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Acids in Biological Dictionary

Transfer RNA

... class of RNA molecules that transport amino acids to ribosomes for incorporation into a ... RNA (tRNA). RNA molecules that carry amino acids to ... Transfer RNA (tRNA) There are some 32 ... RNA molecule. ... on the tRNA where the amino acids form a covalent bond with the transfer RNA . ....

Ribosome

... acid RNA to link a specific sequence of amino acids into ... Information about ribosome ... dictionary. ... How many amino acids are in the ribosome ? ... The mRNA travels ... genetic instructions it carries are ... Amino acids are ferried to the ribosome by so-called ...

Ribonucleic acid

... in the middle of a ... RNA- Ribonucleic acids . Ribonucleic acid , or RNA, is a nucleic acid very similar to DNA. ... DNA-Deoxyribonucleic acids and their processes. Activities ... What is ... genetic code ... However, the ribonucleic acids produced in vitro from these ... OF ...

Proteins

... Proteins are organic compounds made of amino acids arranged in a linear chain. The amino acids in a polymer chain are joined together by the ... and Martin Rodbell investigated ... All amino acids found in proteins encoded by the genome have ...

Protein

... Proteins are organic compounds made of amino acids arranged in a linear chain. The amino acids in a polymer chain are joined together by the ... into smaller polypeptides to provide amino acids for the organism, including the essential amino ...

Primary Structure

... ... The sequence of covalently linked amino acids is known as the primary structure of a ... ... Primary Structure of Proteins ... acids are connected is called the " primary ... structure . The linear sequence of amino acids in a protein. ... A look at the primary , ...

Oligonucleotide

... of relatively short fragments of nucleic acids with defined chemical structure (sequence). The ... of relatively short fragments of nucleic acids with defined chemical A community about ... properties calculator'. ( 2007) Nucleic acids Res. ... oligonucleotide . Definition from ...

Nucleic acids

... within cells. The most common nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ... of LNA to PNA. The peptide nucleic acids (PNAs): a new generation of probes for ... The molecular weights of nucleic acids (see Molecules) can reach into the ... Nucleic ...

Nucleic acid

... within cells. The most common nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic ... is not known to occur naturally. Nucleic acids Research (NAR) provides rapid publication for ... The Structure of Proteins ... Nucleic acids allow organisms to transfer genetic information ...

Fatty acids

... is either saturated or unsaturated. Carboxylic acids as short as butyric acid are ... Essential fatty acids , or EFAs, are fatty acids that cannot be constructed within an organism ...

Deamination

...... Deamination is the process by which amino acids are broken down when too much ... Aspects of ... The first step in the mobilization of amino acids for energy production is deamination , the ... occurs by deamination . Deamination of amino acids results in the production of ammonia (NH3) ... ...

Catabolism

... such as polysaccharides, lipids, nucleic acids and proteins are broken down into smaller ... is the breakdown of proteins into amino acids and simple derivative compounds, for transport ... into new proteins via the use of ribonucleic acids (RNA) and ribosomes. Protein catabolism , which ...

Carboxyl Terminus

... carboxyl group and an amine group, and amino acids link to ... Amidation of Asp and Glu may also ... terminus of protein TraD. ... ... acids in length and have an Acetyl amino terminus and an Amide carboxyl terminus . ... acids in length and have a free amino terminus and a ...

Amino acids

... where this term refers to alpha- amino acids with the general ... Proteinogenic amino acids are those 22 amino acids that are found in proteins and that are coded ...

Amino acid

... where this term refers to alpha- amino acids with the general ... amino acid n. ... side groups, especially any of Amino acids play central roles both as building blocks of proteins and as ... The 20 amino acids that are found within proteins convey a vast ...

Acids

... where this term refers to alpha-amino acids with the general ... The Lewis definitions are: acids are elecron pair acceptors and bases are ... As we write reactions of acids and bases, it is usually ... ...

Transfection

... Transfection is the process of introducing nucleic acids into cells by non-viral methods. The term "transformation" is ... Successful Transfection . 9.1 Concentration and purity of nucleic acids ... Twenty-four hours post transfection ,cells were lysed and GAPDH ...

Trans-

... fat and the ... Trans fats inhibit the body's use of omega-3. fatty acids and ... Blame it on the trans . ... Because food labels don't have to ... City Health Department voted unanimously to ban the use of trans -fatty acids ( trans fats) in all New York City ... Official Web Site of Transgo®, ...

Trans

... fat and the ... Trans fats inhibit the body's use of omega-3. fatty acids and ... Blame it on the trans . ... Because food labels don't have to ... City Health Department voted unanimously to ban the use of trans -fatty acids ( trans fats) in all New York City ... Official Web Site of Transgo®, ...

Secondary Structure

... form of local segments of biopolymers such as proteins and nucleic acids (DNA/RNA). It does not, however, describe specific ... The ... is defined by four basic categories: a helix, b strand ... Nucleic acids also have secondary structure , most notably single-stranded RNA ...

Ribosomal RNA

... of the rRNA is to provide a mechanism for decoding mRNA into amino acids and to ... The 16S rRNA is a part of the ribosomal RNA −-- a ... ... Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) fabricates polypeptides (assemblies of amino acids that make up proteins) ... Ribosomal RNA . Ribosomal RNA (or ...

Proteinoids

... . proteinosis. proteins. proteinuria. Proteinuric Syndrome ... Amino acids forming Proteinoids (Out of the Slime) The Primordial Soup Theory ... around 150°C for ... These primeval proteinoids contain up to 250 amino acids and can be partially ... Definition of proteinoid from ...

Nucleotide

... composed of a nucleobase (nitrogenous base) and a five-carbon ... Nucleic acids are polymeric macromolecules made from nucleotide monomers. ... ... a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or ... triphosphate, ATP — a nucleotide derived from adenosine .....

Homeobox

... Hox Cluster. The Mammalian Skeleton. Eyes ... The approximately 60 amino acids encoded by the homeobox are called a homeodomain. ... homeobox ... ... ... homeobox , translates into a protein sequence 60 amino acids in length. ... For their work on the homeobox genes, Lewis, ...

Guanine

... Guanine is one of the five main nucleobases found in the nucleic acids DNA and RNA, the others being adenine, cytosine, thymine, and uracil. In ... ... Guanine is one of the five main nucleobases found in the nucleic acids DNA and ... With the formula C5H5N5O, guanine is a derivative of ...

Fats

... of calories) increases the ... Fats supply energy and essential fatty acids and serve as a carrier for the ... Fats are essential for good ... called triglycerides—esters comprised of three molecules of fatty acids and one molecule ...

Zinc finger

... ... The Zinc Finger -containing Transcription Factors GATA-4, -5, and -6 - J. Biol. Chem. ... ... DNA to RNA: a finger -shaped fold of amino acids plus a zinc ion that is found in ... See all search results in Photos & more (5) Books about " zinc finger " ... The European ... Zinc ...

Virology

... on Virology / Vectorology / Gene Therapy, Current Gene Therapy, 2003, 3, 495-499 ... Virology is the study of viruses, complexes of nucleic acids and ... Virology Quiz I ... disease. BACTERIOLOGY IMMUNOLOGY VIROLOGY PARASITOLOGY MYCOLOGY ... GradSchools.com offers Virology graduate ...

Vesicle

... about vesicle in the free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... liposome - an artificially made microscopic vesicle into which nucleic acids can ... List of 18 disease causes of Vesicle , patient stories, diagnostic guides, medical books excerpts online about Vesicle . Diagnostic ...

Uracil

... is therefore structurally analogous to thymine in molecules of DNA. ... Uracil is one of the five main nucleobases found in the nucleic acids DNA and RNA. ... Uracil (U), thymine (T), and cytosine (C) are pyrimidine derivatives, and ... Uracil is a planar, ... Uracil was ...

Transposase

... is catalysed by the Tn3 transposase and it results in a fusion of ... The transposase which moves ISHp608, known as TnpA, has only 155 amino acids and ... is organized as a hexamer, a very unusual arrangement for a DNA transposase . ... TnsABC* Transposase is used in the GPS™ ...

Transient transfection

... Transfection is the process of introducing nucleic acids into cells by non-viral methods. The term "transformation" is preferred to describe non-viral DNA transfer in bacteria and non-animal ...

Transesterification

... and ... After the transesterification reaction and the separation of ... TRANSESTERIFICATION OF METHYL ESTERS OF AROMATIC AND α,β-UNSATURATED acids WITH ... 5 The majority of published transesterification methods involve the use of ... Komers' analysis of the reaction kinetics of ...

Transcription start site

... transcriptoional start site analysis of human genes in ... DBTSS: database of transcription start sites , progress report 2008. Nucleic acids Res. ... ... characterized the static structures of transcription start site usage within ... and demonstrate that start site selection ...

Transcription factor

...his... Sp1 is a human transcription factor involved in gene expression in the early development of an organism. The protein is 785 amino acids long, with a molecular weight of 81 kDA . The full protein sequence can be found ... Hormones exert many of their effects by forming ...

Tandem repeat sequences

... Repeats Play a Role in Drosophila Gene Regulation. ... Benson, G. (1999) Tandem repeats finder: a program to analyze DNA sequences . Nucleic acids Res. ... Use of Short Tandem Repeat Sequences to Study Mycobacterium leprae in Leprosy ... Such variability makes short tandem repeat ...

Stable transfection

... Transfection is the process of introducing nucleic acids into cells by non-viral methods. The term "transformation" is preferred to describe non-viral DNA transfer in bacteria and non-animal ...

Signal Sequence

... when it ... Gene design of signal sequence for the effective secretion ... Signal peptide A signal peptide is a short (3-60 amino acids long) peptide chain ... sources refer to signal peptides as only the pre- sequence that targets the ... The signal sequence is ...

Satellite RNA

... RNA is required for the association of kinetochore proteins ... ... biology > genetics > molecular genetics > nucleic acids > RNA > satellite RNA ... Resources in satellite RNA : No resources available for this category. ... Protective effect of a ...

Ribosomes

... ... Ribosome , cell structure that uses genetic instructions transported in ribonucleic acid RNA to link a specific sequence of amino acids into ... Ribosomes are the site where DNA code is translated into proteins ... The Ribosomes attached to the ER give it a rough ...
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