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Bases in Biological Dictionary

Nitrogenous base

... of a nitrogen atom. Notable nitrogenous bases include purine bases. Pyrimidine and purine bases include the nucleobases : principally adenine, ... base . There are four different nitrogenous bases that might be present: thymine, ... ...

Bases

... aqueous substance that can accept hydrogen ions. bases are also the oxides or hydroxides of metals. A ... are involved. This refers to ... The word bases is first recorded in English language from c. ... bases include a Forward Operating Base (FOB), a ...

Base sequence analysis

... intensities are used to output the sequence of bases from each cluster. ... Glossary of Terms ... Base sequence : The order of nucleotide bases in a DNA molecule. Base sequence analysis : ... Base Sequence : The order of nucleotide bases in a DNA molecule. Base Sequence Analysis : ...

Base sequence

... specific order of purine and pyrimidine bases in a polynucleotide such as deoxyribonucleic ... sequence : The order of the nucleotide bases -- adenine (A), thymine (T) ... What is ... order in DNA: the order of nucleotide bases in a DNA molecule ... Base sequence ...

Thymine

... Thymine is one of the four bases in the nucleic acid of DNA that are represented by the letters G–C–A–T. ... dimer DNA fragments, blended into suntan lotion, ... Pyrimidine bases are Cytosine, Thymine , and Uracil (examples of pyrimidine ... ...

Pyrimidine

... De novo Synthesis of Purine Nucleotides ... The purine and pyrimidine bases released are either degraded or salvaged for ... Pyrimidine is a ... dictionary. ... It is the parent compound of the pyrimidine bases of nucleic acid. ... Frontier Scientific - Pyrimidine related ...

Purine

... 4 N 4 , not known to occur naturally, from which is derived the nitrogen bases adenine purine a colorless crystalline nitrogen-containing organic ... Medical Dictionary and glossary with medical definitions ... The purine bases are guanine (G) and adenine (A). Uric acid, the offending substance ...

Pribnow box

... dictionary. ... See: pribnow box . ... The Pribnow Box sits 5-8 bases upstream of ... ... nucleotide sequences > regulatory sequences ... ... The Pribnow box is an A-T rich sequence (TATAAT) located 10 bases pairs upstream ... Promoter ( Pribnow box , TATA box ) - Operon (gal ...

Mispairing

... mechanism of phase ... Mispairing is promoted by alternate forms of bases that pair ... bases can cause mispairing with the oxidized. base (B), and deamination ...

Kilobase

... kilobase A unit of size for nucleic acids, being 1000 nucleotide bases for single-stranded nucleic acids or 1000 nucleotide base pairs in ... equal to 1000 base pairs in deoxyribonucleic acid or 1000 nitrogenous bases in ribonucleic acid We found 18 dictionaries with English definitions ...

Codon

... triplet ... Start codon . A codon is a group of three bases - A, T, C, or G - and codes for ... A start codon is made up of the ... codon mean? ... codon /co·don/ (ko'don) a series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide ... Codon . National Human Genome Research ...

Adenine

... Adenine from Biology-Online.org dictionary. ... Adenine is one of the bases that form part of a nucleotide, the ... In nucleosides and ... nucleotide catabolism differs among skeletal muscle ... Purine bases are Adenine , Guanine and Hypoxanthine (examples of purine ... ...

Uracil

... from Psychology Journals, Newspapers, and magazines at HighBeam.com. Free Trial, Credit Card Required. Uracil . Definition(s) One of the four bases in RNA. The others are adenine, guanine, and cytosine. ... Uracil replaces thymine, which is the fourth base in DNA. ... In nucleosides and ...

Untranslated region

... ... in the 3' untranslated region of caudal mRNA ... The coding region plus 3' untranslated region (UTR) of PC mRNA is 3926 bases and ... 5' Untranslated Regions. RNA. Ribonucleases. Pyruvate Carboxylase ... Translational efficiency is regulated by the length of the 3' ...

Transposable element

... changes the ... Transposable Elements in Peas. McClintock. Break-bridge-fusion cycle due to Ac-Ds ... The Ac transposable element is 4563 bases long with two 11- base pair imperfect ... Definition of Transposable element in the Online Dictionary. Meaning of Transposable element ...

Telomere

... buffer, which is consumed ... LE Magazine, October 2002 - Report: Telomere Control & Cellular Aging ... Telomere DNA has over 1000 bases (building blocks), with the sequence TTAGG, ... Information about telomere in the free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... The ...

Stop codon

... ... discriminate when a UGA codon should be used for selenocysteine rather than STOP . ... Stop codon . A codon is a group of three bases - A, T, C, or G - and codes for a ... A stop codon tells the cell's machinery that it has reached the end of the ... ... separated simply by ...

Sociobiology

... sociobiology courses - Research and teaching in animal and ... Sociobiology , a developing scientific field that investigates the biological bases of the social behavior of animals, such as aggression, ... Sociobiology ... Sociobiology summary with 117 pages of encyclopedia entries, ...

Self-incompatibility

... response in plants. Simon ... female self - incompatibility determinants in ... of self - incompatibility systems ... The molecular bases of self - incompatibility in three angiosperm families—the ... In addition, self - incompatibility has been hypothesized to be a key feature ...

Scientific method

... and ... Scientific Method , term denoting the principles that guide scientific research and experimentation, and also the philosophic bases of ... The scientific method is something that all of us use almost all of the time. ... So why does the scientific method remain ...

Reading frame

... of these ... In molecular genetics, an open reading frame (ORF) is a portion of an organism's genome which contains a sequence of bases that could potentially encode a protein. The start-points and end-points of a given ORF are not equivalent to the ends of the messenger RNA (mRNA), ...

Polyadenylation

... Polyadenylation is the addition of a poly(A) tail, a stretch of RNA where all the bases are adenines, onto an RNA molecule. In eukaryotes, polyadenylation is part of the process that produces mature messenger RNA (mRNA) ... ...

PolyA tail

... ... the minimum length that a poly-A (or poly-T) tail must have before it is removed. ... ... there are this number or fewer contiguous non-A bases in a poly-A tail then, if ... These will be removed if they are longer than any 3' poly-A tails . ... ...

Plastid

... Each plastid creates multiple copies of the circular 75-250 kilo bases plastome. The number of genome copies per plastid is flexible, ranging from more than 1000 ... A transplastomic plant is a genetically ...

Phylogenetic tree

... eat. ... ... of the maximum topological similarity phylogenetic trees construction, Mol. ... Building of probable phylogenetic trees is bases on the matrix of pair distances ... ...

Open reading frame

... In molecular genetics, an open reading frame (ORF) is a portion of an organism's genome which contains a sequence of bases that could potentially encode a protein. The start-points and end-points of a given ORF are not equivalent to the ends of the messenger RNA (mRNA), ...

Nucleic acids

... cells and viruses. ... Nucleic acid - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ... ... recommendations on nomenclature for incompletely specified bases in nucleic acid sequences ... and Symbols for Nucleic Acids , Polynucleotides and their ... The full text of the IUPAC and IUB ...

Nucleic acid

... cells and viruses. ... Nucleic acid - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ... ... recommendations on nomenclature for incompletely specified bases in nucleic acid sequences ... and Symbols for Nucleic Acids , Polynucleotides and their ... The full text of the IUPAC and IUB ...

Northern hybridization

... Solution. 1 liter $155.66 © Copyright 2008 American Bioanalytical, Inc. ... Northern hybridization conditions for most probes greater than 50 bases in ... Using an RNA probe in a Northern instead of a DNA probe results in an increase ... Northern blot A technique for separating RNA ...

Non-coding strand

... - coding strand is just the other strand that wasn't used. AGACTTGCAACTTGA --> coding TCTGAACGTTGAACT --> non - coding a) there are 15 bases ... Antisense strand . Definition(s) The non - coding strand in double-stranded DNA. The antisense strand serves as the template for ...

Mismatch repair

... DNA mismatch repair is a system for recognizing and repairing erroneous insertion, deletion and mis-incorporation of bases that can arise during DNA replication and recombination, as well as repairing some forms of DNA damage . Mismatch repair (MMR)--Correction ...

Minisatellite

... A minisatellite is a section of DNA that consists of a short series of bases 10–60bp. These occur at more than 1000 locations in the human genome. Some minisatellites contain a central (or "core") sequence of ...

Microgametophyte

... form an immature microgametophyte . ... varying numbers of cells in a microgametophyte , but they are always small enough ... Developmental bases for key innovations in the seed-plant microgametophyte ... by a sequence of putative key innovations associated with the microgametophyte , ... ...

Methylation

... is DNA methylation ? DNA methylation is a modification of DNA in which methyl (-CH 3 ) groups are added to certain positions on the nitrogen bases methylation n 1. the introduction of a methyl group, CH 3 , to a chemical compound. ... DNA methylation is a mechanism used to regulate genes ...

Leaf primordia

... little in common other than developing from leaf primordia . ... To be truly leaf -like, spine primordia should occur at the points of ... bases of mature leaves enclose immature leaf primordia . ... Two cataphylls enclose younger leaf primordia and the meristem. Bar = 100 µm. 5. ... ...

Leader sequence

... -actin ... These sgmRNAs have a leader sequence derived from the 5' end of the genome that ... The 5' leader sequence of VR-2332 was 31 bases shorter than that of LV and ... Five prime untranslated region The five prime untranslated region ( 5' UTR ), also known as the leader ...

Guanine

... a base called Cytosine (C) CG. More information. DNA. Guanine also plays a role in biochemical pathways, including that of Gq ... Purine bases are Adenine, Guanine and Hypoxanthine (examples of purine ... Guanine :a pyrimidine base ... addition to adenine and guanine , a group ...

Genetic fingerprint

... Find out how a lump of seal meat was instrumental in the discovery of genetic fingerprinting . This techhnology is now used in criminal data bases and to identify ... Great Page about DNA Fingerprinting . DNA Fingerprinting in Human Health and Society. Wonderful Slide presentation about ...

Gene insertion

... as it drives the ... Gene mutations have varying effects on health, ... Insertion (illustration) An insertion changes the number of DNA bases in a gene by adding a piece of DNA. ... This insertion occurs in a part of the gene known as the 3' untranslated region, ... DNA ; ...

Frameshift Mutation

... mutations : deletion, insertion. . Spontaneous mutation ... Frameshift mutations : The genetic code is translated three nucleotide bases (one ... Spontaneous Frameshift Mutations in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: Accumulation ... The accumulation of frameshift mutations during ...
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