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Carbon in Biological Dictionary

Respiration

... molecules are converted into usable energy ... carbon respiration , a concept used in calculating carbon (as CO2) ... Describes the process of ... 3: RESPIRATION ... Respiration also produces carbon dioxide and water, though these are wasteful ... ...

Reduction

... a simple redox process such as the oxidation of carbon to yield carbon dioxide or the reduction of carbon ... reduction n. The act or process of ...

Photorespiration

... involved in photosynthesis, rubisco, instead of carbon dioxide as happens during photosynthesis. Rubisco ... of carbohydrates in plants with the release of carbon dioxide during ... 3 Minimization of ... results in the loss of up to 25% of the carbon that is fixed ... Biochemical studies indicate ...

Photosynthesis

... Photosynthesis is a process that converts carbon dioxide into organic compounds, especially ... of light, the chemistry of chlorophyll, the carbon cycle, and more. photosynthesis n. The ... by which carbohydrates are synthesized from carbon dioxide and water using Provides a definition ...

Oxidation

... a simple redox process such as the oxidation of carbon to yield carbon dioxide or the reduction of carbon ... In chemistry, the oxidation state is ...

Erythrocytes

... also carries some of the waste product carbon ... Erythrocytes transport oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and all the ... A ... also carries some of the waste product carbon ... Erythrocytes Red blood cells; in birds, ...

Deoxyribose

... an aldopentose — a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde functional group ... (more accuratey named 2- deoxyribose ) is a five carbon sugar ... Deoxyribose differs from ribose in ... (each number on the ring represents a carbon atom) ...

Carbon fixation

... carbon fixation refers to any process through which gaseous carbon dioxide is converted into a solid compound. It ... usually driven by photosynthesis, whereby carbon dioxide is changed into sugars. ...

Autotrophic

... Advances in Autotrophic Microbiology and One carbon Metabolism Volume I ... Online Shopping at ... Advances in Autotrophic Microbiology and One carbon Metabolism Volume I v 1 2nd edition by from ... whereas it is autotrophic , when its source of carbon ... Autotrophic . Heterotrophic. Organotrophic. ...

Viability

... Viability helps companies acquire state and federal grants along with carbon ... Viability maximizes the quantity and quality of carbon credits produced by your ... viability . Definition from Wiktionary, a ...

Urea

... be synthesized ... Synthetic urea is created from synthetic ammonia and carbon ... Urea is a nitrogen-based waste product secreted by the kidneys. ... The commercial synthesis of urea involves the combination of ammonia and carbon ... Urea -formaldehyde resin is created when the two (2) components are ...

Stomata

... ... Plural stomata (stō'mə-t ... Stomata permit the absorption of carbon ... MySpace Music profile for STOMATA . Download STOMATA Metal / ... the upper epidermis. ... day, they close their stomata and release the carbon dioxide ... Stomata K-12 experiments & background information for ...

Pyrenoid

... The pyrenoid may serve to aid the concentration of dissolved carbon dioxide by ... Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org /wiki/ ... ... The pyrenoid may serve to aid the concentration of dissolved carbon dioxide by ... Pyrenoid bodies are structures, also found in algae, that ...

Photoautotroph

... (Redirected from Photoautotroph ) ... Energy from sunlight, carbon dioxide and water are converted into organic ... Definition of ... the Calvin cycle ... photoautotroph , generating both reducing power for carbon fixation (via the ... Green (from chlorophyll) fronds of a maidenhair ...

Phosphodiester Bond

... that holds together the polynucleotide chains of RNA and DNA by joining a carbon in the pentose The phosphate groups in the phosphodiester bond are ... DNA and RNA, the phosphodiester bond is the linkage between the 3' carbon ... Zoology information, history, articles and research from Academic ...

Nitrogenous base

... to ... The system of a base covalently bound to the 1' carbon of a ribose or ... Base pairing in DNA Double Helix (shows specific hydrogen bonds) v • d • e ... ... deoxyribose (a five carbon sugar), a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base . There are four ...

Mesophyll

... References role in photosynthesis ( in photosynthesis (biology): carbon fixation via C4 acids ) ... of carbon fixation that largely prevents photorespiration. The leaves of these ...

Fatty acids

... fatty acid molecules characteristically consist of an even number of carbon atoms linked in a chain lined with hydrogen atoms that ... Biochemistry ... which ... Most of the natural fatty acids have an even number of carbon atoms, because ... Unsaturated fatty acids are of similar form, except ...

Algae

... blue green algae . ... GreenFuel's high yield algae farms recycle carbon dioxide from industrial ... Algae can be converted to transportation ... Environmental Research ... Posted in Algae , Bio-Hydrogen, Biofuels, carbon Emissions, Climate change, ... Answers to frequently-asked questions ...

Vessel cell

... ... There is no cell wall material at the ends of the vessels (tomatoes have a ... Four-Gas Mixing in Cell Culture, blends air, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and ... Glass-jacketed cell culture vessels , 2.2 through 14 liters total volume ... NO mediates mural cell recruitment and ...

Uracil

... pyrimidine family. ... uracil , U a nitrogen-containing base found in RNA (but not in DNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with ... the carbon atom of uracil is not fulfilling its ... Uracil - Definition of Uracil at Dictionary.com a free online dictionary with ... Uracil is ...

Thrombocytes

... ), are the smallest of the cells in the blood. ... Of platelets ( thrombocytes )? Red blood cells are involved in gas transport (oxygen, carbon dioxide). White blood cells play a role in the body's immune defenses. ... ...

Saprophytes

... in recording the characteristics of the "aerobic saprophytes " ... Most sewage treatment plants use saprophytes to break down wastes into carbon dioxide and ... saprophyte . 35. organisms that use oxygen for respiration. 36. ... Saprophytes , organisms that live on organic matter, are ...

Ribonucleic acid

... acid (RNA) is similar to DNA in that it is also a chain (or polymer) ... Ribonucleic Acid is made up of a pentose group, which is a five carbon sugar, a ... Online Medical Dictionary and glossary with medical definitions ... Ribonucleic acid (RNA): A nucleic acid molecule similar ...

Red blood cells

... 4 Human erythrocytes ... red blood cell n. ( Abbr. RBC ) A cell in the blood of vertebrates that transports oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the tissues An anemic person has fewer or smaller than normal red blood cells . ... Each unit of packed red blood ...

Monosaccharides

... Monosaccharides synonyms, Monosaccharides antonyms. Information about Monosaccharides in the ... Monosaccharides consist of at least three carbon atoms, ... C6H12O6. BACK TO TOP^^ BACK TO TOP^^ GLUCOSE FRUCTOSE RIBOSE ... BIOLOGY INDEX ABOUT US E-MAIL US. BACK TO TOP^^ BIOLOGY INDEX ABOUT US ...

Mispairing

... authored by editors at NPG with technology-based community features ... Antineoplastic Agents - Aklylating Agents flashcards, ... Attaches carbon to another molecule --> Cross-linking, Mispairing , Depurination & Ring cleavage. ... The standard slipped-strand mispairing (SSM) ...

Localize

... Soft Localize , you can have your Software, Web site, Car, Mobile, ... Please note: As of March 1, 2009 relocalize.net is no longer active. Post carbon Institute has partnered with Transition US to support individuals ... Localize - Definition of Localize at Dictionary.com a free online ... ...

Light reactions

... form of the energy-carriers ATP and NADPH. In ... Photosynthesis, the light -independent reactions , are chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and other compounds into glucose. They occur in the stroma, the fluid filled area of a chloroplast outside of the thylakoid membranes. ...

Leading strand

... holding the two DNA strands together. The resulting structure has ... ... is located at the top of the leading strand , and the 3' carbon is located at the ... the leading strand is replicated continuously whereas the lagging strand is ... DNA Polymerase Epsilon and ...

Hydrogen bond

... , chemical element that exists as a gas at room temperature. ... Hydrogen can also bond covalently with other elements, for example, with carbon ... The force of attraction, shown here as a dotted line, is called a hydrogen bond . ... The attraction created by hydrogen bonds keeps ...

Heterotroph

... Search " Heterotroph " ... Definition and other additional information on Heterotroph from Biology-Online.org dictionary. ... Heterotrophs and carbon Fixation ... Definition of heterotroph from the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary with audio pronunciations, thesaurus, Word of the Day, and ...

Heterotrophic

... and control of bacterial density ... Information about heterotrophic in the free online ... heterotrophic - requiring organic compounds of carbon and nitrogen for ... Heterotrophic bacteria, on the other hand, can reproduce in as little as 15 minutes to 1 hour. ... Some species of ...

Hemoglobin

... within it, called heme. ... Hemoglobin , iron-protein compound in red blood cells that gives blood its red color and transports oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nitric ... ...

Fermentation

... with sugars in the juice to create ethanol, commonly known as ethyl ... fermentation n. The anaerobic conversion of sugar to carbon dioxide and alcohol by yeast. ... During fermentation organic matter is decomposed in the absence ... Fermentation (biochemistry) For other ...

Disulfide bridge

... completely the disulfide bridge -linked dimerization of the ... What is disulfide ? Meaning of disulfide medical term. ... bridge . carbon disulfide . covalent bond. cysteamine bitartrate. disulfide bond. F(ab) ̧2 fragment ... 1oi8 5'-nucleotidase (e. Coli) with an engineered ...

Deoxyribonucleotide

... three parts: A nitrogenous base, a deoxyribose sugar, and one or more phosphate groups. The nitrogenous base is always bonded to the 1' carbon of the deoxyribose, which is distinguished from ribose by the presence of a proton on the ... Definition of deoxyribonucleotide from the ...

Cyclic electron flow

... window. Photosynthesis-Calvin Cycle and Cyclic Electron Flow ... photosynthesis Calvin Cycle cyclic electron flow NADPH ADP carbon Fixation AP ... There is little doubt that cyclic electron flow around PS I provides extra ATP ... B), indicating that the cyclic ...

Copy number control

... abbreviations ... Copy number control is exercised by the level of ... Copy number control by a yeast centromere. Tschumper G, carbon J. ... containing CEN3 plus the yeast 2 mu plasmid, the CEN3 copy number control is ... Copy number control using ... Samples were ...

Conjugation

... bacterial conjugation , complex conjugation ... conjugation ... Conjugation occurs, for example, within a molecule containing a chain of carbon ... Conjugation is the creation of derived forms of a verb from one basic form. ... The third conjugation consists of two sub-forms. ... ...
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