, entropy and energy ... Entropy and Information Theory on the Web. ... state function of a ... 4.1 Entropy increase as energy dispersal. 5 Information theory. 6 The second law ... A comprehensive treatment of Entropy , free energy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics for ... ...

Endergonic reaction

... reaction in which the standard change in free energy is positive, and energy is absorbed. In layman's terms the total amount of energy is a loss so the ...

Electromagnetic energy

... ′rādē′āshən ) ... electromagnetic radiation, energy radiated in the form of a wave as a result of ... Electromagnetic stress- energy tensor Electromagnetism Electricity Magnetism ... naturally-occurring electromagnetic . energy . Televisions, radar, microwave ... ...

Chloroplasts

... photosynthesis. Chloroplasts capture light energy to conserve free energy in the form of ATP and reduce NADP to NADPH ... plant cells ... Chloroplasts capture light energy to conserve free ... Biology4Kids.com! The web ...

Cellular respiration

... organisms' cells to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate ... Respiration : Or, How one good meal provides energy for the work of 75 trillion cells ... II. ... processes by which living cells produce energy through the oxidation of organic Cellular ...

Carbohydrates

... things, such as the storage and transport of energy and structural components . In ... ... celluloses, and gums and serves as a major energy source in Explains what carbohydrates are, ... Explains how the body uses carbohydrates as an energy source. We hear so much about them ... but ...

Calcareous algae

... Systems ... Algae Fuels. CO2 Sequestration. energy Conservation. energy Efficiency. energy from Waste ... Hydrogen from algae . ....

Biomass

... Biomass , a renewable energy source, is biological material derived from ... or to community biomass , which ... The energy Story is a general introduction to energy. ... ... The Technical ... Biomass Program Policy: energy Independence and Security Act ... Essentially, ...

Algae

... ... Algae Fuels. CO2 Sequestration. energy Conservation. energy Efficiency. energy from Waste ... Algae -Based on Chlorophyll ...

Adenosine triphosphate

... unit of currency" of intracellular energy transfer. In this role, ... ATP ( ) n. An ... by ... Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the energy currency of life and it provides that ... ... that is the main immediate source of usable energy for the activities of ... Adenosine ...

Active transport

... transport involves expenditure of metabolic energy to move ions or other ... Two types of active ... , the proteins are ... ... sources of energy for Primary active transport are redox energy and photon ... An example of primary active ...

Activation energy

... In chemistry, activation energy is a term introduced in 1889 by the Swedish scientist Svante Arrhenius, that is defined as the energy that must be overcome in order for a chemical ... reaction. in chemistry, the minimum amount of energy that is required to activate atoms or molecules ...

Absorption

... electromagnetic radiation is the way by which the energy of a photon is taken up by matter, typically the electrons of an atom. Thus, the electromagnetic energy is transformed to other forms of energy, for ... absorption uses a carrier without expending energy ... used for fat absorption . ... Understanding ...

Relaxed DNA

... confined in a ... Any deviation from this relaxed state increases the energy of the DNA molecule. ... Relaxed DNA is in the "B" configuration, ... a right ... Any deviation from this relaxed state increases the energy of the DNA molecule. ... DNA in its relaxed (ideal) state usually ...

Proton-motive force

... is driven by proton motive force . Publication Types: ... ... of energy by the Proton Motive Force carried out by some ... PROTON MOTIVE ... of porters driven ... ... of proton motive force and an energy conserving redox loop,2 another ... Huang3 describe mitochondrial ...

Photosystem

... can relieve the photosystem of the excess energy. ... In photosystem I energy is absorbed by a pair of P700 chl ... Definition of photosystem from ... (PS0) is a theoretical, simple, dynamic, membrane-based mechanism for free energy ... photosystem 0 (photosynthesis based on dipole formation ... model ...

Photoautotroph

... Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Photoautotroph ) ... energy from sunlight, carbon dioxide and water are converted into organic ... ... of synthesizing its own food from inorganic substances using light as an energy source autotroph ( ) n. An organism capable of synthesizing its own ... ...

Mitochondrion

... nuclei), the primary function of which is to generate large quantities of energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Mitochondria are typically ... - an organelle containing enzymes responsible for producing energy ... Mitochondria are sometimes described as "cellular power plants" ...

Mitochondrial DNA

... mitochondria. Mitochondria are small structures in cells that generate energy for the cell to use, and are hence referred to as ... ... genetic material found in mitochondria, the organelles that generate energy for the cell ... Nuclear and mitochondrial DNA are thought to ... ...

Light reactions

... reactions , are the first stage of photosynthesis. In this process light energy is converted into chemical energy, in the form of the energy-carriers ATP ... ) ... With light energy, the P680 passes its electrons on to a high energy ... The light reactions of photosynthesis occur in the grana. ... ...

Kinesiology

... a young and rapidly expanding field of study and practice. ... What is energy Kinesiology . Membership Options. Membership Forms. Benefits of Membership ... Certified energy Kinesiology Application Form ... ... Braun, Professor in Kinesiology ...
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